• Computers

Algorithmics for Hard Problems

Introduction to Combinatorial Optimization, Randomization, Approximation, and Heuristics
Author: Juraj Hromkovič
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662046164
Category: Computers
Page: 494
View: 5611
An introduction to the methods of designing algorithms for hard computing tasks, concentrating mainly on approximate, randomized, and heuristic algorithms, and on the theoretical and experimental comparison of these approaches according to the requirements of the practice. This is the first book to systematically explain and compare all the main possibilities of attacking hard computing problems. It also closes the gap between theory and practice by providing at once a graduate textbook and a handbook for practitioners dealing with hard computing problems.

    • Computers

Combinatorial Algorithms

24th International Workshop, IWOCA 2013, Rouen, France, July 10-12, 2013. Revised Selected Papers
Author: Thierry Lecroq,Laurent Mouchard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642452787
Category: Computers
Page: 474
View: 358
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 24th International Workshop on Combinatorial Algorithms, IWOCA 2013, held in Rouen, France, in July 2013. The 33 revised full papers presented together with 10 short papers and 5 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 91 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on algorithms on graphs; algorithms on strings; discrete geometry and satisfiability.

    • Computers

Computer Science -- Theory and Applications

5th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2010, Kazan, Russia, June 16-20, 2010, Proceedings
Author: Farid Ablayev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642131816
Category: Computers
Page: 397
View: 1975
The LNCS series reports state-of-the-art results in computer science research, development, and education, at a high level and in both printed and electronic form. Enjoying tight cooperation with the R&D community, with numerous individuals, as well as with prestigious organizations and societies, LNCS has grown into the most comprehensive computer science research forum available. The scope of LNCS, including its subseries LNAI and LNBI, spans the whole range of computer science and information technology including interdisciplinary topics in a variety of application fields. In parallel to the printed book, each new volume is published electronically in LNCS Online.

    • Computers

Verification of Reactive Systems

Formal Methods and Algorithms
Author: Klaus Schneider
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540002963
Category: Computers
Page: 600
View: 4998
This book is a solid foundation of the most important formalisms used for specification and verification of reactive systems. In particular, the text presents all important results on m-calculus, w-automata, and temporal logics, shows the relationships between these formalisms and describes state-of-the-art verification procedures for them. It also discusses advantages and disadvantages of these formalisms, and shows up their strengths and weaknesses. Most results are given with detailed proofs, so that the presentation is almost self-contained. Includes all definitions without relying on other material Proves all theorems in detail Presents detailed algorithms in pseudo-code for verification as well as translations to other formalisms

    • Computers

Theoretical Computer Science

Introduction to Automata, Computability, Complexity, Algorithmics, Randomization, Communication, and Cryptography
Author: Juraj Hromkovič
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540140153
Category: Computers
Page: 313
View: 7251
Juraj Hromkovic takes the reader on an elegant route through the theoretical fundamentals of computer science. The author shows that theoretical computer science is a fascinating discipline, full of spectacular contributions and miracles. The book also presents the development of the computer scientist's way of thinking as well as fundamental concepts such as approximation and randomization in algorithmics, and the basic ideas of cryptography and interconnection network design.

    • Mathematics

Introduction to the Theory of Complexity

Author: Daniele Bovet,Pierluigi Crescenzi
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
ISBN: 9780139153808
Category: Mathematics
Page: 282
View: 9036
The aim of this book is to review in a systematic way the most significant results obtained in the study of computational complexity theory. A balanced approach which is partly algorithmic and partly structuralist is followed. From an algorithmic point of view, the book is concerned with properties of complexity classes, and identification of structural properties of sets that affect their computational complexity.

    • Mathematics

Applied Integer Programming

Modeling and Solution
Author: Der-San Chen,Robert G. Batson,Yu Dang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118210026
Category: Mathematics
Page: 468
View: 3209
An accessible treatment of the modeling and solution of integer programming problems, featuring modern applications and software In order to fully comprehend the algorithms associated with integer programming, it is important to understand not only how algorithms work, but also why they work. Applied Integer Programming features a unique emphasis on this point, focusing on problem modeling and solution using commercial software. Taking an application-oriented approach, this book addresses the art and science of mathematical modeling related to the mixed integer programming (MIP) framework and discusses the algorithms and associated practices that enable those models to be solved most efficiently. The book begins with coverage of successful applications, systematic modeling procedures, typical model types, transformation of non-MIP models, combinatorial optimization problem models, and automatic preprocessing to obtain a better formulation. Subsequent chapters present algebraic and geometric basic concepts of linear programming theory and network flows needed for understanding integer programming. Finally, the book concludes with classical and modern solution approaches as well as the key components for building an integrated software system capable of solving large-scale integer programming and combinatorial optimization problems. Throughout the book, the authors demonstrate essential concepts through numerous examples and figures. Each new concept or algorithm is accompanied by a numerical example, and, where applicable, graphics are used to draw together diverse problems or approaches into a unified whole. In addition, features of solution approaches found in today's commercial software are identified throughout the book. Thoroughly classroom-tested, Applied Integer Programming is an excellent book for integer programming courses at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as a well-organized reference for professionals, software developers, and analysts who work in the fields of applied mathematics, computer science, operations research, management science, and engineering and use integer-programming techniques to model and solve real-world optimization problems.

