• Science

Fjord Oceanography


Author: Howard Freeland
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461331056
Category: Science
Page: 716
View: 8655

    • Science

Fjord Systems and Archives


Author: J. A. Howe
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 9781862393127
Category: Science
Page: 380
View: 1868
Fjords are glacially over-deepended, semi-enclosed marine basins, but are often neglected as a sedimentary realm. They represent the transition from the terrestrial to the marine environment and as such have the potential to preserve evidence of environmental change. Typically most fjords have been glaciated a number of times and some high-latitude fjords still possess a resident glacier. The stratigraphic record in fjords largely preserves a glacial-deglacial cycle of deposition. Sheltered water and high sedimentation rates potentially make fjords ideal depsositional environments for preserving continuous records of climate and environmental change with high temporal resolution. Fjords are also referred to as minature oceans providing the unique opporunity to study marine processes in great detail. With predictions of warming climates, changing ocean circulation and rising sea levels, this volume is a timely look at these environmentally sensitive coattilnes.

    • Science

Oceanography and Marine Biology, An Annual Review


Author: Harold Barnes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482267276
Category: Science
Page: 650
View: 6352
The series considers, annually, basic aspects of marine research, returning to each in future volumes at appropriate intervals; deals with subjects of special and topical importance; and adds new ones as they arise.

    • Science

Fjords

Processes and Products
Author: James P.M. Syvitski,David C. Burrell,Jens M. Skei
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461246326
Category: Science
Page: 215
View: 1828
Fjords are both an interface and a buffer between glaciated continents and the oceans. They exhibit a very wide range in environmental conditions, both in dynamics and geography. Some are truly wonders of the world with their dizzying mountain slopes rising sharply from the ocean edge. Others represent some of the harshest conditions on earth, with hurricane winds, extremes in temperature, and catastrophic earth and ice movements. Fjords are unique estuaries and represent a large portion of the earth's coastal zone. Yet they are not very well known, given the increasing population and food pressures, and their present industrial and strategic importance. Temperate zone estuaries have had many more years of intense study, with multiyear data available. Most fjords have not been impacted by man but, if history repeats itself, that condition will not last long. Fjords present some unique environmental problems, such as their usually slow flushing time, a feature common to many silled environments. Thus there is presently a need for management guidelines, which can only be based on a thorough knowledge of the way fjords work. Fjords are, in many respects, perfect natural oceanographic and geologic lab oratories. Source inputs are easily identified and their resulting gradients are well developed. Throughout this book, we emphasize the potential of modeling pro cesses in fjords, with comparisons to other estuary, lake, shelf and slope, and open ocean environments.

    • Science

The Nordic Seas


Author: Burton G. Hurdle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461580358
Category: Science
Page: 777
View: 4212
" ... as soon as one has traversed the greater part of the wild sea, one comes upon such a huge quantity of ice that nowhere in the whole world has the like been known." "This ice is of a wonderful nature. It lies at times quite still, as one would expect, with openings or large fjords in it; but sometimes its movement is so strong and rapid as to equal that of a ship running before the wind, and it drifts against the wind as often as with it." Kongespeilet - 1250 A.D. ("The Mirror of Kings") Modern societies require increasing amounts influence on the water mass and on the resulting of scientific information about the environment total environment of the region; therefore, cer tain of its characteristics will necessarily be in whieh they live and work. For the seas this information must describe the air above the sea, included.


