• Social Science

Making Hate A Crime

From Social Movement to Law Enforcement
Author: Valerie Jenness,Ryken Grattet
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610443144
Category: Social Science
Page: 236
View: 5358
Violence motivated by racism, anti-Semitism, misogyny, and homophobia weaves a tragic pattern throughout American history. Fueled by recent high-profile cases, hate crimes have achieved an unprecedented visibility. Only in the past twenty years, however, has this kind of violence—itself as old as humankind—been specifically categorized and labeled as hate crime. Making Hate a Crime is the first book to trace the emergence and development of hate crime as a concept, illustrating how it has become institutionalized as a social fact and analyzing its policy implications. In Making Hate a Crime Valerie Jenness and Ryken Grattet show how the concept of hate crime emerged and evolved over time, as it traversed the arenas of American politics, legislatures, courts, and law enforcement. In the process, violence against people of color, immigrants, Jews, gays and lesbians, women, and persons with disabilities has come to be understood as hate crime, while violence against other vulnerable victims-octogenarians, union members, the elderly, and police officers, for example-has not. The authors reveal the crucial role social movements played in the early formulation of hate crime policy, as well as the way state and federal politicians defined the content of hate crime statutes, how judges determined the constitutional validity of those statutes, and how law enforcement has begun to distinguish between hate crime and other crime. Hate crime took on different meanings as it moved from social movement concept to law enforcement practice. As a result, it not only acquired a deeper jurisprudential foundation but its scope of application has been restricted in some ways and broadened in others. Making Hate a Crime reveals how our current understanding of hate crime is a mix of political and legal interpretations at work in the American policymaking process. Jenness and Grattet provide an insightful examination of the birth of a new category in criminal justice: hate crime. Their findings have implications for emerging social problems such as school violence, television-induced violence, elder-abuse, as well as older ones like drunk driving, stalking, and sexual harassment. Making Hate a Crime presents a fresh perspective on how social problems and the policies devised in response develop over time. A Volume in the American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology

    • Police

Police and Law Enforcement


Author: Richard H. Ward,Robert J. Homant,Austin Fowler,Daniel B. Kennedy,James T. Curran
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Police
Page: N.A
View: 2910

    • Social Science

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice

Thought, Policy, and Practice
Author: Mary Maguire,Dan Okada
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483350614
Category: Social Science
Page: 488
View: 3183
A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Mary Maguire and Dan Okada illustrate the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. . The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.

    • Psychology

The elements of crime

psycho-social interpretation
Author: Boris Brasol
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 433
View: 3991

    • Law

Controversial Issues in Criminology


Author: John R. Fuller,Eric W. Hickey
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780205272105
Category: Law
Page: 258
View: 956
Should prostitution be legalized? Are stalking laws effective? Is medical treatment a useful way to deal with criminal offenders? Are restorative justice processes too lenient toward offenders? These are some of the most hotly debated questions in the field of criminology, often sparking discomfort and anger among those who wish to know more about these issues. Now, Controversial Issues in Criminology attempts to provide factual information and a much-needed forum for discussion, utilizing a unique debate format to discuss controversial issues in the field of criminology. KEY TOPICS: Topics addressed in this book were chosen with a conscious effort to include those that are the most controversial. The contributing authors, each solicited because of their expertise in this area, come from a variety of backgrounds, academic disciplines and perspectives. In addition to such hot topics as prostitution, stalking, and the rehabilitation of criminals, the book also covers issues such as the "supersizing" of murder, government research on terrorism, stricter law enforcement for "techno-crimes," and the role of "community corrections." Law enforcement officers, corrections officers, educators, students of law enforcement, and anyone interested in issues of criminal justice and the correctional process.

    • Law

Eco-global Crimes

Contemporary Problems and Future Challenges
Author: Guri Larsen,Rune Ellefsen,Professor Ragnhild Sollund
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409471217
Category: Law
Page: 332
View: 8999
Building on knowledge within the fields of green and eco-global criminology, this book uses empirical and theoretical arguments to discuss the multi-dimensional character of eco-global crime. It provides an overview of eco-global crimes and discusses them from a justice perspective. The persistence of animal abuse and speciesism are also examined together with policies aimed at controlling the natural world and plant species. Pollution by large corporations, rights of indigenous peoples and the damage caused by the mineral extraction are also considered. Providing new ideas and insights which will be relevant on a global scale, this book is an interesting and useful study of the exploitation of nature and other species. It will be invaluable for students and scholars globally, working within or connected to the field of green and eco-global criminology. The book will also be important for the participants of various social movements, especially the environmental and animal advocacy movements.

