• Computers

Essential Linux Device Drivers


Author: Sreekrishnan Venkateswaran
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780132715812
Category: Computers
Page: 744
View: 1163
“Probably the most wide ranging and complete Linux device driver book I’ve read.” --Alan Cox, Linux Guru and Key Kernel Developer “Very comprehensive and detailed, covering almost every single Linux device driver type.” --Theodore Ts’o, First Linux Kernel Developer in North America and Chief Platform Strategist of the Linux Foundation The Most Practical Guide to Writing Linux Device Drivers Linux now offers an exceptionally robust environment for driver development: with today’s kernels, what once required years of development time can be accomplished in days. In this practical, example-driven book, one of the world’s most experienced Linux driver developers systematically demonstrates how to develop reliable Linux drivers for virtually any device. Essential Linux Device Drivers is for any programmer with a working knowledge of operating systems and C, including programmers who have never written drivers before. Sreekrishnan Venkateswaran focuses on the essentials, bringing together all the concepts and techniques you need, while avoiding topics that only matter in highly specialized situations. Venkateswaran begins by reviewing the Linux 2.6 kernel capabilities that are most relevant to driver developers. He introduces simple device classes; then turns to serial buses such as I2C and SPI; external buses such as PCMCIA, PCI, and USB; video, audio, block, network, and wireless device drivers; user-space drivers; and drivers for embedded Linux–one of today’s fastest growing areas of Linux development. For each, Venkateswaran explains the technology, inspects relevant kernel source files, and walks through developing a complete example. • Addresses drivers discussed in no other book, including drivers for I2C, video, sound, PCMCIA, and different types of flash memory • Demystifies essential kernel services and facilities, including kernel threads and helper interfaces • Teaches polling, asynchronous notification, and I/O control • Introduces the Inter-Integrated Circuit Protocol for embedded Linux drivers • Covers multimedia device drivers using the Linux-Video subsystem and Linux-Audio framework • Shows how Linux implements support for wireless technologies such as Bluetooth, Infrared, WiFi, and cellular networking • Describes the entire driver development lifecycle, through debugging and maintenance • Includes reference appendixes covering Linux assembly, BIOS calls, and Seq files


    • Computers

Linux Device Drivers


Author: Alessandro Rubini,Jonathan Corbet
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9780596000080
Category: Computers
Page: 564
View: 5918
Nwely updated to include new calls and techniques introduced in Versions 2.2 and 2.4 of the Linux kernel, a definitive resource for those who want to support computer peripherals under the Linux operating system explains how to write a driver for a broad spectrum of devices, including character devices, network interfaces, and block devices. Original. (Intermediate)

    • Computers

Linux Device Drivers

Where the Kernel Meets the Hardware
Author: Jonathan Corbet,Alessandro Rubini,Greg Kroah-Hartman
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9780596555382
Category: Computers
Page: 640
View: 8080
Device drivers literally drive everything you're interested in--disks, monitors, keyboards, modems--everything outside the computer chip and memory. And writing device drivers is one of the few areas of programming for the Linux operating system that calls for unique, Linux-specific knowledge. For years now, programmers have relied on the classic Linux Device Drivers from O'Reilly to master this critical subject. Now in its third edition, this bestselling guide provides all the information you'll need to write drivers for a wide range of devices.Over the years the book has helped countless programmers learn: how to support computer peripherals under the Linux operating system how to develop and write software for new hardware under Linux the basics of Linux operation even if they are not expecting to write a driver The new edition of Linux Device Drivers is better than ever. The book covers all the significant changes to Version 2.6 of the Linux kernel, which simplifies many activities, and contains subtle new features that can make a driver both more efficient and more flexible. Readers will find new chapters on important types of drivers not covered previously, such as consoles, USB drivers, and more.Best of all, you don't have to be a kernel hacker to understand and enjoy this book. All you need is an understanding of the C programming language and some background in Unix system calls. And for maximum ease-of-use, the book uses full-featured examples that you can compile and run without special hardware.Today Linux holds fast as the most rapidly growing segment of the computer market and continues to win over enthusiastic adherents in many application areas. With this increasing support, Linux is now absolutely mainstream, and viewed as a solid platform for embedded systems. If you're writing device drivers, you'll want this book. In fact, you'll wonder how drivers are ever written without it.

