• Social Science

Environmental Contexts and Disability

Author: Barbara Altman,Sharon N. Barnartt
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1784412627
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 2627
This volume presents papers which address both individual and societal levels of environment in relation to disability and shed new light on the processes involved with creating or modifying these environmental supports or barriers.

    • Human rights

Disability Human Rights Law

Author: Anna Arstein-Kerslake
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3038423890
Category: Human rights
Page: 170
View: 6283
This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Disability Human Rights Law" that was published in Laws

    • Psychology

Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences

Author: Linda George,Kenneth Ferraro
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124172857
Category: Psychology
Page: 552
View: 9657
Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, Eighth Edition, presents the extraordinary growth of research on aging individuals, populations, and the dynamic culmination of the life course, providing a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest research findings in the social sciences of aging. As the complexities of population dynamics, cohort succession, and policy changes modify the world and its inhabitants in ways that must be vigilantly monitored so that aging research remains relevant and accurate, this completely revised edition not only includes the foundational, classic themes of aging research, but also a rich array of emerging topics and perspectives that advance the field in exciting ways. New topics include families, immigration, social factors, and cognition, caregiving, neighborhoods, and built environments, natural disasters, religion and health, and sexual behavior, amongst others. Covers the key areas in sociological gerontology research in one volume, with an 80% update of the material Headed up by returning editor Linda K. George, and new editor Kenneth Ferraro, highly respected voices and researchers within the sociology of aging discipline Assists basic researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings Includes theory and methods, aging and social structure, social factors and social institutions, and aging and society Serves as a useful resource—an inspiration to those searching for ways to contribute to the aging enterprise, and a tribute to the rich bodies of scholarship that comprise aging research in the social sciences

    • Medical

Enabling America:

Assessing the Role of Rehabilitation Science and Engineering
Author: Committee on Assessing Rehabilitation Science and Engineering,Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309063744
Category: Medical
Page: 424
View: 581
The most recent high-profile advocate for Americans with disabilities, actor Christopher Reeve, has highlighted for the public the economic and social costs of disability and the importance of rehabilitation. Enabling America is a major analysis of the field of rehabilitation science and engineering. The book explains how to achieve recognition for this evolving field of study, how to set priorities, and how to improve the organization and administration of the numerous federal research programs in this area. The committee introduces the "enabling-disability process" model, which enhances the concepts of disability and rehabilitation, and reviews what is known and what research priorities are emerging in the areas of: Pathology and impairment, including differences between children and adults. Functional limitations--in a person's ability to eat or walk, for example. Disability as the interaction between a person's pathologies, impairments, and functional limitations and the surrounding physical and social environments. This landmark volume will be of special interest to anyone involved in rehabilitation science and engineering: federal policymakers, rehabilitation practitioners and administrators, researchers, and advocates for persons with disabilities.

    • Medical

The Future of Disability in America

Author: Committee on Disability in America,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309104726
Category: Medical
Page: 618
View: 5126
The future of disability in America will depend on how well the U.S. prepares for and manages the demographic, fiscal, and technological developments that will unfold during the next two to three decades. Building upon two prior studies from the Institute of Medicine (the 1991 Institute of Medicine's report Disability in America and the 1997 report Enabling America), The Future of Disability in America examines both progress and concerns about continuing barriers that limit the independence, productivity, and participation in community life of people with disabilities. This book offers a comprehensive look at a wide range of issues, including the prevalence of disability across the lifespan; disability trends the role of assistive technology; barriers posed by health care and other facilities with inaccessible buildings, equipment, and information formats; the needs of young people moving from pediatric to adult health care and of adults experiencing premature aging and secondary health problems; selected issues in health care financing (e.g., risk adjusting payments to health plans, coverage of assistive technology); and the organizing and financing of disability-related research. The Future of Disability in America is an assessment of both principles and scientific evidence for disability policies and services. This book's recommendations propose steps to eliminate barriers and strengthen the evidence base for future public and private actions to reduce the impact of disability on individuals, families, and society.

    • History

Disability in the Caribbean

A Study of Four Countries : a Socio-demographic Analysis of the Disabled
Author: Samuel Vézina,Louise Ebbeson
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211216752
Category: History
Page: 71
View: 8072
The paper presents an overview of definitions and concepts applied by the United Nations and further describes different concepts and methodologies that are available to quantify and measure disability. It presents findings of an empirical four country (Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago) study using recent census data. The study also looks into the accessibility of assistive devices, living arrangements and social activities of those affected by these ailments.

