• Social Science

Cosmodolphins

Feminist Cultural Studies of Technology, Animals, and the Sacred
Author: Mette Bryld,Nina Lykke
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 245
View: 8560
"Applying recent thinking on gender and the environment to original research in science and technology, this unique book explores postcolonial relationships with 'the wild' using the US and Russia as examples. The authors analyse contemporary categorizations of 'human self' versus 'wild other' through three twentieth century icons that best illustrate ambivalent ideas about self and other: spaceships, horoscopes and dolphins." "Theoretically innovative, this book represents an alternative approach to ecofeminist themes linking them up with studies of new technocultures and cyborgs. It forms an excellent exemplar of feminist cultural studies."--BOOK JACKET.

    • Social Science

Discourse and Narrative Methods

Theoretical Departures, Analytical Strategies and Situated Writings
Author: Mona Livholts,Maria Tamboukou
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473927757
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 2480
Discourses and narratives are crucial in how we understand a world of rapid changes. This textbook constitutes a unique introduction to two major influential theoretical and methodological fields - discourse and narrative methods - and examines them in their interrelation. It offers readers an orientation within the broad and contested area of discourse and narrative methods and develops concrete analytical strategies to those who wish to explore both or one of these fields as well as their overlaps. Illustrated with examples from real life and real research, this book: Maps the theoretical influence from poststructuralist, postmodern, postcolonial and feminist ideas on the field of discourse and narrative. Acts as a guide to the most central analytical approaches in discourse and narrative studies supported by concrete examples of analytical strategies. Presents a variety of oral, textual, visual and other ’data’ for the purpose of analyzing discourse and narrative. Offers deeper insight into discourse and narrative methods within three themes of crucial importance for changing global context: media and society, gender and space, and autobiography and life writing. Acts as a helpful guide to situated writing based on concrete workshop exercises, which promotes ethical reflexivity, analytical thinking and creative engagement in the study of discourses and narratives.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

The Marvelous Clouds

Toward a Philosophy of Elemental Media
Author: John Durham Peters
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022625383X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 410
View: 9038
In medias res -- Understanding media -- Of cetaceans and ships; or, the moorings of our being -- The fire sermon -- Lights in the firmament: sky media I (Chronos) -- The times and the seasons: sky media II (Kairos) -- The face and the book (inscription media) -- God and Google -- Conclusion: the sabbath of meaning -- Appendix: nonsimultaneity in cetacean communication.

    • Social Science

Feminist Studies

A Guide to Intersectional Theory, Methodology and Writing
Author: Nina Lykke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136978992
Category: Social Science
Page: 258
View: 4844
In this book, feminist scholar Nina Lykke highlights current issues in feminist theory, epistemology and methodology. Combining introductory overviews with cutting-edge reflections, Lykke focuses on analytical approaches to gendered power differentials intersecting with other processes of social in/exclusion based on race, class, and sexuality. Lykke confronts and contrasts classical stances in feminist epistemology with poststructuralist and postconstructionist feminisms, and also brings bodily materiality into dialogue with theories of the performativity of gender and sex. This thorough and needed analysis of the state of Feminist Studies will be a welcome addition to scholars and students in Gender and Women’s Studies and Sociology.

    • Social Science

Theories and Methodologies in Postgraduate Feminist Research

Researching Differently
Author: Rosemarie Buikema,Gabriele Griffin,Nina Lykke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136728422
Category: Social Science
Page: 310
View: 1707
This volume centers on theories and methodologies for postgraduate feminist researchers engaged in interdisciplinary research. In the context of globalization, this book gives special attention to cutting-edge approaches at the borders between humanities and social sciences and specific discipline-transgressing fields, such as feminist technoscience studies.

    • Science

Considering Animals

Contemporary Studies in Human-animal Relations
Author: Carol Freeman,Elizabeth Leane,Yvette Watt
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9781409400134
Category: Science
Page: 236
View: 2349
Taking their cue from the specific 'animal moments' that punctuate our relationships with nonhuman animals, experts from the biological sciences, humanities, and social sciences engage with issues and debates central to human-animal studies. Considering Animals brings together contemporary international case studies from across the globe that examine our interactions with animals. Given current discussions about the status of animals and the widespread extinction of species, this is an important and timely collection.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Material Virtualities

Approaching Online Textual Embodiment
Author: Jenny Sundén
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9780820462042
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 225
View: 9150
What does it mean to be embodied online? What are the conditions of cybersubjectivity? In <I>Material Virtualities, Jenny Sunden explores the rarely acknowledged borderland between typists and textual bodies, speaking and writing, and physicality and imagination in online encounters. Through careful ethnographic investigations of a text-based virtual world called WaterMOO, Sunden shows how texts, bodies, and machines are linked together in ways that demand a new understanding of the writing subject. Drawing on contemporary feminist and queer theory, she questions the opposition between disembodied, high-tech masculinity and embodied, earth-bound femininity, insisting on the need for a radical materialization of cybercultural studies that discloses the -virtual- as itself embodied."

