• Philosophy

Philosophy of Personal Identity and Multiple Personality


Author: Logi Gunnarsson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135212813
Category: Philosophy
Page: 242
View: 1345
As witnessed by recent films such as Fight Club and Identity, our culture is obsessed with multiple personality—a phenomenon raising intriguing questions about personal identity. This study offers both a full-fledged philosophical theory of personal identity and a systematic account of multiple personality. Gunnarsson combines the methods of analytic philosophy with close hermeneutic and phenomenological readings of cases from different fields, focusing on psychiatric and psychological treatises, self-help books, biographies, and fiction. He develops an original account of personal identity (the authorial correlate theory) and offers a provocative interpretation of multiple personality: in brief, "multiples" are right about the metaphysics but wrong about the facts.

    • Psychology

First Person Plural

Multiple Personality and the Philosophy of Mind
Author: Stephen E. Braude
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847679966
Category: Psychology
Page: 315
View: 6989
Do people with multiple personalities have more than one self? The first full-length philosophical study of multiple personality disorder, First Person Plural maintains that even the deeply divided multiple personality contains an underlying psychological unity. Braude updates his work in this revised edition to discuss recent empirical and conceptual developments, including the charge that clinicians induce false memories in their patients, and the professional redefinition of "multiple personality disorder" as "dissociative identity disorder."

    • Psychology

Psychoanalytic Studies of the Personality


Author: W. R. D. Fairbairn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134842139
Category: Psychology
Page: 336
View: 7866
First published in 1952, W.R.D. Fairbairn's Psychoanalytic Studies of the Personality re-oriented psychoanalysis by centering human development on the infant's innate need for relationships, describing the process of splitting and the internal dynamic relationship between ego and object. His elegant theory is still a vital framework of psychoanalytic theory and practice, infant research, group relations and family therapy. This classic collection of papers, available for the first time in paperback, has a new introduction by David Scharff and Elinor Fairbairn Birtles which sets Fairbairn's highly original work in context, provides an overview of object relations theory, and traces modern developments, launched by Fairbairn's discoveries.

    • Literary Criticism

Walt Whitman

a study in the evolution of personality
Author: Jan Christiaan Smuts
Publisher: Wayne State Univ Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 205
View: 4220

    • Self-Help

Making Sense of People

The Science of Personality Differences
Author: Samuel Barondes
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0134214382
Category: Self-Help
Page: 240
View: 5847
A NEW, MORE PRACTICAL EDITION OF THE POPULAR SCIENTIFIC GUIDE TO UNDERSTANDING OTHER PEOPLE What really bothers you about your boss—or your daughter’s boyfriend? Why are you so attracted to the person you’re dating? Can you rely on your intuition about people? This book will help you find out. Drawing on extensive research, renowned psychiatrist and neuroscientist Samuel Barondes gives you powerful tools for understanding what people are really like and how they got that way. Now improved with easy, step-by-step “practical summaries,” these tools will help you quickly assess anyone’s tendencies, patterns, character, and sense of identity. You’ll learn how to combine these into a unified picture of who that person is. With these insights, you can choose more satisfying relationships, recognize telltale signs of dysfunction and danger, and savor the complexity and uniqueness of everyone you meet. A quick, easy system for understanding anyone! Supplement your intuition Identify character strengths and weaknesses Make better decisions about whom to seek out and whom to avoid Find out how all personalities are shaped by two great chance events: the set of genes we happen to be born with, and the world we happen to grow up in

    • Philosophy

Lack of Character

Personality and Moral Behavior
Author: John Michael Doris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521631167
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 3598
This book is a provocative contribution to contemporary ethics and moral psychology, challenging fundamental assumptions about character dating to Aristotle. John Doris draws on an array of social scientific research, especially experimental social psychology, to argue that people often grossly overestimate the behavioral impact of character and grossly underestimate the behaviorial impact of situations. Circumstance, Doris concludes, often has extraordinary influence on what people do, whatever sort of character they may appear to have. He then considers the implications of this observation for a range of issues in ethics, arguing that with more realistic picture effect, cognition, and motivation, moral psychology can support more compelling ethical theories and more humane ethical practices.

