• Art, Abstract


Author: Maria Lind
Publisher: Whitechapel Art Gallery
Category: Art, Abstract
Page: 239
View: 2168
This anthology reconsiders crucial aspects of abstraction's resurgence in contemporary art, exploring three equally significant strategies explored in current practice: formal abstraction, economic abstraction, and social abstraction. In the 1960s, movements as diverse as Latin American neo-concretism, op art and "eccentric abstraction" disrupted the homogeneity, universality, and rationality associated with abstraction. These modes of abstraction opened up new forms of engagement with the phenomenal world as well as the possibility of diverse readings of the same forms, ranging from formalist and transcendental to socio-economic and conceptual. In the 1980s, the writings of Peter Halley, Fredric Jameson, and others considered an increasingly abstracted world in terms of its economic, social, and political conditions -- all of which were increasingly manifested through abstract codes or sites of style. Such economic abstraction is primarily addressed in art through subject or theme, but Deleuze and Guattari's notion of art as abstract machine opens up possibilities for art's role in the construction of a new kind of social reality. In more recent art, a third strand of abstraction emerges: a form of social abstraction centered on the strategy of withdrawal. Social abstraction implies stepping aside, a movement away from the mainstream, suggesting the possibilities for art to maneuver within self-organized, withdrawn initiatives in the field of cultural production. Artists surveyed include: Lee Bontecou, Louise Bourgeois, Amilcar de Castro, Paul C zanne, Lygia Clark, Kajsa Dahlberg, Stephan Dillemuth, Marcel Duchamp, Gardar Eide Einarsson, G nther F rg, Liam Gillick, Ferreira Gullar, Jean H lion, Eva Hesse, Jakob Jakobsen, Jasper Johns, Donald Judd, Wassily Kandinsky, Sol LeWitt, Piet Mondrian, Bruce Nauman, H lio Oiticica, Blinky Palermo, Lygia Pape, Mai-Thu Perret, Jackson Pollock, Tobias Rehberger, Bridget Riley, Emily Roysden, Lucas Samaras, Julian Stanczak, Frank Stella, Hito Steyerl, Theo van Doesburg Writers include: Alfred H. Barr Jr., Ina Blom, Lynne Cooke, Anthony Davies, Judi Freeman, Peter Halley, Brian Holmes, Joe Houston, Fredric Jameson, Lucy R. Lippard, Sven L tticken, Nina M ntmann, Gabriel Perez-Barreiro, Catherine Qu loz, Gerald Raunig, Irit Rogoff, Meyer Schapiro, Kirk Varnedoe, Stephan Zepke

    • Art

Abstraction and the Holocaust

Author: Mark Godfrey
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300126761
Category: Art
Page: 294
View: 6711
Mark Godfrey looks closely at a series of American art and architectural projects that respond to the memory of the Holocaust. He investigates how abstract artists and architects have negotiated Holocaust memory without representing the Holocaust figuratively or symbolically.

    • Philosophy

The Limits of Abstraction

Author: Kit Fine
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191567264
Category: Philosophy
Page: 216
View: 1327
What is abstraction? To what extent can it account for the existence and identity of abstract objects? And to what extent can it be used as a foundation for mathematics? Kit Fine provides rigorous and systematic answers to these questions along the lines proposed by Frege, in a book concerned both with the technical development of the subject and with its philosophical underpinnings. Fine proposes an account of what it is for a principle of abstraction to be acceptable, and these acceptable principles are exactly characterized. A formal theory of abstraction is developed and shown to be capable of providing a foundation for both arithmetic and analysis. Fine argues that the usual attempts to see principles of abstraction as forms of stipulative definition have been largely unsuccessful but that there may be other, more promising ways of vindicating the various forms of contextual definition. The Limits of Abstraction breaks new ground both technically and philosophically, and is essential reading for all those working on the philosophy of mathematics.

