• Science

Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: Julian Heicklen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323151108
Category: Science
Page: 420
View: 8339
Atmospheric Chemistry is a comprehensive treatment of atmospheric chemistry and covers topics ranging from the structure of the atmosphere to the chemistry of the upper atmosphere and the ionosphere. Atmospheric pollutants, hydrocarbon oxidation, and photochemical smog are also discussed, along with the reactions of O8 and singlet O2, the chemistry of SO2 and aerosols, and methods for controlling atmospheric pollution. This book is comprised of 10 chapters and begins with an overview of the composition and chemistry of the atmosphere as well as its physical characteristics and the chemistry of meteors. The next two chapters deal with the chemistry of the upper atmosphere and the ionosphere, with emphasis on neutral oxygen atmosphere, carbon-hydrogen-oxygen cycle, and the D region. The chemistry of atmospheric pollutants is also examined, along with hydrocarbon oxidation and photochemical smog. The remaining chapters focus on the reactions of O8 and singlet O2, the chemistry of SO2 and aerosols, and methods for controlling atmospheric pollution. This monograph should be useful to graduate students and scientists who wish to study atmospheric chemistry.

    • Science

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: Daniel Jacob
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841542
Category: Science
Page: 280
View: 5576
Atmospheric chemistry is one of the fastest growing fields in the earth sciences. Until now, however, there has been no book designed to help students capture the essence of the subject in a brief course of study. Daniel Jacob, a leading researcher and teacher in the field, addresses that problem by presenting the first textbook on atmospheric chemistry for a one-semester course. Based on the approach he developed in his class at Harvard, Jacob introduces students in clear and concise chapters to the fundamentals as well as the latest ideas and findings in the field. Jacob's aim is to show students how to use basic principles of physics and chemistry to describe a complex system such as the atmosphere. He also seeks to give students an overview of the current state of research and the work that led to this point. Jacob begins with atmospheric structure, design of simple models, atmospheric transport, and the continuity equation, and continues with geochemical cycles, the greenhouse effect, aerosols, stratospheric ozone, the oxidizing power of the atmosphere, smog, and acid rain. Each chapter concludes with a problem set based on recent scientific literature. This is a novel approach to problem-set writing, and one that successfully introduces students to the prevailing issues. This is a major contribution to a growing area of study and will be welcomed enthusiastically by students and teachers alike.

    • Nature

Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: Peter Victor Hobbs
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521778008
Category: Nature
Page: 262
View: 2868
Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry is a concise, clear review of the fundamental aspects of atmospheric chemistry. In ten succinct chapters, it reviews our basic understanding of the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere and discusses current environmental issues, including air pollution, acid rain, the ozone hole, and global change. Written by a well-known atmospheric science teacher, researcher, and author of several established textbooks, this book is an introductory textbook for beginning university courses in atmospheric chemistry. Also suitable for self instruction, numerous exercises and solutions make this textbook accessible to students covering atmospheric chemistry as a part of courses in atmospheric science, meteorology, environmental science, geophysics and chemistry. Together with its companion volume, Basic Physical Chemistry for the Atmospheric Sciences (second edition 2000; Cambridge University Press), Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry provides a solid introduction to atmospheric chemistry.

    • Science

Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: Ann M. Holloway,Richard Peer Wayne
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1847558070
Category: Science
Page: 271
View: 9234
Provides readers with a basic knowledge of the chemistry of Earth's atmosphere and the role that chemical transformations play in this environment.

    • Science

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

From Air Pollution to Climate Change
Author: John H. Seinfeld,Spyros N. Pandis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111922117X
Category: Science
Page: 1152
View: 4127
Expanded and updated with new findings and new features New chapter on Global Climate providing a self-contained treatment of climate forcing, feedbacks, and climate sensitivity New chapter on Atmospheric Organic Aerosols and new treatment of the statistical method of Positive Matrix Factorization Updated treatments of physical meteorology, atmospheric nucleation, aerosol-cloud relationships, chemistry of biogenic hydrocarbons Each topic developed from the fundamental science to the point of application to real-world problems New problems at an introductory level to aid in classroom teaching

    • Science

Advances In Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: Barker John R,Steiner Allison L,Wallington Timothy J
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813147369
Category: Science
Page: 608
View: 9025
The human race has altered the chemical composition of the atmosphere, as evidenced by the notorious London smog, photochemical air pollution, acid rain, stratospheric ozone depletion, and elevated greenhouse gas concentrations. The aim of this book series is to present invited summaries of important current research on atmospheric chemistry in a changing world. The summaries range from comprehensive scholarly reviews of major subject areas to more narrowly focused accounts of recent advances by individual research groups. The topics are tied to the important societal issues of air quality, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid deposition, the environmental fate of toxics, and climate change. By gathering these new Advances in one series, we aim to catalyze communication among the many researchers who are studying our changing, contemporary atmosphere.

