• Science

Climate and the Oceans


Author: Geoffrey K. Vallis
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691150281
Category: Science
Page: 231
View: 7937
Explores climate and oceans, providing a look at the basics of climate, a descriptive overview of the oceans, a brief introduction to dynamics, and coverage of other related topics.

    • Science

The Oceans and Climate


Author: Grant R. Bigg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521016346
Category: Science
Page: 273
View: 1768
New edition of successful textbook that introduces the multi-disciplinary controls on air-sea interaction.

    • Nature

Climate Change and the Oceans

Gauging the Legal and Policy Currents in the Asia Pacific and Beyond
Author: Robin Warner,Clive H. Schofield
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781006164
Category: Nature
Page: 274
View: 9204
Climate Change and the Oceans investigates the effects of climate change on the ocean environment and its implications for maritime activities, both globally and within the Asia Pacific region. This detailed work draws together informed opinion from a range of disciplines to examine the impacts of climate change on marine and coastal areas and review legal and policy responses to the rapidly changing ocean environment. Issues including the effects on fisheries and marine biodiversity in the Asia Pacific region, maritime security, global shipping, marine jurisdiction and marine geo-engineering are also explored. Examining the multiple impacts of climate change on the oceans and ocean based solutions to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change, this thought-provoking book will prove invaluable to academics, researchers and students in the fields of law, environment, ecology and political science. Oceans and marine environmental policymakers will also find this to be an essential resource.

    • Science

Ocean Circulation and Climate

A 21st Century Perspective
Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123918537
Category: Science
Page: 904
View: 2478
The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation. Presents in situ and remote observations with worldwide coverage Provides theoretical understanding of processes within the ocean and at its boundaries to other Earth System components Allows for simulating ocean and climate processes in the past, present and future using a hierarchy of physical-biogeochemical models

    • Science

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Observing and Modelling the Global Ocean
Author: Gerold Siedler,John Church,John Gould
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780126413519
Category: Science
Page: 715
View: 6297
The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation.

    • Science

The Dance of Air and Sea

How Oceans, Weather, and Life Link Together
Author: Arnold H. Taylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199565597
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 7453
Looks at the connections between the atmosphere, the oceans, and life all over the world, describing how these oscillations came to be recognized and the impact they have on the delicate balance of the Earth's biological populations.

    • Science

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate

Sustainability and Economic Perspectives
Author: Kevin J. Noone,Ussif Rashid Sumaila,Robert J. Diaz
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0124076610
Category: Science
Page: 376
View: 4184
Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate summarizes the current state of several threats to the global oceans. What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the Pacific region. Previous works usually have compiled local studies, which are essentially impossible to properly integrate to the global scale. The editors have engaged leading scientists in a number of areas, such as fisheries and marine ecosystems, ocean chemistry, marine biogeochemical cycling, oceans and climate change, and economics, to examine the threats to the oceans both individually and collectively, provide gross estimates of the economic and societal impacts of these threats, and deliver high-level recommendations. Nominated for a Katerva Award in 2012 in the Economy category State of the science reviews by known marine experts provide a concise, readable presentation written at a level for managers and students Links environmental and economic aspects of ocean threats and provides an economic analysis of action versus inaction Provides recommendations for stakeholders to help stimulate the development of policies that would help move toward sustainable use of marine resources and services

    • Science

The Oceans

A Deep History
Author: Eelco J. Rohling
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400888662
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 3058
The 4.4-billion-year history of the oceans and their role in Earth's climate system It has often been said that we know more about the moon than we do about our own oceans. In fact, we know a great deal more about the oceans than many people realize. Scientists know that our actions today are shaping the oceans and climate of tomorrow—and that if we continue to act recklessly, the consequences will be dire. In this timely and accessible book, Eelco Rohling traces the 4.4 billion-year history of Earth’s oceans while also shedding light on the critical role they play in our planet’s climate system. Beginning with the formation of primeval Earth and the earliest appearance of oceans, Rohling takes readers on a journey through prehistory to the present age, vividly describing the major events in the ocean’s evolution—from snowball and greenhouse Earth to the end-Permian mass extinction, the breakup of the Pangaea supercontinent, and the changing climate of today. Along the way, he explores the close interrelationships of the oceans, climate, solid Earth processes, and life, using the context of Earth and ocean history to provide perspective on humankind’s impacts on the health and habitability of our planet—and on what the future may hold for us. An invaluable introduction to the cutting-edge science of paleoceanography, The Oceans enables you to make your own informed opinions about the environmental challenges we face as a result of humanity’s unrelenting drive to exploit the world ocean and its vital resources.