    • Business & Economics

Re-Presenting Disability

Activism and Agency in the Museum
Author: Richard Sandell,Jocelyn Dodd,Rosemarie Garland-Thomson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136616489
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 284
View: 8922
Re-Presenting Disability addresses issues surrounding disability representation in museums and galleries, a topic which is receiving much academic attention and is becoming an increasingly pressing issue for practitioners working in wide-ranging museums and related cultural organisations. This volume of provocative and timely contributions, brings together twenty researchers, practitioners and academics from different disciplinary, institutional and cultural contexts to explore issues surrounding the cultural representation of disabled people and, more particularly, the inclusion (as well as the marked absence) of disability-related narratives in museum and gallery displays. The diverse perspectives featured in the book offer fresh ways of interrogating and understanding contemporary representational practices as well as illuminating existing, related debates concerning identity politics, social agency and organisational purposes and responsibilities, which have considerable currency within museums and museum studies. Re-Presenting Disability explores such issues as: In what ways have disabled people and disability-related topics historically been represented in the collections and displays of museums and galleries? How can newly emerging representational forms and practices be viewed in relation to these historical approaches? How do emerging trends in museum practice – designed to counter prejudiced, stereotypical representations of disabled people – relate to broader developments in disability rights, debates in disability studies, as well as shifting interpretive practices in public history and mass media? What approaches can be deployed to mine and interrogate existing collections in order to investigate histories of disability and disabled people and to identify material evidence that might be marshalled to play a part in countering prejudice? What are the implications of these developments for contemporary collecting? How might such purposive displays be created and what dilemmas and challenges are curators, educators, designers and other actors in the exhibition-making process, likely to encounter along the way? How do audiences – disabled and non-disabled – respond to and engage with interpretive interventions designed to confront, undercut or reshape dominant regimes of representation that underpin and inform contemporary attitudes to disability?

    • Social Science

Disability, Normalcy, and the Everyday

Author: Gareth M. Thomas,Dikaios Sakellariou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315446421
Category: Social Science
Page: 210
View: 1179
Many critical analyses of disability address important ‘macro’ concerns, but are often far removed from an interactional and micro-level focus. Written by leading scholars in the field, and containing a range of theoretical and empirical contributions from around the world, this book focuses on the taken-for-granted, mundane human activities at the heart of how social life is reproduced, and how this impacts on the lives of those with a disability, family members, and other allies. It departs from earlier accounts by making sense of how disability is lived, mobilised, and enacted in everyday lives. Although broad in focus and navigating diverse social contexts, chapters are united by a concern with foregrounding micro, mundane moments for making sense of powerful discourses, practices, affects, relations, and world-making for disabled people and their allies. Using different examples – including learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, dementia, polio, and Parkinson’s disease – contributions move beyond a simplified narrow classification of disability which creates rigid categories of existence and denies bodily variation. Disability, Normalcy, and the Everyday should be considered essential reading for disability studies students and academics, as well as professionals involved in health and social care. With contributions located within new and familiar debates around embodiment, stigma, gender, identity, inequality, care, ethics, choice, materiality, youth, and representation, this book will be of interest to academics from different disciplinary backgrounds including sociology, anthropology, humanities, public health, allied health professions, science and technology studies, social work, and social policy.

    • Law

Keywords for Disability Studies

Author: Rachel Adams,Benjamin Reiss,David Serlin
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479839523
Category: Law
Page: 288
View: 5826
Keywords for Disability Studies aims to broaden and define the conceptual framework of disability studies for readers and practitioners in the field and beyond. The volume engages some of the most pressing debates of our time, such as prenatal testing, euthanasia, accessibility in public transportation and the workplace, post-traumatic stress, and questions about the beginning and end of life. Each of the 60 essays in Keywords for Disability Studies focuses on a distinct critical concept, including “ethics,” “medicalization,” “performance,” “reproduction,” “identity,” and “stigma,” among others. Although the essays recognize that “disability” is often used as an umbrella term, the contributors to the volume avoid treating individual disabilities as keywords, and instead interrogate concepts that encompass different components of the social and bodily experience of disability. The essays approach disability as an embodied condition, a mutable historical phenomenon, and a social, political, and cultural identity. An invaluable resource for students and scholars alike, Keywords for Disability Studies brings the debates that have often remained internal to disability studies into a wider field of critical discourse, providing opportunities for fresh theoretical considerations of the field’s core presuppositions through a variety of disciplinary perspectives. Visit keywords.nyupress.org for online essays, teaching resources, and more.

    • Medical

Survey Measurement of Work Disability

Summary of a Workshop
Author: National Research Council,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Committee on National Statistics
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309172160
Category: Medical
Page: 110
View: 4912
The Social Security Administration (SSA) is engaged in redesigning its disability determination process for providing cash benefits and medical assistance to blind and disabled persons under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program (Title II and Title XVI of the Social Security Act). The agency has undertaken a multiyear research effort to develop and test the feasibility, validity, reliability, and practicality of the redesigned disability determination process before making any decision about its national implementation. Survey Measurement of Work Disability reviews and provides advice on this research. One of the major areas for review is the ongoing independent, scientific review of the scope of work, design, and content of the Disability Evaluation Study (DES) and the conduct of the study by the chosen survey contractor. This report identifies statistical design, methodological, and content concerns and addresses other issues as they arise.

