• Political Science

Gender and Citizenship in the Middle East


Author: Suad Joseph
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815628644
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 7514
The essays in this work illustrate the various ways in which women in the Middle East fall short of being vested with the rights and privileges that would define them as fully enfranchised citizens. They offer an examination of national legislation on personal status, penal law and labour law.

    • Political Science

Citizenship and the State in the Middle East

Approaches and Applications
Author: Nils August Butenschøn,Uri Davis,Manuel Sarkis Hassassian
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815628293
Category: Political Science
Page: 449
View: 8044
This study forms part of a systematic critical attempt to interpret the complex nature of Middle East politics from a citizenship perspective.

    • History

Women in the Middle East and North Africa

Agents of Change
Author: Fatima Sadiqi,Moha Ennaji
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136970371
Category: History
Page: 312
View: 5016
This book examines the position of women in the contemporary Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Although it is culturally diverse, this region shares many commonalities with relation to women that are strong, deep, and pervasive: a space-based patriarchy, a culturally strong sense of religion, a smooth co-existence of tradition and modernity, a transitional stage in development, and multilingualism/multiculturalism. Experts from within the region and from outside provide both theoretical angles and case studies, drawing on fieldwork from Egypt, Oman, Palestine, Israel, Turkey, Iran, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and Spain. Addressing the historical, socio-cultural, political, economic, and legal issues in the region, the chapters cover five major aspects of women’s agency: political agency civil society activism legal reform cultural and social agencies religious and symbolic agencies. Bringing to light often marginalized topics and issues, the book underlines the importance of respecting specificities when judging societies and hints at possible ways of promoting the MENA region. As such, it is a valuable addition to existing literature in the field of political science, sociology, and women’s studies.

    • Social Science

Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

Citizenship and Justice
Author: Sameena Nazir,Leigh Tomppert
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742549920
Category: Social Science
Page: 367
View: 6628
Extrait de la couverture : "Freedom House has launched a new, comprehensive study [...]. The overarching goal of this survey is to facilitate and support national and international efforts to empower women in the Middle East and North Africa. The study presents a comparative evaluation of women's rights in sixteen countries and one territory [...]. The study identifies the causes and consequences of gender inequality in the region, as well as the major obstacles, and makes concrete recommandations for the consideration of national and international policymakers ans implementers. Women's rights in each country are assessed in five key areas : (1) nondiscrimination and access to justice ; (2) autonomy, security, and freedom of the person ; (3) economic rights and equal opportunity ; (4) political rights and civic voice ; and (5) social and cultural rights. Survey results are presented through a set of numerical scores and analytical narrative reports. The methodology for this survey is based on the universal declaration of human rights (UDHR)."

    • Political Science

Women and Power in the Middle East


Author: Suad Joseph,Susan Slyomovics
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812206908
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 4243
The seventeen essays in Women and Power in the Middle East analyze the social, political, economic, and cultural forces that shape gender systems in the Middle East and North Africa. Published at different times in Middle East Report, the journal of the Middle East Research and Information Project, the essays document empirically the similarities and differences in the gendering of relations of power in twelve countries—Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Palestine, Lebanon, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Iran. Together they seek to build a framework for understanding broad patterns of gender in the Arab-Islamic world. Challenging questions are addressed throughout. What roles have women played in politics in this region? When and why are women politically mobilized, and which women? Does the nature and impact of their mobilization differ if it is initiated by the state, nationalist movements, revolutionary parties, or spontaneous revolt? And what happens to women when those agents of mobilization win or lose? In investigating these and other issues, the essays take a look at the impact of rapid social change in the Arab-Islamic world. They also analyze Arab disillusionment with the radical nationalisms of the 1950s and 1960s and with leftist ideologies, as well as the rise of political Islamist movements. Indeed the essays present rich new approaches to assessing what political participation has meant for women in this region and how emerging national states there have dealt with organized efforts by women to influence the institutions that govern their lives. Designed for courses in Middle East, women's, and cultural studies, Women and Power in the Middle East offers to both students and scholars an excellent introduction to the study of gender in the Arab-Islamic world.

