• Social Science

The Routledge Companion to Criminological Theory and Concepts


Author: Avi Brisman,Eamonn Carrabine,Nigel South
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317593510
Category: Social Science
Page: 574
View: 2910
A comprehensive one-stop reference text, The Routledge Companion to Criminological Theory and Concepts (the ‘Companion’) will find a place on every bookshelf, whether it be that of a budding scholar or a seasoned academic. Comprising over a hundred concise and authoritative essays written by leading scholars in the field, this volume explains in a clear and inviting way the emergence, context, evolution and current status of key criminological theories and conceptual themes. The Companion is divided into six historical and thematic parts, each introduced by the editors and containing a selection of accessible and engaging short essays written specifically for this text: Foundations of criminological thought and contemporary revitalizations The emergence and growth of American criminology From appreciation to critique Late critical criminologies and new directions Punishment and security Geographies of crime Comprehensive cross-referencing between entries will provide the reader with signposts to later developments, to critiques and to associated theoretical developments explored within the book, and lists of further reading in every entry will encourage independent thinking and study. This book is an essential reference work for criminology students at all levels and is the perfect companion for courses on criminological theory.

    • Education

Basic Concepts in Criminology


Author: Asongwe N. Thomas
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
ISBN: 1490727000
Category: Education
Page: 160
View: 1572
Basic Concepts in Criminology is an introduction to criminology. It is intended to serve as resource material for prospective students of criminology and particularly for law enforcement officers in training and in the field. Criminology as a social science discipline is structured from a combination of concepts of sociology, psychology, and law--all relevant subjects to the law enforcement profession. Remarkably, criminology is not very popular as a stand-alone subject among disciplines of choice for undergraduate students or even for those going in for graduate studies. Instead, what we notice in most universities' curricula are related disciplines, like criminal justice, criminal investigation, crime scene investigation, forensic, law enforcement, and so forth. Material contained in this book will be particularly useful to law enforcement officers; the Police, Corrections, and Security officers. In this book, I have attempted to approach and make this subject much easier and interesting to prospective students of Criminology in general and to law enforcement officers in particular, to whom knowledge of this subject is an important professional asset. I hope it will stir and arouse their interest and that of prospective students of Criminology in general.

    • Social Science

Introducing Criminological Thinking

Maps, Theories, and Understanding
Author: Jon Heidt,Johannes P. Wheeldon
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483375439
Category: Social Science
Page: 392
View: 8590
Visual techniques for applying criminological theory to social science research Introducing Criminological Thinking: Maps, Theories, and Understanding is an accessible and user-friendly criminological theory text for students, instructors and researchers. In addition to the unique use of concept maps, mind maps, and other visual techniques to consider theory-based inquiry, this text combines an exploration of the core elements of theory with relevant examples drawn from biology, psychology, sociology, critical traditions, and integrative efforts. Unlike in other theory texts, the chapters are arranged by level of explanation to help students understand how theories from different disciplines interact with each other as a foundation for many contemporary criminological theories. Authors Jon Heidt and Johannes Wheeldon have developed a seven-step model to identify key aspects of different theories including their historical and social context, base assumptions, scope, problem foci, terms/concepts, related research, and practical ramifications. This text offers both a student-friendly theoretical discussion and accessible visual examples to explain criminological theory and its applicability to social science research.

    • Law

Principles of Criminology


Author: Edwin Hardin Sutherland,Donald Ray Cressey,David F. Luckenbill
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780930390693
Category: Law
Page: 696
View: 694
This classic has been the most authoritative text in the field since 1924. The thoroughly revised Eleventh Edition continues to provide a sound, sophisticated, sociological treatment of the principal issues in criminology.

    • Political Science

Great American City

Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect
Author: Robert J. Sampson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226734560
Category: Political Science
Page: 534
View: 1360
To demonstrate the powerfully enduring effect of place, this text reviews a decade of research in Chicago, to demonstrate how neighborhoods influence social phenomena, including crime, health, civic engagement & altruism.

    • Computers

The Psychology of Cyber Crime: Concepts and Principles

Concepts and Principles
Author: Kirwan, Gráinne
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1613503512
Category: Computers
Page: 372
View: 2688
As more individuals own and operate Internet-enabled devices and more critical government and industrial systems rely on advanced technologies, the issue of cybercrime has become a crucial concern for both the general public and professionals alike. The Psychology of Cyber Crime: Concepts and Principles aims to be the leading reference examining the psychology of cybercrime. This book considers many aspects of cybercrime, including research on offenders, legal issues, the impact of cybercrime on victims, punishment, and preventative measures. It is designed as a source for researchers and practitioners in the disciplines of criminology, cyberpsychology, and forensic psychology, though it is also likely to be of significant interest to many students of information technology and other related disciplines.

