• Mathematics

Encyclopedia of General Topology


Author: K.P. Hart,Jun-iti Nagata,J.E. Vaughan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080530864
Category: Mathematics
Page: 536
View: 5198
This book is designed for the reader who wants to get a general view of the terminology of General Topology with minimal time and effort. The reader, whom we assume to have only a rudimentary knowledge of set theory, algebra and analysis, will be able to find what they want if they will properly use the index. However, this book contains very few proofs and the reader who wants to study more systematically will find sufficiently many references in the book. Key features: • More terms from General Topology than any other book ever published • Short and informative articles • Authors include the majority of top researchers in the field • Extensive indexing of terms

    • Mathematics

General Topology I

Basic Concepts and Constructions Dimension Theory
Author: L.S. Pontryagin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642612652
Category: Mathematics
Page: 202
View: 5013

    • Mathematics

Encyclopedia of Distances


Author: Michel Marie Deza,Elena Deza
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662528444
Category: Mathematics
Page: 756
View: 6858
This 4-th edition of the leading reference volume on distance metrics is characterized by updated and rewritten sections on some items suggested by experts and readers, as well a general streamlining of content and the addition of essential new topics. Though the structure remains unchanged, the new edition also explores recent advances in the use of distances and metrics for e.g. generalized distances, probability theory, graph theory, coding theory, data analysis. New topics in the purely mathematical sections include e.g. the Vitanyi multiset-metric, algebraic point-conic distance, triangular ratio metric, Rossi-Hamming metric, Taneja distance, spectral semimetric between graphs, channel metrization, and Maryland bridge distance. The multidisciplinary sections have also been supplemented with new topics, including: dynamic time wrapping distance, memory distance, allometry, atmospheric depth, elliptic orbit distance, VLBI distance measurements, the astronomical system of units, and walkability distance. Leaving aside the practical questions that arise during the selection of a ‘good’ distance function, this work focuses on providing the research community with an invaluable comprehensive listing of the main available distances. As well as providing standalone introductions and definitions, the encyclopedia facilitates swift cross-referencing with easily navigable bold-faced textual links to core entries. In addition to distances themselves, the authors have collated numerous fascinating curiosities in their Who’s Who of metrics, including distance-related notions and paradigms that enable applied mathematicians in other sectors to deploy research tools that non-specialists justly view as arcane. In expanding access to these techniques, and in many cases enriching the context of distances themselves, this peerless volume is certain to stimulate fresh research.

    • Mathematics

A General Topology Workbook


Author: Iain T. Adamson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817638443
Category: Mathematics
Page: 152
View: 7640
This book has been called a Workbook to make it clear from the start that it is not a conventional textbook. Conventional textbooks proceed by giving in each section or chapter first the definitions of the terms to be used, the concepts they are to work with, then some theorems involving these terms (complete with proofs) and finally some examples and exercises to test the readers' understanding of the definitions and the theorems. Readers of this book will indeed find all the conventional constituents--definitions, theorems, proofs, examples and exercises but not in the conventional arrangement. In the first part of the book will be found a quick review of the basic definitions of general topology interspersed with a large num ber of exercises, some of which are also described as theorems. (The use of the word Theorem is not intended as an indication of difficulty but of importance and usefulness. ) The exercises are deliberately not "graded"-after all the problems we meet in mathematical "real life" do not come in order of difficulty; some of them are very simple illustrative examples; others are in the nature of tutorial problems for a conven tional course, while others are quite difficult results. No solutions of the exercises, no proofs of the theorems are included in the first part of the book-this is a Workbook and readers are invited to try their hand at solving the problems and proving the theorems for themselves.

