• Nature

Dynamic Energy and Mass Budgets in Biological Systems


Author: S. A. L. M. Kooijman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521786089
Category: Nature
Page: 424
View: 6684
Describes a unifying theory which links different levels of biological organisation (cells, organisms and populations).

    • Nature

Dynamic Energy Budgets in Biological Systems

Theory and Applications in Ecotoxicology
Author: S. A. L. M. Kooijman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521452236
Category: Nature
Page: 364
View: 1040

    • Mathematics

Dynamic Energy Budget Theory for Metabolic Organisation


Author: S. A. L. M. Kooijman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052113191X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 514
View: 6813
The Dynamic Energy Budget theory unifies the commonalities between organisms and links different levels of biological organisation.

    • Nature

Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development


Author: André M. de Roos,Lennart Persson
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691137579
Category: Nature
Page: 535
View: 1448
A bird's-eye view of community and population effects of ontogenetic development -- Life history processes, ontogenetic development, and density dependence -- Biomass overcompensation -- Emergent allee effects through biomass overcompensation -- Emergent facilitation among predators on size-structured prey -- Ontogenetic niche shifts -- Mixed interactions -- Ontogenetic niche shifts, predators, and coexistence among consumer species -- Dynamics of consumer-resource systems -- Dynamics of consumer-resource systems with discrete reproduction : multiple resources and confronting model predictions with empirical data -- Cannibalism in size-structured systems -- Demand-driven systems, model hierarchies, and ontogenetic asymmetry.

    • Technology & Engineering

Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling


Author: Sven E. Jorgensen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566702720
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 384
View: 4648
Thermodynamics is used increasingly in ecology to understand the system properties of ecosystems because it is a basic science that describes energy transformation from a holistic view. In the last decade, many contributions to ecosystem theory based on thermodynamics have been published, therefore an important step toward integrating these theories and encouraging a more wide spread use of them is to present them in one volume. An ecosystem consists of interdependent living organisms that are also interdependent with their environment, all of which are involved in a constant transfer of energy and mass within a general state of equilibrium or dis-equilibrium. Thermodynamics can quantify exactly how "organized" or "disorganized" a system is - an extremely useful to know when trying to understand how a dynamic ecosystem is behaving. A part of the Environmental and Ecological (Math) Modeling series, Thermodynamics and Ecology is a book-length study - the first of its kind - of the current thinking on how an ecosystem can be explained and predicted in terms of its thermodynamical behavior. After the introductory chapters on the fundamentals of thermodynamics, the book explains how thermodynamic theory can be specifically applied to the "measurement" of an ecosystem, including the assessment of its state of entropy and enthalpy. Additionally, it will show economists how to put these theories to use when trying to quantify the movement of goods and services through another type of complex living system - a human society.

    • Computers

Emerging Trends in Applications and Infrastructures for Computational Biology, Bioinformatics, and Systems Biology

Systems and Applications
Author: Hamid R Arabnia,Quoc Nam Tran
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0128042591
Category: Computers
Page: 592
View: 3447
Emerging Trends in Applications and Infrastructures for Computational Biology, Bioinformatics, and Systems Biology: Systems and Applications covers the latest trends in the field with special emphasis on their applications. The first part covers the major areas of computational biology, development and application of data-analytical and theoretical methods, mathematical modeling, and computational simulation techniques for the study of biological and behavioral systems. The second part covers bioinformatics, an interdisciplinary field concerned with methods for storing, retrieving, organizing, and analyzing biological data. The book also explores the software tools used to generate useful biological knowledge. The third part, on systems biology, explores how to obtain, integrate, and analyze complex datasets from multiple experimental sources using interdisciplinary tools and techniques, with the final section focusing on big data and the collection of datasets so large and complex that it becomes difficult to process using conventional database management systems or traditional data processing applications. Explores all the latest advances in this fast-developing field from an applied perspective Provides the only coherent and comprehensive treatment of the subject available Covers the algorithm development, software design, and database applications that have been developed to foster research

    • Science

Metabolic Ecology

A Scaling Approach
Author: Richard M. Sibly,James H. Brown,Astrid Kodric-Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119968518
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 1772
One of the first textbooks in this emerging important field of ecology. Most of ecology is about metabolism: the ways that organisms use energy and materials. The energy requirements of individuals – their metabolic rates – vary predictably with their body size and temperature. Ecological interactions are exchanges of energy and materials between organisms and their environments. So metabolic rate affects ecological processes at all levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Each chapter focuses on a different process, level of organization, or kind of organism. It lays a conceptual foundation and presents empirical examples. Together, the chapters provide an integrated framework that holds the promise for a unified theory of ecology. The book is intended to be accessible to upper-level undergraduate, and graduate students, but also of interest to senior scientists. Its easy-to-read chapters and clear illustrations can be used in lecture and seminar courses. Together they make for an authoritative treatment that will inspire future generations to study metabolic ecology.

