• Education

Teachers’ Personal Epistemologies

Evolving Models for Informing Practice
Author: Gregory Schraw,Jo Lunn Brownlee,Lori Olafson,Michelle Vander Veldt Brye
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1681239507
Category: Education
Page: 449
View: 8441
The focus of this book is to explore teachers’ evolving personal epistemologies, or the beliefs we hold about the origin and development of knowledge in the context of teaching. The chapters focus on a range of conceptual frameworks about how university and field?based experiences influence the connections between teachers’ personal epistemologies and teaching practice. In an earlier volume we investigated preservice and inservice teachers’ beliefs and teaching practices (Brownlee, Schraw and Berthelsen, 2011). While we addressed the nature of teachers’ personal epistemologies, learning and teaching practices, and approaches for changing beliefs throughout teacher education programs, the volume did not address conceptual frameworks for the development of teacher’s personal epistemologies. To address this gap, the book is focused on teacher educators, teachers and teacher education programmers in universities with an overall aim of highlighting how we might support preservice teachers’ involvement in learning that is challenging and inservice teachers’ engagement in professional experiences that promote changes in teaching practice. We argue that teachers need to be encouraged to question their beliefs and develop increasingly sophisticated beliefs about their knowledge and their students’ knowledge that facilitate learning and intellectual growth.

    • Social Science

Adventures In Aidland

The Anthropology of Professionals in International Development
Author: David Mosse
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782380647
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 3341
Anthropological interest in new subjects of research and contemporary knowledge practices has turned ethnographic attention to a wide ranging variety of professional fields. Among these the encounter with international development has perhaps been longer and more intimate than any of the others. Anthropologists have drawn critical attention to the interfaces and social effects of development’s discursive regimes but, oddly enough, have paid scant attention to knowledge producers themselves, despite anthropologists being among them. This is the focus of this volume. It concerns the construction and transmission of knowledge about global poverty and its reduction but is equally interested in the social life of development professionals, in the capacity of ideas to mediate relationships, in networks of experts and communities of aid workers, and in the dilemmas of maintaining professional identities. Going well beyond obsolete debates about ‘pure’ and ‘applied’ anthropology, the book examines the transformations that occur as social scientific concepts and practices cross and re-cross the boundary between anthropological and policy making knowledge.

    • Social Science

Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective

Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience
Author: Thomas E. Levy,Thomas Schneider,William H.C. Propp
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331904768X
Category: Social Science
Page: 584
View: 8147
The Bible's grand narrative about Israel's Exodus from Egypt is central to Biblical religion, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim identity and the formation of the academic disciplines studying the ancient Near East. It has also been a pervasive theme in artistic and popular imagination. Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective is a pioneering work surveying this tradition in unprecedented breadth, combining archaeological discovery, quantitative methodology and close literary reading. Archaeologists, Egyptologists, Biblical Scholars, Computer Scientists, Geoscientists and other experts contribute their diverse approaches in a novel, transdisciplinary consideration of ancient topography, Egyptian and Near Eastern parallels to the Exodus story, the historicity of the Exodus, the interface of the Exodus question with archaeological fieldwork on emergent Israel, the formation of biblical literature, and the cultural memory of the Exodus in ancient Israel and beyond. This edited volume contains research presented at the groundbreaking symposium "Out of Egypt: Israel’s Exodus Between Text and Memory, History and Imagination" held in 2013 at the Qualcomm Institute of the University of California, San Diego. The combination of 44 contributions by an international group of scholars from diverse disciplines makes this the first such transdisciplinary study of ancient text and history. In the original conference and with this new volume, revolutionary media, such as a 3D immersive virtual reality environment, impart innovative, Exodus-based research to a wider audience. Out of archaeology, ancient texts, science and technology emerge an up-to-date picture of the Exodus for the 21st Century and a new standard for collaborative research.

    • Social Science

States at Work

Dynamics of African Bureaucracies
Author: Thomas Bierschenk,Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004264965
Category: Social Science
Page: 456
View: 2669
States at Work explores the mundane practices of state-making in Africa by focussing on the daily functioning of public services and the practices of civil servants.