    • Education

Wired Citizenship

Youth Learning and Activism in the Middle East
Author: Linda Herrera
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135011893
Category: Education
Page: 208
View: 7477
Wired Citizenship examines the evolving patterns of youth learning and activism in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). In today’s digital age, in which formal schooling often competes with the peer-driven outlets provided by social media, youth all over the globe have forged new models of civic engagement, rewriting the script of what it means to live in a democratic society. As a result, state-society relationships have shifted—never more clearly than in the MENA region, where recent uprisings were spurred by the mobilization of tech-savvy and politicized youth. Combining original research with a thorough exploration of theories of democracy, communications, and critical pedagogy, this edited collection describes how youth are performing citizenship, innovating systems of learning, and re-imagining the practices of activism in the information age. Recent case studies illustrate the context-specific effects of these revolutionary new forms of learning and social engagement in the MENA region.

    • Social Science

Media in the Middle East

Activism, Politics, and Culture
Author: Nele Lenze,Charlotte Schriwer,Zubaidah Abdul Jalil
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319657712
Category: Social Science
Page: 265
View: 3621
This edited volume offers the first extended, cross-disciplinary exploration of the cumulative problems and increasing importance of various forms of media in the Middle East. Leading scholars with expertise in Middle Eastern studies discuss their views and perceptions of the media’s influence on regional and global change. Focusing on aspects of economy, digital news, online businesses, gender-related issues, social media, and film, the contributors of this volume detail media’s role in political movements throughout the Middle East. The volume illustrates how the increase in Internet connections and mobile applications have resulted in an emergence of indispensable tools for information acquisition, dissemination, and activism.

    • Political Science

Women and War in the Middle East

Transnational Perspectives
Author: Doctor Nicola Pratt,Doctor Nadje Al-Ali
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1848138040
Category: Political Science
Page: 294
View: 4113
Women and War in the Middle East provides a critical examination of the relationship between gender and transnationalism in the context of war, peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction in the Middle East. Critically examining the ways in which the actions of various local and transnational groups - including women's movements, diaspora communities, national governments, non-governmental actors and multilateral bodies - interact to both intentionally and inadvertantly shape the experiences of women in conflict situations, and determine the possibilities for women's participation in peace-building and (post)-conflict reconstruction, as well as the longer-term prospects for peace and security. The volume pays particular attention to the ways in which gender roles, relations and identities are constructed, negotiated and employed within transnational social and political fields in the conflict and post-conflict situations, and their particular consequences for women. Contributions focus on the two countries with the longest experiences of war and conflict in the Middle East, and which have been subject to the most prominent international interventions of recent years - that is, Iraq and the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Issues addressed by contributors include the impact of gender mainstreaming measures by international agencies and NGOs upon the ability of women to participate in peace-building and post-conflict resolution; the consequences for gender relations and identities of the US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq; and how transnational feminist movements can most effectively support peace building and women's rights in the region. Based entirely on original empirical research. Women and War in the Middle East brings together some of the foremost scholars in the areas of feminist international relations, feminist international political economy, anthropology, sociology, history and Middle East studies.

The Middle East in Transition

The Centrality of Citizenship
Author: Nils A. Butenschøn,Roel Meijer
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1788111133
Category:
Page: 368
View: 2049
The violent transitions that have dominated developments since the Arab Uprisings demonstrate deep-seated divisions in the conceptions of state authority and citizen rights and responsibilities. Analysing the Middle East through the lens of the ‘citizenship approach’, this book argues that the current diversity of crisis in the region can be ascribed primarily to the crisis in the relations between state and citizen. The volume includes theoretical discussions and case studies, and covers both Arab and non-Arab countries.

    • Political Science

Lineages of Revolt

Issues of Contemporary Capitalism in the Middle East
Author: Adam Hanieh
Publisher: Haymarket Books
ISBN: 1608463524
Category: Political Science
Page: 348
View: 3503
While the outcomes of the tumultuous uprisings that continue to transfix the Arab world remain uncertain, the root causes of rebellion persist. Drawing upon extensive empirical research, Lineages of Revolt tracks the major shifts in the region’s political economy over recent decades. In this illuminating and original work, Adam Hanieh explores the contours of neoliberal policies, dynamics of class and state formation, imperialism and the nature of regional accumulation, the significance of Palestine and the Gulf Arab states, and the ramifications of the global economic crisis. By mapping the complex and contested nature of capitalism in the Middle East, the book demonstrates that a full understanding of the uprisings needs to go beyond a simple focus on “dictators and democracy.”