    • Psychology

Phenomenology of Creativity

History, Paradoxes, Personality
Author: Samad Seyidov
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 148178739X
Category: Psychology
Page: 234
View: 3311
THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF CREATIVITY: HISTORY, PARADOXES, PERSONALITY By Samad I. Seyidov One of the principal aims of the book is to provide readers with a concise overview of both intellectual history and the leading concepts of international science and philosophy that impact the field of the psychology of creativity. The target audiences for the book are researchers in psychology, philosophy, history, literature, and University students. The book presents a contrasting study of the views of ancient Indian, Chinese, Greek, Middle Eastern, and Russian philosophers on creativity. It also discusses the subject of creativity as viewed by Freud, Jung, Adler, the Gestalt school, and other prominent Western psychologists. A special place is provided for an overview of the history of Soviet psychology, and of the revival of psychology in Azerbaijan after the fall of the Soviet Union. The author emphasizes the importance of the social environment in determining the development of the personality. He states that most personal activity is directed at serving the values of the surrounding society, not the values of the person himself. The author considers that creativity is a psychic defense mechanism which people use to solve everyday problems in order to restore their inner and outer equilibrium. Through references to the world's leading psychology schools, the author reveals new paradoxes of creativity such as "logic," "morality," "quantity," "universal availability," "desirability," "searching," "the model," "the narrowing of the unconscious," "determinants," and "the product." He describes the distinctive features of the creative personality, namely the capacity for metaphorical thinking, flexibility, inner vision, neutralization, originality, verbal facility, a rich imagination, field-independence etc. [endorsements] Samad Seyidov's study of creativity comes at the right time and from the right place. Not only are we passing through a period of rapid change, particularly in such fields as nanotechnology, neuroscience, physiological psychology, and genetics, but also the participants in this change are no longer limited to a small group of western countries, but are increasingly appearing in different parts of the world. If the social upheaval that these changes are having in established societies is great, it is even greater in newly emerging societies. Are we equipped to manage these changes, and can the creative arts and sciences join to interpret them, drawing on their varied traditions in order to do so? That is surely the vital question that we carry away from Professor Seyidov's important study of personality and creativity. Prof. Humphrey Tonkin, President Emeritus at the University of Hartford (USA) "The Phenomenology of Creativity" by Samad Seyidov is not only an interesting book, but a fascinating one. The Rector of Azerbaijan Languages University did a large and deep investigation through the history of the human creativity and its resorts to obtain conclusions about the nature of this phenomenon. The studies on the creativity made by Prof. Seyidov are able to be in the attention at every researcher in that area. Dr. Horia Garbea, Romanian writer, Vice-President of The Romanian Cultural Institute Key principles of psychology are marked by paradoxes and contradictions, whose proper address requires creativity. This complex but intellectually fascinating phenomenon Seyidov's study explores with admirable insight and clarity. Prof. Eleni Karamalengu, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens"


    • Law

A Study of the Philosophy of International Law as Seen in Works of Latin American Writers


Author: H.B. Jacobini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401187983
Category: Law
Page: 158
View: 6167
One of the most unfortunate facts about the relationship of the United States with Latin America is that only in recent years has there been any appreciable amount of intellectual interchange with reference to law. This, of course, is an example of the relative lack of cultural exchange between these peoples. Only in very recent years has the North American interest in Latin America been in any sense general and active. While there are a few recent volumes which discuss various aspects of Latin American law in a fashion calculated to interest the North American lawyer and academician, the Latin American contributions to and attitudes toward international law are virtually unknown in the United States except in very restricted quarters. For this reason it was thought that a survey such as the one presented here would contribute not only to a better under standing of Latin American juristic thought as pertaining to international law, but also to a better comprehension of legal theory in general, and of Latin American culture as a whole. The phase of the philosophy of international law which, with reference to the regional application here studied, has been the major interest in this work, i.e., whether writers rely more on naturalism or positivism as the philosophical foundation of the law of nations, is, like the matter of Latin American law itself, a subject which has been neglected by North American scholars.