    • Political Science

Issues in police and criminal psychology


Author: William Banks Taylor,Michael Braswell,Society of Police and Criminal Psychology
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 270
View: 5769

    • Social Science

The World of Crime

Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World
Author: Jan Van Dijk
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412956781
Category: Social Science
Page: 435
View: 9793
"The book is an important text for undergraduate courses with a comparative focus such as Comparative Criminal Justice, Introduction to Criminology, and Introduction to Criminal Justice in departments of criminology, criminal justice, and sociology."--BOOK JACKET.

    • Social Science

Crime Control and Social Justice

The Delicate Balance
Author: Darnell Felix Hawkins,Samuel L. Myers,Randolph N. Stone
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313307904
Category: Social Science
Page: 488
View: 1210
This collection examines the perennial tension between society's need to protect its citizens from crime, while assuring that the crime control and reduction measures that it enacts do not deny basic rights or exacerbate the socioeconomic inequality that gives rise to disparate rates of offending. Focusing largely on developments in criminal justice policies and practices enacted during the last few decades, the essays in this volume explore the delicate balance between governmental crime control efforts and professed goals of promoting social justice and protecting civil liberties.

    • Law

Contemporary Issues in Law Enforcement and Policing


Author: Andrew Millie, Ph.D.,Dilip K. Das
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420072327
Category: Law
Page: 248
View: 7565
Rising terrorism and advances in technology, along with new organizational strategies and investigative techniques, have stretched the traditional role of the police officer. Calls for strong, intelligence-driven, paramilitary policing juxtaposed with a demand for “softer” community policing, leave officers under increased pressure to be tough and resolute, yet compassionate, accountable, and adaptable. A measured analysis of these concerns is crucial to enable police officers to move forward in this increasingly conflicted world Drawn from the most important articles in Police Practice and Research, Contemporary Issues in Law Enforcement and Policing focuses on the most common issues affecting today’s officers. Enhanced with an introduction and conclusion to present and weigh the arguments and consider the pragmatic aspects and challenges posed, the articles are written by academics and practicing police officers from four countries to provide a balanced, international point of view. Assessing the driving forces behind contemporary policing, this book— · Addresses day-to-day policing and the stress found in both the daily grind and the division and stigmatization of certain branches of the force · Considers ethics, corruption, and the dangers of misplaced loyalties, highlighting Australian strategies to prevent misconduct · Provides a typology of terrorism based on scope and justification and discusses appropriate counterterrorism measures, as well as the impact on other policing priorities · Introduces a temporal component to the traditional spatial emphasis of crime mapping supported by a Madrid case study and its revealing failures · Discusses restorative policing as a fundamental shift in intervention objectives, from punishment or treatment to an emphasis on repairing harm An objective look at today’s trends, this book presents the most pertinent and talked-about issues in modern policing and provides perspective and direction for the future.

    • Law

Measurement Problems in Criminal Justice Research:

Workshop Summary
Author: Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on National Statistics,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309086353
Category: Law
Page: 112
View: 6967
Most major crime in this country emanates from two major data sources. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports has collected information on crimes known to the police and arrests from local and state jurisdictions throughout the country. The National Crime Victimization Survey, a general population survey designed to cover the extent, nature, and consequences of criminal victimization, has been conducted annually since the early1970s. This workshop was designed to consider similarities and differences in the methodological problems encountered by the survey and criminal justice research communities and what might be the best focus for the research community. In addition to comparing and contrasting the methodological issues associated with self-report surveys and official records, the workshop explored methods for obtaining accurate self-reports on sensitive questions about crime events, estimating crime and victimization in rural counties and townships and developing unbiased prevalence and incidence rates for rate events among population subgroups.

