• Aesthetics

Art, Aesthetics, and the Brain


Author: Joseph P. Huston,Marcos Nadal,Mora Teruel Mora,Luigi Francesco Agnati,Camilo José Cela Conde
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199670005
Category: Aesthetics
Page: 545
View: 9511
Humans have engaged in artistic and aesthetic activities since the appearance of our species. Our ancestors have decorated their bodies, tools, and utensils for over 100,000 years. The expression of meaning using color, line, sound, rhythm, or movement, among other means, constitutes a fundamental aspect of our species' biological and cultural heritage. Art and aesthetics, therefore, contribute to our species identity and distinguish it from its living and extinctrelatives. This volume brings together the work on such questions by leading experts in genetics, psychology, neuroimaging, neuropsychology, art history, and philosophy. It sets the stagefor a cognitive neuroscience of art and aesthetics, understood in the broadest possible terms. With sections on visual art, dance, music, neuropsychology, and evolution, the breadth of this volume's scope reflects the richness and variety of topics and methods currently used today by scientists to understand the way our brain endows us with the faculty to produce and appreciate art and aesthetics.

    • Psychology

Art, Aesthetics, and the Brain


Author: Joseph P. Huston,Marcos Nadal,Francisco Mora,Luigi F. Agnati,Camilo José Cela Conde
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191648884
Category: Psychology
Page: 544
View: 1315
Humans have engaged in artistic and aesthetic activities since the appearance of our species. Our ancestors have decorated their bodies, tools, and utensils for over 100,000 years. The expression of meaning using color, line, sound, rhythm, or movement, among other means, constitutes a fundamental aspect of our species' biological and cultural heritage. Art and aesthetics, therefore, contribute to our species identity and distinguish it from its living and extinct relatives. Science is faced with the challenge of explaining the natural foundations of such a unique trait, and the way cultural processes nurture it into magnificent expressions, historically and ethnically unique. How does the human brain bring about these sorts of behaviors? What neural processes underlie the appreciation of painting, music, and dance? How does training modulate these processes? How are they impaired by brain lesions and neurodegenerative diseases? How did such neural underpinnings evolve? Are humans the only species capable of aesthetic appreciation, or are other species endowed with the rudiments of this capacity? This volume brings together the work on such questions by leading experts in genetics, psychology, neuroimaging, neuropsychology, art history, and philosophy. It sets the stage for a cognitive neuroscience of art and aesthetics, understood in the broadest possible terms. With sections on visual art, dance, music, neuropsychology, and evolution, the breadth of this volume's scope reflects the richness and variety of topics and methods currently used today by scientists to understand the way our brain endows us with the faculty to produce and appreciate art and aesthetics.

    • Psychology

The Aesthetic Brain

How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art
Author: Anjan Chatterjee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199811806
Category: Psychology
Page: 217
View: 7914
The Aesthetic Brain takes the reader on a wide-ranging journey addressing fundamental questions about aesthetics and art. Using neuroscience and evolutionary psychology, Chatterjee shows how beauty, pleasure, and art are grounded biologically, and offers explanations for why beauty, pleasure, and art exist at all.

    • Philosophy

Inner Vision

An Exploration of Art and the Brain
Author: Semir Zeki
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198505198
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 9948
Beautifully illustrated and vividly written, "Inner Vision" explores how different areas of the brain shape responses to visual arts. 84 color illustrations. 8 halftones. 30 line illustrations.

    • Psychology

The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Aesthetics and the Arts


Author: Pablo P. L. Tinio,Jeffrey K. Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316123383
Category: Psychology
Page: N.A
View: 524
The psychology of aesthetics and the arts is dedicated to the study of our experiences of the visual arts, music, literature, film, performances, architecture and design; our experiences of beauty and ugliness; our preferences and dislikes; and our everyday perceptions of things in our world. The Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Aesthetics and the Arts is a foundational volume presenting an overview of the key concepts and theories of the discipline where readers can learn about the questions that are being asked and become acquainted with the perspectives and methodologies used to address them. The psychology of aesthetics and the arts is one of the oldest areas of psychology but it is also one of the fastest growing and most exciting areas. This is a comprehensive and authoritative handbook featuring essays from some of the most respected scholars in the field.

