• History

Between the Wind and the Water

World Heritage Orkney
Author: Caroline Wickham-Jones
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781909686502
Category: History
Page: 178
View: 8241
Caroline Wickham-Jones provides a highly readable and informative overview of Orkney's archaeological heritage, illustrated with beautiful photography.

    • Social Science

The Development of Neolithic House Societies in Orkney

Investigations in the Bay of Firth, Mainland, Orkney (1994–2014)
Author: Colin Richards,Richard Jones
Publisher: Windgather Press
ISBN: 1909686921
Category: Social Science
Page: 512
View: 9095
Considering that Orkney is a group of relatively small islands lying off the northeast coast of the Scottish mainland, its wealth of Neolithic archaeology is truly extraordinary. An assortment of houses, chambered cairns, stone circles, standing stones and passage graves provides an unusually comprehensive range of archaeological and architectural contexts. Yet, in the early 1990s, there was a noticeable imbalance between 4th and 3rd millennium cal BC evidence, with house structures, and ‘villages’ being well represented in the latter but minimally in the former. As elsewhere in the British Isles, the archaeological visibility of the 4th millennium cal BC in Orkney tends to be dominated by the monumental presence of chambered cairns or tombs. In the 1970s Claude Lévi-Strauss conceived of a form of social organization based upon the ‘house’ – sociétés à maisons – in order to provide a classification for social groups that appeared not to conform to established anthropological kinship structures. In this approach, the anchor point is the ‘house’, understood as a conceptual resource that is a consequence of a strategy of constructing and legitimizing identities under ever shifting social conditions. Drawing on the results of an extensive program of fieldwork in the Bay of Firth, Mainland Orkney, the text explores the idea that the physical appearance of the house is a potent resource for materializing the dichotomous alliance and descent principles apparent in the archaeological evidence for the early and later Neolithic of Orkney. It argues that some of the insights made by Lévi-Strauss in his basic formulation of sociétés à maisons are extremely relevant to interpreting the archaeological evidence and providing the parameters for a ‘social’ narrative of the material changes occurring in Orkney between the 4th and 2nd millennia cal BC. The major excavations undertaken during the Cuween-Wideford Landscape Project provided an unprecedented depth and variety of evidence for Neolithic occupation, bridging the gap between domestic and ceremonial architecture and form, exploring the transition from wood to stone and relationships between the living and the dead and the role of material culture. The results are described and discussed in detail here, enabling tracing of the development and fragmentation of sociétés à maisons over a 1500 year period of Northern Isles prehistory.

    • Social Science

Knowledge and Power in Prehistoric Societies

Orality, Memory and the Transmission of Culture
Author: Lynne Kelly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316368475
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 6333
In this book, Lynne Kelly explores the role of formal knowledge systems in small-scale oral cultures in both historic and archaeological contexts. In the first part, she examines knowledge systems within historically recorded oral cultures, showing how the link between power and the control of knowledge is established. Analyzing the material mnemonic devices used by documented oral cultures, she demonstrates how early societies maintained a vast corpus of pragmatic information concerning animal behavior, plant properties, navigation, astronomy, genealogies, laws and trade agreements, among other matters. In the second part Kelly turns to the archaeological record of three sites, Chaco Canyon, Poverty Point and Stonehenge, offering new insights into the purpose of the monuments and associated decorated objects. This book demonstrates how an understanding of rational intellect, pragmatic knowledge and mnemonic technologies in prehistoric societies offers a new tool for analysis of monumental structures built by non-literate cultures.

    • Science

Human Interactions with the Geosphere

The Geoarchaeological Perspective
Author: Lucy Wilson
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 9781862393257
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 7780
Human impact on our environment is not a new phenomenon. For millennia, humans have been coping with - or provoking - environmental change. We have exploited, extracted, over-used, but also in many cases nurtured, the resources that the geosphere offers. Geoarchaeology studies the traces of human interactions with the geosphere and provides the key to recognizing landscape and environmental change, human impacts and the effects of environmental change on human societies. This collection of papers from around the world includes case studies and broader reviews covering the time period since before modern human beings came into existence up until the present day. To understand ourselves, we need to understand that our world is constantly changing, and that change is dynamic and complex. Geoarchaeology provides an inclusive and long-term view of human-geosphere interactions and serves as a valuable aid to those who try to determine sustainable policies for the future.