    • Economic assistance

Cultivating Development : An Ethnography Of Aid Policy And Practice


Author: David Mosse
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788178296012
Category: Economic assistance
Page: 336
View: 9220
Based on a detailed account of an actual development project, this book addresses an important question: Is development practice actually driven by policy? Development agencies and researchers are preoccupied with policy; with exerting influence over policy; linking research to policy, and with implementing policy around the world. In this book, David Mosse argues that rather than being driven by policy, development practice is actually shaped by the exigencies of organisations and the need to maintain relationships. At the same time, however, development actors work hard at maintaining the fiction of representing authorised policy in their actions. This book (which can be characterised as being a social investigation) asks pertinent questions about international aid, in particular of British aid for rural development. It does so by examining in depth the experience of a development project in western India over a period of more than ten years and as it falls under different policy regimes. Mosse analyses development processes in the light of the broad experience of the project workers (which included himself), even if it means destabilising policy representations. The book is a compelling re-examination of the politics and ethics of engaging with development and a rare self-critical reflection practice.

    • Social Science

The Governance of Daily Life in Africa

Ethnographic Explorations of Public and Collective Services
Author: Giorgio Blundo,Pierre-Yves Le Meur
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004171282
Category: Social Science
Page: 347
View: 8987
Anchored in an empirically-grounded anthropology, this book explores the notion of governance in a non-normative way. It describes and analyses the institutional and political processes through which social actors and groups - be they state, private or 'third-sector' - contribute to the provision of public and collective goods or services. The book draws on case studies from Anglophone and Francophone Africa, crossing anthropological traditions that have too often evolved in parallel directions and dealing with a range of topics such as health, water supply, sanitation and waste management, security, humanitarian aid, land issues and decentralisation. Beyond African boundaries, it contributes to current debates about governmentality, public policy, subject making, public/private boundaries, and the role of the state.

    • Social Science

Family Socialization and Interaction Process


Author: Talcott Parsons,Robert Freed Bales
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415176477
Category: Social Science
Page: 422
View: 7261
First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

    • History

Attack on Pearl Harbor

Strategy, Combat, Myths, Deceptions
Author: Alan Zimm
Publisher: Casemate
ISBN: 1612000215
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 5853
The December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor has been portrayed by historians as a dazzling success, “brilliantly conceived and meticulously planned.” With most American historians concentrating on command errors and the story of participants’ experiences, the Japanese attack operation has never been subjected to a comprehensive critical analysis of the military side of the operation. This book presents a detailed evaluation of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on the operational and tactical level. It examines such questions as: Was the strategy underlying the attack sound? Were there flaws in planning or execution? How did Japanese military culture influence the planning? How risky was the attack? What did the Japanese expect to achieve, balanced against what they did achieve? Were there Japanese blunders? What were their consequences? What might have been the results if the attack had not benefited from the mistakes of the American commanders? The book also addresses the body of folklore about the attack, supporting or challenging many contentious issues such as the skill level of the Japanese aircrew, whether midget submarines torpedoed Oklahoma and Arizona, as has been recently claimed, whether the Japanese ever really considered launching a third wave attack, and the consequences of a “3rd wave” attack against the Naval Shipyard and the fuel storage tanks if it had been executed. In addition, the analysis has detected for the first time a body of deceptions that a prominent Japanese participant in the attack placed into the historical record, most likely to conceal his blunders and enhance his reputation. The centerpiece of the book is an analysis using modern Operations Research methods and computer simulations, as well as combat models developed between 1922 and 1946 at the U.S. Naval War College. The analysis puts a new light on the strategy and tactics employed by Yamamoto to open the Pacific War, and a dramatically different appraisal of the effectiveness of the Attack on Pearl Harbor. Dr. Alan D. Zimm is a member of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, where he heads a section in the Aviation Systems and Advanced Concepts Group. He is a former officer in the US Navy, completing his service as a Commander, and holds degrees in Physics, Operations Research, and Public Administration with a concentration on Policy Analysis and Strategic Planning.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Multilingualism and Multilingual Communication