    • Architecture

What is Abstraction

Author: Andrew Benjamin
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9781854904348
Category: Architecture
Page: 69
View: 3964
* Explores current thought on the theme of Abstraction * Benjamin is one of the best known philosophers writing on art today * Incisive and accessible text aimed at students of philosophy and art * Proposes a new and radical framework for abstraction

    • Computers

Abstraction in Artificial Intelligence and Complex Systems

Author: Lorenza Saitta,Jean-Daniel Zucker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461470528
Category: Computers
Page: 484
View: 6395
Abstraction is a fundamental mechanism underlying both human and artificial perception, representation of knowledge, reasoning and learning. This mechanism plays a crucial role in many disciplines, notably Computer Programming, Natural and Artificial Vision, Complex Systems, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Art, and Cognitive Sciences. This book first provides the reader with an overview of the notions of abstraction proposed in various disciplines by comparing both commonalities and differences. After discussing the characterizing properties of abstraction, a formal model, the KRA model, is presented to capture them. This model makes the notion of abstraction easily applicable by means of the introduction of a set of abstraction operators and abstraction patterns, reusable across different domains and applications. It is the impact of abstraction in Artificial Intelligence, Complex Systems and Machine Learning which creates the core of the book. A general framework, based on the KRA model, is presented, and its pragmatic power is illustrated with three case studies: Model-based diagnosis, Cartographic Generalization, and learning Hierarchical Hidden Markov Models.

    • Art

Color and Culture

Practice and Meaning from Antiquity to Abstraction
Author: John Gage
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520222253
Category: Art
Page: 335
View: 5760
An encyclopaedic work on color in Western art and culture from the Middle Ages to Post-Modernism.

    • Antiques & Collectibles

3 X Abstraction

New Methods of Drawing, Hilma Af Klint, Emma Kunz, Agnes Martin
Author: Hilma af Klint,Emma Kunz,Agnes Martin,Drawing Center (New York, N.Y.),Santa Monica Museum of Art,Irish Museum of Modern Art (Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland)
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300108262
Category: Antiques & Collectibles
Page: 230
View: 4472
An engaging look at three women artists' pathbreaking explorationof abstraction

    • Art

Abstraction and Utopia

Author: Hilton Kramer
Publisher: Now and Then Reader LLC
ISBN: 1937853047
Category: Art
Page: N.A
View: 3384

    • Psychology

Abstraction and Aging

A Social Psychological Analysis
Author: Jason S. Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441984852
Category: Psychology
Page: 113
View: 3714
Abstraction is one facet of intellectual functioning. The study of abstraction allows extremely valuable insights into human intelligence. While this monograph indicates that the ability to think abstractly declines slightly with age, there are a number of variables determining abstract thinking and its relation to intelligence over the life-span. This monograph defines abstraction from all angles of thought, contrasting it with high-order thinking and stereotyped thinking; it discusses and evaluates tests of abstract thinking; and it presents new findings in sociological and psychological research on abstraction.

    • Art

Inventing Abstraction, 1910-1925

How a Radical Idea Changed Modern Art
Author: Leah Dickerman,Matthew Affron
Publisher: The Museum of Modern Art
ISBN: 0870708287
Category: Art
Page: 376
View: 7704
'Inventing Abstraction' explores the development of abstraction from the moment of its declaration around 1912 to its establishment as the foundation of avant-garde practice in the mid-1920s. The book brings together many of the most influential works in abstraction's early history to draw a cross-media portrait of this watershed moment in which traditional art was reinvented in a wholesale way.

    • Computers

Software Abstractions

Logic, Language, and Analysis
Author: Daniel Jackson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262528908
Category: Computers
Page: 376
View: 4766
Previously published in hardcover: 2012.


Author: N.A
Publisher: PediaPress
Page: N.A
View: 927

    • Philosophy

Idealization XII

Correcting the Model : Idealization and Abstraction in the Sciences
Author: Martin R. Jones,Nancy Cartwright
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042019557
Category: Philosophy
Page: 293
View: 5361
The principal task of the book series Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities is to promote those developments in philosophy that respect the tradition of great philosophical ideas, on the one hand, and the manner of philosophical thinking introduced by analytical philosophy, on the other. The aim is to contribute to practicing philosophy as deep as Marxism and as caring about justification as positivism.