    • Science

Modeling of Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: Guy P. Brasseur,Daniel J. Jacob
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108210953
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 8753
Mathematical modeling of atmospheric composition is a formidable scientific and computational challenge. This comprehensive presentation of the modeling methods used in atmospheric chemistry focuses on both theory and practice, from the fundamental principles behind models, through to their applications in interpreting observations. An encyclopaedic coverage of methods used in atmospheric modeling, including their advantages and disadvantages, makes this a one-stop resource with a large scope. Particular emphasis is given to the mathematical formulation of chemical, radiative, and aerosol processes; advection and turbulent transport; emission and deposition processes; as well as major chapters on model evaluation and inverse modeling. The modeling of atmospheric chemistry is an intrinsically interdisciplinary endeavour, bringing together meteorology, radiative transfer, physical chemistry and biogeochemistry, making the book of value to a broad readership. Introductory chapters and a review of the relevant mathematics make this book instantly accessible to graduate students and researchers in the atmospheric sciences.

    • Nature

Atmospheric Chemistry

Models and Predictions for Climate and Air Quality
Author: Christine S. Sloane,T. W. Tesche
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780873713108
Category: Nature
Page: 184
View: 8291
This book draws upon the knowledge and experience of modeling experts currently engaged in conducting assessments regarding the predictive strength of atmospheric models. The book covers all of the major important atmospheric areas, including large scale models for ozone depletion and global warming, regional scale models for urban smog (ozone and visibility impairment) and acid rain, as well as accompanying models of cloud processes and biofeedbacks. Atmospheric scientists and regulators should consider this book required reading.

    • Science

Global Aspects of Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: N.A
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783798511279
Category: Science
Page: 334
View: 3495
Atmospheric Chemistry has been a rapidly growing field with a recent focus on the major aspects of global environmental change, including stratospheric ozone depletion, UV-B change, and global warming. This book describes recent developments in our understanding of the global aspects of the chemistry in the main parts of the atmosphere, troposphere, and stratosphere, as obtained from field observations, laboratory investigations, and modeling studies. Although this chemistry is largely driven by reactions between gas phase species, recent progress made in the understanding of chemical reactions occuring in clouds and on the surface of aerosols is also reported.

    • Science

Atmospheric Chemistry

Report of the Dahlem Workshop on Atmospheric Chemistry, Berlin 1982, May 2 – 7
Author: E. D. Goldberg,P. J. Crutzen,R. M. Garrels,R. O. Hallberg,J. E. Lovelock,F. S. Rowland
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642686389
Category: Science
Page: 388
View: 504

    • Science

Progress and Problems in Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: John R Barker
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814501670
Category: Science
Page: 956
View: 2270
Atmospheric chemistry is central to understanding global changes — ozone depletion, appearance of the polar ozone holes, and compositional changes which worsen the greenhouse effect. Because of its importance, work is progressing on many fronts. This volume emphasizes the troposhere and stratosphere and has chapters on gas phase, condensed phase, and heterogeneous chemistry. Present progress is emphasized, and important future directions are also described. This book fills a need not satisfied by any others and will be popular for some years to come. It informs students and newcomers to the field of the many facets of atmospheric chemistry and can be used as a text for advanced students. It is also a valuable desk reference summarizing activities by quite a number of the most active research groups. Chapter 18 by Kolb et al. on heterogeneous chemistry is especially noteworthy because it represents a unique joint effort by several groups working on a very timely subject; they describe a conceptual framework and establish conventions which will be standard in future papers on this subject. Contents:A Brief Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry (J R Barker)Chemistry of Ozone in the Urban and Regional Atmosphere (J H Seinfeld)Depletion of Tropospheric Ozone during Arctic Spring: Field and Laboratory Studies of the Role of Hydrocarbons (H Niki)Inverse Methods in Atmospheric Chemistry (R Prinn & D Hartley)NOx in the Non-Urban Troposphere (M A Carroll & A M Thompson)Laser Fluorescence Detection of Atmospheric Hydroxyl Radicals (D R Crosley)Photooxidation of Selected Carbonyl Compounds in Air: Methyl Ethyl Ketone, Methyl Vinyl Ketone, Methacrolein and Methylglyoxal (W H Raber & G K Moortgat)Free Radical Chemistry of the Atmospheric Aqueous Phase (R E Huie)Energy Transfer, Spectroscopy, and Atmospheric Significance of Excited O2, NO, and OH (T G Slanger & R A Copeland)Polar Processes in Ozone Depletion (J G Anderson)Laboratory Studies of Atmospheric Heterogeneous Chemistry (C E Kolb, D R Worsnop, M S Zahniser, P Davidovits, D R Hanson, A R Ravishankara, L F Keyser, M-T Leu, L R Williams, M J Molina & M A Tolbert)Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Atmospheric Inorganic Chlorine Chemistry (S P Sander et al.)and other papers Readership: Physical chemists and atmospheric scientists. keywords: “There are a number of excellent chapters included in this compilation; among them are the editor's own introduction which gives an excellent summary and overview of the field … those interested in entering the field have an excellent starting point for their studies, and I recommend the text for that group.” J. Am. Chem. Soc.

