• Language Arts & Disciplines

Exporting Press Freedom


Author: Craig L. LaMay
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412809088
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 333
View: 8809
International media assistance is a small but important form of international democracy-promotion aid. Media assistance boomed after the 1989 transitions in Central Europe, but now flows to virtually all regions of the world. Today the media assistance industry is focused on the problem of sustainability: How are free and independent public affairs media supposed to maintain their editorial mission while facing hostile political systems or the demands of the consumer marketplace? Many media in developing countries have been or are grant-dependent. When grants are exhausted or withdrawn, media that were funded to further democratic consolidation typically wither and die. Some become mere grant chasers. Others abandon public service to the demands of market competition, or political patronage. As a result, governmental and non-governmental grant makers now emphasize the need for sustainability in considering grants in the media sector. Many grant recipients have grown frustrated, sometimes bitter, and have sought to take a much more active role in the way assistance programs are put together. Just how is sustainability to be achieved while also ensuring a public-service editorial mission? Exporting Press Freedom examines the history and practice of media assistance, and argues that the dilemma of media independence and sustainability is best understood as an economic problem rather than one of poor editorial standards or lack of will. It includes profiles of news and public affairs media in developing and democratizing countries, and also of two non-governmental organizations that have pioneered the use of low-interest loans in media assistance. These profiles exemplify strategic and entrepreneurial approaches to developing and supporting public service media. Such approaches may be of use not only in the developing world, but in the consolidated Western democracies as well, where concern has grown about poor journalistic performance and its consequences for democratic governance.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

The International Encyclopedia of Political Communication, 3 Volume Set


Author: Gianpietro Mazzoleni
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118290755
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 1656
View: 9057
The International Encyclopedia of Political Communication is the definitive single–source reference work on the subject, with state–of–the–art and in–depth scholarly reflection on the key issues within political communication from leading international experts. It is available both online and in print. Explores pertinent/salient topics within political science, sociology, psychology, communication and many other disciplines Theory, empirical research and academic as well as professional debate are widely covered in this truly international and comparative work Provides clear definitions and explanations which are both cross–national and cross–disciplinary by nature Offers an unprecedented level of authority, accuracy and balance, with contributions from leading international experts in their associated fields Published with regularly updating online edition which will ensure readers are kept abreast of the latest developments in research

    • Political Science

Newsrooms in Conflict

Journalism and the Democratization of Mexico
Author: Sallie Hughes
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822973049
Category: Political Science
Page: 296
View: 3235
Newsrooms in Conflict examines the dramatic changes within Mexican society, politics, and journalism that transformed an authoritarian media institution into many conflicting styles of journalism with very different implications for deepening democracy in the country. Using extensive interviews with journalists and content analysis spanning more than two decades, Sallie Hughes identifies the patterns of newsroom transformation that explain how Mexican journalism was changed from a passive and even collusive institution into conflicting clusters of news organizations exhibiting citizen-oriented, market-driven, and adaptive authoritarian tendencies. Hughes explores the factors that brought about this transformation, including not only the democratic upheaval within Mexico and the role of the market, but also the diffusion of ideas, the transformation of professional identities and, most significantly, the profound changes made within the newsrooms themselves. From the Zapatista rebellion to the political bribery scandals that rocked the nation, Hughes's investigation presents a groundbreaking model of the sociopolitical transformation of a media institution within a new democracy, and the rise and subsequent stagnation of citizen-focused journalism after that democracy was established.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Media Power and Democratization in Brazil

TV Globo and the Dilemmas of Political Accountability
Author: Mauro Pereira Porto
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415897211
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 227
View: 6977
In this book, Porto analyzes the role of TV Globo in the democratization of Brazil. TV Globo, one of the world's largest media conglomerates, has a dominant position in Brazil's communications landscape. It also exports telenovelas to more than 130 countries and has established joint ventures with transnational media conglomerates. Beginning in the mid-1990s, TV Globo began a process of "opening," replacing its authoritarian model of journalism with a more independent reporting style. Representations of Brazil in prime time telenovelas have also shifted. Given this shift, Porto considers some of the following questions: •What explains these changes in Brazil's most powerful media company? •How are they related to processes of political and social democratization? •How did TV Globo's opening affect Brazil's emerging democracy, especially in terms of the quality of political accountability mechanisms? Porto uses the Brazilian case of TV Globo to analyze the larger links between democratization, civil society mobilization, and media change in transitional societies.


