• Social Science

Essays on the History of British Sociological Research

Author: Martin Bulmer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521254779
Category: Social Science
Page: 257
View: 7613
Traces the history of British sociology and empirical social research over the past hundred years. Concludes with a discussion of the applications of the research including the use of social surveys for policymaking and the success of social science in predicting the future.

    • Social Science

The Chicago School of Sociology

Institutionalization, Diversity, and the Rise of Sociological Research
Author: Martin Bulmer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226080055
Category: Social Science
Page: 285
View: 3548
From 1915 to 1935 the inventive community of social scientists at the University of Chicago pioneered empirical research and a variety of qualitative and quantitative methods, shaping the future of twentieth-century American sociology and related fields as well. Martin Bulmer's history of the Chicago school of sociology describes the university's role in creating research-based and publication-oriented graduate schools of social science. "This is an important piece of work on the history of sociology, but it is more than merely historical: Martin Bulmer's undertaking is also to explain why historical events occurred as they did, using potentially general theoretical ideas. He has studied what he sees as the period, from 1915 to 1935, when the 'Chicago School' most flourished, and defines the nature of its achievements and what made them possible . . . It is likely to become the indispensible historical source for its topic."—Jennifer Platt, Sociology

    • Social Science

Before Social Anthropology

Essays on the History of British Anthropology
Author: James Urry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136644245
Category: Social Science
Page: 188
View: 404
First Published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

    • Social Science

Sociology and Its Publics

The Forms and Fates of Disciplinary Organization
Author: Terence C. Halliday,Morris Janowitz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226313801
Category: Social Science
Page: 429
View: 9997
Sociology faces troubling developments as it enters its second century in the United States. A loss of theoretical coherence and a sense of disciplinary fragmentation, a decline in the quality of its recruits, the cooptation of its clients, a muted public voice, and sinking prestige in governmental circles—these are only a few of the trends signalling a need for renewed debate about how sociology is organized. In this volume, some of the most authoritative voices in the field confront these conditions, offering a variety of perspectives as they challenge sociologists to self-examination.

    • Social Science

Mapping the Sociology of Health and Medicine

America, Britain and Australia Compared
Author: F. Collyer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137009314
Category: Social Science
Page: 325
View: 2107
This book studies the sociology of health and medicine across three different countries, the USA, UK and Australia, examining the nature of disciplines and their specialties and posing sociological questions about the formation of intellectual fields and their social relations.

    • Social Science

Functionalism Historicized

Essays on British Social Anthopology
Author: George W. Stocking
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299099039
Category: Social Science
Page: 250
View: 6261
" This volume is likely to prove indispensable to historians of anthropology in general and of British anthropology in particular. There are a wide range of historical skills on display, from traditional textual analysis to historical sociology of the most sophisticated sort, and there is a more or less thorough chronological coverage from the era of classical evolutionism virtually up to the present. One can only hope that historicizing anthropologists will sample some of these wares."—Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences

    • Education

Tribes and Territories in the 21st Century

Rethinking the significance of disciplines in higher education
Author: Paul Trowler,Murray Saunders,Veronica Bamber
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136488510
Category: Education
Page: 312
View: 2218
The ‘tribes and territories’ metaphor for the cultures of academic disciplines and their roots in different knowledge characteristics has been used by those interested in university life and work since the early 1990s. This book draws together research, data and theory to show how higher education has gone through major change since then and how social theory has evolved in parallel. Together these changes mean there is a need to re-theorise academic life in a way which reflects changed contexts in universities in the twenty-first century, and so a need for new metaphors. Using a social practice approach, the editors and contributors argue that disciplines are alive and well, but that in a turbulent environment where many other forces conditioning academic practices exist, their influence is generally weaker than before. However, the social practice approach adopted in the book highlights how this influence is contextually contingent – how disciplines are deployed in different ways for different purposes and with varying degrees of purchase. This important book pulls together the latest thinking on the subject and offers a new framework for conceptualising the influences on academic practices in universities. It brings together a distinguished group of scholars from across the world to address questions such as: Have disciplines been displaced by inter-disciplinarity, having outlived their usefulness? Have other forces acting on the academy pushed disciplines into the background as factors shaping the practices of academics and students there? How significant are disciplinary differences in teaching and research practices? What is their significance in other areas of work in universities? This timely book addresses a pressing concern in modern education, and will be of great interest to university professionals, managers and policy-makers in the field of higher education.

    • Science

New Models In Geography

Author: PhD Richard Peet,Professor Nigel Thrift
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317853784
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 3780
First published in 1989. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

    • Law

Privilege and Property

Essays on the History of Copyright
Author: Ronan Deazley,Martin Kretschmer,Lionel Bently
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 190692418X
Category: Law
Page: 438
View: 6978
What can and can't be copied is a matter of law, but also of aesthetics, culture, and economics. The act of copying, and the creation and transaction of rights relating to it, evokes fundamental notions of communication and censorship, of authorship and ownership - of privilege and property. This volume conceives a new history of copyright law that has its roots in a wide range of norms and practices. The essays reach back to the very material world of craftsmanship and mechanical inventions of Renaissance Italy where, in 1469, the German master printer Johannes of Speyer obtained a five-year exclusive privilege to print in Venice and its dominions. Along the intellectual journey that follows, we encounter John Milton who, in his 1644 Areopagitica speech 'For the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing', accuses the English parliament of having been deceived by the 'fraud of some old patentees and monopolizers in the trade of bookselling' (i.e. the London Stationers' Company). Later revisionary essays investigate the regulation of the printing press in the North American colonies as a provincial and somewhat crude version of European precedents, and how, in the revolutionary France of 1789, the subtle balance that the royal decrees had established between the interests of the author, the bookseller, and the public, was shattered by the abolition of the privilege system. Contributions also address the specific evolution of rights associated with the visual and performing arts. These essays provide essential reading for anybody interested in copyright, intellectual history and current public policy choices in intellectual property. The volume is a companion to the digital archive Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900), funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC): www.copyrighthistory.org.