    • Social Science

The Memory Code: The Secrets of Stonehenge, Easter Island and Other Ancient Monuments


Author: Lynne Kelly
Publisher: Pegasus Books
ISBN: 1681773821
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 8831
The discovery of a powerful memory technique used by our Neolithic ancestors in their monumental memory places—and how we can use their secrets to train our own minds In ancient, pre-literate cultures across the globe, tribal elders had encyclopedic memories. They could name all the animals and plants across a landscape, identify the stars in the sky, and recite the history of their people. Yet today, most of us struggle to memorize more than a short poem. Using traditional Aboriginal Australian song lines as a starting point, Dr. Lynne Kelly has since identified the powerful memory technique used by our ancestors and indigenous people around the world. In turn, she has then discovered that this ancient memory technique is the secret purpose behind the great prehistoric monuments like Stonehenge, which have puzzled archaeologists for so long. The henges across northern Europe, the elaborate stone houses of New Mexico, huge animal shapes in Peru, the statues of Easter Island—these all serve as the most effective memory system ever invented by humans. They allowed people in non-literate cultures to memorize the vast amounts of information they needed to survive. But how? For the first time, Dr. Klly unlocks the secret of these monuments and their uses as "memory places" in her fascinating book. Additionally, The Memory Code also explains how we can use this ancient mnemonic technique to train our minds in the tradition of our forbearers.

    • Archaeology

The Archaeological Journal


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Archaeology
Page: N.A
View: 3384

    • Fiction

Orkney


Author: Amy Sackville
Publisher: Catapult
ISBN: 1619022087
Category: Fiction
Page: 265
View: 5991
Following her wonderful debut, The Still Point, Sackville returns with a strangely beautiful short novel about love and sex and obsession. A literature professor marries his prize student, a woman forty years his junior, and at her request he takes her to the say for their honeymoon. He is embarked on his lifes work, a book about enchantment-narratives in literature, most all of them involving strange girls and women, but soon finds himself distracted by his own enchantment for his new white-haired young wife. They travel to the Orkney Islands, the ancient Mesolithic and Neolithic site north of the Scottish coast, “the Seal Islands, a barren place of extraordinary beauty. And as the days of their honeymoon pass his desire and his constant, yearning contemplation become his normality. His mysterious bride becomes his entire universe. He is consumed.

World Heritage and tourism in a changing climate


Author: Markham, Adam,Osipova, Elena,Lafrenz Samuels, Kathryn,Caldas, Astrid
Publisher: UNESCO Publishing
ISBN: 9231001523
Category:
Page: 104
View: 2149
Aucune information saisie

    • History

The New History of Orkney


Author: William P. L. Thomson
Publisher: Birlinn Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 529
View: 814
From the pre-history period, producing unrivalled monuments and the first appearance of Orkney as the Orchades of classical writers, this work traces 600 years of Scandinavian rule and the 500 year association of the islands with Scotland.


Art and Architecture in Neolithic Orkney

Process, Temporality and Context
Author: Antonia Thomas
Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology
ISBN: 9781784914332
Category:
Page: 274
View: 7594
The Neolithic sites of Orkney include an impressive number of stone-built tombs, ceremonial monuments and - uniquely for northern Europe - contemporary dwellings. Many of these buildings survive in a remarkable state of preservation, allowing an understanding of the relationship between architectural space and the process of construction that is rarely achievable. Until recently, however, relatively little has been known about the decoration of these sites. This book addresses that gap to offer a groundbreaking analysis of Neolithic art and architecture in Orkney. Focussing upon the incredible collection of hundreds of decorated stones being revealed by the current excavations at the Ness of Brodgar, it details the results of the author's original fieldwork both there and at the contemporary sites of Maeshowe and Skara Brae, all within the Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site. It provides the first major discussion of Orkney's Neolithic carvings, and uses these as a springboard to challenge many of the traditional assumptions relating to Neolithic art and architecture. By foregrounding the architectural context of mark-making, this book explores how both buildings and carvings emerge though the embodied social practice of working stone, and how this relates to the wider context of life in Neolithic Orkney.