    • Computers

Understanding the Linux Kernel

From I/O Ports to Process Management
Author: Daniel P. Bovet,Marco Cesati
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9780596554910
Category: Computers
Page: 944
View: 2001
In order to thoroughly understand what makes Linux tick and why it works so well on a wide variety of systems, you need to delve deep into the heart of the kernel. The kernel handles all interactions between the CPU and the external world, and determines which programs will share processor time, in what order. It manages limited memory so well that hundreds of processes can share the system efficiently, and expertly organizes data transfers so that the CPU isn't kept waiting any longer than necessary for the relatively slow disks. The third edition of Understanding the Linux Kernel takes you on a guided tour of the most significant data structures, algorithms, and programming tricks used in the kernel. Probing beyond superficial features, the authors offer valuable insights to people who want to know how things really work inside their machine. Important Intel-specific features are discussed. Relevant segments of code are dissected line by line. But the book covers more than just the functioning of the code; it explains the theoretical underpinnings of why Linux does things the way it does. This edition of the book covers Version 2.6, which has seen significant changes to nearly every kernel subsystem, particularly in the areas of memory management and block devices. The book focuses on the following topics: Memory management, including file buffering, process swapping, and Direct memory Access (DMA) The Virtual Filesystem layer and the Second and Third Extended Filesystems Process creation and scheduling Signals, interrupts, and the essential interfaces to device drivers Timing Synchronization within the kernel Interprocess Communication (IPC) Program execution Understanding the Linux Kernel will acquaint you with all the inner workings of Linux, but it's more than just an academic exercise. You'll learn what conditions bring out Linux's best performance, and you'll see how it meets the challenge of providing good system response during process scheduling, file access, and memory management in a wide variety of environments. This book will help you make the most of your Linux system.

    • Computers

Building Embedded Linux Systems

Concepts, Techniques, Tricks, and Traps
Author: Karim Yaghmour,Jon Masters,Gilad Ben-Yossef,Philippe Gerum
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 0596555059
Category: Computers
Page: 464
View: 4195
There's a great deal of excitement surrounding the use of Linux in embedded systems -- for everything from cell phones to car ABS systems and water-filtration plants -- but not a lot of practical information. Building Embedded Linux Systems offers an in-depth, hard-core guide to putting together embedded systems based on Linux. Updated for the latest version of the Linux kernel, this new edition gives you the basics of building embedded Linux systems, along with the configuration, setup, and use of more than 40 different open source and free software packages in common use. The book also looks at the strengths and weaknesses of using Linux in an embedded system, plus a discussion of licensing issues, and an introduction to real-time, with a discussion of real-time options for Linux. This indispensable book features arcane and previously undocumented procedures for: Building your own GNU development toolchain Using an efficient embedded development framework Selecting, configuring, building, and installing a target-specific kernel Creating a complete target root filesystem Setting up, manipulating, and using solid-state storage devices Installing and configuring a bootloader for the target Cross-compiling a slew of utilities and packages Debugging your embedded system using a plethora of tools and techniques Using the uClibc, BusyBox, U-Boot, OpenSSH, thttpd, tftp, strace, and gdb packages By presenting how to build the operating system components from pristine sources and how to find more documentation or help, Building Embedded Linux Systems greatly simplifies the task of keeping complete control over your embedded operating system.

