• Mathematics

Game, Set and Math

Enigmas and Conundrums
Author: Ian Stewart
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486150968
Category: Mathematics
Page: 208
View: 4568
Twelve essays take a playful approach to mathematics, investigating the topology of a blanket, the odds of beating a superior tennis player, and how to distinguish between fact and fallacy.

    • Mathematics

Problem Solving Through Recreational Mathematics


Author: Bonnie Averbach,Orin Chein
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486131742
Category: Mathematics
Page: 480
View: 2886
Fascinating approach to mathematical teaching stresses use of recreational problems, puzzles, and games to teach critical thinking. Logic, number and graph theory, games of strategy, much more. Includes answers to selected problems. Free solutions manual available for download at the Dover website.

    • Games

Puzzles in Math and Logic

100 New Recreations
Author: Aaron J. Friedland
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486222561
Category: Games
Page: 66
View: 5262
Selected brain teasers requiring geometric, algebraic, and logical solutions

    • Games

Math Hysteria : Fun and games with mathematics

Fun and games with mathematics
Author: Ian Stewart
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191547395
Category: Games
Page: 256
View: 579
Welcome to Ian Stewart's strange and magical world of mathematics! In Math Hysteria, Professor Stewart presents us with a wealth of magical puzzles, each one spun around an amazing tale: Counting the Cattle of the Sun; The Great Drain Robbery; and Preposterous Piratical Predicaments; to name but a few. Along the way, we also meet many curious characters: in short, these stories are engaging, challenging, and lots of fun!

    • Games

Mensa Challenge Your Brain Math & Logic Puzzles


Author: Dave Tuller,Michael Rios
Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
ISBN: 9781402714498
Category: Games
Page: 96
View: 4066
Looking for a brain workout? Well look no further with a collection of Mensa-level conundrums. Puzzles range from classics like Battleships to "Hex Loops" - locate a path that travels through the adjacent hexagons: the trick is it has to end where it started, and the lines can't touch or cross.

    • Science

Another Fine Math You've Got Me Into. . .


Author: Ian Stewart
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048615078X
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 1319
Sixteen columns from the French edition of Scientific American feature oddball characters and wacky wordplay in a mathematical wonderland of puzzles and games that also imparts significant mathematical ideas. 1992 edition.

    • Mathematical recreations

The Canterbury Puzzles

And Other Curious Problems
Author: Henry Ernest Dudeney
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematical recreations
Page: 194
View: 2238

    • Mathematics

Concepts of Modern Mathematics


Author: Ian Stewart
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486134954
Category: Mathematics
Page: 368
View: 6397
In this charming volume, a noted English mathematician uses humor and anecdote to illuminate the concepts of groups, sets, subsets, topology, Boolean algebra, and other mathematical subjects. 200 illustrations.

    • Science

The Life and Death of Stars


Author: Kenneth R. Lang
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110701638X
Category: Science
Page: 332
View: 7264
In an illustrated, accessible text, the author explains the life cycle of stars, from dense molecular clouds to the enigmatic nebulae some stars leave behind in their violent ends.

    • Computers

International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences


Author: Erol Gelenbe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849314902
Category: Computers
Page: 440
View: 4682
Papers from an October 2002 symposium describe research in areas including algorithms, artificial intelligence, computer graphics, computer networks, databases, evolutionary computation, graph theory, image processing, multimedia technology, software engineering, and software performance engineering. Some specific topics are packet selection in a deflection routing algorithm, honeycomb subdivision, a new image-based lighting method, visualizing transition diagrams of action language programs, and solution stability in evolutionary computation. Other subjects include control of lightpaths in heterogeneous optical networks, exploiting semantic constraints in a database browser, and bandwidth allocation in bluetooth scatternets. There is no subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

    • Business & Economics

The World in the Model

How Economists Work and Think
Author: Mary S. Morgan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139560417
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 5405
During the last two centuries, the way economic science is done has changed radically: it has become a social science based on mathematical models in place of words. This book describes and analyses that change - both historically and philosophically - using a series of case studies to illuminate the nature and the implications of these changes. It is not a technical book; it is written for the intelligent person who wants to understand how economics works from the inside out. This book will be of interest to economists and science studies scholars (historians, sociologists and philosophers of science). But it also aims at a wider readership in the public intellectual sphere, building on the current interest in all things economic and on the recent failure of the so-called economic model, which has shaped our beliefs and the world we live in.

    • Reference

Science's First Mistake

Delusions in Pursuit of Theory
Author: Ian O. Angell,Dionysios Demetis
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1780932332
Category: Reference
Page: 256
View: 4640
This book seeks to deconstruct the process of scientific knowledge discovery and theory construction by scrutinizing the circumstances under which all scientific hypotheses are conceived. It concentrates on the interrelatedness of observation, paradox, delusion and self reference in scientific theory and method.

