• Political Science

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans

Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea
Author: N.A
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 355
View: 5438
Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas. Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics. Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

    • Science

Stemming the Tide:

Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water
Author: Committee on Ships' Ballast Operations,Marine Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309055377
Category: Science
Page: 160
View: 8497
The European zebra mussel in the Great Lakes, a toxic Japanese dinoflagellate transferred to Australia--such biologically and economically harmful stowaways have made it imperative to achieve better management of ballast water in ocean-going vessels. Stemming the Tide examines the introduction of nonindigenous species through ballast water discharge. Ballast is any solid or liquid that is taken aboard ship to achieve more controlled and safer operation. This expert volume Assesses current national and international approaches to the problem and makes recommendations for U.S. government agencies, the U.S. maritime industry, and the member states of the International Maritime Organization. Appraises technologies for controlling the transfer of organisms--biocides, filtration, heat treatment, and others --with a view toward developing the most promising methods for shipboard demonstration. Evaluates methods for monitoring the effectiveness of ballast water management in removing unwanted organisms. The book addresses the constraints inherent in ballast water management, notably shipboard ballast treatment and monitoring. Also, the committee outlines efforts to set an acceptable level of risk for species introduction using the techniques of risk analysis. Stemming the Tide will be important to all stakeholders in the issue of unwanted species introduction through ballast discharge: policymakers, port authorities, shippers, ship operators, suppliers to the maritime industry, marine biologists, marine engineers, and environmentalists.

    • Law

The IMLI Treatise On Global Ocean Governance


Author: Rosalie Balkin,Donald Greig,David Attard
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192557246
Category: Law
Page: 400
View: 9622
In 1994, a long debated compromise on the issue of seabed mining became the starting pistol for the development of modern ocean law and its complex interrelations. Now, over twenty years later, the framework set by such agreements as the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea has been expanded to cover contemporary concerns of environmental sustainability, economic development, social justice, human rights, security, marine pollution, and even the challenges of climate change. Yet the journey is not smooth. This book forms part of a three volume series that looks to examine the more successful ocean law schemes and the less effective, and presses the need for change, as scientific and technological innovation, the surge in human population, and pressing moral concerns open new spaces for ocean law. In the third instalment in the series our attention turns to the structure and actions of the International Maritime Organization and finishes by asking searching questions, from the increasingly pressing problem of an ever more polluted marine environment, to ongoing threats to security and the uncertain future of the polar regions.

    • Coastal ecology

California Coast & Ocean


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Coastal ecology
Page: N.A
View: 2862

    • Technology & Engineering

Fishing Vessel Safety:

Blueprint for a National Program
Author: Committee on Fishing Vessel Safety,National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309043794
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 308
View: 5068
In response to a continuing high loss of commercial fishing vessels and crews, the U.S. Congress has mandated development of new safety requirements for the industry. This volume provides a blueprint for an integrated national safety program that responds realistically to industry conditions, with priority on the most cost-effective alternatives. Fishing Vessel Safety addresses the role of the U.S. Coast Guard and the fishing industry and evaluates such safety measures as vessel inspection and registration, and the training and licensing of fishermen. It explores vessel condition, the role of human behavior, the problem of weather prediction, the high cost of insurance, and more.

    • Coastal zone management

An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century

Final Report
Author: United States. Commission on Ocean Policy
Publisher: Commission
ISBN: N.A
Category: Coastal zone management
Page: 522
View: 7995
A presentation of the Commission's final recommendations for myriad issues addressed by its proposed new, coordinated, comprehensive national ocean policy.

    • Political Science

Oceana

Our Endangered Oceans and What We Can Do to Save Them
Author: Ted Danson,Mike D'Orso
Publisher: Rodale Books
ISBN: 1609613988
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 5544
Most people know Ted Danson as the affable bartender Sam Malone in the long-running television series Cheers. But fewer realize that over the course of the past two and a half decades, Danson has tirelessly devoted himself to the cause of heading off a looming global catastrophe—the massive destruction of our planet's oceanic biosystems and the complete collapse of the world's major commercial fisheries. In Oceana, Danson details his journey from joining a modest local protest in the mid-1980s to oppose offshore oil drilling near his Southern California neighborhood to his current status as one of the world's most influential oceanic environmental activists, testifying before congressional committees in Washington, D.C.; addressing the World Trade Organization in Zurich, Switzerland; and helping found Oceana, the largest organization in the world focused solely on ocean conservation. In his incisive, conversational voice, Danson describes what has happened to our oceans in just the past half-century, ranging from the ravages of overfishing and habitat destruction to the devastating effects of ocean acidification and the wasteful horrors of fish farms. Danson also shares the stage of Oceana with some of the world's most respected authorities in the fields of marine science, commercial fishing, and environmental law, as well as with other influential activists. Combining vivid, personal prose with an array of stunning graphics, charts, and photographs, Ocean powerfully illustrates the impending crises and offers solutions that may allow us to avert them, showing you the specific courses of action you can take to become active, responsible stewards of our planet's most precious resource—its oceans.