    • Law

Principles of Leadership and Management in Law Enforcement


Author: Michael L. Birzer,Gerald J. Bayens,Cliff Roberson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439880340
Category: Law
Page: 390
View: 7960
Effective police organizations are run with sound leadership and management strategies that take into account the myriad of challenges that confront today’s law enforcement professionals. Principles of Leadership and Management in Law Enforcement is a comprehensive and accessible textbook exploring critical issues of leadership within police agencies. Every chapter includes key concepts, definitions, chapter objectives, and review questions. Organized in logical fashion, each new chapter builds on previous material for quick assimilation. Topics include: The evolution of the modern police department Leadership approaches and management theories Organizational structure of a police department Strategic short- and long-term planning Business approaches, including Six Sigma and COMPSTAT New technology such as computer-aided dispatch, vehicle monitoring, and crime mapping Managing police stress and the work environment Recruitment and training Legislative issues impacting police, including Title VII Policing in an era of advanced homeland security Ethical issues Suitable for a one-semester course, the book’s easy reading style minimizes the need for memorization and reinforces salient points through boxed highlighted areas. Written by three renowned criminal justice experts, this volume encourages readers to think expansively and develop new insights into the future direction of police leadership and management.

    • Social Science

Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology


Author: Bruce A. Arrigo,Christopher R. Williams
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252090417
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 3977
Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology represents the first systematic attempt to unpack the philosophical foundations of crime in Western culture. Utilizing the insights of ontology, epistemology, aesthetics, and ethics, contributors demonstrate how the reality of crime is informed by a number of implicit assumptions about the human condition and unstated values about civil society. Charting a provocative and original direction, editors Bruce A. Arrigo and Christopher R. Williams couple theoretically oriented chapters with those centered on application and case study. In doing so, they develop an insightful, sensible, and accessible approach for a philosophical criminology in step with the political and economic challenges of the twenty-first century. Revealing the ways in which philosophical conceits inform prevailing conceptions of crime, Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology is required reading for any serious student or scholar concerned with crime and its impact on society and in our lives.

    • Social Science

Criminological Theories

Introduction and Evaluation
Author: Ronald L. Akers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135948224
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 4111
In Criminological Theories, the noted criminologist Ronald Akers provides thorough description, discussion, and appraisal of the leading theories of crime/delinquent behavior and law/criminal justice - the origin and history of each theory and its contemporary developments and adherents. Akers offers a clear explanation of each theory (the central concepts and hypotheses of each theory as well as critical criteria for evaluating each theory in terms of its empirical validity). Researchers and librarians, as well as general readers, will find this book a very useful tool and will applaud its clear and understandable exposition of abstract concepts.

    • Social Science

Criminology: The Key Concepts


Author: Martin O'Brien,Majid Yar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134089570
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 9157
Criminology: The Key Concepts is an authoritative and comprehensive study guide and reference resource that will take you through all the concepts, approaches, issues and institutions central to the study of crime in contemporary society. Topics covered in this easy to use A-Z guide include: policing, sentencing and the justice system types of crime, including corporate crime, cybercrime, sex and hate crimes feminist, marxist and cultural approaches to criminology terrorism, state crime, war crimes and human rights social issues such as anti-social behaviour, domestic violence and pornography criminal psychology and deviance Fully cross-referenced, with extensive suggestions for further reading and in-depth study of the topics discussed, this is an essential reference guide for students of Criminology at all levels.

    • Social Science

Applied Criminology


Author: Brian Stout,Joe Yates,Brian Williams
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446206238
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 5167
This is the first book to cover comprehensively and accessibly the area of applied criminology. It draws together leading experts with experience of teaching, research and practice. Each chapter engages with the application of criminology in a particular area of the community and criminal justice system, and offers: An overview of the relationship between criminological theory and policy and practice developments. Critical reflection on whether criminology has been meaningfully engaged - paying particular attention to the contemporary issues and debates. Evaluation of the implications for diverse communities, paying particular attention to discrimination and oppression and criminal justice values. Summaries, case studies and further reading to support knowledge and understanding. The book is accompanied by a companion website to enhance the learning experience. This includes: Lecture notes Online readings Student exercises Case studies Useful links

    • Social Science

Researching Criminology


Author: Crow, Iain,Semmens, Natasha
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 0335221408
Category: Social Science
Page: 294
View: 1311
"...what makes the book stand out is the inclusion of real research into various criminal justice institutions that have actually been undertaken by the authors. In doing so, what is produced is a book that stimulates interest and injects research passion, as well as offering research ‘know how’ into what can often be a difficult and sometimes dry area of research." Tina Patel, Liverpool John Moores University "This book provides an essential tool for undergraduate students embarking upon their own research projects in Criminology. It provides clear and informative guidance on a range of research methods and designs to assist students in their own criminological endeavours." Jacki Tapley, University of Portsmouth How do criminologists go about studying crime and its consequences? How are programmes for offenders and communities evaluated? How can you collect and analyse criminological material? Research on crime and criminality is often referred to by the media, policy makers and practitioners, but where does this research come from and how reliable is it? Designed especially for students on criminology and criminal justice courses, and professionals working in the field,Researching Criminologyemphasises the importance of research as an integrated process. It looks at the ways in which a mixture of investigative methods can be used to analyze a criminological question. Written by two experienced researchers and lecturersResearching Criminologyis a comprehensive introduction to the aims, principles and methods of doing criminological research. The book covers all the key topics that you will encounter when researching crime. Individual chapters include material on: The research process Principles of researching criminology How to design criminological research Evaluation research Researching ethically A glossary of essential key concepts Structured in three parts, addressing the principles of criminological research, how to collect and analyse material and providing detailed examples of real world research,Researching Criminologywill be of benefit to all students of criminology and criminal justice, for practitioners interested in criminological research, and for those undertaking criminological research for the first time.