    • History

Israel in the Middle East

Documents and Readings on Society, Politics, and Foreign Relations, Pre-1948 to the Present
Author: Itamar Rabinovich,Jehuda Reinharz
Publisher: UPNE
ISBN: 9780874519624
Category: History
Page: 626
View: 4908
An anthology of the most important documents on the domestic and foreign policy of the modern state of Israel, in relation to the rest of the Middle East

    • Religion

Headscarves and Hymens

Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution
Author: Mona Eltahawy
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 0374710651
Category: Religion
Page: 256
View: 3699
A passionate manifesto decrying misogyny in the Arab world, by an Egyptian American journalist and activist When the Egyptian journalist Mona Eltahawy published an article in Foreign Policy magazine in 2012 titled "Why Do They Hate Us?" it provoked a firestorm of controversy. The response it generated, with more than four thousand posts on the website, broke all records for the magazine, prompted dozens of follow-up interviews on radio and television, and made it clear that misogyny in the Arab world is an explosive issue, one that engages and often enrages the public. In Headscarves and Hymens, Eltahawy takes her argument further. Drawing on her years as a campaigner and commentator on women's issues in the Middle East, she explains that since the Arab Spring began, women in the Arab world have had two revolutions to undertake: one fought with men against oppressive regimes, and another fought against an entire political and economic system that treats women in countries from Yemen and Saudi Arabia to Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya as second-class citizens. Eltahawy has traveled across the Middle East and North Africa, meeting with women and listening to their stories. Her book is a plea for outrage and action on their behalf, confronting the "toxic mix of culture and religion that few seem willing or able to disentangle lest they blaspheme or offend." A manifesto motivated by hope and fury in equal measure, Headscarves and Hymens is as illuminating as it is incendiary.

    • Political Science

Syrian Refugee Children in the Middle East and Europe

Integrating the Young and Exiled
Author: Michelle Pace,Somdeep Sen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351169300
Category: Political Science
Page: 124
View: 3894
Since the start of the conflict in Syria in 2011, Syrian refugee children have withstood violence, uncertainty, fear, trauma and loss. This book follows their journeys by bringing together scholars and practitioners to reflect on how to make their situation better and to get this knowledge to as many front liners - across European and neighbouring countries in the Middle East - as possible. The book is premised on the underlying conception of refugee children as not merely a vulnerable contingent of the displaced Syrian population, but one that possesses a certain agency for change and progress. In this vein, the various contributions aim to not just de-securitize the ‘conversation’ on migration that frequently centres on the presumed insecurity that refugees personify. They also de-securitize the figure and image of the refugee. Through the stories of the youngest and most vulnerable, they demonstrate that refugee children are not mere opaque figures on who we project our insecurities. Instead, they embody potentials and opportunities for progress that we need to nurture, as young refugees find themselves compelled to both negotiate the practical realities of a life in exile, and situate themselves in changing and unfamiliar sociocultural contexts. Drawing on extensive field research, this edited volume points in the direction of a new rights based framework which will safeguard the future of these children and their well-being. Offering a comparative lens between approaches to tackling refugees in the Middle East and Europe, this book will appeal to students and scholars of refugees and migration studies, human rights, as well as anyone with an interest in the Middle East or Europe.

    • Social Science

Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the African Diaspora

Travelling Blackness
Author: Manoucheka Celeste
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317431286
Category: Social Science
Page: 158
View: 6653
With the exception of slave narratives, there are few stories of black international migration in U.S. news and popular culture. This book is interested in stratified immigrant experiences, diverse black experiences, and the intersection of black and immigrant identities. Citizenship as it is commonly understood today in the public sphere is a legal issue, yet scholars have done much to move beyond this popular view and situate citizenship in the context of economic, social, and political positioning. The book shows that citizenship in all of its forms is often rhetorically, representationally, and legally negated by blackness and considers the ways that blackness, and representations of blackness, impact one’s ability to travel across national and social borders and become a citizen. This book is a story of citizenship and the ways that race, gender, and class shape national belonging, with Haiti, Cuba, and the United States as the primary sites of examination.