    • Mathematics

Recent Progress in General Topology II


Author: M. Husek,J. van Mill
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080929958
Category: Mathematics
Page: 652
View: 5995
The book presents surveys describing recent developments in most of the primary subfields of General Topology and its applications to Algebra and Analysis during the last decade. It follows freely the previous edition (North Holland, 1992), Open Problems in Topology (North Holland, 1990) and Handbook of Set-Theoretic Topology (North Holland, 1984). The book was prepared in connection with the Prague Topological Symposium, held in 2001. During the last 10 years the focus in General Topology changed and therefore the selection of topics differs slightly from those chosen in 1992. The following areas experienced significant developments: Topological Groups, Function Spaces, Dimension Theory, Hyperspaces, Selections, Geometric Topology (including Infinite-Dimensional Topology and the Geometry of Banach Spaces). Of course, not every important topic could be included in this book. Except surveys, the book contains several historical essays written by such eminent topologists as: R.D. Anderson, W.W. Comfort, M. Henriksen, S. Mardeŝić, J. Nagata, M.E. Rudin, J.M. Smirnov (several reminiscences of L. Vietoris are added). In addition to extensive author and subject indexes, a list of all problems and questions posed in this book are added. List of all authors of surveys: A. Arhangel'skii, J. Baker and K. Kunen, H. Bennett and D. Lutzer, J. Dijkstra and J. van Mill, A. Dow, E. Glasner, G. Godefroy, G. Gruenhage, N. Hindman and D. Strauss, L. Hola and J. Pelant, K. Kawamura, H.-P. Kuenzi, W. Marciszewski, K. Martin and M. Mislove and M. Reed, R. Pol and H. Torunczyk, D. Repovs and P. Semenov, D. Shakhmatov, S. Solecki, M. Tkachenko.

    • Mathematics

Beyond Topology


Author: FrŽdŽric Mynard,Elliott Pearl
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 082184279X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 383
View: 6714
The purpose of this collection is to guide the non-specialist through the basic theory of various generalizations of topology, starting with clear motivations for their introduction. Structures considered include closure spaces, convergence spaces, proximity spaces, quasi-uniform spaces, merotopic spaces, nearness and filter spaces, semi-uniform convergence spaces, and approach spaces. Each chapter is self-contained and accessible to the graduate student, and focuses on motivations to introduce the generalization of topologies considered, presenting examples where desirable properties are not present in the realm of topologies and the problem is remedied in the more general context. Then, enough material will be covered to prepare the reader for more advanced papers on the topic. While category theory is not the focus of the book, it is a convenient language to study these structures and, while kept as a tool rather than an object of study, will be used throughout the book. For this reason, the book contains an introductory chapter on categorical topology.

    • Mathematics

Introduction to the Modern Theory of Dynamical Systems


Author: Anatole Katok,Boris Hasselblatt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521575577
Category: Mathematics
Page: 802
View: 4189
This book provides a self-contained comprehensive exposition of the theory of dynamical systems. The book begins with a discussion of several elementary but crucial examples. These are used to formulate a program for the general study of asymptotic properties and to introduce the principal theoretical concepts and methods. The main theme of the second part of the book is the interplay between local analysis near individual orbits and the global complexity of the orbit structure. The third and fourth parts develop the theories of low-dimensional dynamical systems and hyperbolic dynamical systems in depth. The book is aimed at students and researchers in mathematics at all levels from advanced undergraduate and up.

    • Science

The VNR Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics


Author: S. Gottwald
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401169829
Category: Science
Page: 768
View: 6813
It is commonplace that in our time sc:iem:e and technology cannot be mastered without the tools of mathematics; but the same applies to an ever growing extent to many domains of everyday life, not least owing to the spread of cybernetic methods and arguments. As a consequence, there is a wide demand for a survey of the results of mathematics. for an unconventional approach that would also make it possible to fill gaps in one's knowledge. We do not think that a mere juxtaposition of theorems or a collection of formulae would be suitable for this purpose, because this would over· emphasize the symbolic language of signs and letters rather than the mathematical idea, the only thing that really matters. Our task was to describe mathematical interrelations as briefly and precisely as possible. In view of the overwhelming amount of material it goes without saying that we did not just compile details from the numerous text-books for individual branches: what we were aiming at is to smooth out the access to the specialist literature for as many readers as possible. Since well over 700000 copies of the German edition of this book have been sold, we hope to have achieved our difficult goal. Colours are used extensively to help the reader. Important definitions and groups of formulae are on a yellow background, examples on blue, and theorems on red.

    • Mathematics

An Algebraic Introduction to K-Theory


Author: Bruce A. Magurn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521800785
Category: Mathematics
Page: 676
View: 4844
An introduction to algebraic K-theory with no prerequisite beyond a first semester of algebra.