Author: Peter Auer,Li Wei
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311019855X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 606
View: 5498
This volume is an up-to-date, concise introduction to bilingualism and multilingualism in schools, in the workplace, and in international institutions in a globalized world. The authors use a problem-solving approach and ask broad questions about bilingualism and multilingualism in society, including the question of language acquisition versus maintenance of bilingualism. Key features: provides a state-of-the-art description of different areas in the context of multilingualism and multilingual communication presents a critical appraisal of the relevance of the field, offers solutions of everyday language-related problems international handbook with contributions from renown experts in the field

    • Social Science

Travelling Models in African Conflict Management

Translating Technologies of Social Ordering
Author: N.A
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900427409X
Category: Social Science
Page: 260
View: 1751
Travelling models are a concept that offers to examine the translation of conflict management models into differing practices of ordering in African countries.

    • Law

Environmental Principles

From Political Slogans to Legal Rules
Author: Nicolas de Sadeleer
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199254743
Category: Law
Page: 433
View: 3908
This book traces the evolution of environmental principles from their origins as vague political slogans to their embodiment in enforceable laws. In particular it examines three of the most important principles: the polluter pays principles, the preventive principle and the precautionary principle, and their legal effect at the national, regional and international levels.

    • Juvenile Fiction

Journey to Jo'burg

A South African Story
Author: Beverley Naidoo
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0064402371
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 96
View: 9058
If only Mma was here, Naledi wished over and over. . . Mma lives and works in Johannesburg, far from the village thirteen-year-old Naledi and her younger brother, Tiro, call home. When their baby sister suddenly becomes very sick, Naledi and Tiro know, deep down, that only one person can save her. Bravely, alone, they set off on a journey to find Mma and bring her back. It isn't until they reach the city that they come to understand the dangers of their country, and the painful struggle for freedom and dignity that is taking place all around them.

    • Religion

This Incredible Need to Believe


Author: Julia Kristeva
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231147856
Category: Religion
Page: 115
View: 9689
"Unlike Freud, I do not claim that religion is just an illusion and a source of neurosis. The time has come to recognize, without being afraid of 'frightening' either the faithful or the agnostics, that the history of Christianity prepared the world for humanism." So writes Julia Kristeva in this provocative work, which skillfully upends our entrenched ideas about religion, belief, and the thought and work of a renowned psychoanalyst and critic. With dialogue and essay, Kristeva analyzes our "incredible need to believe"--the inexorable push toward faith that, for Kristeva, lies at the heart of the psyche and the history of society. Examining the lives, theories, and convictions of Saint Teresa of Avila, Sigmund Freud, Donald Winnicott, Hannah Arendt, and other individuals, she investigates the intersection between the desire for God and the shadowy zone in which belief resides. Kristeva suggests that human beings are formed by their need to believe, beginning with our first attempts at speech and following through to our adolescent search for identity and meaning. Kristeva then applies her insight to contemporary religious clashes and the plight of immigrant populations, especially those of Islamic origin. Even if we no longer have faith in God, Kristeva argues, we must believe in human destiny and creative possibility. Reclaiming Christianity's openness to self-questioning and the search for knowledge, Kristeva urges a "new kind of politics," one that restores the integrity of the human community.

    • Social Science

Regulating Womanhood


Author: Carol Smart
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134905769
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 8258
This collection of original essays looks at a topic of growing interest and debate in feminist and historical circles: the social regulation of women through law during the 19th and 20th centuries, and the resistance which emerged in response. The collection refutes the notion of women oppressed during the 19th century, unable to act in opposition to the law. When issues of motherhood and women's sexuality became areas of public policy, women began to negotiate the law, as case studies from Europe and the USA show. This book should be of interest to students of women's studies, sociology of law, and social policy.