    • History

Prehistoric Orkney


Author: Anna Ritchie
Publisher: B T Batsford Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 128
View: 9270
Examines the monuments of prehistoric Orkney, spanning a period from the earliest farmers, around 4000 BC, to the Viking onslaught, about AD 800. The quality of the building stone has helped to ensure the survival of these monuments, including: the Neolithic settlements of Skara Brae and Knap of Howar; the early chambered tombs at Midhowe, Maes Howe, Quoyness and Isbister; the stone circle of Stenness; the Ring of Brodgar; and the later brochs at Midhowe and Gurness.

    • Biography & Autobiography

The Outrun: A Memoir


Author: Amy Liptrot
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393609006
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 304
View: 3644
“The Outrun will no doubt sit alongside . . . Helen Macdonald’s H Is for Hawk—the sheer sensuality of Liptrot’s prose and her steely resolve immediately put her right up there with the best of the best.”—New Statesman When Amy Liptrot returns to Orkney after more than a decade away, she is drawn back to the Outrun on the sheep farm where she grew up. Approaching the land that was once home, memories of her childhood merge with the recent events that have set her on this journey. Amy was shaped by the cycle of the seasons, birth and death on the farm, and her father’s mental illness, which were as much a part of her childhood as the wild, carefree existence on Orkney. But as she grew up, she longed to leave this remote life. She moved to London and found herself in a hedonistic cycle. Unable to control her drinking, alcohol gradually took over. Now thirty, she finds herself washed up back home on Orkney, standing unstable at the cliff edge, trying to come to terms with what happened to her in London. Spending early mornings swimming in the bracingly cold sea, the days tracking Orkney’s wildlife—puffins nesting on sea stacks, arctic terns swooping close enough to feel their wings—and nights searching the sky for the Merry Dancers, Amy slowly makes the journey toward recovery from addiction. The Outrun is a beautiful, inspiring book about living on the edge, about the pull between island and city, and about the ability of the sea, the land, the wind, and the moon to restore life and renew hope. A Guardian Best Nonfiction Book of 2016 Sunday Times Top Ten Bestseller New Statesman Book of the Year

    • History

Fear of Farming


Author: C. R. Wickham-Jones
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781905119325
Category: History
Page: 181
View: 3443
The environmental crisis is one of the most pressing concerns to face the population of the world today. The debate centres on the way in which our current problems are of recent making and how we might fix them. But in reality the issue is far more fundamental and stretches back further in time than many of us might think. This book traces the origins of our present situation to the changes that came about with the introduction of farming to Britain 6000 years ago and the inexorable course of human development since then. This is a course which has set us on the path to catastrophe. However, there is hope. The book also looks at the much older traits from a way of life long gone in Britain, from the hunter-gatherers who lived here over the millennia before the introduction of farming. These traits, almost forgotten, but never quite lost, are now re-surfacing and may hold many of the keys to our continued existence.

    • Fiction

The Still Point


Author: Amy Sackville
Publisher: Counterpoint Press
ISBN: 1582437092
Category: Fiction
Page: 307
View: 2129
As her own marriage falters, Julia discovers papers and artifacts related to her great-granduncle's Arctic expedition and subsequent disappearance--as well as his relationship with his wife--and makes a shocking discovery that shatters her long-held image of the couple's romance. A first novel.

    • Fiction

Greenvoe


Author: George Mackay Brown
Publisher: John Murray
ISBN: 1848549512
Category: Fiction
Page: 256
View: 404
The small Orcadian community of Greevoe has remained unchanged for generations. Now a shady government project, Operation Black Star, threatens to destroy the islander's way of life. George Mackay Brown's first novel describes a week in the life of the islanders as the come to terms with the repercussions of Operation Black Star in a masterful mix of prose and poetry from one of Scotland's greatest writers.

    • History

Scotland's First Settlers


Author: C. R. Wickham-Jones
Publisher: B T Batsford Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 128
View: 2289
The nomads first arrived in Scotland some 9,000 years ago during the Stone Age, and their hunting and gathering way of life persisted for at least four millennia. A combination of archaeological, environmental, and geomorphological evidence reveals vital information on Scotland's landscape during that period, the origins of these early settlers, how they used the land's natural resources, and more.

