• Technology & Engineering

Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries

Author: Vasilis D. Valavanis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203303180
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 209
View: 7851
Over the last two decades there has been increasing recognition that problems in oceanography and fisheries sciences and related marine areas are nearly all manifest in the spatio-temporal domain. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), the natural framework for spatial data handling, are being recognized as powerful tools with useful applications in marine sciences. Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries provides a thorough examination of marine GIS applications that include a wide variety of methods and sophisticated approaches in coastal, continental shelf, and deep ocean studies. It presents new innovative approaches of using GIS in the examination of the dynamic relations that characterize the marine world, including marine GIS macro routines for the development of oceanography and fisheries GIS tools and applications. This book is divided into four parts. The first gives an overview of marine GIS, including conceptual issues on marine spatial thinking and models of marine GIS development. The second and third parts examine the main sampling methods and online sources of spatially referenced data, and discuss application examples and innovative approaches in GIS developments for many oceanographic and fisheries tasks. The fourth part presents GIS technical issues by listing marine GIS routines for a wide array of GIS tasks. Anyone with interests in marine GIS development, physical and biological oceanography, fisheries and information based proposals for ocean and fisheries resource management will find this book useful.

    • Nature

Geographic Information Systems, Remote Sensing and Mapping for the Development and Management of Marine Aquaculture

Author: James M. Kapetsky,José Aguilar-Manjarrez,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251056462
Category: Nature
Page: 125
View: 4881
The objective of this document is to illustrate the ways in which Geographical Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing and mapping can play a role in the development and management of marine aquaculture. The perspective is global. The approach is to employ example applications that have been aimed at resolving many of the important issues in marine aquaculture. The underlying purpose is to stimulate the interest of individuals in the government, industry and educational sectors of marine aquaculture to make more effective use of these tools. A brief introduction to spatial tools and their use in the marine fisheries sector precedes the example applications. The most recent applications have been selected to be indicative of the state of the art, allowing readers to make their own assessments of the benefits and limitations of use of these tools in their own disciplines. Also published in Chinese and Spanish.

    • Technology & Engineering

Geoinformatics for Marine and Coastal Management

Author: Darius Bartlett,Louis Celliers
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498731554
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 414
View: 2122
Geoinformatics for Marine and Coastal Management provides a timely and valuable assessment of the current state of the art geoinformatics tools and methods for the management of marine systems. This book focuses on the cutting-edge coverage of a wide spectrum of activities and topics such as GIS-based application of drainage basin analysis, contribution of ontology to marine management, geoinformatics in relation to fisheries management, hydrography, indigenous knowledge systems, and marine law enforcement. The authors present a comprehensive overview of the field of Geoinformatic Applications in Marine Management covering key issues and debates with specific case studies illustrating real-world applications of the GIS technology. This "box of tools" serves as a long-term resource for coastal zone managers, professionals, practitioners, and students alike on the management of oceans and the coastal fringe, promoting the approach of allowing sustainable and integrated use of oceans to maximize opportunities while keeping risks and hazards to a minimum.

    • Technology & Engineering

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems

Author: Dawn J. Wright,Darius J. Barlett
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203484738
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 320
View: 7783
Marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well as GIS communities, and cover the fields of deep sea geology, chemistry and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering and resource management. Comprising rigorous contributions from a group of leading scholars in marine and coastal GIS, this book will inspire and stimulate continued research in this important new application domain. Launched as a project to mark the UN International Year of the Ocean (1998) and supported by the International Geographical Union's Commission on Coastal Systems, this book covers progress and research in the marine and coastal realms, in the areas of theory, applications and empirical results. It is the first book of its kind to address basic and applied scientific problems in deep sea and coastal science using GIS and remote sensing technologies. It is designed for GIS and remote sensing specialists, but also for those with an interest in oceans, lakes and shores. Coverage ranges from seafloor spreading centres to Exclusive Economic Zones to microscale coastal habitats; and techniques include submersibles, computer modelling, image display, 3-D temporal data visualization, and development and application of new algorithms and spatial data structures. It illustrates the broad usage of GIS, image processing, and computer modelling in deep sea and coastal environments, and also addresses important institutional issues arising out of the use of these technologies.