    • Mathematics

Introduction to Modern Number Theory

Fundamental Problems, Ideas and Theories
Author: Yu. I. Manin,Alexei A. Panchishkin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540276920
Category: Mathematics
Page: 514
View: 658
This edition has been called ‘startlingly up-to-date’, and in this corrected second printing you can be sure that it’s even more contemporaneous. It surveys from a unified point of view both the modern state and the trends of continuing development in various branches of number theory. Illuminated by elementary problems, the central ideas of modern theories are laid bare. Some topics covered include non-Abelian generalizations of class field theory, recursive computability and Diophantine equations, zeta- and L-functions. This substantially revised and expanded new edition contains several new sections, such as Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, and relevant techniques coming from a synthesis of various theories.

    • Science

Topology in Chemistry

Discrete Mathematics of Molecules
Author: D H Rouvray,R B King
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099612
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 2863
This volume addresses a number of topological themes of direct relevance to chemists. Topological concepts are now regularly applied in wide areas of chemistry including molecular engineering and design, chemical toxicology, the study of molecular shape, crystal and surface structures, chemical bonding, macromolecular species such as polymers and DNA, and environmental chemistry. Currently, the design and synthesis of new drugs and agrochemicals are of especial importance. The book's prime focus is on the role played by topological indices in the description and characterisation of molecular species. The Wiener index along with a variety of other major topological indices, are discussed with particular reference to the powerful and much used connectivity indices. In this book an international team of leading experts review their respective fields and present their findings. The considerable benefits offered by topological indices in the investigation of chemical problems in science, medicine, and industry are highlighted. The volume records proceedings of the Harry Wiener Memorial Conference on the Role of Topology in Chemistry, held at the University of Georgia in March 2001, and serves as a fitting tribute to the chemical contributions of the late Harry Wiener. Focuses on the role played by topological indices in the description and characterisation of molecular species Records the proceedings of the Harry Weiner Memorial Conference on the Role of Topology in Chemistry, held at the University of Georgia in March 2001 Along with a variety of other major topological indices, the Wiener index is discussed with particular reference to the powerful and much-used connectivity indices


    • Mathematics

General topology


Author: Ryszard Engelking
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783885380061
Category: Mathematics
Page: 529
View: 1321

    • Mathematics

Foundations of Hyperbolic Manifolds


Author: John Ratcliffe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475740131
Category: Mathematics
Page: 750
View: 4791
This book is an exposition of the theoretical foundations of hyperbolic manifolds. It is intended to be used both as a textbook and as a reference. Particular emphasis has been placed on readability and completeness of ar gument. The treatment of the material is for the most part elementary and self-contained. The reader is assumed to have a basic knowledge of algebra and topology at the first-year graduate level of an American university. The book is divided into three parts. The first part, consisting of Chap ters 1-7, is concerned with hyperbolic geometry and basic properties of discrete groups of isometries of hyperbolic space. The main results are the existence theorem for discrete reflection groups, the Bieberbach theorems, and Selberg's lemma. The second part, consisting of Chapters 8-12, is de voted to the theory of hyperbolic manifolds. The main results are Mostow's rigidity theorem and the determination of the structure of geometrically finite hyperbolic manifolds. The third part, consisting of Chapter 13, in tegrates the first two parts in a development of the theory of hyperbolic orbifolds. The main results are the construction of the universal orbifold covering space and Poincare's fundamental polyhedron theorem.

    • Mathematics

Categorical Foundations

Special Topics in Order, Topology, Algebra, and Sheaf Theory
Author: Maria Cristina Pedicchio,Walter Tholen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521834148
Category: Mathematics
Page: 417
View: 3451
The book offers categorical introductions to order, topology, algebra and sheaf theory, suitable for graduate students, teachers and researchers of pure mathematics.