    • Psychology

Women and Leadership

Transforming Visions and Diverse Voices
Author: Jean Lau Chin,Bernice Lott,Joy Rice,Janis Sanchez-Hucles
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405181370
Category: Psychology
Page: 408
View: 1072
Over the past thirty years the number of women assuming leadership roles has grown dramatically. This original and important book identifies the challenges faced by women in positions of leadership, and discusses the intersection between theories of leadership and feminism. Examines models of feminist leadership, feminist influences on leadership styles and agendas, and the diversity of theoretical and ethnic perspectives of feminist leaders Addresses how diverse women lead, how feminist principles contribute to leadership, the influence of ethnic groups and the barriers that women face as leaders Transforms existing models of leadership by incorporating gender issues Looks to the future of feminist leadership and identifies what must be done to train and mentor the next generation of feminist leaders

    • Fiction

Flying Home

and Other Stories
Author: Ralph Ellison
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307797392
Category: Fiction
Page: 224
View: 8105
These 13 stories by the author of The Invisible Man "approach the elegance of Chekhov" (Washington Post) and provide "early explorations of (Ellison's) lifelong fascination with the 'complex fate' and 'beautiful absurdity' of American identity" (John Callahan). First serial to The New Yorker. NPR sponsorship. From the Hardcover edition.

    • History

A Companion to South Asia in the Past


Author: Gwen Robbins Schug,Subhash R. Walimbe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119055482
Category: History
Page: 600
View: 1205
A Companion to South Asia in the Past provides the definitive overview of research and knowledge about South Asia’s past, from the Pleistocene to the historic era in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal, provided by a truly global team of experts. The most comprehensive and detailed scholarly treatment of South Asian archaeology and biological anthropology, providing ground-breaking new ideas and future challenges Provides an in-depth and broad view of the current state of knowledge about South Asia’s past, from the Pleistocene to the historic era in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal A comprehensive treatment of research in a crucial region for human evolution and biocultural adaptation A global team of scholars together present a varied set of perspectives on South Asian pre- and proto-history

    • Science

De-Centering Sexualities


Author: Richard Phillips,David Shuttleton,Diane Watt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134648235
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 1191
This book of critical rural geography breaks new ground by drawing attention to sex and sexualities outside the metropolis. It explores sexualities and sexual experiences in a variety of rural and marginal spaces with international contributions from a wide range of disciplines. These include: literary and cultural studies, lesbian and gay studies, geography, history and law. Among the topics uncovered are: * a lesbian in rural England * sexual life in rural Wales * sexuality in rural South Africa * scandal in the American South: sex, race and politics * nature and homosexuality in literature * Derry/Londonderry as a sexual space * how 'country folk' are sexualised in popular culture.

    • Religion

Leisure and Spirituality (Engaging Culture)

Biblical, Historical, and Contemporary Perspectives
Author: Paul Heintzman
Publisher: Baker Academic
ISBN: 1441245499
Category: Religion
Page: 352
View: 9038
This addition to the award-winning Engaging Culture series explores the link between leisure and spirituality, offering a Christian perspective on leisure concepts and issues in contemporary society. Paul Heintzman, a respected scholar and experienced recreation practitioner, interacts with biblical, historical, and contemporary leisure studies sources to provide a comprehensive understanding of leisure. He also explains the importance of leisure for spiritual growth and development. This work will appeal to professors and students as well as practitioners in the recreation and leisure services field, youth and college pastors, and camp ministries.

The Sacred Conspiracy

The Internal Papers of the Secret Society of Acephale and Lecturers to the College of Sociology
Author: Georges Bataille
Publisher: Atlas Press (GB)
ISBN: 9781900565950
Category:
Page: 480
View: 4947
Having spent the early thirties in far-left groups opposing Fascism, in 1937 Georges Bataille abandoned this approach so as to transfer the struggle onto the mythological plane, founding two groups with this aim in mind. The College of Sociology gave lectures attended by major figures from the Parisian intelligentsia - intended to reveal the hidden undercurrents within a society that appeared to be bordering on collapse. The texts in this book comprise lectures given to the College; essays from the Acephale journal and a large cache of the internal papers of the secret society of Acephale.