    • Medical

The Arts and The Brain

Psychology and Physiology Beyond Pleasure
Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012813982X
Category: Medical
Page: 530
View: 5462
The Arts and the Brain: Psychology and Physiology beyond Pleasure, Volume 237, combines the work of an excellent group of experts who explain evidence on the neural and biobehavioral science of the arts. Topics covered include the emergence of early art and the evolution of human culture, the interaction between cultural and biological evolutionary processes in generating artistic creation, the nature of the aesthetic experience of art, the arts as a multisensory experience, new insights from the neuroscience of dance, a systematic review of the biological impact of music, and more. Builds bridges and makes new connections between neuroscientists, psychologists and the arts world Unravels the neural, neuroendocrine, physiological, hormonal and evolutionary dimensions of the arts Contains chapters from true authorities in the field

    • Psychology

Aesthetic Science

Connecting Minds, Brains, and Experience
Author: Arthur P. Shimamura,Stephen E. Palmer
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199732140
Category: Psychology
Page: 408
View: 5968
What does it mean to have an "aesthetic" experience? In this book, philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists address the nature of aesthetic experiences from their own discipline's perspective. These scholars discuss whether a multidisciplinary approach, an aesthetic science, can help connect mind, brain, and aesthetics.

    • Philosophy

Feeling Beauty


Author: G. Gabrielle Starr
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262019310
Category: Philosophy
Page: 259
View: 9470
A theory of the neural bases of aesthetic experience across the arts, which draws on the tools of both cognitive neuroscience and traditional humanist inquiry.

    • Psychology

Experiencing Art

In the Brain of the Beholder
Author: Arthur Shimamura
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199791538
Category: Psychology
Page: 312
View: 1294
How do we appreciate a work of art? Why do we like some artworks but not others? Is there no accounting for taste? Awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship to explore connections between art, mind, and brain, Shimamura considers how we experience art. In a thoughtful and entertaining manner, the book explores how the brain interprets art by engaging our sensations, thoughts, and emotions. It describes interesting findings from psychological and brain sciences as a way to understand our aesthetic response to art. Beauty, disgust, surprise, anger, sadness, horror, and a myriad of other emotions can occur as we experience art. Some artworks may generate such feelings rather quickly, while others depend on thought and knowledge. Our response to art depends largely on what we know--from everyday knowledge about the world, from our cultural backgrounds, and from personal experience. Filled with artworks from many traditions and time points, "Experiencing Art" offers insightful ways of broadening one's approach and appreciation of art.

    • Art

Art and the Brain II

Investigations Into the Science of Art
Author: Joseph A. Goguen,Erik Myin
Publisher: Imprint Academic
ISBN: 9780907845126
Category: Art
Page: 160
View: 4059
The first volume in this series addressed neurological and evolutionary theories of aesthetics. Some of the authors in this second volume extend the debate by seeking a basis for aesthetic appeal in mathematics and physics. Richard Taylor and his colleagues subjected Jackson Pollock's drip paintings to fractal analysis, and concluded that they are a direct expression of the generic imagery of nature's scenery. Taken with Chris McManus's discovery that the proportions in Mondrian's paintings reflect the 'golden section', this leads us to ask whether science can help predict what human subjects will find attractive, or whether such an approach undervalues the cultural elements in aesthetic appreciation? The book also includes explorations of the philosophical foundations of the aesthetic experience, and some further experimental studies.