    • Science

The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research

Remembering Yesterday, Understanding Today, Anticipating Tomorrow
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on the Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309445655
Category: Science
Page: 226
View: 1121
Our world is changing at an accelerating rate. The global human population has grown from 6.1 billion to 7.1 billion in the last 15 years and is projected to reach 11.2 billion by the end of the century. The distribution of humans across the globe has also shifted, with more than 50 percent of the global population now living in urban areas, compared to 29 percent in 1950. Along with these trends, increasing energy demands, expanding industrial activities, and intensification of agricultural activities worldwide have in turn led to changes in emissions that have altered the composition of the atmosphere. These changes have led to major challenges for society, including deleterious impacts on climate, human and ecosystem health. Climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges facing society today. Air pollution is a major threat to human health, as one out of eight deaths globally is caused by air pollution. And, future food production and global food security are vulnerable to both global change and air pollution. Atmospheric chemistry research is a key part of understanding and responding to these challenges. The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research: Remembering Yesterday, Understanding Today, Anticipating Tomorrow summarizes the rationale and need for supporting a comprehensive U.S. research program in atmospheric chemistry; comments on the broad trends in laboratory, field, satellite, and modeling studies of atmospheric chemistry; determines the priority areas of research for advancing the basic science of atmospheric chemistry; and identifies the highest priority needs for improvements in the research infrastructure to address those priority research topics. This report describes the scientific advances over the past decade in six core areas of atmospheric chemistry: emissions, chemical transformation, oxidants, atmospheric dynamics and circulation, aerosol particles and clouds, and biogeochemical cycles and deposition. This material was developed for the NSF’s Atmospheric Chemistry Program; however, the findings will be of interest to other agencies and programs that support atmospheric chemistry research.

    • Nature

Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World

An Integration and Synthesis of a Decade of Tropospheric Chemistry Research ; the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme ; with 22 Tables
Author: Guy P. Brasseur,Ronald G. Prinn,Alexander A.P. Pszenny
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540430506
Category: Nature
Page: 300
View: 5006
Praise for Guy P. Brasseur's Atmospheric Chemistry in a Changing World American Meteorological Society "This volume summarizes and integrates more than a decade of atmospheric chemistry research. During the period under consideration, great progress has been made in computing, modeling, and observational techniques, and methods have also improved. Here, suggestions for the highest priority research for the next decade are made, and important information is related regarding impacts on the environment."

    • Science

Paul J. Crutzen: A Pioneer on Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Change in the Anthropocene


Author: Paul J. Crutzen,Hans Günter Brauch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319274600
Category: Science
Page: 248
View: 7860
This book contains texts by the Nobel laureate Paul J. Crutzen who is best known for his research on ozone depletion. It comprises Crutzen’s autobiography, several pictures documenting important stages of his life, and his most important scientific publications. The Dutch atmospheric chemist is one of the world’s most cited scientists in geosciences. His political engagement makes him a tireless ambassador for environmental issues such as climate change. He popularized the term ‘Anthropocene’ for the current geological era acknowledging the enduring influence of humankind on planet Earth. This concept conceives humans to be a geologic factor, influencing the evolution of our globe and the living beings populating it. The selection of texts is representing Paul Crutzen ́s scientific oeuvre as his research interests span from ozone depletion to the climatic impacts of biomass burning, the consequences of a worldwide atomic war – the Nuclear Winter - to geoengineering and the Anthropocene.

