• Psychology

Action Theory

A Primer for Applied Research in the Social Sciences
Author: Ladislav Valach,Richard Anthony Young,M. Judith Lynam
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275970864
Category: Psychology
Page: 268
View: 7484
Presents a theory of goal directed action, helping us see our everyday behavior in a systematic manner relevant to our lives.

    • Social Science

A Research Primer for the Social and Behavioral Sciences


Author: Miriam Schapiro Grosof,Hyman Sardy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483258017
Category: Social Science
Page: 450
View: 9605
A Research Primer for the Social and Behavioral Sciences provides an introductory but comprehensive overview of the research process that primarily concerns human subjects. This book discusses the methods of acquiring knowledge, importance of a well-chosen problem, review of the literature, and relationship between theory-building and hypothesis-testing. The common sources of invalidity in practice, non-experimental research types, Stevens' classification of scales, and estimation based on probabilistic sampling are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the role of computer in research, techniques for analysis of data, univariate and bivariate statistics, and assumptions underlying analysis of variance. Other topics include the canonical correlation analysis, non-parametric analysis of variance, deterministic problem analysis techniques, and common errors in presentation of findings. This publication is intended for novice investigators in the broad category of social and behavioral sciences.

    • Psychology

Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence-Based Practice


Author: Karin Olson,Richard A. Young,Izabela Z. Schultz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493929208
Category: Psychology
Page: 567
View: 6643
This progressive reference redefines qualitative research as a crucial component of evidence-based practice and assesses its current and future impact on healthcare. Its introductory section explains the value of sociocultural context in case conceptualization, and ways this evidence can be integrated with quantitative findings to inform and transform practice. The bulk of the book's chapters review qualitative research in diverse areas, including pain, trauma, heart disease, COPD, and disabling conditions, and examine ways of effectively evaluating and applying qualitative data. This seismic shift in perception moves the healing professions away from traditional one-size-fits-all thinking and toward responsive, patient-centered care. Among the topics in the Handbook: ·Examining qualitative alternatives to categorical representation. ·The World Health Organization model of health: what evidence is needed? ·Qualitative research in mental health and mental illness. ·Qualitative evidence in pediatrics. ·The contribution of qualitative research to medication adherence. ·Qualitative evidence in health policy analysis. The Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence-Based Practice offers health and clinical psychologists, rehabilitation specialists, occupational and physical therapists, nurses, family physicians and other primary care providers new ways for understanding patients' health-related experiences and opens up new ways for developing interventions intended to improve health outcomes.

    • Psychology

Counseling and Action

Toward Life-Enhancing Work, Relationships, and Identity
Author: Richard A. Young,Jose Domene,Ladislav Valach
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493907735
Category: Psychology
Page: 350
View: 1914
Engaging in action is at the heart of our most meaningful experiences. And given the fast-paced, goal-driven nature of modern society, engagement in action is also central to how we perceive ourselves. Action has traditionally been viewed as an end product of the counseling process, but now a bold new redefinition makes counseling not only a driver of action, but an action in itself. Counseling and Action couples a timely update on the multiple roles of action in counseling with an action-based framework for enhancing progress between client and professional. Grounded in the core concepts of contextual action theory as well as key aspects of counseling (e.g., identity, intentionality, emotion), the book explicates an approach that is responsive to client complexities and the larger social conditions that frame them. Expert-penned chapters apply theory to practice, illustrating levels of engagement in action as counselor and client negotiate goals and work toward their realization. And an especially useful section offers guidelines for intervening with specific populations and addressing particular issues. Among the topics covered: Designing projects for career construction. Agentic action in context. Counseling intentional addiction recovery grounded in relationships and social meaning. The action of mindfulness in counseling. A contextual action theory perspective on self-efficacy in individual counseling. Counseling processes and procedures through the lens of contextual action theory. With its forceful argument for a quantum leap in both theory and practice, Counseling and Action is transformative reading for professionals, educators, and graduate students in social work, psychotherapy, psychology, and counseling.

    • Social Science

Cognitive Science and the Social

A Primer
Author: Stephen P. Turner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351180509
Category: Social Science
Page: 226
View: 7924
The rise of cognitive neuroscience is the most important scientific and intellectual development of the last thirty years. Findings pour forth, and major initiatives for brain research continue. The social sciences have responded to this development slowly--for good reasons. The implications of particular controversial findings, such as the discovery of mirror neurons, have been ambiguous, controversial within neuroscience itself, and difficult to integrate with conventional social science. Yet many of these findings, such as those of experimental neuro-economics, pose very direct challenges to standard social science. At the same time, however, the known facts of social science, for example about linguistic and moral diversity, pose a significant challenge to standard neuroscience approaches, which tend to focus on "universal" aspects of human and animal cognition. A serious encounter between cognitive neuroscience and social science is likely to be challenging, and transformative, for both parties. Although a literature has developed on proposals to integrate neuroscience and social science, these proposals go in divergent directions. None of them has a developed conception of social life. This book surveys these issues, introduces the basic alternative conceptions both of the mental world and the social world, and show how, with sufficient modification, they can be fit together in plausible ways. The book is not a "new theory " of anything, but rather an exploration of the critical issues that relate to the social aspects of cognition which expands the topic from the social neuroscience of immediate interpersonal interaction to the whole range of places where social variation interacts with the cognitive. The focus is on the conceptual problems produced by any attempt to take these issues seriously, and also on the new resources and considerations relevant to doing so. But it is also on the need for a revision of social theoretical concepts in order to utilize these resources. The book points to some conclusions, especially about how the process of what was known as socialization needs to be understood in cognitive science friendly terms. But there is no attempt to resolve the underlying issues within cognitive science, which will doubtless persist.