Orkney Guide Book


Author: Charles Tait
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780951785980
Category:
Page: 624
View: 2791

    • Body, Mind & Spirit

The Mystery of Skara Brae

Neolithic Scotland and the Origins of Ancient Egypt
Author: Laird Scranton
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1620555743
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 208
View: 7744
An investigation of the origins of the Neolithic farming village on Orkney Island • Reveals the striking similarities between Skara Brae and the traditions of pre-dynastic ancient Egypt as preserved by the Dogon people of Mali • Explains how megalithic stone sites near Skara Brae conform to Dogon cosmology • Examines the similarities between Skara Brae and Gobekli Tepe and how Skara Brae may have been a secondary center of learning for the ancient world In 3200 BC, Orkney Island off the coast of Northern Scotland was home to a small farming village called Skara Brae. For reasons unknown, after nearly six centuries of continuous habitation, the village was abandoned around 2600 BC and its stone structures covered over--perhaps deliberately, like the structures at Gobekli Tepe. Although now well-excavated, very little is known about the peaceful people who lived at Skara Brae or their origins. Who were they and where did they go? Drawing on his in-depth knowledge of the connections between the cosmology and linguistics of Egyptian, Dogon, Chinese, and Vedic traditions, Laird Scranton reveals the striking similarities between Skara Brae and the Dogon of Mali, who still practice the same cosmology and traditions they once shared with pre-dynastic Egypt. He shows how the earliest Skara Brae houses match the typical Dogon stone house as well as Schwaller de Lubicz’s intrepretation of the Egyptian Temple of Man at Luxor. He explains how megalithic stone sites near Skara Brae conform to Dogon cosmology, each representing sequential stages of creation as described by Dogon priests, and he details how the houses at Skara Brae also represent a concept of creation. Citing a linguistic phenomenon known as “ultraconserved words,” the author compares words of the Faroese language at Skara Brae, a language with no known origin, with important cosmological words from Dogon and ancient Egyptian traditions, finding obvious connections and similarities. Scranton shows how the cultivated field alongside the village of Skara Brae corresponds to the “heavenly field” symbolism pervasive throughout many ancient cultures, such as the Field of Reeds of the ancient Egyptians and the Elysian Fields of ancient Greece. He demonstrates how Greek and Egyptian geographic descriptions of these fields are a consistent match with Orkney Island. Examining the similarities between Skara Brae and Gobekli Tepe, Scranton reveals that Skara Brae may have been a secondary center of initiation and civilizing knowledge, a long-lost Egyptian mystery school set up millennia after Gobekli Tepe was ritually buried, and given the timing of the site, is possibly the source of the first pharaohs and priests of ancient Egypt.

    • Archaeoastronomy

Heritage Sites of Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy in the Context of the UNESCO World Heritage Convention

A Thematic Study
Author: Clive L. N. Ruggles,Michel Cotte
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780954086770
Category: Archaeoastronomy
Page: 304
View: 2022
This joint venture between ICOMOS, the advisory body to UNESCO on cultural sites, and the International Astronomical Union is the second volume in an ongoing exploration of themes and issues relating to astronomical heritage in particular and to science and technology heritage in general. It examines a number of key questions relating to astronomical heritage sites and their potential recognition as World Heritage, attempting to identify what might constitute "outstanding universal value" in relation to astronomy. "Heritage Sites of Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy--Volume 2" represents the culmination of several years' work to address some of the most challenging issues raised in the first ICOMOS-IAU Thematic Study, published in 2010. These include the recognition and preservation of the value of dark skies at both cultural and natural sites and landscapes; balancing archaeoastronomical considerations in the context of broader archaeological and cultural values; the potential for serial nominations; and management issues such as preserving the integrity of astronomical sightlines through the landscape.Its case studies are developed in greater depth than those in volume 1, and generally structured as segments of draft nomination dossiers. They include seven-stone antas (prehistoric dolmens) in Portugal and Spain, the thirteen towers of Chankillo in Peru, the astronomical timing of irrigation in Oman, Pic du Midi de Bigorre Observatory in France, Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, and Aoraki-Mackenzie International Dark Sky Reserve in New Zealand. A case study on Stonehenge, already a World Heritage Site, focuses on preserving the integrity of the solstitial sightlines.As for the first ICOMOS-IAU Thematic Study, a international team of authors including historians, astronomers and heritage professionals is led by Professor Clive Ruggles for the IAU and Professor Michel Cotte for ICOMOS.