    • Science

Fearful Symmetry

Is God a Geometer?
Author: Ian Stewart,Martin Golubitsky
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486477584
Category: Science
Page: 287
View: 2553
"From the shapes of clouds to dewdrops on a spider's web, this accessible book employs the mathematical concepts of symmetry to portray fascinating facets of the physical and biological world. More than 120 figures illustrate the interaction of symmetry with dynamics and the mathematical unity of nature's patterns"--

    • Games & Activities

The 125 Best Brain Teasers of All Time

A Mind-blowing Challenge of Math, Logic, and Wordplay
Author: Marcel Danesi
Publisher: Zephyros Press
ISBN: 9781641520089
Category: Games & Activities
Page: 206
View: 3176
Solve history's greatest puzzles with this classic collection of brain teasers from The Best Brain Teasers of All Time. The best brain teasers are those that have challenged and captivated the attention of puzzle lovers throughout time. Collected here to keep your wits sharp, The Best Brain Teasers of All Time features the cleverest brain teasers from around the world and throughout history. The Best Brain Teasers of All Time gives you hours of fun-filled entertainment with brain teasers that develop your problem-solving skills in math, logic, and wordplay. Organized as an integrated challenge, these brain teasers build in momentum as they increase in difficulty from classic nursery rhymes to the riddle of the sphinx. The Best Brain Teasers of All Time puts your mind to the test with: 125 Brain Teasers that require no special skills to solve. Plus, each question comes with an optional clue in case you get stumped and a handy answer key in the back to test yourself or play with friends Brain Teasers for Every Level that cater to beginners and advanced masterminds alike, with brain teasers organized by level of difficulty to improve your skills as you move forward Hints of History that provide fun facts and background information for every brain teaser Get ready to sharpen your wit with every "aha" moment. The Best Brain Teasers of All Time is a go-to source for timeless fun and mind-blowing challenges.

    • Science

Billions & Billions

Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium
Author: Carl Sagan
Publisher: Ballantine Books
ISBN: 0307801020
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 423
In the final book of his astonishing career, Carl Sagan brilliantly examines the burning questions of our lives, our world, and the universe around us. These luminous, entertaining essays travel both the vastness of the cosmos and the intimacy of the human mind, posing such fascinating questions as how did the universe originate and how will it end, and how can we meld science and compassion to meet the challenges of the coming century? Here, too, is a rare, private glimpse of Sagan's thoughts about love, death, and God as he struggled with fatal disease. Ever forward-looking and vibrant with the sparkle of his unquenchable curiosity, Billions & Billions is a testament to one of the great scientific minds of our day. From the Trade Paperback edition.

    • Mathematics

Mathematics Under the Microscope

Notes on Cognitive Aspects of Mathematical Practice
Author: Alexandre Borovik
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821847619
Category: Mathematics
Page: 317
View: 3065
The author's goal is to start a dialogue between mathematicians and cognitive scientists. He discusses, from a working mathematician's point of view, the mystery of mathematical intuition: why are certain mathematical concepts more intuitive than others? To what extent does the ``small scale'' structure of mathematical concepts and algorithms reflect the workings of the human brain? What are the ``elementary particles'' of mathematics that build up the mathematical universe? The book is saturated with amusing examples from a wide range of disciplines--from turbulence to error-correcting codes to logic--as well as with just puzzles and brainteasers. Despite the very serious subject matter, the author's approach is lighthearted and entertaining. This is an unusual and unusually fascinating book. Readers who never thought about mathematics after their school years will be amazed to discover how many habits of mind, ideas, and even material objects that are inherently mathematical serve as building blocks of our civilization and everyday life. A professional mathematician, reluctantly breaking the daily routine, or pondering on some resisting problem, will open this book and enjoy a sudden return to his or her young days when mathematics was fresh, exciting, and holding all promises. And do not take the word ``microscope'' in the title too literally: in fact, the author looks around, in time and space, focusing in turn on a tremendous variety of motives, from mathematical ``memes'' (genes of culture) to an unusual life of a Hollywood star. --Yuri I. Manin, Max-Planck Institute of Mathematics, Bonn, and Northwestern University

    • Science

Essays on the Frontiers of Modern Astrophysics and Cosmology


Author: Santhosh Mathew
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319018876
Category: Science
Page: 206
View: 3268
This book is a collection of fourteen essays that describe an inspiring journey through the universe and discusses popular science topics that modern physics and cosmology are struggling to deal with. What is our place in the universe and what happens in the magnificent cosmos where we exist for a brief amount of time. In an unique way that incorporates mythological and philosophical perspectives, the essays in this work address the big questions of what the universe is, how it came into being, and where it may be heading. This exciting adventure is a rich scientific history of elegant physics, mathematics, and cosmology as well as a philosophical and spiritual pursuit fueled by the human imagination.