    • Psychology

Evolutionary and Neurocognitive Approaches to Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts


Author: Colin Martindale,Paul Locher,V. M. Petrov
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 247
View: 6465
In this book, well-known scholars describe new and exciting approaches to aesthetics, creativity, and psychology of the arts, approaching these topics from a point of view that is biological or related to biology and answering new questions with new methods and theories. All known societies produce and enjoy arts such as literature, music, and visual decoration or depiction. Judging from prehistoric archaeological evidence, this arose very early in human development. Furthermore, Darwin was explicit in attributing aesthetic sensitivity to lower animals. These considerations lead us to wonder whether the arts might not be evolutionarily based. Although such an evolutionary basis is not obvious on the face of it, the idea has recently elicited considerable attention. The book begins with a consideration of ten theories on the evolutionary function of the arts, and this is followed by several chapters that consider the possible evolutionary function of specific arts such as music and literature. The theory of evolution was first drawn up in biology, but evolution is not confined to biology: genuinely evolutionary theories of sociocultural change can be formulated. That they need to be formulated is shown in several chapters that discuss regular trends in literature and scientific writings. Psychologists have recently rediscovered the obvious fact that thought and perception occur in the brain, so cognitive science moves ever closer to neuroscience. Several chapters give overviews of neurocognitive and neural network approaches to creativity and aesthetic appreciation. The book concludes with two exciting chapters describing brain-scan research on what happens in the brain during creativity and presenting a close examination of the relationship between genetically transmitted mental disorder and creativity.

    • Literary Criticism

How Literature Plays with the Brain

The Neuroscience of Reading and Art
Author: Paul B. Armstrong
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421410028
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 221
View: 8974
"Literature matters," says Paul B. Armstrong, "for what it reveals about human experience, and the very different perspective of neuroscience on how the brain works is part of that story." In How Literature Plays with the Brain, Armstrong examines the parallels between certain features of literary experience and functions of the brain. His central argument is that literature plays with the brain through experiences of harmony and dissonance which set in motion oppositions that are fundamental to the neurobiology of mental functioning. These oppositions negotiate basic tensions in the operation of the brain between the drive for pattern, synthesis, and constancy and the need for flexibility, adaptability, and openness to change. The challenge, Armstrong argues, is to account for the ability of readers to find incommensurable meanings in the same text, for example, or to take pleasure in art that is harmonious or dissonant, symmetrical or distorted, unified or discontinuous and disruptive. How Literature Plays with the Brain is the first book to use the resources of neuroscience and phenomenology to analyze aesthetic experience. For the neuroscientific community, the study suggests that different areas of research—the neurobiology of vision and reading, the brain-body interactions underlying emotions—may be connected to a variety of aesthetic and literary phenomena. For critics and students of literature, the study engages fundamental questions within the humanities: What is aesthetic experience? What happens when we read a literary work? How does the interpretation of literature relate to other ways of knowing?

    • Psychology

The Age of Insight

The Quest to Understand the Unconscious in Art, Mind, and Brain, from Vienna 1900 to the Present
Author: Eric R. Kandel
Publisher: Random House Incorporated
ISBN: 1400068711
Category: Psychology
Page: 636
View: 2836
A Nobel Prize-winning neuroscientist and author of In Search of Memory documents the work of five leading minds including Sigmund Freud and Gustave Klimt in 1900 Vienna, revealing how their critical breakthroughs in science, medicine and art laid the groundwork for present-day discoveries in brain science.

    • Art

The Psychology of Visual Art

Eye, Brain and Art
Author: George Mather
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107005981
Category: Art
Page: 211
View: 3483
A contemporary and interdisciplinary perspective on the study of art, connecting and integrating ideas from across the humanities and sciences.