    • COMPUTERS

Essential Linux Administration:

A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners
Author: Chuck Easttom
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1435459571
Category: COMPUTERS
Page: 464
View: 6824
ESSENTIAL LINUX ADMINISTRATION: A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE FOR BEGINNERS enables the reader to understand and utilize Linux-based networking and server administration better than ever before. Whereas most Linux system guides are either too technical or overly

    • Computers

The Linux Programmer's Toolbox


Author: John Fusco
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780132703048
Category: Computers
Page: 656
View: 5276
Master the Linux Tools That Will Make You a More Productive, Effective Programmer The Linux Programmer's Toolbox helps you tap into the vast collection of open source tools available for GNU/Linux. Author John Fusco systematically describes the most useful tools available on most GNU/Linux distributions using concise examples that you can easily modify to meet your needs. You'll start by learning the basics of downloading, building, and installing open source projects. You'll then learn how open source tools are distributed, and what to look for to avoid wasting time on projects that aren't ready for you. Next, you'll learn the ins and outs of building your own projects. Fusco also demonstrates what to look for in a text editor, and may even show you a few new tricks in your favorite text editor. You'll enhance your knowledge of the Linux kernel by learning how it interacts with your software. Fusco walks you through the fundamentals of the Linux kernel with simple, thought-provoking examples that illustrate the principles behind the operating system. Then he shows you how to put this knowledge to use with more advanced tools. He focuses on how to interpret output from tools like sar, vmstat, valgrind, strace, and apply it to your application; how to take advantage of various programming APIs to develop your own tools; and how to write code that monitors itself. Next, Fusco covers tools that help you enhance the performance of your software. He explains the principles behind today's multicore CPUs and demonstrates how to squeeze the most performance from these systems. Finally, you'll learn tools and techniques to debug your code under any circumstances. Coverage includes Maximizing productivity with editors, revision control tools, source code browsers, and "beautifiers" Interpreting the kernel: what your tools are telling you Understanding processes–and the tools available for managing them Tracing and resolving application bottlenecks with gprof and valgrind Streamlining and automating the documentation process Rapidly finding help, solutions, and workarounds when you need them Optimizing program code with sar, vmstat, iostat, and other tools Debugging IPC with shell commands: signals, pipes, sockets, files, and IPC objects Using printf, gdb, and other essential debugging tools Foreword Preface Acknowledgments About the Author Chapter 1 Downloading and Installing Open Source Tools Chapter 2 Building from Source Chapter 3 Finding Help Chapter 4 Editing and Maintaining Source Files Chapter 5 What Every Developer Should Know about the Kernel Chapter 6 Understanding Processes Chapter 7 Communication between Processes Chapter 8 Debugging IPC with Shell Commands Chapter 9 Performance Tuning Chapter 10 Debugging Index

    • Computers

Linux Device Drivers Development

Develop customized drivers for embedded Linux
Author: John Madieu
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1782174753
Category: Computers
Page: 586
View: 9903
Learn to develop customized device drivers for your embedded Linux system About This Book Learn to develop customized Linux device drivers Learn the core concepts of device drivers such as memory management, kernel caching, advanced IRQ management, and so on. Practical experience on the embedded side of Linux Who This Book Is For This book will help anyone who wants to get started with developing their own Linux device drivers for embedded systems. Embedded Linux users will benefit highly from this book. This book covers all about device driver development, from char drivers to network device drivers to memory management. What You Will Learn Use kernel facilities to develop powerful drivers Develop drivers for widely used I2C and SPI devices and use the regmap API Write and support devicetree from within your drivers Program advanced drivers for network and frame buffer devices Delve into the Linux irqdomain API and write interrupt controller drivers Enhance your skills with regulator and PWM frameworks Develop measurement system drivers with IIO framework Get the best from memory management and the DMA subsystem Access and manage GPIO subsystems and develop GPIO controller drivers In Detail Linux kernel is a complex, portable, modular and widely used piece of software, running on around 80% of servers and embedded systems in more than half of devices throughout the World. Device drivers play a critical role in how well a Linux system performs. As Linux has turned out to be one of the most popular operating systems used, the interest in developing proprietary device drivers is also increasing steadily. This book will initially help you understand the basics of drivers as well as prepare for the long journey through the Linux Kernel. This book then covers drivers development based on various Linux subsystems such as memory management, PWM, RTC, IIO, IRQ management, and so on. The book also offers a practical approach on direct memory access and network device drivers. By the end of this book, you will be comfortable with the concept of device driver development and will be in a position to write any device driver from scratch using the latest kernel version (v4.13 at the time of writing this book). Style and approach A set of engaging examples to develop Linux device drivers