    • Africa, Sub-Saharan

Violence in African Elections

Between Democracy and Big Man Politics
Author: Jesper Bjarnesen
Publisher: Africa Now
ISBN: 9781786992291
Category: Africa, Sub-Saharan
Page: 320
View: 4838
The holding of multiparty elections has become the bellwether by which all democracies are judged, and the spread of such systems across Africa has been widely hailed as a sign of the continent's progress towards stability and prosperity. But such elections bring their own challenges, particularly the often intense internecine violence that can follow disputed results. While the consequences of such violence can be profound, undermining the legitimacy of the democratic process and in some cases plunging countries into civil war or renewed dictatorship, little is known about the causes of this violence. By mapping, analyzing, and comparing instances of election violence in different localities across Africa, this collection of detailed case studies sheds light on the underlying dynamics and sub-national causes behind electoral conflicts. It reveals them to be the result of a complex interplay between democratization and the older, patronage-based system of "Big Man" politics and offers practical suggestions for preventing such violence through improved electoral monitoring, voter education, and international assistance. Appealing to policy makers and scholars across the social sciences and humanities interested in democratization, peace-keeping, and peace studies, Violence in African Elections provides important insights into why some communities prove more prone to electoral violence than others, and what can be done to help more democracies succeed.

    • Social Science

Technoculture

The Key Concepts
Author: Debra Benita Shaw
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1847886191
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 4399
We live in a world where science and technology shape the global economy and everyday culture, where new biotechnologies are changing what we eat and how we can reproduce, and where email, mobiles and the internet have revolutionised the ways we communicate with each other and engage with the world outside us.Technoculture: The Key Concepts explores the power of scientific ideas, their impact on how we understand the natural world and how successive technological developments have influenced our attitudes to work, art, space, language and the human body. Throughout, the lively discussion of ideas is illustrated with provocative case studies - from biotech foods to life-support systems, from the Walkman and iPod to sex and cloning, from video games to military hardware. Designed to be both provocative and instructive, Technoculture: The Key Concepts outlines the place of science and technology in today's culture.

    • Nature

Animals and Society

An Introduction to Human-Animal Studies
Author: Margo DeMello
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231526768
Category: Nature
Page: 488
View: 4368
Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human–animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human–animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human–animal relations.

    • Chief executive officers

CEO Society

The Corporate Takeover of Everyday Life
Author: Peter Bloom,Carl Rhodes
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781786990723
Category: Chief executive officers
Page: 224
View: 377
Corporate Executive Officers (CEOs) have become the cultural icons of the twenty-first century. Figures like Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg are held up as role models who epitomize the modern pursuit of innovation, wealth, and success. We now live in a CEO society--a society where corporate leadership has become the model for transforming not just business, but all spheres of life, where everyone from politicians to jobseekers to even those seeking love are expected to imitate the qualities of the lionized corporate executive. But why, in the wake of the failings exposed by the 2008 financial crisis, does the corporate ideal continue to exert such a grip on popular attitudes? In this insightful new book, Peter Bloom and Carl Rhodes examine the rise of the CEO society, and how it has started to transform governments, culture, and the economy. This influence, they argue, holds troubling implications for the future of democracy--as evidenced by the disturbing political rise of Donald Trump in the United States--and for our society as a whole.

The Trial of Hissène Habré

How the People of Chad Brought a Tyrant to Justice
Author: Celeste Hicks
Publisher: African Arguments
ISBN: 9781786991836
Category:
Page: 216
View: 2535
When Hiss�ne Habr�, deposed dictator of Chad, was found guilty of crimes against humanity in 2016, it was described as a watershed for human rights justice in Africa and beyond. For the first time, an African war criminal had been convicted on African soil. Having followed the trial from the very beginning and interviewed many of those involved, journalist Celeste Hicks tells the remarkable story of how Habr� was brought to justice. His conviction followed a heroic twenty-five-year campaign by activists and survivors of Habr�'s atrocities. They succeeded despite international indifference, opposition from Habr�'s allies, and several failed attempts to bring him to trial outside of Africa. In the face of such overwhelming odds, the conviction of a once untouchable tyrant represents a major turning point, with profound implications for African justice and the future of human rights activism globally.