    • Nature

Physical Oceanography of Frontal Zones in the Subarctic Seas


Author: A. G. Kosti︠a︡noĭ,Jacques C. J. Nihoul,V. B. Rodionov
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444516862
Category: Nature
Page: 316
View: 7830
This title presents the systematization and description of accumulated knowledge on oceanic fronts of the Norwegian, Greenland, Barents and Bering Seas. The main fronts of the Norwegian, Greenland and Barents Seas are part of the climatic North Polar Frontal Zone (NPFZ). The work is based on numerous observational data, collected by the authors during special sea experiments directed at the investigation of physical processes and phenomena inside certain parts of the NPFZ and in the northern part of the Bering Sea, on archive data of the USSR Hydrometeocenter and other research institutions, as well as on a wide scientific literature published in Russian and Western editions. The book contains general information on the oceanic fronts of the Subarctic Seas, brief history of their investigation, state of the knowledge, as well as detailed description of the thermohaline structure of all frontal zones in the Norwegian, Greenland, Barents and Bering Seas and of neighboring fronts of Arctic and coastal origin. Special attention is given to the study of the multifrontal character of the NPFZ and of peculiarities of its internal structure at different locations, to the description of diverse oceanic features observed in the NPFZ, as well as to some characteristics of the horizontal and vertical fine structure of hydrophysical fields in the NPFZ. The main features of the northern Bering Sea's summer ecohydrodynamics are investigated with the help of three-dimensional direct and inverse models.

    • Science

Oceanography of a Large-Scale Estuarine System

The St. Lawrence
Author: Mohammed I. El-Sabh,Norman Silverberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461575346
Category: Science
Page: 434
View: 2018
This is the first book for over twenty years on the physical, biological, chemical and geological characteristics of a large-scale estuary. Interdisciplinary, concise and cohesive, it is applicable as a model for worldwide estuary study. From the contents: Mathematical Modeling of Tides in the St. Lawrence Estuary.- Fronts and Mesoscale Features in the St. Lawrence Estuary.- Nearshore Sediment Dynamics in the St. Lawrence Estuary.- Organic Geochemical Studies in the St. Lawrence Estuary.

    • Science

Hydrodynamics of Estuaries and Fjords

Proceedings of the 9th International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics
Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080870595
Category: Science
Page: 545
View: 3188
Hydrodynamics of Estuaries and Fjords

    • Straits

A Bibliography of the Physical Oceanography of Straits


Author: Thomas Hartley Kinder
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Straits
Page: 25
View: 2841
As part of a project to characterize straits dynamically, a bibliography of papers that discuss the physical oceanographic aspects of straits is presented. The bibliography was constructed from computer data base searches and from the authors' knowledge of the subject. The bibliography contains over 600 entries and is current through June 1986.

    • Nature

Ecology of fjords and coastal waters

proceedings of the Mare Nor Symposium on the Ecology of Fjords and Coastal Waters, Tromsø, Norway, 5-9 December, 1994
Author: Hein Rune Skjoldal
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
ISBN: 9780444820969
Category: Nature
Page: 623
View: 9757

    • Science

The Ocean in Motion

Circulation, Waves, Polar Oceanography
Author: Manuel G. Velarde,Roman Yu. Tarakanov,Alexey V. Marchenko
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319719343
Category: Science
Page: 625
View: 565
This book commemorates the 70th birthday of Eugene Morozov, the noted Russian observational oceanographer. It contains many contributions reflecting his fields of interest, including but not limited to tidal internal waves, ocean circulation, deep ocean currents, and Arctic oceanography. Special attention is paid to studies on internal waves and especially those on tidal internal waves in the Global Ocean. These papers describe the most important open problems concerning experimental studies of internal waves and their theoretical, numerical, and laboratory modeling. Further contributions investigate the physics of surface waves and their interaction with internal waves. Here, the focus is on describing interaction processes between internal waves and deep currents in the ocean, especially currents of Antarctic Bottom Water in abyssal fractures. They also touch on the problem of oceanic circulation and related processes in fjords, including those occurring under sea ice. Given its breadth of coverage, the book will appeal to anyone interested in a survey of ocean dynamics, ranging from historic perspectives to modern research topics.