    • Computers

Embedded Linux Primer

A Practical Real-World Approach
Author: Christopher Hallinan
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780137061105
Category: Computers
Page: 576
View: 6450
Up-to-the-Minute, Complete Guidance for Developing Embedded Solutions with Linux Linux has emerged as today’s #1 operating system for embedded products. Christopher Hallinan’s Embedded Linux Primer has proven itself as the definitive real-world guide to building efficient, high-value, embedded systems with Linux. Now, Hallinan has thoroughly updated this highly praised book for the newest Linux kernels, capabilities, tools, and hardware support, including advanced multicore processors. Drawing on more than a decade of embedded Linux experience, Hallinan helps you rapidly climb the learning curve, whether you’re moving from legacy environments or you’re new to embedded programming. Hallinan addresses today’s most important development challenges and demonstrates how to solve the problems you’re most likely to encounter. You’ll learn how to build a modern, efficient embedded Linux development environment, and then utilize it as productively as possible. Hallinan offers up-to-date guidance on everything from kernel configuration and initialization to bootloaders, device drivers to file systems, and BusyBox utilities to real-time configuration and system analysis. This edition adds entirely new chapters on UDEV, USB, and open source build systems. Tour the typical embedded system and development environment and understand its concepts and components. Understand the Linux kernel and userspace initialization processes. Preview bootloaders, with specific emphasis on U-Boot. Configure the Memory Technology Devices (MTD) subsystem to interface with flash (and other) memory devices. Make the most of BusyBox and latest open source development tools. Learn from expanded and updated coverage of kernel debugging. Build and analyze real-time systems with Linux. Learn to configure device files and driver loading with UDEV. Walk through detailed coverage of the USB subsystem. Introduces the latest open source embedded Linux build systems. Reference appendices include U-Boot and BusyBox commands.

    • Computers

LINUX Assembly Language Programming


Author: Bob Neveln
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional
ISBN: 9780130879400
Category: Computers
Page: 249
View: 8864
Master x86 language from the Linux point of view with this one-concept-at-a-time guide. Neveln gives an "under the hood" perspective of how Linux works and shows how to create device drivers. The CD-ROM includes all source code from the book plus edlinas, an x86 simulator that's perfect for hands-on, interactive assembler development.

    • Computers

Debugging Linux Systems (Digital Short Cut)


Author: Sreekrishnan Venkateswaran
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 0131380974
Category: Computers
Page: 91
View: 9403
Debugging Linux Systems discusses the main tools available today to debug 2.6 Linux Kernels. We start by exploring the seemingly esoteric operations of the Kernel Debugger (KDB), Kernel GNU DeBugger (KGDB), the plain GNU DeBugger (GDB), and JTAG debuggers. We then investigate Kernel Probes, a feature that lets you intrude into a kernel function and extract debug information or apply a medicated patch. Analyzing a crash dump can yield clues for postmortem analysis of kernel crashes or hangs, so we take a look at Kdump, a serviceability tool that collects a system dump after spawning a new kernel. Profiling points you to code regions that burn more CPU cycles, so we learn to use the OProfile kernel profiler and the gprof application profiler to sense the presence of code bottlenecks. Because tracing provides insight into behavioral problems that manifest during interactions between different code modules, we delve into the Linux Trace Toolkit, a system designed for high-volume trace capture. The section “Debugging Embedded Linux” takes a tour of the I/O interfaces commonly found on embedded hardware, such as flash memory, serial port, PCMCIA, Secure Digital media, USB, RTC, audio, video, touch screen, and Bluetooth, and provides pointers to debug the associated device drivers. We also pick up some board-level debugging skills with the help of a case study. The section “Debugging Network Throughput” takes you through some device driver design issues and protocol implementation characteristics that can affect the horsepower of your network interface card. We end the shortcut by examining several options available in the kernel configuration menu that can emit valuable debug information.