    • Biography & Autobiography

William James

In the Maelstrom of American Modernism : a Biography
Author: Robert D. Richardson
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780618919895
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 622
View: 5331
Incorporating information from previously unpublished letters, family records, and journals, a definitive portrait of the influential philosopher, educator, and psychologist follows William James from his youth and his relationship with other members of his brilliant family to his masterful contributions to the modernist movement, mysticism, education, and other fields. Reprint.

    • Psychology

Rewriting the Soul

Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory
Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400821686
Category: Psychology
Page: 352
View: 4454
Twenty-five years ago one could list by name the tiny number of multiple personalities recorded in the history of Western medicine, but today hundreds of people receive treatment for dissociative disorders in every sizable town in North America. Clinicians, backed by a grassroots movement of patients and therapists, find child sexual abuse to be the primary cause of the illness, while critics accuse the "MPD" community of fostering false memories of childhood trauma. Here the distinguished philosopher Ian Hacking uses the MPD epidemic and its links with the contemporary concept of child abuse to scrutinize today's moral and political climate, especially our power struggles about memory and our efforts to cope with psychological injuries. What is it like to suffer from multiple personality? Most diagnosed patients are women: why does gender matter? How does defining an illness affect the behavior of those who suffer from it? And, more generally, how do systems of knowledge about kinds of people interact with the people who are known about? Answering these and similar questions, Hacking explores the development of the modern multiple personality movement. He then turns to a fascinating series of historical vignettes about an earlier wave of multiples, people who were diagnosed as new ways of thinking about memory emerged, particularly in France, toward the end of the nineteenth century. Fervently occupied with the study of hypnotism, hysteria, sleepwalking, and fugue, scientists of this period aimed to take the soul away from the religious sphere. What better way to do this than to make memory a surrogate for the soul and then subject it to empirical investigation? Made possible by these nineteenth-century developments, the current outbreak of dissociative disorders is embedded in new political settings. Rewriting the Soul concludes with a powerful analysis linking historical and contemporary material in a fresh contribution to the archaeology of knowledge. As Foucault once identified a politics that centers on the body and another that classifies and organizes the human population, Hacking has now provided a masterful description of the politics of memory : the scientizing of the soul and the wounds it can receive.

    • Business & Economics

John Maynard Keynes

A Study in the Psychology of Original Work
Author: P. Mini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349236063
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 254
View: 9057
Keynes's personality was fixed by the clash between Moorean values - other-worldliness, idealism, pacifism - and Keynes's own nature which craved and attained worldly success, wealth and social influence and approbation. The result was an 'existential' outlook that caused him to become particularly sensitive to the human condition, to human suffering and to real concern. Accordingly, Keynes came to see the world through human, down-to-earth, social nd psychological categories, which were opposed to the 'devine' Platonism of classical economics. This book is thus opposed to the recent probability-based interpretations of Keynes's mature work.

    • Psychology

The Human Quest for Meaning

Theories, Research, and Applications
Author: Paul T. P. Wong
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136508090
Category: Psychology
Page: 768
View: 3699
The first edition of The Human Quest for Meaning was a major publication on the empirical research of meaning in life and its vital role in well-being, resilience, and psychotherapy. This new edition continues that quest and seeks to answer the questions, what is the meaning of life? How do we explain what constitutes meaningful relationships, work, and living? The answers, as the eminent scholars and practitioners who contributed to this text find, are neither simple nor straightforward. While seeking to clarify subjective vs. objective meaning in 21 new and 7 revised chapters, the authors also address the differences in cultural contexts, and identify 8 different sources of meaning, as well as at least 6 different stages in the process of the search for meaning. They also address different perspectives, including positive psychology, self-determination, integrative, narrative, and relational perspectives, to ensure that readers obtain the most thorough information possible. Mental health practitioners will find the numerous meaning-centered interventions, such as the PURE and ABCDE methods, highly useful in their own work with facilitating healing and personal growth in their clients. The Human Quest for Meaning represents a bold new vision for the future of meaning-oriented research and applications. No one seeking to truly understand the human condition should be without it.