    • Mathematics

Dictionary of Distances


Author: Michel-Marie Deza,Elena Deza
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080465548
Category: Mathematics
Page: 412
View: 5513
This book comes out of need and urgency (expressed especially in areas of Information Retrieval with respect to Image, Audio, Internet and Biology) to have a working tool to compare data. The book will provide powerful resource for all researchers using Mathematics as well as for mathematicians themselves. In the time when over-specialization and terminology fences isolate researchers, this Dictionary try to be "centripedal" and "oikoumeni", providing some access and altitude of vision but without taking the route of scientific vulgarisation. This attempted balance is the main philosophy of this Dictionary which defined its structure and style. Key features: - Unicity: it is the first book treating the basic notion of Distance in whole generality. - Interdisciplinarity: this Dictionary is larger in scope than majority of thematic dictionaries. - Encyclopedicity: while an Encyclopedia of Distances seems now too difficult to produce, this book (by its scope, short introductions and organization) provides the main material for it and for future tutorials on some parts of this material. - Applicability: the distances, as well as distance-related notions and paradigms, are provided in ready-to-use fashion. - Worthiness: the need and urgency for such dictionary was great in several huge areas, esp. Information Retrieval, Image Analysis, Speech Recognition and Biology. - Accessibility: the definitions are easy to locate by subject or, in Index, by alphabetic order; the introductions and definitions are reader-friendly and maximally independent one from another; still the text is structured, in the 3D HTML style, by hyperlink-like boldfaced references to similar definitions. * Covers a large range of subjects in pure and applied mathematics * Designed to be easily applied--the distances and distance-related notions and paradigms are ready to use * Helps users quickly locate definitions by subject or in alphabetical order; stand-alone entries include references to other entries and sources for further investigation

    • Science

Encyclopedia of mathematical physics


Author: Sheung Tsun Tsou
Publisher: Academic Pr
ISBN: 9780125126601
Category: Science
Page: 3500
View: 3104
The Encyclopedia of Mathematical Physics provides a complete resource for researchers, students and lecturers with an interest in mathematical physics. It enables readers to access basic information on topics peripheral to their own areas, to provide a repository of the core information in the area that can be used to refresh the researcher's own memory banks, and aid teachers in directing students to entries relevant to their course-work. The Encyclopedia does contain information that has been distilled, organised and presented as a complete reference tool to the user and a landmark to the body of knowledge that has accumulated in this domain. It also is a stimulus for new researchers working in mathematical physics or in areas using the methods originated from work in mathematical physics by providing them with focused high quality background information. * First comprehensive interdisciplinary coverage * Mathematical Physics explained to stimulate new developments and foster new applications of its methods to other fields * Written by an international group of experts * Contains several undergraduate-level introductory articles to facilitate acquisition of new expertise * Thematic index and extensive cross-referencing to provide easy access and quick search functionality * Also available online with active linking.

    • Mathematics

Topology I

General Survey
Author: S.P. Novikov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662105799
Category: Mathematics
Page: 322
View: 6694
This up-to-date survey of the whole field of topology is the flagship of the topology subseries of the Encyclopaedia. The book gives an overview of various subfields, beginning with the elements and proceeding right up to the present frontiers of research.

    • Mathematics

A Hilbert Space Problem Book


Author: P.R. Halmos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468493302
Category: Mathematics
Page: 373
View: 3455
From the Preface: "This book was written for the active reader. The first part consists of problems, frequently preceded by definitions and motivation, and sometimes followed by corollaries and historical remarks... The second part, a very short one, consists of hints... The third part, the longest, consists of solutions: proofs, answers, or contructions, depending on the nature of the problem.... This is not an introduction to Hilbert space theory. Some knowledge of that subject is a prerequisite: at the very least, a study of the elements of Hilbert space theory should proceed concurrently with the reading of this book."

    • Mathematics

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics, Second Edition


Author: Eric W. Weisstein
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420035223
Category: Mathematics
Page: 3252
View: 2734
Upon publication, the first edition of the CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics received overwhelming accolades for its unparalleled scope, readability, and utility. It soon took its place among the top selling books in the history of Chapman & Hall/CRC, and its popularity continues unabated. Yet also unabated has been the dedication of author Eric Weisstein to collecting, cataloging, and referencing mathematical facts, formulas, and definitions. He has now updated most of the original entries and expanded the Encyclopedia to include 1000 additional pages of illustrated entries. The accessibility of the Encyclopedia along with its broad coverage and economical price make it attractive to the widest possible range of readers and certainly a must for libraries, from the secondary to the professional and research levels. For mathematical definitions, formulas, figures, tabulations, and references, this is simply the most impressive compendium available.