    • Computers

Mastering Linux Kernel Development

A kernel developer's reference manual
Author: Raghu Bharadwaj
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1785886134
Category: Computers
Page: 354
View: 5026
Explore Implementation of core kernel subsystems About This Book Master the design, components, and structures of core kernel subsystems Explore kernel programming interfaces and related algorithms under the hood Completely updated material for the 4.12.10 kernel Who This Book Is For If you are a kernel programmer with a knowledge of kernel APIs and are looking to build a comprehensive understanding, and eager to explore the implementation, of kernel subsystems, this book is for you. It sets out to unravel the underlying details of kernel APIs and data structures, piercing through the complex kernel layers and gives you the edge you need to take your skills to the next level. What You Will Learn Comprehend processes and fles—the core abstraction mechanisms of the Linux kernel that promote effective simplification and dynamism Decipher process scheduling and understand effective capacity utilization under general and real-time dispositions Simplify and learn more about process communication techniques through signals and IPC mechanisms Capture the rudiments of memory by grasping the key concepts and principles of physical and virtual memory management Take a sharp and precise look at all the key aspects of interrupt management and the clock subsystem Understand concurrent execution on SMP platforms through kernel synchronization and locking techniques In Detail Mastering Linux Kernel Development looks at the Linux kernel, its internal arrangement and design, and various core subsystems, helping you to gain significant understanding of this open source marvel. You will look at how the Linux kernel, which possesses a kind of collective intelligence thanks to its scores of contributors, remains so elegant owing to its great design. This book also looks at all the key kernel code, core data structures, functions, and macros, giving you a comprehensive foundation of the implementation details of the kernel's core services and mechanisms. You will also look at the Linux kernel as well-designed software, which gives us insights into software design in general that are easily scalable yet fundamentally strong and safe. By the end of this book, you will have considerable understanding of and appreciation for the Linux kernel. Style and approach Each chapter begins with the basic conceptual know-how for a subsystem and extends into the details of its implementation. We use appropriate code excerpts of critical routines and data structures for subsystems.

    • Computers

Professional Linux Kernel Architecture


Author: Wolfgang Mauerer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118079911
Category: Computers
Page: 1368
View: 1690
Find an introduction to the architecture, concepts and algorithms of the Linux kernel in Professional Linux Kernel Architecture, a guide to the kernel sources and large number of connections among subsystems. Find an introduction to the relevant structures and functions exported by the kernel to userland, understand the theoretical and conceptual aspects of the Linux kernel and Unix derivatives, and gain a deeper understanding of the kernel. Learn how to reduce the vast amount of information contained in the kernel sources and obtain the skills necessary to understand the kernel sources.

    • Computers

Linux Kernel in a Nutshell


Author: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 0596100795
Category: Computers
Page: 182
View: 5307
Presents an overview of kernel configuration and building for version 2.6 of the Linux kernel.

    • Computers

Embedded Linux System Design and Development


Author: P. Raghavan,Amol Lad,Sriram Neelakandan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420031619
Category: Computers
Page: 432
View: 2340
Based upon the authors' experience in designing and deploying an embedded Linux system with a variety of applications, Embedded Linux System Design and Development contains a full embedded Linux system development roadmap for systems architects and software programmers. Explaining the issues that arise out of the use of Linux in embedded systems, the book facilitates movement to embedded Linux from traditional real-time operating systems, and describes the system design model containing embedded Linux. This book delivers practical solutions for writing, debugging, and profiling applications and drivers in embedded Linux, and for understanding Linux BSP architecture. It enables you to understand: various drivers such as serial, I2C and USB gadgets; uClinux architecture and its programming model; and the embedded Linux graphics subsystem. The text also promotes learning of methods to reduce system boot time, optimize memory and storage, and find memory leaks and corruption in applications. This volume benefits IT managers in planning to choose an embedded Linux distribution and in creating a roadmap for OS transition. It also describes the application of the Linux licensing model in commercial products.

    • Computers

Running Linux


Author: Matt Welsh
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9780596002725
Category: Computers
Page: 672
View: 5514
Explains how to understand and use Linux, covering installation, system administration, configuring desktops, and networking, along with topics such as the GNOME desktop, security, package management, and sound configuration.