    • Political Science

Who Rules Britain?

Author: John Scott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745687822
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 7508
The lifestyle, economic basis and political affiliations of the British upper class are the focus of this exciting new textbook. Combining a review of existing sociological theory on class and capitalism with material drawn from a great variety of sources it is likely to become a standard course text. Examining the question of whether there is still a ruling class in Britain, John Scott presents an account of the historical development of the British upper class, the development of industrial and financial dynasties, town and country society as well as of London and the political world. Photographs and other illustrations cover subjects as diverse as public school fees, the structure of parliament, and the dates and events of the 'Season'.

    • Social Science

On Sociology

Numbers, Narratives, and the Integration of Research and Theory
Author: John H. Goldthorpe
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198295723
Category: Social Science
Page: 337
View: 7409
One of the world's leading sociologists presents for the first time his comprehensive view of the aims and tools of modern sociology. The book will provoke debate about cogent and controversial theories of the way we understand modern industrial society.

    • Social Science

Essays on the Sociology of Perception

Author: Mary Douglas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134557507
Category: Social Science
Page: 348
View: 8740
First published in 1982, this is one of Mary Douglas' favourite books. It is based on her meetings with friends in which they attempt to apply the grip/group analysis from Natural Symbols. The essays have been important texts for preparing grid/group exercises ever since. She is still trying to improve the argument of Natural Symbols and is always hoping to find better applications to illustrate the power of the two dimensions used for accurate comparison.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Visible Numbers

Essays on the History of Statistical Graphics
Author: Charles Kostelnick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135153761X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 330
View: 1112
Bringing together scholars from around the world, this collection examines many of the historical developments in making data visible through charts, graphs, thematic maps, and now interactive displays. Today, we are used to seeing data portrayed in a dizzying array of graphic forms. Virtually any quantified knowledge, from social and physical science to engineering and medicine, as well as business, government, or personal activity, has been visualized. Yet the methods of making data visible are relatively new innovations, most stemming from eighteenth- and nineteenth-century innovations that arose as a logical response to a growing desire to quantify everything-from science, economics, and industry to population, health, and crime. Innovators such as Playfair, Alexander von Humboldt, Heinrich Berghaus, John Snow, Florence Nightingale, Francis Galton, and Charles Minard began to develop graphical methods to make data and their relations more visible. In the twentieth century, data design became both increasingly specialized within new and existing disciplines-science, engineering, social science, and medicine-and at the same time became further democratized, with new forms that make statistical, business, and government data more accessible to the public. At the close of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first, an explosion in interactive digital data design has exponentially increased our access to data. The contributors analyze this fascinating history through a variety of critical approaches, including visual rhetoric, visual culture, genre theory, and fully contextualized historical scholarship.

    • History

Urbanising Britain

Essays on Class and Community in the Nineteenth Century
Author: Gerry Kearns,Charles W. J. Withers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521364997
Category: History
Page: 177
View: 3039
The essays in this collection reflect the increasing use of social science concepts within the field of historical geography.

    • Great Britain

The Great, the New and the British

Essays on Postwar Britain
Author: N.A
Publisher: Uitgeverij Verloren
ISBN: 9789072131430
Category: Great Britain
Page: 100
View: 1325

    • Social Science

Anthropology and Anthropologists

The Modern British School
Author: Adam Kuper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136802215
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 1603
On its first publication in 1973 Adam Kuper's entertaining history of half a century of British social anthropology provoked strong reactions. But his often irreverent account soon established itself as one of the introductions to anthropology. Since the second revised edition was published in 1983, important developments have occurred within British and European anthropology. This third, enlarged and updated edition responds to these fresh currents. Adam Kuper takes the story up to the present day, and a new final chapter traces the emergence of a modern European social anthropology in contrast with developments in American cultural anthropology over the last two decades. Anthropology and Anthropologists provides a critical historical account of modern British social anthropology: it describes the careers of the major theorists, their ideas and their contributions in the context of the intellectual and institutional environments in which they worked.

    • Burma

Essays on Burma

Author: John P. Ferguson
Publisher: Brill Archive
ISBN: 9789004063235
Category: Burma
Page: 167
View: 6220

    • History

On the Social Origins of Medieval Institutions

Essays in Honor of Joseph F. O'Callaghan
Author: Joseph F. O'Callaghan,Donald J. Kagay,Theresa M. Vann
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004110960
Category: History
Page: 345
View: 3782
This collection of essays provides new insight based on archival research into the medieval formation of human institutions of government, hospitals and warfare in Spain and England.

    • Medical

Essays on the Quality of Life

Author: Alex C. Michalos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402013423
Category: Medical
Page: 492
View: 1478
Since initiating the journal Social Indicators Research in 1974, Alex C. Michalos has been a pioneer in social indicators and quality-of-life research. This collection of nineteen articles provides an overview of nearly 30 years of work, including papers drawn from diverse sources and papers never published before. Topics range over quality of life investigations connected to the problems of combining social, economic and environmental indicators, measuring the status of women in Canada, housing and migration, health and human well-being, older peoples' well-being, leisure activities and health, impact of public services, police services, criminal victimization, feminism and ethnic relations on the quality of life. The final paper, on multiple discrepancies theory (MDT), is the author's unique contribution to an empirically testable new foundation for theories of utility, satisfaction and happiness.