    • Science

Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate

A Technical Input to the 2013 National Climate Assessment
Author: Roger Griffis
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610914805
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 2280
Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage, Oceans and Marine Resources in a Changing Climate is the result of a collaboration among numerous local, state, federal, and nongovernmental agencies to develop a comprehensive, state of the art look at the effects of climate change on the oceans and marine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction. This book provides an assessment of scientific knowledge of the current and projected impacts of climate change and ocean acidification on the physical, chemical, and biological components and human uses of marine ecosystems under U.S. jurisdiction. It also provides assessment of the international implications for the U.S. due to climate impacts on ocean ecosystems and of efforts to prepare for and adapt to climate and acidification impacts on ocean ecosystem, including · Climate-Driven Physical and Chemical Changes in Marine Ecosystems · Impacts of Climate Change on Marine Organisms · Impacts of Climate Change on Human Uses of the Ocean · International Implications of Climate Change · Ocean Management Challenges, Adaptation Approaches, and Opportunities in a Changing Climate · Sustaining the Assessment of Climate Impacts on Oceans and Marine Resources Rich in science and case studies, it examines the latest climate change impacts, scenarios, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity and offers decision makers and stakeholders a substantial basis from which to make informed choices that will affect the well-being of the region’s inhabitants in the decades to come.

    • Science

Global Climate Change and Response of Carbon Cycle in the Equatorial Pacific and Indian Oceans and Adjacent Landmasses


Author: Hodaka Kawahata,Yoshio A. Awaya
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080469416
Category: Science
Page: 530
View: 5870
To understand the global warming mechanism, global mapping of primary production was carried out under the GCMAPS program. The program was concerned with marine and terrestrial environmental changes, which affect carbon cycle on the regional and global scales. On the regional scale, warm phase of ENSO (El Niño / Southern Oscillation) has been shown to affect economic activities in many countries. The keyword for understanding mechanism of global warming is ‘primary productivity’. The earth observation satellites (EOS) like the ADEOS of Japan, and the SeaWiFS, Sea Star and Terra of the U.S.A. provided much required data for modeling and verification of primary production estimates on both land and ocean. The knowledge gained during the GCMAPS program has been documented in this book. Interpretation of the data suggests that global warming, which causes temperature and sea level rise, and changes in climate and ecosystems, is likely to have the largest influence on mankind. The first half of this book discuss changes in marine environments. Physical and chemical oceanographic properties of the equatorial Pacific and Indian Oceans are presented. Changes in partial pressure of carbon dioxide, flux and composition of settling particles and biological communities in the surface ocean have also been discussed. In addition to this, over hundred years of environmental records based upon coral skeletons are presented. Estimations of primary production and its utilization in validating satellite imagery data were conducted in the western North Pacific. Primary productivity estimates based upon the validated satellite imagery are presented on the global scale. Climate change modeling of primary production in global oceans is also presented. The latter half of this book deals with changes in terrestrial environments. Primary productivity estimates for different types of ecosystems (e.g., forest, grassland) are presented together with soil carbon dynamics. Also, biomass and productivity estimation and environmental monitoring based upon remote sensing techniques are presented with a model analysis of the relationship between climate perturbations and carbon budget anomalies in global terrestrial ecosystems. This book elucidates integrated aspects of the global carbon cycle involving marine and terrestrial environments. Discusses a current understanding of the biogeochemical processes on land and ocean Provides global mapping of primary production based on satellite imagery data and modelling Presents the latest interpretations of relationships between carbon cycle and climatic change

    • Science

The Oceans and Rapid Climate Change

Past, Present, and Future
Author: Dan Seidov,Bernd J. Haupt,Mark A. Maslin
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 293
View: 4918
Explores the role of the ocean in fast climate changes in the past and conceivable future. The first half of the 16 papers present data interpretation, hypotheses based on data analyses, and ideas that shed new light on past climates and their evolution. The remaining papers describe climate system models that focus on the global ocean, starting with simpler, ocean-only models that develop into full, three-dimensional models of entire climate systems. Topics include the key climate transitions during the Quaternary period, stochastic resonance in the North Atlantic, and the relationship between glacial- to-interglacial changes of ocean circulation and eolian sediment transport. No index. c. Book News Inc.