    • Computers

Parameterized Complexity Theory

Author: J. Flum,M. Grohe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540299530
Category: Computers
Page: 495
View: 1383
This book is a state-of-the-art introduction into both algorithmic techniques for fixed-parameter tractability and the structural theory of parameterized complexity classes. It presents detailed proofs of recent advanced results that have not appeared in book form before and replaces the earlier publication "Parameterized Complexity" by Downey and Fellows as the definitive book on this subject. The book will interest computer scientists, mathematicians and graduate students engaged with algorithms and problem complexity.

    • Business & Economics

Twenty Lectures on Algorithmic Game Theory

Author: Tim Roughgarden
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 131662479X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 352
View: 2733
This accessible introduction features case studies in online advertising, spectrum auctions, kidney exchange, and network management.

    • Business & Economics

Stochastic Local Search

Foundations and Applications
Author: Holger H. Hoos,Thomas Stützle
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 1558608729
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 658
View: 6347
Stochastic local search (SLS) algorithms are among the most prominent and successful techniques for solving computationally difficult problems. Offering a systematic treatment of SLS algorithms, this book examines the general concepts and specific instances of SLS algorithms and considers their development, analysis and application.

    • Computers

Evolutionary Computation for Modeling and Optimization

Author: Daniel Ashlock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387319094
Category: Computers
Page: 572
View: 5434
Concentrates on developing intuition about evolutionary computation and problem solving skills and tool sets. Lots of applications and test problems, including a biotechnology chapter.

    • Computer algorithms

Introduction to Algorithms, Data Structures and Formal Languages

Author: Michael John Dinneen,Georgiĭ Lʹvovich Gimelʹfarb,Mark Curtis Wilson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781442512061
Category: Computer algorithms
Page: 254
View: 1168
INTRODUCTION TO ALGORITHMS, DATA STRUCTURES AND FORMAL LANGUAGES provides a concise, straightforward, yet rigorous introduction to the key ideas, techniques, and results in three areas essential to the education of every computer scientist. The textbook is closely based on the syllabus of the course COMPSCI220, which the authors and their colleagues have taught at the University of Auckland for several years. The book could also be used for self-study. Many exercises are provided, a substantial proportion of them with detailed solutions. Numerous figures aid understanding. To benefit from the book, the reader should have had prior exposure to programming in a structured language such as Java or C++, at a level similar to a typical two semester first-year university computer science sequence. However, no knowledge of any particular such language is necessary. Mathematical prerequisites are modest. Several appendices can be used to fill minor gaps in background knowledge. After finishing this book, students should be well prepared for more advanced study of the three topics, either for their own sake or as they arise in a multitude of application areas.

    • Computers

The Multivariate Algorithmic Revolution and Beyond

Essays Dedicated to Michael R. Fellows on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday
Author: Hans L. Bodlaender,Rodney Downey,Fedor V. Fomin,Dániel Marx
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642308910
Category: Computers
Page: 506
View: 5790
Parameterized complexity is currently a thriving field in complexity theory and algorithm design. A significant part of the success of the field can be attributed to Michael R. Fellows. This Festschrift has been published in honor of Mike Fellows on the occasion of his 60th birthday. It contains 20 papers that showcase the important scientific contributions of this remarkable man, describes the history of the field of parameterized complexity, and also reflects on other parts of Mike Fellows’s unique and broad range of interests, including his work on the popularization of discrete mathematics for young children. The volume contains several surveys that introduce the reader to the field of parameterized complexity and discuss important notions, results, and developments in this field.

    • Science

Quantum Algorithms Via Linear Algebra

A Primer
Author: Richard J. Lipton,Kenneth W. Regan
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262028395
Category: Science
Page: 208
View: 9396
Quantum computing explained in terms of elementary linear algebra, emphasizing computation and algorithms and requiring no background in physics.

