• Language Arts & Disciplines

Full STEAM Ahead: Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics in Library Programs and Collections


Author: Cherie P. Pandora,Kathy Fredrick
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 144085341X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 7167
Written by librarians who have experience with integrating technology into all subject areas and working with teens and young adults, this book is a toolkit for youth and young adult librarians—school and public—who wish to incorporate science, technology, engineering, art, and math (STEAM) into their programs and collections but aren't sure where to begin. • Provides school and public librarians with the resources and clear guidance they need to implement STEAM programs and collections at their libraries • Places librarians in a key position—based on knowledge and ability—with STEAM initiatives in their school and community • Connects STEAM programming to national standards • Explains how to secure funding and find partners to collaborate in STEAM

    • Science

The Story of Chemistry


Author: Anne Rooney
Publisher: Arcturus Publishing
ISBN: 1788880552
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 7031
'The importance of the end in view prompted me to undertake all this work, which seemed to me destined to bring about a revolution in physics and chemistry.' Antoine Lavoisier, 1773 Great advances in human history have often rested on and prompted progress in chemistry. The exploitation of fire, the development of pigments, and the discovery that metals could be smelted and worked laid the foundations of civilization. The search for better tools and weapons drove metallurgy, and the need for medicines and perfumes lay behind the first laboratories. Our world and our bodies are immensely complex chemical systems; everything in life and matter comes down to chemistry in the end. The Story of Chemistry traces the emergence of this knowledge as humans have struggled to model and understand the world around and within them. The origins of chemistry lie in practical applications developed in prehistory: smelting metal, cooking, and making pigments and medicines. The Ancient Greeks were the first to seek rational models to explain the behaviour and interaction of matter. Chemistry remains an innately practical science, but now has solid theoretical foundations that extend its usefulness beyond anything our ancestors could have imagined. Our story takes us through centuries of alchemical endeavour, following gifted men who were led down the wrong path by a flawed paradigm, through the beginnings of modern chemistry in the Scientific Revolution, right up to the 21st century. En route we will see how chemistry became divorced from alchemy, with the scientific method applied first by Francis Bacon; how the theoretical groundwork of chemistry was laid by Robert Boyle's The Sceptical Chymist; how great practical and theoretical chemists such as Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, Joseph Priestley, and John Dalton uncovered the nature of gases; and how the discovery of atomic structure has ultimately explained the properties and behaviour of all matter. Chemistry has brought huge benefits to humankind. Its practical application has given fuel to warm us, synthetic materials to enhance our lives, and medicines to cure life-threatening illnesses. Its theoretical framework enables us to explain how our bodies and the wider world work. But in the wake of these discoveries have come some immense problems, including pollution, climate change, and drug-resistant microbes. Modern chemistry uses our newfound knowledge to address these problems. Topics include: Prechemistry since prehistory Alchemy and the transmutation of metals The rise of the scientific method Identifying the chemical elements Understanding gases The nature of the atom Organic chemistry Chemical analysis

    • Science

A Practical Guide to Spectral Computational Methods


Author: George Rawitscher,Victo dos Santos Filho,Thiago C. Peixoto,Lauro Tomio
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319427032
Category: Science
Page: 194
View: 6102
This book disseminates basic aspects of modern spectral computational methods, which are not generally taught in traditional courses. The main advantage of these methods is that they take into account all available information at the same time, rather only the information available at a limited number of meshpoints. That leads to more complicated matrix equations, but the elegance, speed, and accuracy of the method more than compensates for this drawback. The method consists in expanding the function to be calculated into a set of appropriate basis functions (generally orthogonal polynomials), and the respective expansion coefficients are obtained via collocation equations. In the various chapters, the authors examine the usually rapid convergence of the spectral expansions and the improved accuracy that results when nonequispaced support points are used, in contrast to the equispaced points used in finite difference methods, and, in particular, they demonstrate the enhanced accuracy obtained in the solution of integral equations. It includes an informative introduction to the old and new computational methods with numerous practical examples, while at the same time raising awareness of the errors that each of the available algorithms introduces into the specific solution. It is a valuable resource for graduate students wishing to compare the available computational methods (canned or not canned) and judge which is the most suitable to solve the particular scientific problem they are confronting.