The Exclusive Society

Social Exclusion, Crime and Difference in Late Modernity
Author: Professor Jock Young
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446240724
Category:
Page: 224
View: 2949
In this major new work, which Zygmunt Bauman calls a '"tour de force" of breathtaking erudition and clarity', Jock Young charts the movement of the social fabric in the last third of the twenthieth century from an inclusive society of stability and homogeneity to an exclusive society of change and division. Jock Young, one of the foremost criminologists of our time, explores exclusion on three levels: economic exclusion from the labour market; social exclusion between people in civil society; and the ever-expanding exclusionary activities of the criminal justice system. Taking account of the massive dramatic structural and cultural changes that have beset our society and relating these to the quantum leap in crime and incivilities, Jock Young develops a major new theory based on a new citizenship and a reflexive modernity.

    • Political Science

Deviance and Crime

Theory, Research and Policy
Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Desmond Ellis,Shahid Alvi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317522850
Category: Political Science
Page: 300
View: 6607
This book sensitizes the reader to the fact that there is substantial disagreement within the academic community, and among policymakers and the general public, over what behaviors, conditions (e.g., physical attributes), and people should be designated as deviant or criminal. Normative conceptions, the societal reaction/labeling approach, and the critical approach are offered as frameworks within which to study these definitions. A comprehensive explanation of theory and social policy on deviance is constructed.

    • Law

Law Books Published


Author: Meira G. Pimsleur
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 3599

Crime and Criminology


Author: Prafullah Padhy
Publisher: Gyan Publishing House
ISBN: 9788182053427
Category:
Page: 1086
View: 3690
Crime and Criminology is an older, larger field of sociology dealing with matter related to crime and criminal behaviour. It includes fields such as crime statistics, criminal psychology, forensic science, law enforcement, and detective methods. It adheres to the natural science model and borrows heavily from philosophy, psychology and sociology. Designed for students, teachers and researchers of criminology, this book provides a lucid and comprehensive coverage of basic principles of the subject in wide-angle perspective.

    • Psychology

Rationale of Crime

Marmaduke B. Sampson's "Treatise on Criminal Jurisprudence Considered in Relation to Cerebral Organization."
Author: Marmaduke Blake Sampson,Walter David Lewis
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 182
View: 3102

    • Social Science

Policing Hate Crime

Understanding Communities and Prejudice
Author: Gail Mason,JaneMaree Maher,Jude McCulloch,Sharon Pickering,Rebecca Wickes,Carolyn McKay
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317446127
Category: Social Science
Page: 218
View: 6840
In a contemporary setting of increasing social division and marginalisation, Policing Hate Crime interrogates the complexities of prejudice motivated crime and effective policing practices. Hate crime has become a barometer for contemporary police relations with vulnerable and marginalised communities. But how do police effectively lead conversations with such communities about problems arising from prejudice? Contemporary police are expected to be active agents in the pursuit of social justice and human rights by stamping out prejudice and group-based animosity. At the same time, police have been criticised in over-policing targeted communities as potential perpetrators, as well as under-policing these same communities as victims of crime. Despite this history, the demand for impartial law enforcement requires police to change their engagement with targeted communities and kindle trust as priorities in strengthening their response to hate crime. Drawing upon a research partnership between police and academics, this book entwines current law enforcement responses with key debates on the meaning of hate crime to explore the potential for misunderstandings of hate crime between police and communities, and illuminates ways to overcome communication difficulties. This book will be important reading for students taking courses in hate crime, as well as victimology, policing, and crime and community.

    • Social Science

Routledge Handbook of Social, Economic, and Criminal Justice


Author: Cliff Roberson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351002686
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 4773
This authoritative volume explores different perspectives on economic and social justice and the challenges presented by and within the criminal justice system. It critically discusses key concerns involved in realizing economic and social justice, including systemic issues in economic and social justice, issues related to organizations and social institutions, special issues regarding specific populations, and a review of national and international organizations that promote economic justice. Addressing more than just the ideology and theory underlying economic and social justice, the book presents chapters with practical examples and research on how economic and social justice might be achieved within the criminal justice systems of the world. With contributions from leading scholars around the globe, this book is an essential reference for scholars with an interest in economic and social justice from a wide range of disciplines, including criminal justice and criminology as well as sociology, social work, public policy, and law.

    • Political Science

Fixing Broken Windows

Restoring Order And Reducing Crime In Our Communities
Author: George L. Kelling,Catherine M. Coles
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684837382
Category: Political Science
Page: 319
View: 1530
Cites successful examples of community-based policing