    • Social Science

Positive Criminology


Author: Natti Ronel,Dana Segev
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317750837
Category: Social Science
Page: 356
View: 2215
How can we best help offenders desist from crime, as well as help victims heal? This book engages with this question by offering its readers a comprehensive review of positive criminology in theory, research and practice. Positive criminology is a concept – a perspective – that places emphasis on forces of integration and social inclusion that are experienced positively by target individual and groups, and may contribute to a reduction in negative emotions, desistance from crime and overcoming the traumatic experience of victimization. In essence, positive criminology holds a more holistic view, which acknowledges that thriving and disengagement from distress, addiction, mental illness, crime, deviance or victimization might be fostered more effectively by enhancing positive emotions and experiences, rather than focusing on reducing negative attributes. Each chapter in this book is written by key scholars in the related fields of criminology, victimology and addiction and, thus, assembles varied and extensive approaches to rehabilitation and treatment. These approaches share in common a positive criminology view, thereby enriching our understanding of the concept and other strength-based approaches to dealing with offenders and victims. This edited book elaborates on positive criminology core ideas and assumptions; discusses related theories and innovations; and presents various benefits that this perspective can promote in the field of rehabilitation. For this reason, this book will be essential reading for those engaged in the study of criminology, criminal justice and victimology and may also assist scholars and professionals to help offenders desist from crime and improve victims’ well-being.

    • Political Science

Fixing Broken Windows

Restoring Order And Reducing Crime In Our Communities
Author: George L. Kelling,Catherine M. Coles
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684837382
Category: Political Science
Page: 319
View: 7015
Cites successful examples of community-based policing

    • Law

Criminology

Theory, Research, and Policy
Author: Gennaro F. Vito,Jeffrey R. Maahs,Ronald M. Holmes
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763730017
Category: Law
Page: 496
View: 3684
Across America, Crime Is A Constant Public Concern. Criminology: Theory, Research, And Policy, Second Edition Provides Comprehensive Coverage Of The Leading Criminological Theories Using Sociology, Psychology, Biology, And Ecology To Explain How And Why Crime Occurs. The Text Combines Classical Criminology With Timely Topics Including Substance Abuse, Gang Violence, Internet Crimes, And Terrorism. Using A Social Sciences Approach, The Authors Discuss How Criminology Influences Public Policy Throughout The Text.

    • Social Science

Introduction to Criminology

A Text/Reader
Author: Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412956838
Category: Social Science
Page: 596
View: 5880
This uniquely comprehensive book provides instructors and students the best of both worlds – a text with carefully selected accompanying readings. Each Section has a 15p. introduction (a "mini-chapter) that contains vignettes, photos, tables and graphs, end of chapter questions and Web-exercises and is followed by 3-4 supporting readings. The theory Section introductions will end with a concluding sub-section that focuses on policy and crime prevention. The theory Sections contain a unique table that compares and contrasts the theories presented in that Section. A "How to Read a Research Article" guide for students appears after the book's Introduction in Section 1, prior to the first reading. The guide refers students to portions of the first reading to illustrate key aspects of a research article. The readings are carefully selected, edited journal articles appropriate for an undergraduate audience. Additional readings will be found on the accompanying Study Site. Full ancillary package with IR CD for instructors and a comprehensive study site for students.

    • Law

Criminal Justice and Criminology

Concepts and Terms
Author: James F. Anderson
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761822240
Category: Law
Page: 368
View: 823
Criminal Justice and Criminology introduces criminal justice and criminology professionals and students to the many concepts that are found in both academic disciplines. This book will demystify the esoteric jargon that is considered intimidating to those who are not practitioners or have been involved in the study of the justice profession. It will allow students a 'one-stop' resource that will address concepts and terms associated within both disciplines. Criminal Justice and Criminology is divided into two parts. Part one contains concepts and terms that address current issues related to police, courts, and corrections. Part two provides concepts and terms for criminology theory in general, but to matters of justice in particular.

    • Social Science

Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences
Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412936322
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 4479
The Fourth Edition of this highly successful text moves readers beyond often-mistaken common-sense understandings of crime by providing a rich introduction to how major scholars analyze crime. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Fourth Edition shows the real-world relevance of theory by illuminating how ideas about crime play a prominent role in shaping crime-control policies and compelling students to apply theories to the contemporary milieu.