    • History

The Routledge History of Disability

Author: Roy Hanes,Ivan Brown,Nancy E. Hansen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351774034
Category: History
Page: 514
View: 5857
The Routledge History of Disability explores the shifting attitudes towards and representations of disabled people from the age of antiquity to the twenty-first century. Taking an international view of the subject, this wide-ranging collection shows that the history of disability cuts across racial, ethnic, religious, cultural, gender and class divides, highlighting the commonalities and differences between the experiences of disabled persons in global historical context. The book is arranged in four parts, covering histories of disabilities across various time periods and cultures, histories of national disability policies, programs and services, histories of education and training and the ways in which disabled people have been seen and treated in the last few decades. Within this, the twenty-eight chapters discuss topics such as developments in disability issues during the late Ottoman period, the history of disability in Belgian Congo in the early twentieth century, blind asylums in nineteenth-century Scotland and the systematic killing of disabled children in Nazi Germany. Illustrated with images and tables and providing an overview of how various countries, cultures and societies have addressed disability over time, this comprehensive volume offers a global perspective on this rapidly growing field and is a valuable resource for scholars of disability studies and histories of disabilities.

    • Social Science

The Intimate Lives of Disabled People

Author: Kirsty Liddiard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317027094
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 6162
Despite over thirty years of disability activism and scholarship, disabled people’s sexual identities remain the sum of the paradoxical social categories of 'asexual innocents', or 'perverts’. This timely book explores their experiences of sexual and intimate life within the context of both these constructed sexualities and the wider contemporary ableist cultures which both produce and promulgate them. Foregrounding disabled people’s own sexual stories collected through a participatory and multi-method empirical study, this book provides a richly detailed account of the complex and variegated relationships between sexuality, disability, gender and impairment. The ground-breaking findings to emerge from this study, which take centre stage in this book, not only shine a light on the oppressive darkness in which contemporary disabled sexualities are plunged, but equally both trouble and challenge our current understanding of sexual life as we know it.

    • Social Science

The Routledge Handbook of Disability in Southern Africa

Author: Tsitsi Chataika
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315278634
Category: Social Science
Page: 364
View: 1677
This comprehensive ground-breaking southern African-centred collection spans the breadth of disability research and practice. Reputable and emerging scholars, together with disability advocates adopt a critical and interdisciplinary stance to prove, challenge and shift commonly held social understanding of disability in traditional discourses, frontiers and practices in prominent areas such as inter/national development, disability studies, education, culture, health, religion, gender, sports, tourism, ICT, theatre, media , housing and legislation. This handbook provides a body of interdisciplinary analyses suitable for the development of disability studies in southern Africa. Through drawing upon and introducing resources from several disciplines, theoretical perspectives and personal narratives from disability activists, it reflects on disability and sustainable development in southern Africa. It also addresses a clear need to bring together interdisciplinary perspectives and narratives on disability and sustainable development in ways that do not undermine disability politics advanced by disabled people across the world. The handbook further acknowledges and builds upon the huge body of literature that understands the social, cultural, educational, psychological, economic, historical and political facets of the exclusion of disabled people. The handbook covers the following broad themes: • Disability inclusion, ICT and sustainable development • Access to education, from early childhood development up to higher education • Disability, employment, entrepreneurship and community-based rehabilitation • Religion, gender and parenthood • Tourism, sports and accessibility • Compelling narratives from disability activists on societal attitudes toward disability, media advocacy, accessible housing and social exclusion. Thus, this much-awaited handbook provides students, academics, practitioners, development partners, policy makers and activists with an authoritative framework for critical thinking and debates that inform policy and practice in incomparable ways, with the view to promoting inclusive and sustainable development.

    • Social Science

Disabled Students in Education: Technology, Transition, and Inclusivity

Technology, Transition, and Inclusivity
Author: Moore, David
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1613501846
Category: Social Science
Page: 372
View: 4009
There can be little doubt that the rapid technological developments that have characterized the decades since the middle of the 19th century have given great scope for improving the quality of life of disabled people. Disabled Students in Education: Technology, Transition, and Inclusivity reports on 15 research projects aimed at improving the educational prospects of disabled people. Through its discussion of three main themes—technology, transition, and inclusivity—this book aims to be of interest to disabled students, their parents and teachers, and the people who run, and set policies for, their educational providers.