    • Art

An Introduction to Neuroaesthetics

The Neuroscientific Approach to Aesthetic Experience, Artistic Creativity, and Arts Appreciation
Author: Jon O. Lauring
Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press
ISBN: 8763541408
Category: Art
Page: 298
View: 8146
Hvad sker der i hjernen, når vi betragter et kunstværk eller lytter til et stykke musik? Og hvordan forklarer vi i det hele taget de domme, vi fælder over det skønne, det grimme, kunsten? Neuroæstetik er en ny, tværfaglig disciplin, der kombinerer filosofisk æstetik, neurobiologi og eksperimentel psykologi for at kunne forklare, hvorfor vi oplever nogle stimuli som tiltalende og andre som utiltalende. Med antologien An Introduction to Neuroaesthetics foreligger nu en bred indføring i neuroæstetikken, dens genstandsfelt og undersøgelsesmetoder. Bogens bidragydere er ledende forskere fra både ind- og udland, der på forskellig vis undersøger hjernemekanismerne bag kunstnerisk erfaring. Antologien indledes med en gennemgang af neuroæstetikkens videnskabelige rødder og væsentligste metoder og teorier. Herefter præsenteres en række studier af forholdet mellem biologiske stimuli og æstetisk oplevelse: fra ansigter og landskaber til litteratur og film; fra steder og arkitektur til musik og dans. Ved at kombinere data fra den nyeste teknologi med nogle af filosofiens ældste dilemmaer bygger antologien bro mellem to traditionelt adskilte felter – naturvidenskaben og humaniora – og giver et kvalificeret bud på, hvordan vi kan nærme os en forståelse af den æstetiske erfaring. Jon O. Lauring er cand.mag. i kunsthistorie og idéhistorie. Han er i øjeblikket gæsteforsker ved BRAINlab, Institut for Neurovidenskab og Farmakologi, Panum Instituttet, Københavns Universitet. Bidragydere: Marcos Nadal / Antoni Gomila / Alejandro Gálvez-Pol / Helmut Leder / Pablo P. L. Tinio / Jon O. Lauring / Alumit Ishai / Nicolai Rostrup / Jens Hjortkjær / David S. Miall / Torben Grodal / Mette Kramer / Beatriz Calvo-Merino / Julia F. Christensen / Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak / Julien Bogousslavsky / Oshin Vartanian. Advances in cognitive science have had a tremendous philosophical impact, offering new ways of thinking about topics such as who we are, what we know, and how we feel. But few topics are murkier—and have more to gain from cognitive science—than aesthetics. With this volume, Jon O. Lauring offers a cutting-edge introduction to the emerging field of neuroaesthetics. Gathering works from leading scholars all across the globe, the volume surveys the many ways we have taken what we have learned about our brains and nervous system and applied it to new understandings of art, beauty, and creativity. The contributors explore the biological underpinnings of aesthetic experience from a variety of angles. Opening with a look at neuroaesthetics’s historical antecedents and an outline of methods and theories, the book goes on to address a fascinating assortment of studies on biological stimuli and art, from faces and landscapes to literature and film, from places and architecture to music and dance. Simultaneously exploring data from the latest brain-imaging technology and addressing some of our most enduring philosophical quandaries, this volume offers a comprehensive look at a pivotal moment in aesthetics, which grows richer every day with new questions. Jon O. Lauring, MA in history of art and the history of ideas, is currently guest researcher at BRAINlab, Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen. Contributors: Marcos Nadal, Antoni Gomila, Alejandro Gálvez-Pol, Helmut Leder, Pablo P. L. Tinio, Jon O. Lauring, Alumit Ishai, Nicolai Rostrup, Jens Hjortkjær, David S. Miall, Torben Grodal, Mette Kramer, Beatriz Calvo-Merino, Julia F. Christen-sen, Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak, Julien Bogousslavsky, Oshin Vartanian.

    • Art

The Aesthetic Mind

Philosophy and Psychology
Author: Elisabeth Schellekens,Peter Goldie
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199691517
Category: Art
Page: 455
View: 2292
The Aesthetic Mind breaks new ground in bringing together empirical sciences and philosophy to enhance our understanding of art and the aesthetic. An eminent international team of experts explores the roles of emotion, imagination, empathy, and beauty in this realm of human experience, discussing visual and literary art, music, and dance.