    • Business & Economics

Genius

The Natural History of Creativity
Author: H. J. Eysenck
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521485081
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 344
View: 3515
Genius: The Natural History of Creativity presents a novel theory of genius and creativity that is based on the personality characteristics of creative persons and geniuses. Starting with the fact that genius and creativity are frequently related to psychopathology, this book brings together many different lines of research into the subject. Professor Eysenck provides experimental evidence to support these theories in their application to creativity. He considers the role of intelligence, social status, gender, and many other factors that have been linked with genius and creativity. His theory traces creativity from DNA through personality to special cognitive processes to genius. The book will generate a great deal of interest in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, philosophy, and sociology.

    • Philosophy

From the many to the one

a study of personality and views of human nature in the context of ancient Greek society, values, and beliefs
Author: Arthur W. H. Adkins
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 311
View: 9394

    • Philosophy

Studies in the Philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment


Author: Michael Alexander Stewart
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198249665
Category: Philosophy
Page: 328
View: 8629
This is the first volume of the series Oxford Studies in the History of Philosophy. Each volume of the series is organized around a particular theme, and is cross-disciplinary in its approach. In this collection of substantial new studies in Scottish Philosophy in the age of Hutcheson and Hume, close attention is given to the study of context and the use of original historical sources as a key to philosophical interpretation. The collection includes revolutionary research on Hume's early reading in science and religion and its impact on his philosophy.

    • Psychology

Personality Types

Using the Enneagram for Self-Discovery
Author: Don Richard Riso,Russ Hudson
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780395798676
Category: Psychology
Page: 514
View: 6003
" The Enneagram is an extraordinary framework for understanding more about ourselves. No matter from which point of view we approach it, we discover fresh conjunctions of new and old ideas." So writes Don Riso in this expanded edition of his classic interpretation of the Enneagram, the ancient psychological system used to understand the human personality. In addition to updating the descriptions of the nine personality types, Personality Types, Revised greatly expands the accompanying guidelines and, for the first time, uncovers the Core Dynamics, or Levels of Development, within each type. This skeletal system provides far more information about the inner tension and movements of the nine personalities than has previously been published. This increased specificity will allow therapists, social workers, personnel managers, students of the Enneagram, and general readers alike to use it with much greater precision as they unlock the secrets of self-understanding, and thus self-transformation.

    • Psychology

The Cognitive Foundations of Personality Traits


Author: Shulamith Kreitler,Hans Kreitler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 148992227X
Category: Psychology
Page: 405
View: 9476
Hardly anything in psychology is as irking as the trait concept. Psychologists and laypersons alike use primarily adjective trait-names to characterize and even concep tualize the individuals they encounter. There are more than a hundred well-defined personality traits and a great many questionnaires for their assessment, some of which are designed to assess the same or very similar traits. Little is known about their ontogenetic development and even less about their underlying dynamics. Psy choanalytic theory was invoked for explaining the psychodynamics underlying a few personality traits without, however, presenting sufficient empirical evidence for the validity of these interpretations. In a reductionistic vein, behaviorally inclined psy chologists have propounded the thesis that all traits are acquired behaviors. Yet, this view neither reduces the number of personality tests nor explains the resistance of traits to modification by means of reward and punishment. Dissatisfied with these and some other less well-known approaches to person ality traits, we decided to explore whether applying our psychosemantic theory of cognition to the trait concept would do better. The way we had to follow was anything but easy.