    • Medicine

British Medical Journal


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medicine
Page: N.A
View: 5135

Mathematics for Computer Science


Author: Eric Lehman,F. Thomson Leighton,Albert R. Meyer
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789888407064
Category:
Page: 979
View: 5392
This book covers elementary discrete mathematics for computer science and engineering. It emphasizes mathematical definitions and proofs as well as applicable methods. Topics include formal logic notation, proof methods; induction, well-ordering; sets, relations; elementary graph theory; integer congruences; asymptotic notation and growth of functions; permutations and combinations, counting principles; discrete probability. Further selected topics may also be covered, such as recursive definition and structural induction; state machines and invariants; recurrences; generating functions.

    • Mathematics

An Introduction to Number Theory


Author: Harold M. Stark
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262690607
Category: Mathematics
Page: 347
View: 5175
The majority of students who take courses in number theory are mathematics majors who will not become number theorists. Many of them will, however, teach mathematics at the high school or junior college level, and this book is intended for those students learning to teach, in addition to a careful presentation of the standard material usually taught in a first course in elementary number theory, this book includes a chapter on quadratic fields which the author has designed to make students think about some of the "obvious" concepts they have taken for granted earlier. The book also includes a large number of exercises, many of which are nonstandard.

    • Chemistry, Technical

Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical, and Analytical

As Applied and Relating to the Arts and Manufactures
Author: Sheridan Muspratt,Eben Norton Horsford
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Chemistry, Technical
Page: N.A
View: 7317

    • Mathematics

The KAM Story

A Friendly Introduction to the Content, History, and Significance of Classical Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser Theory
Author: H Scott Dumas
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814556602
Category: Mathematics
Page: 380
View: 5318
This is a semi-popular mathematics book aimed at a broad readership of mathematically literate scientists, especially mathematicians and physicists who are not experts in classical mechanics or KAM theory, and scientific-minded readers. Parts of the book should also appeal to less mathematically trained readers with an interest in the history or philosophy of science. The scope of the book is broad: it not only describes KAM theory in some detail, but also presents its historical context (thus showing why it was a “breakthrough”). Also discussed are applications of KAM theory (especially to celestial mechanics and statistical mechanics) and the parts of mathematics and physics in which KAM theory resides (dynamical systems, classical mechanics, and Hamiltonian perturbation theory). Although a number of sources on KAM theory are now available for experts, this book attempts to fill a long-standing gap at a more descriptive level. It stands out very clearly from existing publications on KAM theory because it leads the reader through an accessible account of the theory and places it in its proper context in mathematics, physics, and the history of science.

    • Mathematics

A Guide to Elementary Number Theory


Author: Underwood Dudley
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883853474
Category: Mathematics
Page: 141
View: 4505
"A Guide to Elementary Number Theory is a 140-page exposition of the topics considered in a first course in number theory. It is intended for those who may have seen the material before but have half-forgotten it, and also for those who may have misspent their youth by not having a course in number theory and who want to see what it is about without having to wade through traditional texts, some of which approach 500 pages in length. It will be especially useful to graduate students preparing for qualifying exams. Though Plato did not quite say, "He is unworthy of the name of man who does not know which integers are the sums of two squares," he came close. This guide can make everyone more worthy."--P. [4] of cover.


    • Probabilities

Introduction to Probability


Author: Charles Miller Grinstead,James Laurie Snell
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821894145
Category: Probabilities
Page: 510
View: 3601
This text is designed for an introductory probability course at the university level for sophomores, juniors, and seniors in mathematics, physical and social sciences, engineering, and computer science. It presents a thorough treatment of ideas and techniques necessary for a firm understanding of the subject. The text is also recommended for use in discrete probability courses. The material is organized so that the discrete and continuous probability discussions are presented in a separate, but parallel, manner. This organization does not emphasize an overly rigorous or formal view of probability and therefore offers some strong pedagogical value. Hence, the discrete discussions can sometimes serve to motivate the more abstract continuous probability discussions. Features: Key ideas are developed in a somewhat leisurely style, providing a variety of interesting applications to probability and showing some nonintuitive ideas. Over 600 exercises provide the opportunity for practicing skills and developing a sound understanding of ideas. Numerous historical comments deal with the development of discrete probability. The text includes many computer programs that illustrate the algorithms or the methods of computation for important problems. The book is a beautiful introduction to probability theory at the beginning level. The book contains a lot of examples and an easy development of theory without any sacrifice of rigor, keeping the abstraction to a minimal level. It is indeed a valuable addition to the study of probability theory. --Zentralblatt MATH

    • Science

Nanostructured Soft Matter

Experiment, Theory, Simulation and Perspectives
Author: A.V. Zvelindovsky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140206330X
Category: Science
Page: 628
View: 767
This book provides an interdisciplinary overview of a new and broad class of materials under the unifying name Nanostructured Soft Matter. It covers materials ranging from short amphiphilic molecules to block copolymers, proteins, colloids and their composites, microemulsions and bio-inspired systems such as vesicles.