    • Science

Reductionism in Art and Brain Science

Bridging the Two Cultures
Author: Eric Kandel
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231542089
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 702
Are art and science separated by an unbridgeable divide? Can they find common ground? In this new book, neuroscientist Eric R. Kandel, whose remarkable scientific career and deep interest in art give him a unique perspective, demonstrates how science can inform the way we experience a work of art and seek to understand its meaning. Kandel illustrates how reductionism—the distillation of larger scientific or aesthetic concepts into smaller, more tractable components—has been used by scientists and artists alike to pursue their respective truths. He draws on his Nobel Prize-winning work revealing the neurobiological underpinnings of learning and memory in sea slugs to shed light on the complex workings of the mental processes of higher animals. In Reductionism in Art and Brain Science, Kandel shows how this radically reductionist approach, applied to the most complex puzzle of our time—the brain—has been employed by modern artists who distill their subjective world into color, form, and light. Kandel demonstrates through bottom-up sensory and top-down cognitive functions how science can explore the complexities of human perception and help us to perceive, appreciate, and understand great works of art. At the heart of the book is an elegant elucidation of the contribution of reductionism to the evolution of modern art and its role in a monumental shift in artistic perspective. Reductionism steered the transition from figurative art to the first explorations of abstract art reflected in the works of Turner, Monet, Kandinsky, Schoenberg, and Mondrian. Kandel explains how, in the postwar era, Pollock, de Kooning, Rothko, Louis, Turrell, and Flavin used a reductionist approach to arrive at their abstract expressionism and how Katz, Warhol, Close, and Sandback built upon the advances of the New York School to reimagine figurative and minimal art. Featuring captivating drawings of the brain alongside full-color reproductions of modern art masterpieces, this book draws out the common concerns of science and art and how they illuminate each other.

    • Psychology

Neuroaesthetics


Author: Martin Skov,Oshin Vartanian,Colin Martindale,Arnold Berleant
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351842854
Category: Psychology
Page: 336
View: 3084
The beginning of psychological aesthetics is normally traced back to the publication of Gustav Theodor Fechner's seminal book "Vorschule der Aesthetik" in 1876. Following in the footsteps of this rich tradition, editors Martin Skov and Oshin Vartanian view neuroaesthetics - the emerging field of inquiry concerned with uncovering the ways in which aesthetic behavior is caused by brain processes - as a natural extension of Fechner's 'empirical spirit' to understand the link between the objective and subjective worlds inherent in aesthetic experience. The editors had two specific aims for this book. The first was to highlight the diversity of approaches that are underway under the banner of neuroaesthetics.Currently, this topic is being investigated from experimental, evolutionary, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging perspectives to tackle problems in the visual arts, literature, music, and film. Its quintessentially interdisciplinary nature has functioned as a breeding ground for generating and testing hypotheses in multiple domains. The second goal was more integrative and involved distilling some of the key features common to these diverse strands of work. The book presents a possible framework for neuroaesthetics by highlighting what the contributors consider to be its defining features and offering a working definition of neuroaesthetics that captures these features. "Neuroaesthetics" will provide an empirical and theoretical framework to motivate further work in this area. Ultimately, the hope is that puzzles in aesthetics can be solved through insights from biology, but that the contribution can be truly bidirectional.

    • History

The Pulse of Modernism

Physiological Aesthetics in Fin-de-Sicle Europe
Author: Robert Michael Brain
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295805781
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 2649
Robert Brain traces the origins of artistic modernism to specific technologies of perception developed in late-nineteenth-century laboratories. Brain argues that the thriving fin-de-si�cle field of �physiological aesthetics,� which sought physiological explanations for the capacity to appreciate beauty and art, changed the way poets, artists, and musicians worked and brought a dramatic transformation to the idea of art itself.

    • Philosophy

Beauty and the Brain

Biological Aspects of Aesthetics
Author: RENTSCHLER,EPSTEIN,PÖPPEL
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034863500
Category: Philosophy
Page: 332
View: 9406