    • Social Science

Production Studies

Cultural Studies of Media Industries
Author: Vicki Mayer,Miranda J. Banks,John T Caldwell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135840156
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 1696
"Behind-the-scenes" stories of ranting directors, stingy producers, temperamental actors, and the like have fascinated us since the beginnings of film and television. Today, magazines, websites, television programs, and DVDs are devoted to telling tales of trade lore—from on-set antics to labor disputes. The production of media has become as storied and mythologized as the content of the films and TV shows themselves. Production Studies is the first volume to bring together a star-studded cast of interdisciplinary media scholars to examine the unique cultural practices of media production. The all-new essays collected here combine ethnographic, sociological, critical, material, and political-economic methods to explore a wide range of topics, from contemporary industrial trends such as new media and niche markets to gender and workplace hierarchies. Together, the contributors seek to understand how the entire span of "media producers"—ranging from high-profile producers and directors to anonymous stagehands and costume designers—work through professional organizations and informal networks to form communities of shared practices, languages, and cultural understandings of the world. This landmark collection connects the cultural activities of media producers to our broader understanding of media practices and texts, establishing an innovative and agenda-setting approach to media industry scholarship for the twenty-first century. Contributors: Miranda J. Banks, John T. Caldwell, Christine Cornea, Laura Grindstaff, Felicia D. Henderson, Erin Hill, Jane Landman, Elana Levine, Amanda D. Lotz, Paul Malcolm, Denise Mann, Vicki Mayer, Candace Moore, Oli Mould, Sherry B. Ortner, Matt Stahl, John L. Sullivan, Serra Tinic, Stephen Zafirau

    • Psychology

Cognition and Action in Skilled Behaviour


Author: A.M. Colley,J.R. Beech
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080867090
Category: Psychology
Page: 424
View: 2046
This book contains a number of chapters on the control and execution of skilled movements, as well as more general chapters on theoretical issues in skilled performance. The contributors have summarised their most recent research, and general themes and issues are presented in discussion chapters at the end of each section, thus providing a good general summary of the kind of research and theoretical frameworks developing in this area. The first section is concerned with the theoretical issues of programming and co-ordination. Issues raised in the second section are basic to much of the research reviewed in the volume. This section summarises the various theoretical positions in the recent debates on the role of cognitive processes in motor control and the usefulness of the ``psychomotor'' approach, and contains chapters based on individual papers which present relevant empirical findings. The third section deals with the learning and performance of skilled movements, containing papers with practical implications for everyday skills. The final section contains chapters on cognitive processes in skilled performance.



    • Computers

Mathematical Perspectives on Neural Networks


Author: Paul Smolensky,Michael C. Mozer,David E. Rumelhart
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805812015
Category: Computers
Page: 862
View: 4857
Recent years have seen an explosion of new mathematical results on learning and processing in neural networks. This body of results rests on a breadth of mathematical background which even few specialists possess. In a format intermediate between a textbook and a collection of research articles, this book has been assembled to present a sample of these results, and to fill in the necessary background, in such areas as computability theory, computational complexity theory, the theory of analog computation, stochastic processes, dynamical systems, control theory, time-series analysis, Bayesian analysis, regularization theory, information theory, computational learning theory, and mathematical statistics. Mathematical models of neural networks display an amazing richness and diversity. Neural networks can be formally modeled as computational systems, as physical or dynamical systems, and as statistical analyzers. Within each of these three broad perspectives, there are a number of particular approaches. For each of 16 particular mathematical perspectives on neural networks, the contributing authors provide introductions to the background mathematics, and address questions such as: * Exactly what mathematical systems are used to model neural networks from the given perspective? * What formal questions about neural networks can then be addressed? * What are typical results that can be obtained? and * What are the outstanding open problems? A distinctive feature of this volume is that for each perspective presented in one of the contributed chapters, the first editor has provided a moderately detailed summary of the formal results and the requisite mathematical concepts. These summaries are presented in four chapters that tie together the 16 contributed chapters: three develop a coherent view of the three general perspectives -- computational, dynamical, and statistical; the other assembles these three perspectives into a unified overview of the neural networks field.