    • Child soldiers

Liberia's Women Veterans

War, Roles and Reintegration
Author: Leena Vastapuu
Publisher: Politics and Development in Contemporary Africa
ISBN: 9781786990815
Category: Child soldiers
Page: 320
View: 7487
The Liberian civil wars of the 1990s and 2000s became notorious for their atrocities, and for the widespread use of child soldiers. Girls and young women accounted for up to 40 per cent of these soldiers, but their perspectives and experiences have largely been excluded from accounts of the conflict. In Liberia's women veterans, Leena Vastapuu uses an innovative auto-photographic methodology to tell the story of two of Africa's most brutal civil wars through the eyes of 133 female former soldiers. Incorporating their testimonies alongside a series of vivid illustrations by Emmi Nieminen, the book provides an in-depth account of these women's experiences of trauma, stigma and the challenges of reintegration into post-war society, as well as their hopes and aspirations for the future. Vastapuu argues that these women, too often perceived merely as passive victims of the conflict, can in fact play an important role in post-war reconciliation and peace-building. Overturning gendered perceptions of warfare and militarism, the book provides a unique take on humanitarian practices and post-conflict societies, making essential reading for policymakers as well as students and scholars across the humanities and social sciences.

    • Computers

How Not to Network a Nation

The Uneasy History of the Soviet Internet
Author: Benjamin Peters
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262034182
Category: Computers
Page: 312
View: 7297
How, despite thirty years of effort, Soviet attempts to build a national computer network were undone by socialists who seemed to behave like capitalists.

    • Electronic books

Making Death Matter

A Feminist Technoscience Study of Alzheimer's Sciences in the Laboratory
Author: Tara Mehrabi
Publisher: Linköping University Electronic Press
ISBN: 9176856550
Category: Electronic books
Page: 263
View: 4482
This thesis is a contribution to feminist laboratory studies and a critical engagement with the natural sciences, or more precisely research on the biochemical workings and deadly relations of Alzheimer’s disease emanating from a year of field work in a Drosophila fly lab. The natural sciences have been a point of fascination within the field of gender studies for decades. Such sciences produce knowledge on what gets to count as nature and natural, healthy or sick, normal or not, and they have done it with great societal authority and impact throughout European modernity. However, feminist technoscience scholars argue that science and knowledge is socially produced, and political too. Concepts such as nature, animal, human, body, sex, and life itself are not simply given natural realities but phenomena processed through the naturecultures of the laboratory. Situated within such theoretical and methodological approaches, this thesis wonders how scientific facts about Alzheimer’s disease are made in the lab today. What kinds of realities, bodies and ethico-political concerns are enacted? Who gets to live and who gets to die in everyday laboratory practices? Theoretically, the thesis is grounded, particularly, within Karen Barad’s agential realism and posthumanist performativity, and as such it accounts for human and nonhuman entanglements through which AD is performed in the lab in relational ways. In other words, the thesis explores how AD is enacted in the bodies of transgenic fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster), as these flies embody the disease, live and die with it. Last but not least, the thesis explores the materialities of death, dying, embodiment and biological waste in a biochemistry lab as constitutive parts of the produced knowledge about AD.

    • Social Science

Glocal Pharma (Open Access)

International Brands and the Imagination of Local Masculinity
Author: Ericka Johnson,Ebba Sjögren,Cecilia Åsberg
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317126793
Category: Social Science
Page: 126
View: 9971
The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. An exploration of how global pharmaceutical products are localized - of what happens when they become ‘glocal’ - this book examines the tensions that exist between a global pharmaceutical market and the locally bounded discourses and regulations encountered as markets are created for new drugs in particular contexts. Employing the case study of the emergence, representation and regulation of Viagra in the Swedish market, Glocal Pharma offers analyses of commercial material, medical discourses and legal documents to show how a Swedish, Viagra-consuming subject has been constructed in relation to the drug and how Viagra is imagined in relation to the Swedish man. Engaging with debates about pharmaceuticalization, the authors consider the ways in which new identities are created around drugs, the redefinition of health problems as sites of pharmaceutical treatment and changes in practices of governance to reflect the entrance of pharmaceuticals to the market. With attention to ‘local’ contexts, it reveals elements in the nexus of pharmaceutcalization that are receptive to cultural elements as new products become embedded in local markets. An empirically informed study of the the ways in which the presence of a drug can alter the concept of a disease and its treatment, understandings of who suffers from it and how to cure it - both locally and internationally - this book will appeal to scholars of sociology and science and technology studies with interests in globalization, pharmaceuticals, gender and the sociology of medicine.