    • Mathematics

The Puzzle Instinct

The Meaning of Puzzles in Human Life
Author: Marcel Danesi
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253109194
Category: Mathematics
Page: 288
View: 2256
One of the most famous anagrams of all time was constructed in the Middle Ages. The unknown author contrived it as a Latin dialogue between Pilate and Jesus. Jesus' answer to Pilate's question "What is truth" is phrased as an ingenious anagram of the letters of that very question: Pilate: Quid est veritas? ("What is truth?") Jesus: Est virqui adest. ("It is the man before you.") The origin of anagrams is shrouded in mystery. One thing is clear, however -- in the ancient world, they were thought to contain hidden messages from the gods. Legend has it that even Alexander the Great (356--323 b.c.) believed in their prophetic power. -- from Chapter Two The most obvious explanation for the popularity of puzzles is that they provide a form of constructive entertainment. But in The Puzzle Instinct Marcel Danesi contends that the fascination with puzzles throughout the ages suggests something much more profound. Puzzles serve a deeply embedded need in people to make sense of things. Emerging at the same time in human history as myth, magic, and the occult arts, the puzzle instinct, he claims, led to discoveries in mathematics and science, as well as revolutions in philosophical thought. Puzzles fill an existential void by providing "small-scale experiences of the large-scale questions that Life poses. The puzzle instinct is, arguably, as intrinsic to human nature as is humor, language, art, music, and all the other creative faculties that distinguish humanity from all other species."

    • Philosophy

Philosophy of Mathematics

Structure and Ontology
Author: Stewart Shapiro
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198025450
Category: Philosophy
Page: 296
View: 4294
Do numbers, sets, and so forth, exist? What do mathematical statements mean? Are they literally true or false, or do they lack truth values altogether? Addressing questions that have attracted lively debate in recent years, Stewart Shapiro contends that standard realist and antirealist accounts of mathematics are both problematic. As Benacerraf first noted, we are confronted with the following powerful dilemma. The desired continuity between mathematical and, say, scientific language suggests realism, but realism in this context suggests seemingly intractable epistemic problems. As a way out of this dilemma, Shapiro articulates a structuralist approach. On this view, the subject matter of arithmetic, for example, is not a fixed domain of numbers independent of each other, but rather is the natural number structure, the pattern common to any system of objects that has an initial object and successor relation satisfying the induction principle. Using this framework, realism in mathematics can be preserved without troublesome epistemic consequences. Shapiro concludes by showing how a structuralist approach can be applied to wider philosophical questions such as the nature of an "object" and the Quinean nature of ontological commitment. Clear, compelling, and tautly argued, Shapiro's work, noteworthy both in its attempt to develop a full-length structuralist approach to mathematics and to trace its emergence in the history of mathematics, will be of deep interest to both philosophers and mathematicians.

    • Philosophy

Wittgenstein's Vienna Revisited


Author: Allan Janik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351326147
Category: Philosophy
Page: 287
View: 9761
Fin de siecle Vienna was once memorably described by Karl Kraus as a "proving ground for the destruction of the world." In the decades leading to the World War that brought down the Austro-Hungarian empire, the city was at once an operetta dream world masking social and political problems and tension, as well as a center for the far-reaching explorations and innovations in music, art, science, and philosophy that would help to define modernity. One of the most powerful critiques of the retreat into fantasy was that of the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, whose early career in Vienna has helped frame debates about ethical and aesthetic values in culture. In Wittgenstein's Vienna Revisited Allan Janik expands upon his work Wittgenstein's Vienna (co-authored with Stephen Toulmin) to amplify a number of significant points concerning the genesis of Wittgenstein's thought, the nature of Viennese culture, and criticism of contemporary culture. Although Wittgenstein is the central figure in this volume, Janik places considerable emphasis on other influential figures, both Viennese and non-Viennese, in order to break down some of the persistent stereotypes about the philosopher and his surrounding culture, especially the myths of "carefree" Vienna and Wittgenstein the positivist. The persistence of these myths, in Janik's view, stems in part from the inability of many historians to differentiate past from present in the evaluation of intellectual currents. Janik reviews a number of figures overlooked in assessing Wittgenstein: Otto Weininger, Kraus, Schoenberg, Nietzsche, Wagner, Ibsen, Offenbach, and Georg Trakl. All of these, Janik demonstrates, are absolutely necessary to understand what was at stake in the debates on aestheticism and the critique of a modern culture. Wittgenstein's efforts to recognize the limits of thought and language and thus to be fair to science, religion, and art account for his place of honor among critical modernists. These essays elucidate Wittgenstein's perspective on our culture.