    • Bibliographical literature

Bibliographic Index


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bibliographical literature
Page: 26
View: 1117

    • Social Science

Dementia Studies

A Social Science Perspective
Author: Anthea Innes
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0857026658
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 9760
What is dementia? How should we organize dementia care? This comprehensive book critically examines the main approaches to understanding dementia (bio-medical, social-psychological and socio-gerontological) and the main principles and ideologies of care. The book: • provides clarity on the gap between the utopian aspirations of care and the reality of care • opens up a series of questions about knowledge and treatment of dementia • argues for a transition from positions that place emphasis upon the individual or particular care services to the social, cultural and economic context Lively, informative and challenging, the book will be of interest to students of nursing, sociology of health & illness, social work and social gerontology. Anthea Innes teaches at the Dementia Services Development Centre, University of Stirling

    • Psychology

Self-Narratives

The Construction of Meaning in Psychotherapy
Author: Hubert J. M. Hermans,Els Hermans-Jansen
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572307131
Category: Psychology
Page: 306
View: 608
Chapters describe how clinicians can work with what is openly discussed, and how to ascertain less conscious events and motives. A powerful clinical tool that enhances cooperation between the client and therapist, the model delineated in this volume can be used in a wide variety of settings and is easily integrated with a range of orientations. Providing complete guidelines for its clinical use, Self-Narratives is an ideal resource for psychotherapists and counselors alike. Teachers or trainers who want to educate students in self-knowledge and self-reflection will find here an ideal method for stimulating these processes.

    • Psychology

The Sense of Vocation

A Study of Career and Life Development
Author: Larry Cochran
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791402450
Category: Psychology
Page: 211
View: 9964
Larry Cochran examines the meaning of a sense of vocation as it is lived over the course of a life. By studying more than twenty autobiographies of people who clearly had a mission in life, the author identifies commonalities and weaves them into a general story or plot. The common story involves a detailed description of four phases of life from childhood through old age. It illustrates how a significant form that unifies desire arises in youth, how individuals transform themselves to adopt a meaningful role in a drama, how a work of life develops, and how a sense of vocation culminates. Thus, the book is important as a descriptive answer to the question of what makes life meaningful. It provides a paradigm case of career at its best.

    • Health & Fitness

Quality, Evidence, and Effectiveness in Health Promotion

Striving for Certainties
Author: John Kenneth Davies,Gordon MacDonald
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415179676
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 225
View: 6614
Quality, Evidence and Effectiveness is unique in bringing together, for the first time, the critical concepts of quality assurance and effectiveness in relation to health promotion and research. Contributions from leading health promotion specialists around the world discuss how best to push forward evidence of the value of health promotion as an effective investment strategy. They examine particular examples of health promotion interventions, focusing on both practical suggestions and the concepts underlying them. Contributions are divided into three core sections: * the examination of effectiveness studies through the application of different evaluation methodologies * practice-based quality assurance programmes * the examination of examples of health promotion interventions Quality, Evidence and Effectiveness will be invaluable to students, researchers and policy-makers in health promotion and all professionals who are committed to the effective and efficient delivery of New Public Health.

    • American literature

Forthcoming Books


Author: Rose Arny
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 6732

    • Business & Economics

Engaged Scholarship

A Guide for Organizational and Social Research
Author: Andrew H. Van de Ven
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199226296
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 330
View: 6378
A guide for organizational and social research in business studies and the social sciences, providing a clear framework for research design and methodology. It will be an invaluable tool for academics, researchers, and graduate students across the social sciences concerned with rigorous and relevant research in the contemporary world.

    • Medical

Restoration of Normal Movement After Stroke


Author: Margaret Johnstone (FCSP.)
Publisher: W.B. Saunders Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medical
Page: 188
View: 8501
This is a guide to the Johnstone method of stroke rehabilitation. It is a practical guide to the restoration of muscle function following stroke using the techniques and rehabilitation programmes developed by Margaret Johnstone. The book condenses information from three of the author's previous works on the subject, describing the philosophy behind the author's teaching and showing the reader how to take this philosophy forward into improving patient care.

    • Medical

Interpersonal violent behaviors

social and cultural aspects
Author: R. Barry Ruback
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826185105
Category: Medical
Page: 190
View: 4190

    • Psychology

Associated Systems Theory

A Systematic Approach to Cognitive Representations of Persons
Author: Robert S. Wyer,Donal E. Carlston
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780805814736
Category: Psychology
Page: 235
View: 4919
From its inception, the purpose of the Advances in Social Cognition series has been to present and evaluate new theoretical advances in all areas of social cognition and information processing. An entire volume is devoted to each theory, allowing the theory to be evaluated from a variety of perspectives and permitting its implications for a wide range of issues to be examined. The series reflects two major characteristics of social cognition: the high level of activity in the field and the interstitial nature of the work. The present volume examines the area of person impression formation with a detailed conceptualization of person impressions and the processes that give rise to their construction. Carlston's lead article provides "a comprehensive account of the representational systems that underlie people's exposure to social stimuli and their ultimate production of memories, judgments and behaviors. The theory attempts to explain where different kinds of representations come from, how they are related to each other, and how they relate to important cognitive and behavioral activities." In pursuing this ambitious objective, Carlston identifies four fundamental systems -- visual, verbal, behavioral and affective -- and postulates the manner in which the systems interact.