    • Science

Sensitivity to Change

Black Sea, Baltic Sea and North Sea
Author: Emin Özsoy,Alexander Mukaelyan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401157588
Category: Science
Page: 516
View: 369
Recent decades have seen a degradation of the environmental quality in semi-enclosed seas, which are particularly sensitive to population pressures due to their naturally low flushing rates related to their geometry. The North Sea, Baltic Sea and the Black Sea are amongst the most seriously threatened seas in the Euro-Asian region. Each semi-enclosed sea has a distinct pattern of circulation, transport, mixing, associated with the particular geometry, topography, boundary processes, interior stratification, atmospheric forcing, ice fonnation, straits / sill controls, and the specific inputs of freshwater, nutrients and pollutants. The workshop investigated the distinctive physical and ecological characteristics of the three seas in a comparative manner, in order to identify the types of driving forces and dynamic controls operating on productivity, nutrient cycling, physical transport and mixing mechanisms. A comparative study of these controlling mechanisms would allow us to better understand ecosystem sensitivity in these different environments. The workshop presentations highlighted the complexity of the semi-enclosed seas related to the interaction amongst the physical, chemical and biological fields, and differences in time and space scales in each of the systems. Further, a strong climate signal exists in these systems, manifest in the interannual, interdecadal and longer term variability. Part of the variability appears connected with background climatic variability.

    • Oceanography

Newsletter


Author: Challenger Society
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Oceanography
Page: N.A
View: 3877


    • Ecology

Ecology Abstracts


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Ecology
Page: N.A
View: 3982
Indexes journal articles in ecology and environmental science. Nearly 700 journals are indexed in full or in part, and the database indexes literature published from 1982 to the present. Coverage includes habitats, food chains, erosion, land reclamation, resource and ecosystems management, modeling, climate, water resources, soil, and pollution.

    • Arctic regions

Arctic and Alpine Research


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Arctic regions
Page: N.A
View: 4565

    • Science

Descriptive Physical Oceanography

An Introduction
Author: Lynne D. Talley
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080939117
Category: Science
Page: 560
View: 2286
Descriptive Physical Oceanography, Sixth Edition, provides an introduction to the field with an emphasis on large-scale oceanography based mainly on observations. Topics covered include the physical properties of seawater, heat and salt budgets, instrumentation, data analysis methods, introductory dynamics, oceanography and climate variability of each of the oceans and of the global ocean, and brief introductions to the physical setting, waves, and coastal oceanography. This updated version contains ocean basin descriptions, including ocean climate variability, emphasizing dynamical context; new chapters on global ocean circulation and introductory ocean dynamics; and a new companion website containing PowerPoint figures, lecture and study guides, and practical exercises for analyzing a global ocean data set using Java OceanAtlas. This text is ideal for undergraduates and graduate students in marine sciences and oceanography. Expanded ocean basin descriptions, including ocean climate variability, emphasizing dynamical context New chapters on global ocean circulation and introductory ocean dynamics Companion website containing PowerPoint figures, supplemental chapters, and practical exercises for analyzing a global ocean data set using Java OceanAtlas

    • Science

Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms


Author: Patricia M. Glibert,Elisa Berdalet,Michele A. Burford,Grant C. Pitcher,Mingjiang Zhou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319700693
Category: Science
Page: 461
View: 9086
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) - blooms that cause fish kills, contaminate seafood with toxins, or cause human or ecological health impacts and harm to local economies - are occurring more often, in more places and lasting longer than in past decades. This expansion is primarily the result of human activities, through increased nutrient inputs and various aspects of climate change. The Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (GEOHAB) programme promoted international collaboration to understand HAB population dynamics in various oceanographic regimes and to improve the prediction of HABs. This volume introduces readers to the overarching framework of the GEOHAB programme, factors contributing to the global expansion of harmful algal blooms, the complexities of HABs in different habitats, and the forward-looking issues to be tackled by the next generation of GEOHAB, GlobalHAB. The programme brought together an international team of contributing scientists and ecosystem managers, and its outcomes will greatly benefit the international research community.