    • Computers

Automata, Languages and Programming

29th International Colloquium, ICALP 2002, Malaga, Spain, July 8-13, 2002. Proceedings
Author: Peter Widmayer,Francisco Triguero,Rafael Morales,Matthew Hennessy,Stephan Eidenbenz,Ricardo Conejo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540454659
Category: Computers
Page: 1072
View: 5085

    • Computers

Encyclopedia of Algorithms

Author: Ming-Yang Kao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387307702
Category: Computers
Page: 1166
View: 4755
One of Springer’s renowned Major Reference Works, this awesome achievement provides a comprehensive set of solutions to important algorithmic problems for students and researchers interested in quickly locating useful information. This first edition of the reference focuses on high-impact solutions from the most recent decade, while later editions will widen the scope of the work. All entries have been written by experts, while links to Internet sites that outline their research work are provided. The entries have all been peer-reviewed. This defining reference is published both in print and on line.

    • Computers

Decision Procedures

An Algorithmic Point of View
Author: Daniel Kroening,Ofer Strichman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662504979
Category: Computers
Page: 356
View: 3719
A decision procedure is an algorithm that, given a decision problem, terminates with a correct yes/no answer. Here, the authors focus on theories that are expressive enough to model real problems, but are still decidable. Specifically, the book concentrates on decision procedures for first-order theories that are commonly used in automated verification and reasoning, theorem-proving, compiler optimization and operations research. The techniques described in the book draw from fields such as graph theory and logic, and are routinely used in industry. The authors introduce the basic terminology of satisfiability modulo theories and then, in separate chapters, study decision procedures for each of the following theories: propositional logic; equalities and uninterpreted functions; linear arithmetic; bit vectors; arrays; pointer logic; and quantified formulas.

    • Mathematics

Optimization Theory, Decision Making, and Operations Research Applications

Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium and 10th Balkan Conference on Operational Research
Author: Athanasios Migdalas,Angelo Sifaleras,Christos K Georgiadis,Jason Papathanasiou,Emmanouil Stiakakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461451345
Category: Mathematics
Page: 362
View: 2749
These proceedings consist of 30 selected research papers based on results presented at the 10th Balkan Conference & 1st International Symposium on Operational Research (BALCOR 2011) held in Thessaloniki, Greece, September 22-24, 2011. BALCOR is an established biennial conference attended by a large number of faculty, researchers and students from the Balkan countries but also from other European and Mediterranean countries as well. Over the past decade, the BALCOR conference has facilitated the exchange of scientific and technical information on the subject of Operations Research and related fields such as Mathematical Programming, Game Theory, Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis, Information Systems, Data Mining and more, in order to promote international scientific cooperation. The carefully selected and refereed papers present important recent developments and modern applications and will serve as excellent reference for students, researchers and practitioners in these disciplines. ​

    • Computers

Graph Theory, Computational Intelligence and Thought

Essays Dedicated to Martin Charles Golumbic on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday
Author: Marina Lipshteyn,Vadim E. Levit,Ross McConnell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642020291
Category: Computers
Page: 227
View: 5636
Martin Charles Golumbic has been making seminal contributions to algorithmic graph theory and artificial intelligence throughout his career. He is universally admired as a long-standing pillar of the discipline of computer science. He has contributed to the development of fundamental research in artificial intelligence in the area of complexity and spatial-temporal reasoning as well as in the area of compiler optimization. Golumbic's work in graph theory led to the study of new perfect graph families such as tolerance graphs, which generalize the classical graph notions of interval graph and comparability graph. He is credited with introducing the systematic study of algorithmic aspects in intersection graph theory, and initiated research on new structured families of graphs including the edge intersection graphs of paths in trees (EPT) and trivially perfect graphs. Golumbic is currently the founder and director of the Caesarea Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Institute for Interdisciplinary Applications of Computer Science at the University of Haifa. He also served as chairman of the Israeli Association of Artificial Intelligence (1998-2004), and founded and chaired numerous international symposia in discrete mathematics and in the foundations of artificial intelligence. This Festschrift volume, published in honor of Martin Charles Golumbic on the occasion of his 60th birthday, contains 20 papers, written by graduate students, research collaborators, and computer science colleagues, who gathered at a conference on subjects related to Martin Golumbic's manifold contributions in the field of algorithmic graph theory and artificial intelligence, held in Jerusalem, Tiberias and Haifa, Israel in September 2008.