    • Language Arts & Disciplines

--and Well Tied Down

Chile's Press Under Democracy
Author: Ken Leon-Dermota
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 204
View: 7366
Chile's story is nothing if not dynamic. Chile hosted the only leftist revolution to be elected to power anywhere in the world -- immediately followed by the last of the hemisphere's anti-Communist military dictatorships. From a closed, socialist economy, Chile jumped to the head of the class among the open economies in the world, anticipating both Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher in imposing free-market economies.

    • United States

MultiCultural Review

Dedicated to a Better Understanding of Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Diversity
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
View: 5071

    • History

How Democracies Die


Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt
Publisher: Crown
ISBN: 1524762938
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 7842
Fateful alliances -- Gatekeeping in America -- The great Republican abdication -- Subverting democracy -- The guardrails of democracy -- The unwritten rules of American politics -- The unraveling -- Trump against the guardrails -- Saving democracy

    • Academic libraries

Choice


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Academic libraries
Page: N.A
View: 1025

    • Political Science

Authoritarianism and the Elite Origins of Democracy


Author: Michael Albertus,Victor Menaldo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110819642X
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 7041
This book argues that - in terms of institutional design, the allocation of power and privilege, and the lived experiences of citizens - democracy often does not restart the political game after displacing authoritarianism. Democratic institutions are frequently designed by the outgoing authoritarian regime to shield incumbent elites from the rule of law and give them an unfair advantage over politics and the economy after democratization. Authoritarianism and the Elite Origins of Democracy systematically documents and analyzes the constitutional tools that outgoing authoritarian elites use to accomplish these ends, such as electoral system design, legislative appointments, federalism, legal immunities, constitutional tribunal design, and supermajority thresholds for change. The study provides wide-ranging evidence for these claims using data that spans the globe and dates from 1800 to the present. Albertus and Menaldo also conduct detailed case studies of Chile and Sweden. In doing so, they explain why some democracies successfully overhaul their elite-biased constitutions for more egalitarian social contracts.

    • History

Democracy in Chains

The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America
Author: Nancy MacLean
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101980966
Category: History
Page: 334
View: 4298
"Focusing on Nobel Prize-winning economist James McGill Buchanan (1919-2013), whom Charles Koch funded and championed, MacLean elaborates on [what he sees as] the Koch brothers' insidious, dangerous manipulation of American politics. Based on Buchanan's papers as well as published sources, MacLean creates a ... portrait of an arrogant, uncompromising, and unforgiving man, stolid in his mission to 'save capitalism from democracy'"--

    • English literature

The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 9724

    • Political Science

Jihad vs. McWorld

Terrorism's Challenge to Democracy
Author: Benjamin Barber
Publisher: Ballantine Books
ISBN: 0307874443
Category: Political Science
Page: 432
View: 3939
Jihad vs. McWorld is a groundbreaking work, an elegant and illuminating analysis of the central conflict of our times: consumerist capitalism versus religious and tribal fundamentalism. These diametrically opposed but strangely intertwined forces are tearing apart--and bringing together--the world as we know it, undermining democracy and the nation-state on which it depends. On the one hand, consumer capitalism on the global level is rapidly dissolving the social and economic barriers between nations, transforming the world's diverse populations into a blandly uniform market. On the other hand, ethnic, religious, and racial hatreds are fragmenting the political landscape into smaller and smaller tribal units. Jihad vs. McWorld is the term that distinguished writer and political scientist Benjamin R. Barber has coined to describe the powerful and paradoxical interdependence of these forces. In this important new book, he explores the alarming repercussions of this potent dialectic for democracy. A work of persuasive originality and penetrating insight, Jihad vs. McWorld holds up a sharp, clear lens to the dangerous chaos of the post-Cold War world. Critics and political leaders have already heralded Benjamin R. Barber's work for its bold vision and moral courage. Jihad vs. McWorld is an essential text for anyone who wants to understand our troubled present and the crisis threatening our future. From the Trade Paperback edition.