    • Science

Ecosystem Sustainability and Global Change


Author: Patrick Prouzet
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119007720
Category: Science
Page: 234
View: 6834
This volume provides various examples and dimensions, chemical, biological, climatic, or related to extreme (hazards). It describes, by reciprocity, the vulnerability of ecosystems, resources, heritage, human health and, consequently, economic and social sectors. it considers climate scenarios and socio-economic status indicators research, design strategies and patterns of adaptation, development of innovative monitoring systems, analysis of perceptions of major hazards and valuation of ecosystem services.

    • Technology & Engineering

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells


Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080982271
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 818
View: 525
Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the book Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systems Contains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering

    • Science

Demography in Ecotoxicology


Author: Jan Kammenga,Ryszard Laskowski
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471490029
Category: Science
Page: 318
View: 8184
Demography in Ecotoxicology focuses on the interface between toxicology, life history and demographic theory. This comprehensive book examines the different ways of adequately assessing the potential impact of toxic stress on populations and discusses how to obtain an insight into the underlying physiological and genetic mechanisms. The theory is illustrated with empiricial observations on a number of species and organisational levels and the book incorporates: * case studies; * real data; * life history models; * methodologies; and, * recommendations for risk assessment Written by an international team of researchers, Demography in Ecotoxicology will be invaluable to ecotoxicologists, ecologists and wildlife conservationists in academia, industry and regulatory bodies wishing to gain a greater understanding into the prediction and effects of natural and man-made toxicants on populations.


    • Climatic changes

Global Change Newsletter


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Climatic changes
Page: N.A
View: 6379
A study of global change (IGBP).

    • Natural history

The American Naturalist


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Natural history
Page: N.A
View: 9663

    • Biology

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Biological sciences. Series B
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biology
Page: N.A
View: 8510
Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.


    • Nature

Focus on ecology research


Author: A. R. Burk
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Nature
Page: 276
View: 9518
Ecology is the study of the interrelationships between organisms and their environment, including the biotic and abiotic components. There are at least six kinds of ecology: ecosystem, physiological, behavioural, population, and community. specific topics include: Acid Deposition, Acid Rain Revisited, Biodiversity, Biocomplexity, Carbon Sequestration in Soils, Coral Reefs, Ecosystem Services,, Environmental Justice, Fire Ecology, Floods, Global Climate Change, Hypoxia, and Invasion. This book presents new research on ecology from around the world.

    • Science

Ecotoxicology Modeling


Author: James Devillers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441901972
Category: Science
Page: 412
View: 6079
Ecotoxicology Modeling is a comprehensive and well-documented text providing a collection of computational methods to the ecotoxicologists primarily interested in the study of the adverse effects of chemicals, their mechanisms of action and/or their environmental fate and behavior. Avoiding mathematical jargon, the book presents numerous case studies to enable the reader to understand the interest but also the limitations of linear and nonlinear models in ecotoxicology. Written by an international team of scientists, Ecotoxicology Modeling is of primary interest to those whose research or professional activity is directly concerned with the development and application of models in ecotoxicology. It is also intended to provide the graduate and post-graduate students with a clear and accessible text covering the main types of modeling approaches used in environmental sciences.

    • Computers

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems

An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control, and Artificial Intelligence
Author: John Henry Holland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262581110
Category: Computers
Page: 211
View: 3104
List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.

    • Ecology

Écoscience


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Ecology
Page: N.A
View: 2436

    • Computers

Dynamic Resource Allocation in Embedded, High-Performance and Cloud Computing


Author: Leandro Soares Indrusiak ,Piotr Dziurzanski,Amit Kumar Singh
Publisher: River Publishers
ISBN: 8793519087
Category: Computers
Page: 178
View: 6786
The availability of many-core computing platforms enables a wide variety of technical solutions for systems across the embedded, high-performance and cloud computing domains. However, large scale manycore systems are notoriously hard to optimise. Choices regarding resource allocation alone can account for wide variability in timeliness and energy dissipation (up to several orders of magnitude). Dynamic Resource Allocation in Embedded, High-Performance and Cloud Computing covers dynamic resource allocation heuristics for manycore systems, aiming to provide appropriate guarantees on performance and energy efficiency. It addresses different types of systems, aiming to harmonise the approaches to dynamic allocation across the complete spectrum between systems with little flexibility and strict real-time guarantees all the way to highly dynamic systems with soft performance requirements. Technical topics presented in the book include: Load and Resource ModelsAdmission ControlFeedback-based Allocation and OptimisationSearch-based Allocation HeuristicsDistributed Allocation based on Swarm IntelligenceValue-Based Allocation Each of the topics is illustrated with examples based on realistic computational platforms such as Network-on-Chip manycore processors, grids and private cloud environments.