    • Social Science

Handbook of Tourism and Quality-of-Life Research

Enhancing the Lives of Tourists and Residents of Host Communities
Author: Muzaffer Uysal,Richard Perdue,Joseph Sirgy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400722877
Category: Social Science
Page: 702
View: 7932
Quality of life (QOL) research in tourism has gained much momentum over the last two decades. Academics working in this area research issues related to tourists and host communities. Practitioners are becoming increasingly interested in understanding the science that allows them to develop better marketing and managerial programs designed to enhance the quality of life of tourists. Tourism bureaus and government agencies are increasingly interested in issues of sustainable tourism, specifically in understanding and measuring the impact of tourism on the quality of life of the residents of the host communities. This handbook covers all relevant topics and is divided into two parts: research relating to travelers/tourists, and research relating to the residents of host communities. It is the only state-of-the-art reference book in its field and will prove invaluable to academics interested in QOL research, as well as tourism practitioners interested in applying the science of QOL in the tourism industry.

    • Social Science

Disability, Gender and Violence over the Life Course

Global Perspectives and Human Rights Approaches
Author: Sonali Shah,Caroline Bradbury-Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351619098
Category: Social Science
Page: 180
View: 9763
This is the first book to explore the interplay of disability, gender and violence over the life course from researcher, practitioner and survivor perspectives. It gives due weight to the accounts of disabled children and adults who have survived institutional or individual violence, evidencing barriers to recognition, disclosure and reporting. Written by disabled and non-disabled women from around the world, Disability, Gender and Violence over the Life Course addresses the dearth of voices and experiences of disabled women and girls in empirical research, policy and practice on issues of violence, victimisation, protection, support and prevention. Divided into three parts – Childhood, Adulthood and Older Life – this collection offers diverse perspectives on the intersectionality of disability, age, ethnicity, sexuality and violence that have hitherto been absent. This book will be an invaluable resource for students and practitioners of multiple fields of practice and academic studies, including health and social care, nursing, social work, childhood studies, gender studies, disability studies, safeguarding and child protection, equality and human rights, sociology and criminology.

    • Psychology

Contemporary Intervention Research in Learning Disabilities

An International Perspective
Author: Bernice Y.L. Wong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461227860
Category: Psychology
Page: 259
View: 9455
Recently, in the area of learning disabilities, a subarea of special educa tion, an interesting development has become discernible. This develop ment centers on the increasing focus of learning disabilities professionals on theory building and empirical research, and it is reflected in the spate of books currently being published. With their clear emphasis on con ceptual and methodological issues along with directions for future re search, these newly published books differ essentially from the bulk of learning disabilities textbooks. They include S. Vaughn and C. Bos (Eds. ), Research in Learning Disabilities: Issues and Future Directions, published in 1987 by College-Hill; T. E. Scruggs and B. Y. L. Wong (Eds. ), Intervention Research in Learning Disabilities, published in 1990 by Springer-Verlag; and L. Swanson (Ed. ), Learning Disabilities: Theore tical and Research Issues, published in 1991 by Lawrence Erlbaum Asso ciates. As reflected in these three books, the discipline began with a service orientation and has evolved beyond that to come of age with aspirations of becoming a scientific discipline. These books can be taken to voice the concerted efforts ,of learning disabilities professionals to promote theory building and empirical research. Undeniably these books provide valuable information on conceptual issues and research in learning disabilities. Nevertheless, they appear to have one drawback, namely, they focus exclusively on learning disabilities research in North America.

    • Social Science

Disability and Intersecting Statuses

Author: Sharon N. Barnartt,Barbara Altman
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 178350157X
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 2793
Disability can be either an ascribed status or an achieved status and its combination with other statuses will affect the person's social experiences. This issue challenges critical thinking about the interrelationships with disability. It questions if the concepts and methods of intersectionality can be applied to disability at all.

    • Health & Fitness

Pedagogy, Disability and Communication

Applying Disability Studies in the Classroom
Author: Michael S. Jeffress
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315399415
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 248
View: 3790
Research has long substantiated the fact that living with a disability creates significant and complex challenges to identity negotiation, the practice of communication, and the development of interpersonal relationships. Furthermore, individuals without disabilities often lack the knowledge and tools to experience self-efficacy in communicating with their differently-abled peers. So how do these challenges translate to the incorporation of disability studies in a classroom context and the need to foster an inclusive environment for differently-abled students? Bringing together a range of perspectives from communication and disability studies scholars, this collection provides a theoretical foundation along with practical solutions for the inclusion of disability studies within the everyday curriculum. It examines a variety of aspects of communication studies including interpersonal, intercultural, health, political and business communication as well as ethics, gender and public speaking, offering case study examples and pedagogical strategies as to the best way to approach the subject of disability in education. It will be of interest to students, researchers and educators in communication and disability studies as well as scholars of sociology and social policy, gender studies, public health and pedagogy. It will also appeal to anyone who has wondered how to bring about a greater degree of inclusion and ethics within the classroom.