    • Social Science

Social Media in Northern Chile

Posting the Extraordinarily Ordinary
Author: Nell Haynes
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 1910634573
Category: Social Science
Page: 230
View: 9452
Based on 15 months of ethnographic research in the city of Alto Hospicio in northern Chile, this book describes how the residents use social media, and the consequences of this use in their daily lives. Nell Haynes argues that social media is a place where Alto Hospicio’s residents – or Hospiceños – express their feelings of marginalisation that result from living in city far from the national capital, and with a notoriously low quality of life compared to other urban areas in Chile. In actively distancing themselves from residents in cities such as Santiago, Hospiceños identify as marginalised citizens, and express a new kind of social norm. Yet Haynes finds that by contrasting their own lived experiences with those of people in metropolitan areas, Hospiceños are strengthening their own sense of community and the sense of normativity that shapes their daily lives. This exciting conclusion is illustrated by the range of social media posts about personal relationships, politics and national citizenship, particularly on Facebook

    • Business & Economics

Working Through the Past

Labor and Authoritarian Legacies in Comparative Perspective
Author: Teri L. Caraway,Maria Lorena Cook,Stephen Crowley
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801455480
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 296
View: 4295
The contributors to this volume highlight the critical role that authoritarian legacies play in shaping labor politics in new democracies, providing the first cross-regional analysis of the impact of authoritarianism on labor.

    • Political Science

Barrio Democracy in Latin America

Participatory Decentralization and Community Activism in Montevideo
Author: Eduardo Canel
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271037334
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 8007
The transition to democracy underway in Latin America since the 1980s has recently witnessed a resurgence of interest in experimenting with new forms of local governance emphasizing more participation by ordinary citizens. The hope is both to foster the spread of democracy and to improve equity in the distribution of resources. While participatory budgeting has been a favorite topic of many scholars studying this new phenomenon, there are many other types of ongoing experiments. In Barrio Democracy in Latin America, Eduardo Canel focuses our attention on the innovative participatory programs launched by the leftist government in Montevideo, Uruguay, in the early 1990s. Based on his extensive ethnographic fieldwork, Canel examines how local activists in three low-income neighborhoods in that city dealt with the opportunities and challenges of implementing democratic practices and building better relationships with sympathetic city officials.

    • Political Science

The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad (Revised Edition)


Author: Fareed Zakaria
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393069396
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 5069
“A work of tremendous originality and insight. ... Makes you see the world differently.”—Washington Post Translated into twenty languages ?The Future of Freedom ?is a modern classic that uses historical analysis to shed light on the present, examining how democracy has changed our politics, economies, and social relations. Prescient in laying out the distinction between democracy and liberty, the book contains a new afterword on the United States's occupation of Iraq and a wide-ranging update of the book's themes.

    • Political Science

Sustaining Civil Society

Economic Change, Democracy, and the Social Construction of Citizenship in Latin America
Author: Philip Oxhorn
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271048948
Category: Political Science
Page: 282
View: 6013
"Devoting particular emphasis to Bolivia, Chile, and Mexico, proposes a theory of civil society to explain the economic and political challenges for continuing democratization in Latin America"--Provided by publisher.

    • Chile

Chile

Death in the South
Author: Jacobo Timerman
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: N.A
Category: Chile
Page: 133
View: 8264
Chronicles the human drama and tragedy of events in contemporary Chile in light of fourteen years of brutal dictatorship

    • American literature

Books in Print Supplement


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 7144