    • Social Science

Life as Politics

How Ordinary People Change the Middle East, Second Edition
Author: Asef Bayat
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 080478633X
Category: Social Science
Page: 392
View: 5043
Prior to 2011, popular imagination perceived the Muslim Middle East as unchanging and unchangeable, frozen in its own traditions and history. In Life as Politics, Asef Bayat argues that such presumptions fail to recognize the routine, yet important, ways in which ordinary people make meaningful change through everyday actions. First published just months before the Arab Spring swept across the region, this timely and prophetic book sheds light on the ongoing acts of protest, practice, and direct daily action. The second edition includes three new chapters on the Arab Spring and Iran's Green Movement and is fully updated to reflect recent events. At heart, the book remains a study of agency in times of constraint. In addition to ongoing protests, millions of people across the Middle East are effecting transformation through the discovery and creation of new social spaces within which to make their claims heard. This eye-opening book makes an important contribution to global debates over the meaning of social movements and the dynamics of social change.

    • Political Science

Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

Progress Amid Resistance
Author: Sanja Kelly,Julia Breslin
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 9781442203976
Category: Political Science
Page: 672
View: 3438
Freedom HouseOs innovative publication WomenOs Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Progress Amid Resistance analyzes the status of women in the region, with a special focus on the gains and setbacks for womenOs rights since the first edition was released in 2005. The study presents a comparative evaluation of conditions for women in 17 countries and one territory: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine (Palestinian Authority and Israeli-Occupied Territories), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The publication identifies the causes and consequences of gender inequality in the Middle East, and provides concrete recommendations for national and international policymakers and implementers. Freedom House is an independent nongovernmental organization that supports democratic change, monitors freedom, and advocates for democracy and human rights. The project has been embraced as a resource not only by international players like the United Nations and the World Bank, but also by regional womenOs rights organizations, individual activists, scholars, and governments worldwide. WomenOs rights in each country are assessed in five key areas: (1) Nondiscrimination and Access to Justice; (2) Autonomy, Security, and Freedom of the Person; (3) Economic Rights and Equal Opportunity; (4) Political Rights and Civic Voice; and (5) Social and Cultural Rights. The methodology is based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the study results are presented through a set of numerical scores and analytical narrative reports.

    • Social Science

Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History


Author: Amira El Azhary Sonbol
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815603832
Category: Social Science
Page: 357
View: 8232
The eighteen essays in this volume cover a wide range of material and revaluate women's studies and Middle Eastern studies, Muslim women and the Shari's courts, the Ottoman household, Dhimmi communities, children and family law, morality, and violence.

    • History

Being Israeli

The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship
Author: Gershon Shafir,Yoav Peled
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521796729
Category: History
Page: 397
View: 2438
The authors speculate on the relationship between identity and citizenship in Israel.

    • Political Science

Social Entrepreneurship and Citizenship in China

The rise of NGOs in the PRC
Author: Carolyn L. Hsu
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1134854307
Category: Political Science
Page: 166
View: 935
Over the last thirty years, social entrepreneurship has boomed in the People’s Republic of China. Today there are hundreds of thousands of legally registered NGOs, and millions more unregistered, working in the areas of the environment, education, women’s issues, disability services, community development, LGBTQ rights, and healthcare. The rise of these Chinese NGOs and their implications for civil society merits the focus of significant scholarly attention. This book draws upon the personal stories of social entrepreneurs in China, as well as their supporters and beneficiaries, in order to examine what the rapid growth of social entrepreneurship reveals about China's complex and dynamic society in the 21st century. It discusses the historical, cultural, and political circumstances that allowed and inspired people to become social entrepreneurs and create new forms of democratic engagement. Examining what social entrepreneurship with Chinese characteristics looks like, the book explores how it is changing the relationship between Chinese citizens and the state, and goes on to explain the subsequent effect on Chinese society. Highlighting the importance of citizen activism in the PRC from an interdisciplinary perspective, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Chinese Studies, Chinese Politics, Civil Society and Sociology.

    • Social Science

Empowering Women after the Arab Spring


Author: Marwa Shalaby,Valentine M. Moghadam
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137557478
Category: Social Science
Page: 226
View: 9837
With studies on the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Syria, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia, this collection presents a theoretical framework on the study of women's empowerment amid the transformations that have shaped the social and political fabrics of Arab societies.