    • Political Science

New Materialisms

Ontology, Agency, and Politics
Author: Diana Coole,Samantha Frost
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822392992
Category: Political Science
Page: 347
View: 3172
New Materialisms brings into focus and explains the significance of the innovative materialist critiques that are emerging across the social sciences and humanities. By gathering essays that exemplify the new thinking about matter and processes of materialization, this important collection shows how scholars are reworking older materialist traditions, contemporary theoretical debates, and advances in scientific knowledge to address pressing ethical and political challenges. In the introduction, Diana Coole and Samantha Frost highlight common themes among the distinctive critical projects that comprise the new materialisms. The continuities they discern include a posthumanist conception of matter as lively or exhibiting agency, and a reengagement with both the material realities of everyday life and broader geopolitical and socioeconomic structures. Coole and Frost argue that contemporary economic, environmental, geopolitical, and technological developments demand new accounts of nature, agency, and social and political relationships; modes of inquiry that privilege consciousness and subjectivity are not adequate to the task. New materialist philosophies are needed to do justice to the complexities of twenty-first-century biopolitics and political economy, because they raise fundamental questions about the place of embodied humans in a material world and the ways that we produce, reproduce, and consume our material environment. Contributors Sara Ahmed Jane Bennett Rosi Braidotti Pheng Cheah Rey Chow William E. Connolly Diana Coole Jason Edwards Samantha Frost Elizabeth Grosz Sonia Kruks Melissa A. Orlie

    • Science

Bits of Life

Feminism at the Intersections of Media, Bioscience, and Technology
Author: Anneke M. Smelik,Nina Lykke
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 9780295990330
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 353
Since World War II, the biological and technological have been fusing and merging in new ways, resulting in the loss of a clear distinction between the two. This entanglement of biology with technology isn't new, but the pervasiveness of that integration is staggering, as is the speed at which the two have been merging in recent decades. As this process permeates more of everyday life, the urgent necessity arises to rethink both biology and technology. Indeed, the human body can no longer be regarded either as a bounded entity or as a naturally given and distinct part of an unquestioned whole. Bits of Life assumes a posthuman definition of the body. It is grounded in questions about today's biocultures, which pertain neither to humanist bodily integrity nor to the anthropological assumption that human bodies are the only ones that matter. Editors Anneke Smelik and Nina Lykke aid in mapping changes and transformations and in striking a middle road between the metaphor and the material. In exploring current reconfigurations of bodies and embodied subjects, the contributors pursue a technophilic, yet critical, path while articulating new and thoroughly appraised ethical standards.

    • Literary Criticism

The Artificial Paradise

Science Fiction and American Reality
Author: Sharona Ben-Tov
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472105809
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 201
View: 7396
Why do Americans find it appealing to create and live in artificial worlds--whether in space, at Disneyland, in computer networks, or in our own minds?

    • Nature

Catching Thunder

the true story of the world’s longest sea chase
Author: Eskil Engdal,Kjetil Saeter
Publisher: Scribe Publications
ISBN: 1925548880
Category: Nature
Page: 400
View: 1594
A remarkable true story of courage and perseverance — and a wake-up call. December 2014: in the forbidding waters off Antarctica, Captain Hammarstedt of the Sea Shepherd ship Bob Barker embarks on a voyage unlike any seen before. Across ten thousand miles of hazardous seas, Hammerstedt’s crew will relentlessly pursue the Thunder — an infamous illegal fishing ship — for what will become the longest chase in maritime history. Wanted by Interpol, the Thunder has for years evaded justice: accumulating millions in profits, hunting endangered species, and ruthlessly destroying ocean habitats. The authors follow this incredible expedition from its very beginning. Yet even as seasoned journalists, they cannot anticipate what the chase will uncover, as the wake of the Thunder leads them to the trail of criminal kingpins, rampant corruption, modern slavery, and an international community content to turn a blind eye. Soon, catching Thunder becomes not only a chase but a pursuit of the truth itself and a symbolic race to preserve the well-being of our planet.