    • Literary Criticism

Scandals and Abstraction

Financial Fiction of the Long 1980s
Author: Leigh Claire La Berge
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019937287X
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 230
View: 9394
"The greed, excess, and decadence of the long 1980s has been famously chronicled, critiqued, and satirized in epochal works like White Noise by Don DeLillo, American Psycho by Bret Easton Ellis, and Tom Wolfe's The Bonfire of the Vanities. Leigh Claire La Berge offers an in-depth study of these fictions alongside the key moments of financial history that inform them, contending that throughout the 1980s, novelists, journalists, and filmmakers began to reimagine the capitalist economy as one that was newly personal, masculine, and anxiety producing. The study's first half links the linguistic to the technological by exploring the arrival of ATMs and their ubiquity in postmodern American literature. In transformative readings of novels such as White Noise and American Psycho, La Berge traces how the ATM serves as a symbol of anxious isolation and the erosion of interpersonal communication. A subsequent chapter on Ellis' novel and Jane Smiley's Good Faith explores how male protagonists in each develop unique associations between money and masculinity. The second half of the monograph features chapters that attend to works-most notably Oliver Stone's Wall Street and Wolfe's The Bonfire of the Vanities-that capture aspects of the arrogance and recklessness that led to the savings-and-loan crisis and the 1987 stock market crash. Concluding with a coda on the recent Occupy Wall Street Movement and four short stories written in its wake, Scandals and Abstraction demonstrates how economic forces continue to remain a powerful presence in today's fiction"--

    • Architecture

Abstraction and Transcendence

Nature, Shintai, and Geometry in the Architecture of Tadao Ando
Author: Pham Thanh Hien
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 9781581120295
Category: Architecture
Page: 198
View: 3002
This thesis introduces Tadao Ando, a well-known Japanese architect, who is currently working on an emerging concept in the discourse of architecture, and is opening an approach of high sensibility (sensual, reflective, flexible, and complex, sensitively matching with every moment of life) and conceptualism (rational, logically approaching truth) that is widely considered one of the most important ways of thinking and designing architecture.In the introduction chapter, Tadao Ando's is introduced as a master of architecture and as a critic. Secondly, his goals, objectives, concepts and strategies are outlined. These aspects are grouped and developed into major themes. Those themes will later be interpreted in Chapter Four.In the second chapter of the thesis, the architecture of Tadao Ando is examined more closely, through critics' studies and his writings. This part aims to open further discussions on the most substantial and important grounds and sources of his architecture, which are interpreted in further detail in Chapter Four: the key themes of his works and theories.Being aware that Ando's architecture cannot be understood without grasping "Japaneseness", or the historical cultural and regional contexts of Japan, the third chapter will be devoted to briefly introducing the origins, philosophy, traditions, and culture of the country, as well as major points of new waves of Japanese architecture, both of which tangibly and intangibly serve as the foundation for Ando's architectural themes: nature, shintai, and geometry as both abstract construct and substance. This chapter is essential for understanding the foundation and context of Ando's thoughts that always determine his architecture.Chapter Four is the key part of the thesis. It focuses on two aspects: Ando's philosophically-based theoretical concepts, and his major themes which have been introduced in the previous sections. This chapter provides a general and coherent understanding of his work.The concluding chapter summarizes the crucial points from among Ando's visions, moving from origins and philosophical grounds through concepts, strategies and theories, to the unique solutions which he advances for problems of the age. Thematically, Tadao Ando's works may be shown to reveal: Dialogue with Nature and Tradition (cosmologies, culture); Shintai and Space (mutual independence and penetration); and Geometry (spatial compositions, minimalist form, material and texture). Among these three over riding themes, there are many interrelated sub-themes are also examined. Download 1st chapter & ByteSizeSystems Reader FREE - and buy ByteSize b-book for $5.00.

    • Art, Abstract

Ornament and abstraction

the dialogue between non-Western, modern and contemporary art
Author: Fondation Beyeler
Publisher: N.A
Category: Art, Abstract
Page: 255
View: 1650
Est également exposée, une oeuvre de John M. Armleder.

    • Poetry

Driven to Abstraction

Author: Rosmarie Waldrop
Publisher: New Directions Publishing
ISBN: 9780811218795
Category: Poetry
Page: 133
View: 5827
A new poetry collection of startling beauty andthought by a great American poet.

    • Art

Abstraction in the twentieth century

total risk, freedom, discipline
Author: Mark Lawrence Rosenthal,Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Publisher: Guggenheim Museum Pubns
Category: Art
Page: 310
View: 3849
Exhibition: 2/9/-5/12/96, Distributed by Abrams.

    • Art

Mark Rothko

Subjects in Abstraction
Author: Anna C. Chave,Mark Rothko
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300049619
Category: Art
Page: 229
View: 390
A visual analysis of the New York School painter, which examines the structure of Rothko's paintings while arguing that they implement traces of certain basic, symbolically charged pictorial conventions.

    • Art

Primitivism, Cubism, Abstraction

The Early Twentieth Century
Author: Charles Harrison,Francis Frascina,Gillian Perry
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300055160
Category: Art
Page: 270
View: 3607
On art in the early 20th century