    • Air

Atmospheric Chemistry

Papers from the 9th World Clean Air Congress, Towards the Year 2000--critical Issues in the Global Environment, Montréal, Québec, Canada, August 30-September 4, 1992
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Air
Page: N.A
View: 2072

    • Science

Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere

Theory, Experiments, and Applications
Author: Barbara J. Finlayson-Pitts,James N. Pitts, Jr.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080529073
Category: Science
Page: 969
View: 3613
Here is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of one of the hottest areas of chemical research. The treatment of fundamental kinetics and photochemistry will be highly useful to chemistry students and their instructors at the graduate level, as well as postdoctoral fellows entering this new, exciting, and well-funded field with a Ph.D. in a related discipline (e.g., analytical, organic, or physical chemistry, chemical physics, etc.). Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere provides postgraduate researchers and teachers with a uniquely detailed, comprehensive, and authoritative resource. The text bridges the "gap" between the fundamental chemistry of the earth's atmosphere and "real world" examples of its application to the development of sound scientific risk assessments and associated risk management control strategies for both tropospheric and stratospheric pollutants. Serves as a graduate textbook and "must have" reference for all atmospheric scientists Provides more than 5000 references to the literature through the end of 1998 Presents tables of new actinic flux data for the troposphere and stratospher (0-40km) Summarizes kinetic and photochemical date for the troposphere and stratosphere Features problems at the end of most chapters to enhance the book's use in teaching Includes applications of the OZIPR box model with comprehensive chemistry for student use

    • Science

Atmospheric Chemistry

From the Surface to the Stratosphere
Author: Grant Ritchie
Publisher: Essential Textbooks in Chemist
ISBN: 9781786341761
Category: Science
Page: 199
View: 8026
Understanding the composition and chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere is essential to global ecological and environmental policy making and research. Atmospheric changes as a result of both natural and anthropogenic activity have affected many of the Earth's natural systems throughout history, some more seriously than others, and such changes are ever more evident with increases in both global warming and extreme weather events. Atmospheric Chemistry: from the Surface to the Stratosphere considers in detail the physics and chemistry of our contemporary planet, and in particular its atmosphere, explaining the chemistry and physics of the air that we breathe, that gives rise to our weather systems and climate, soaks up our pollutants and protects us from solar UV radiation. The development of the complex chemistry occurring on Earth can be explained through application of basic principles of physical chemistry, as is discussed in this book. It is therefore accessible to intermediate and advanced undergraduates of chemistry, with an interdisciplinary approach relevant to meteorologists, oceanographists, and climatologists. It also provides an ideal opportunity to bring together many different aspects of physical chemistry and demonstrate their relevance to the world we live in. This book was written in conjunction with Astrochemistry: From the Big Bang to the Present Day, Claire Vallance (2017) Grant Ritchie, @World Scientific Publishing.


    • Science

Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Change


Author: Guy Brasseur,National Center for Atmospheric Research (U.S.)
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195105216
Category: Science
Page: 654
View: 3199
Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Change presents an integrated examination of chemical processes in the atmosphere, focusing on global-scale problems and their role in the evolution of the Earth system. Taking a largely interdisciplinary approach, it features the collective efforts of a group of scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), as well as other experts from several universities and national laboratories. Topics discussed include the fundamental physical, chemical, and biological processes that affect the atmospheric composition; the chemical mechanisms that affect the production and the fate of important chemical compounds; and the techniques used to investigate the chemical processes in the atmosphere. The book concludes with discussions on global problems related to the atmosphere (stratospheric ozone depletion, changes in greenhouse gases, and global chemical pollution), the relationship between the atmosphere and the global climate, and the long-term chemical evolution of the atmosphere. Each chapter features a brief essay by a leader in the field and includes a large number of current references. Ideal for graduate courses in atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric science, Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Change also serves as an authoritative and practical reference for scientists studying the Earth's atmosphere. Support materials for the book are available via the website http: //acd.ucar.edu/textbook

    • Science

Atmospheric Chemistry


Author: E. Mészáros
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080874708
Category: Science
Page: 199
View: 3074
Atmospheric Chemistry