    • Science

Atlas of the Oceans

Wind and Wave Climate
Author: I. R. Young,Greg Holland
Publisher: Pergamon Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 241
View: 3552
This volume provides global estimates of wind and wave conditions and is based on data from the GEOSAT satellite. Parameters such as monthly values of wind speed and wave heights are presented as contour fields in global and regional charts. Variations in wind and wave parameters are also shown along common shipping routes and lines of latitude and longitude. The Atlas includes a useful reference text, providing an introduction to global meteorology and the processes responsible for the generation of ocean waves. In addition, information relating to the GEOSAT mission, data preparation and validation, and wind/wave statistics provide a full summary of the background to this major new publication. Global estimates of wind and wave conditions are required for activities such as engineering design, oceanographic and meteorological studies, ship routing and recreational activities. This publication will appeal to a wide range of readers from scientists and engineers, educators and students, to readers in shipping companies and navies.A CD-ROM based on this material, providing searchable text is also available.This CD-ROM is based on material presented in the book version of Atlas of the Oceans: Wind and Wave Climate . The CD-ROM provides searchable text-based information on global wind and wave regimes, including an introduction to global meteorology and ocean wind waves, and preparation of data gathered from the GEOSAT satellite. An extensive bibliography of over 500 abstracts from the scientific literature is included. The database of wind and wave parameters can be interactively accessed to produce contour charts with global and regional coverage. Of considerable importance to anyone interested in wind and waves statistics is the underlying GEOSAT data. The raw GEOSAT data has been processed to eliminate errors and to calibrate measurements with in situ readings. The Atlas of the Oceans: Wind and Wave Climate therefore provides a ready-to-use database on wind and wave parameters. Additional features included on the CD-ROM are: Text and illustrations - Hyperlinking allows quick and easy-access to related information, such as abstracts or illustrations - Full text and index searching - Additional bibliography of over 500 abstracts related to wind and waves - Animation of selected line drawings - Additional images - Videos of Beaufort Scale Contour charts - User can select region, month and parameter for display of charts - Charts can be overlaid with wind direction and/or grids of latitude and longitude - Options to set chart colours and degree of data smoothing Database - Underlying data can be selected and accessed - Conversion between units of measurement available Path function - Enables user to input and label path of interest (eg. ship route) - Provides plotting facilities - Calculates distance using Great Circle Path Bookmark function - Allows selection and export of user-defined text, illustrations, charts, and data to assist with report writing or in lecture preparation About the Atlas Global and regional estimates of wind and wave conditions are required for a large range of activities such as engineering design, oceanographic and meteorological studies, for ship routing and for recreational purposes. The Atlas of the Oceans: Wind and Wave Climate is based on data from the GEOSAT satellite mission. The approach of using remotely sensed data has many advantages - the data is of high spatial density and accuracy, and has a full global coverage, unlike measurements collected from ships and buoys used previously. Includes a useful reference text providing an introduction to global meteorology and the processes responsible for the generation of ocean wa

    • Science

The Global Carbon Cycle


Author: David Archer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837076
Category: Science
Page: 216
View: 4036
The Global Carbon Cycle is a short introduction to this essential geochemical driver of the Earth's climate system, written by one of the world's leading climate-science experts. In this one-of-a-kind primer, David Archer engages readers in clear and simple terms about the many ways the global carbon cycle is woven into our climate system. He begins with a concise overview of the subject, and then looks at the carbon cycle on three different time scales, describing how the cycle interacts with climate in very distinct ways in each. On million-year time scales, feedbacks in the carbon cycle stabilize Earth's climate and oxygen concentrations. Archer explains how on hundred-thousand-year glacial/interglacial time scales, the carbon cycle in the ocean amplifies climate change, and how, on the human time scale of decades, the carbon cycle has been dampening climate change by absorbing fossil-fuel carbon dioxide into the oceans and land biosphere. A central question of the book is whether the carbon cycle could once again act to amplify climate change in centuries to come, for example through melting permafrost peatlands and methane hydrates. The Global Carbon Cycle features a glossary of terms, suggestions for further reading, and explanations of equations, as well as a forward-looking discussion of open questions about the global carbon cycle.