    • Oil pollution of the sea

Clean Seas Guide for Oil Tankers


Author: N.A
Publisher: Hyperion Books
ISBN: 9781856090582
Category: Oil pollution of the sea
Page: 28
View: 3240

    • Research

News Report


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Research
Page: N.A
View: 6209

    • Oceanography

Oceanic Abstracts


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Oceanography
Page: N.A
View: 8967

    • Science

Cruise control

a report on how cruise ships affect the marine environment
Author: Michael Herz,Joseph Davis,Ocean Conservancy
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 64
View: 6057

    • American literature

The Cumulative Book Index


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 1113

    • Science

Stemming the Tide

Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water
Author: N.A
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309055376
Category: Science
Page: 132
View: 3308
The European zebra mussel in the Great Lakes, a toxic Japanese dinoflagellate transferred to Australia--such biologically and economically harmful stowaways have made it imperative to achieve better management of ballast water in ocean-going vessels. Stemming the Tide examines the introduction of nonindigenous species through ballast water discharge. Ballast is any solid or liquid that is taken aboard ship to achieve more controlled and safer operation. This expert volume Assesses current national and international approaches to the problem and makes recommendations for U.S. government agencies, the U.S. maritime industry, and the member states of the International Maritime Organization. Appraises technologies for controlling the transfer of organisms--biocides, filtration, heat treatment, and others --with a view toward developing the most promising methods for shipboard demonstration. Evaluates methods for monitoring the effectiveness of ballast water management in removing unwanted organisms. The book addresses the constraints inherent in ballast water management, notably shipboard ballast treatment and monitoring. Also, the committee outlines efforts to set an acceptable level of risk for species introduction using the techniques of risk analysis. Stemming the Tide will be important to all stakeholders in the issue of unwanted species introduction through ballast discharge: policymakers, port authorities, shippers, ship operators, suppliers to the maritime industry, marine biologists, marine engineers, and environmentalists.

    • Nature

Tackling Marine Debris in the 21st Century


Author: Committee on the Effectiveness of International and National Measures to Prevent and Reduce Marine Debris and Its Impacts,Ocean Studies Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309126975
Category: Nature
Page: 218
View: 2680
Marine debris from ships and other ocean-based sources-including trash and lost fishing gear-contributes to the spoiling of beaches, fouling of surface waters and the seafloor, and harm to marine animals, among other effects. Unfortunately, international conventions and domestic laws intended to control marine debris have not been successful, in part because the laws, as written, provide little incentive to change behavior. This book identifies ways to reduce waste, improve waste disposal at ports, and strengthen the regulatory framework toward a goal of zero waste discharge into the marine environment. Progress will depend on a commitment to sustained funding and appropriate institutional support. The Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee should, through planning and prioritization, target research to understand the sources, fates, and impacts of marine debris. It should support the establishment of scalable and statistically rigorous protocols that allow monitoring at a variety of temporal and spatial scales. These protocols should contain evaluative metrics that allow assessment of progress in marine debris mitigation. The United States, through leadership in the international arena, should provide technical assistance and support for the establishment of additional monitoring and research programs worldwide.

    • Nature

The future of U.S. ocean policy

choices for the new century
Author: Biliana Cicin-Sain,Robert W. Knecht
Publisher: Island Pr
ISBN: 9781559636759
Category: Nature
Page: 398
View: 7776
The United States is about to embark on the most thorough reconsideration of its ocean policy in more than three decades. With 1998 designated as the International Year of the Ocean by the United Nations, and with both the executive branch and the Congress currently working toward developing new approaches to formulating and implementing ocean policy, a comprehensive overview of key issues and concerns is essential.The Future of U.S. Ocean Policy provides such an overview, with an in-depth analysis of the evolution of U.S. ocean policy and a timely discussion of the most important ocean and coastal issues facing the nation. The book assesses the current status of ocean policy, examines national and international trends, and considers choices for policymakers in the 21st century. Following an introductory chapter that reviews national ocean policy and the process by which it is made, the authors: review the history of development of U.S. ocean and coastal policy examine the major ocean laws enacted in the 1970s and review and assess their record of implementation examine factors that will affect U.S. ocean policy in the coming decade discuss the need to make policy more coherent, and to develop institutional mechanisms that can foster more effective guidance and oversight present a set of policy options for improving U.S. ocean policyThe Future of U.S. Ocean Policy is the only recent book that focuses on national ocean policy in its entirety, and will play an important role in upcoming debates concerning the future direction of policy initiatives. Agency personnel, members and staff of nongovernmental organizations, industry groups, Congressional staffers, state and local government officials, academics, and concerned citizens will find the book an invaluable guide, as will students and faculty in courses in marine and coastal management and in environmental management.

    • Ocean engineering

Marine Board Annual Report ...


Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Marine Board
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Ocean engineering
Page: N.A
View: 5124

    • Coastal ecology

Our Ocean Future

Themes and Issues Concerning the Nation's Stake in the Oceans, Developed for Discussion During 1998, the Year of the Ocean
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Coastal ecology
Page: 57
View: 1148

    • Marine engineering

Marine Industrial Technology


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Marine engineering
Page: N.A
View: 1042

    • Beaches

Beaches and Ocean Legislation

Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment of the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, August 6, 1998
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Beaches
Page: 388
View: 538

    • California

California's Ocean Resources

An Agenda for the Future
Author: California. Resources Agency
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: California
Page: 20
View: 3641