    • Mathematics

Pocket Book of Integrals and Mathematical Formulas, 4th Edition


Author: Ronald J. Tallarida
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420063073
Category: Mathematics
Page: 286
View: 9319
Convenient Organization of Essential Material so You Can Look up Formulas Fast Containing a careful selection of standard and timely topics, the Pocket Book of Integrals and Mathematical Formulas, Fourth Edition presents many numerical and statistical tables, scores of worked examples, and the most useful mathematical formulas for engineering and scientific applications. This fourth edition of a bestseller provides even more comprehensive coverage with the inclusion of several additional topics, all while maintaining its accessible, clear style and handy size. New to the Fourth Edition • An expanded chapter on series that covers many fascinating properties of the natural numbers that follow from number theory • New applications such as geostationary satellite orbits and drug kinetics • An expanded statistics section that discusses nonlinear regression as well as the normal approximation of the binomial distribution • Revised format of the table of integrals for easier use of the forms and functions Easy to Use on the Go The book addresses a range of areas, from elementary algebra, geometry, matrices, and trigonometry to calculus, vector analysis, differential equations, and statistics. Featuring a convenient, portable size, it is sure to remain in the pockets or on the desks of all who use mathematical formulas and tables of integrals and derivatives.

    • Science

Just Six Numbers

The Deep Forces That Shape The Universe
Author: Martin Rees
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0786723580
Category: Science
Page: 208
View: 2327
DivThe genesis of the universe elegantly explained in a simple theory based on just six numbers by one of the world's most renowned astrophysicists/div

    • Science

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind
Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062316109
Category: Science
Page: 464
View: 1386
New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

    • Science

Cosmic Numbers

The Numbers That Define Our Universe
Author: James D. Stein,D Stein
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465027881
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 8134
Our fascination with numbers begins when we are children and continues throughout our lives. We start counting our fingers and toes and end up balancing checkbooks and calculating risk. So powerful is the appeal of numbers that many people ascribe to them a mystical significance. Other numbers go beyond the supernatural, working to explain our universe and how it behaves. In Cosmic Numbers, mathematics professor James D. Stein traces the discovery, evolution, and interrelationships of the numbers that define our world. Everyone knows about the speed of light and absolute zero, but numbers like Boltzmann’s constant and the Chandrasekhar limit are not as well known, and they do far more than one might imagine: They tell us how this world began and what the future holds. Much more than a gee-whiz collection of facts and figures, Cosmic Numbers illuminates why particular numbers are so important—both to the scientist and to the rest of us.

    • Science

Chemistry, experiment and theory, second edition

student study guide
Author: Bernice G. Segal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 618
View: 6084
This Second Edition of the first-year chemistry text known for its clarity of exposition and its large number of illustrative worked problems, contains a more rigorous treatment of electrochemistry, chemical equilibrium, and thermochemistry. Worked examples now number over 300, and exercises, over 1460.

    • Science

Sequence — Evolution — Function

Computational Approaches in Comparative Genomics
Author: Eugene Koonin,Michael Y. Galperin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475737831
Category: Science
Page: 462
View: 518
Sequence - Evolution - Function is an introduction to the computational approaches that play a critical role in the emerging new branch of biology known as functional genomics. The book provides the reader with an understanding of the principles and approaches of functional genomics and of the potential and limitations of computational and experimental approaches to genome analysis. Sequence - Evolution - Function should help bridge the "digital divide" between biologists and computer scientists, allowing biologists to better grasp the peculiarities of the emerging field of Genome Biology and to learn how to benefit from the enormous amount of sequence data available in the public databases. The book is non-technical with respect to the computer methods for genome analysis and discusses these methods from the user's viewpoint, without addressing mathematical and algorithmic details. Prior practical familiarity with the basic methods for sequence analysis is a major advantage, but a reader without such experience will be able to use the book as an introduction to these methods. This book is perfect for introductory level courses in computational methods for comparative and functional genomics.