    • Science

The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate


Author: Mick Follows,Temel Oguz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402020872
Category: Science
Page: 395
View: 6079
Our desire to understand the global carbon cycle and its link to the climate system represents a huge challenge. These overarching questions have driven a great deal of scientific endeavour in recent years: What are the basic oceanic mechanisms which control the oceanic carbon reservoirs and the partitioning of carbon between ocean and atmosphere? How do these mechanisms depend on the state of the climate system and how does the carbon cycle feed back on climate? What is the current rate at which fossil fuel carbon dioxide is absorbed by the oceans and how might this change in the future? To begin to answer these questions we must first understand the distribution of carbon in the ocean, its partitioning between different ocean reservoirs (the "solubility" and "biological" pumps of carbon), the mechanisms controlling these reservoirs, and the relationship of the significant physical and biological processes to the physical environment. The recent surveys from the JGOFS and WOCE (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study and World Ocean Circulation Ex periment) programs have given us a first truly global survey of the physical and biogeochemical properties of the ocean. These new, high quality data provide the opportunity to better quantify the present oceans reservoirs of carbon and the changes due to fossil fuel burning. In addition, diverse process studies and time-series observations have clearly revealed the complexity of interactions between nutrient cycles, ecosystems, the carbon-cycle and the physical envi ronment.

    • Law

Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law

U.S. and International Perspectives
Author: Randall S. Abate
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199368740
Category: Law
Page: 699
View: 6424
Ocean and coastal law has grown rapidly in the past three decades as a specialty area within natural resources law and environmental law. This book unites the two worlds of climate change regulation and ocean and coastal management. It raises important questions about whether and how ocean and coastal law will respond to the regulatory challenges that climate change presents to resources in the oceans and coasts of the United States and the world.

    • Science

An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics


Author: Robert G. Fleagle,Joost A. Businger
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080918228
Category: Science
Page: 42
View: 6116
This book is addressed to those who wish to understand the relationship between atmospheric phenomena and the nature of matter as expressed in the principles of physics. The interesting atmospheric phenomena are more than applications of gravitation, of thermodynamics, of hydrodynamics, or of electrodynamics; and mastery of the results of controlled experiment and of the related theory alone does not imply an understanding of atmospheric phenomena. This distinction arises because the extent and the complexity of the atmosphere permit effects and interactions that are entirely negligible in the laboratory or are deliberately excluded from it. the objective of laboratory physics is, by isolating the relevant variables, to reveal the fundamental properties of matter; whereas the objective of atmospheric physics, or of any observational science, is to understand those phenomena that are characteristic of the whole system. For these reasons the exposition of atmospheric physics requires substantial extensions of classical physics. It also requires that understanding be based on a coherent "way of seeing" the ensemble of atmospheric phenomena. Only then is understanding likely to stimulate still more general insights.

    • Law

The World Ocean in Globalisation

Climate Change, Sustainable Fisheries, Biodiversity, Shipping, Regional Issues
Author: Davor Vidas,Peter Johan Schei
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004191755
Category: Law
Page: 549
View: 9227
This book addresses emerging challenges for the World Ocean in the Anthropocene epoch and the effects of increasing globalisation on the seas. The issues explored in particular include climate change, sustainable fisheries, biodiversity, shipping and regional seas adjoining Europe.

    • Climatic changes

The Ocean and Climate Change

Tools and Guidelines for Action
Author: N.A
Publisher: IUCN
ISBN: 2831712017
Category: Climatic changes
Page: 71
View: 4367

    • Science

An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology


Author: James R. Holton
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123540151
Category: Science
Page: 535
View: 4656
MATLAB scripts (M-files) are provided on the accompanying CD.

    • Science

The Atmosphere and Ocean

A Physical Introduction
Author: Neil C. Wells
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119979846
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 7340
The Atmosphere and Ocean is a fully revised and updated student friendly physical introduction to the atmosphere and ocean. Now in its Third Edition, the book continues to provide students with an accessible description of the atmosphere and ocean with emphasis on their physical properties and inter-dependence. Clearly structured throughout, the book demonstrates that the atmosphere and ocean are both subject to the influence of the earth's rotation and therefore they have a common dynamical basis. The author clearly demonstrates the fundamental differences between the two environments and provides the reader with a much better understanding of the atmosphere and the ocean and an appreciation of their closest interactive relationship. There have been many developments in the field over the past ten years and this latest edition of a highly successful textbook brings together new material on the ocean-atmosphere system and climate, the observed circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and radiation in the atmosphere and ocean. Fully revised and updated 3rd Edition of student friendly physical introduction to the atmosphere and ocean. Now includes new chapters on observed circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, energy flows in the ocean atmosphere system, modeling the ocean and atmosphere, the ocean atmosphere system and climate. Well structured and written in an authoritative yet accessible style suitable for 2nd and 3rd year students taking courses in meteorology, oceanography and related Earth Sciences or as an introduction for graduate students. Emphasis placed on physical properties and inter-dependence of the ocean and climate. Part of the RMetS (Royal Meteorological Society) book series, Advancing Weather and Climate Science