    • Business & Economics

Geographic Information Systems in Fisheries Management and Planning

Technical Manual
Author: Gertjan de Graaf
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251049990
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 162
View: 7336
This manual contains guidance on the use of geographical information systems (GIS) software in inland fisheries management and planning designed to foster the sustainable use of natural resources. It is aimed at fisheries biologists, aquatic resource managers and decision-makers in developing countries who have no knowledge about GIS, and will be useful for a broad range of fishery applications. It includes two CD-ROMs with spatial data for exercises.

    • Science

Computers in Fisheries Research

Author: Bernard A. Megrey,Erlend Moksness
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401585989
Category: Science
Page: 254
View: 2831
In 1989 we were asked by Dr Vidar Wespestad (National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. National Marine Fisheries Service. Alaska Fisheries Science Center. Seattle. USA) to prepare and convene a session at the 1992 World Fisheries Congress in Athens. Greece on computer appli cations in fisheries. We agreed that the idea was a good one and the computer session turned out to be very successful. The computer session was organized in three parts: training classes. informal demonstrations accompanied by posters. and oral presentations of scientific papers. We were both amazed by the high level of interest and the high quality of contributions presented at the paper session. Returning from the World Fisheries Congress. we suggested to the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) in Copenhagen to hold a theme session on the topic 'Computers in Fisheries Research' at their statutory meeting the fol lowing year in Dublin. Ireland. The proposal was very positively received by ICES and we began organizing this new meeting with Dr John Ramster of the Ministry of Agriculture. Fisheries and Food. Fisheries Laboratory. Lowestoft. England. Based on our experience with the World Fisheries Congress. we expected a maximum of 15 titles would be submitted to the ICES theme session. Accordingly. the ICES symposium was originally allo cated one half-day time slot. The response we received from the call for papers. however. exceeded our most optimistic expectations. A total of 62 abstracts were submitted. Consequently.

    • Technology & Engineering

Oceanographic Applications of Remote Sensing

Author: Motoyoshi Ikeda
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849345258
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 512
View: 2002
Oceanographic Applications of Remote Sensing describes how remotely sensed data fields can be applied to help solve problems in ocean-related studies. This timely reference, written by and for oceanographers, emphasizes the application of data to particular physical, chemical, and biological processes related to the ocean and the ocean-atmosphere system. The organization of the book reflects this emphasis, with chapters arranged by process rather than by sensor characteristics. Oceanographic Applications of Remote Sensing contains comprehensive information on the application of such relevant data sets as sea surface temperature and topography, ocean circulation, sea level variability, wind speed and stress, wave height, solar radiation flux at ocean surfaces, and sea-ice characteristics and ice motion. It also discusses the reliability of remotely sensed data and provides information about the applicability of the various data sets to particular process studies. Its completeness and relevance makes Oceanographic Applications of Remote Sensing an important reference for modern studies of ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere processes. Its unique coverage of the physics that govern satellite processes and their applications to oceanography ensures that it will remain an important reference as new satellites are introduced.

    • Science

Cloud Computing in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences

Author: Tiffany C Vance,Nazila Merati,Chaowei Yang,May Yuan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012803193X
Category: Science
Page: 454
View: 2344
Cloud Computing in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences provides the latest information on this relatively new platform for scientific computing, which has great possibilities and challenges, including pricing and deployments costs and applications that are often presented as primarily business oriented. In addition, scientific users may be very familiar with these types of models and applications, but relatively unfamiliar with the intricacies of the hardware platforms they use. The book provides a range of practical examples of cloud applications that are written to be accessible to practitioners, researchers, and students in affiliated fields. By providing general information on the use of the cloud for oceanographic and atmospheric computing, as well as examples of specific applications, this book encourages and educates potential users of the cloud. The chapters provide an introduction to the practical aspects of deploying in the cloud, also providing examples of workflows and techniques that can be reused in new projects. Provides real examples that help new users quickly understand the cloud and provide guidance for new projects Presents proof of the usability of the techniques and a clear path to adoption of the techniques by other researchers Includes real research and development examples that are ideal for cloud computing adopters in ocean and atmospheric domains

    • Science

Ocean Solutions, Earth Solutions

Author: Dawn J. Wright
Publisher: Esri Press
ISBN: 9781589484603
Category: Science
Page: 500
View: 7240
This book showcases the leading, most up-to-date oceanography research using spatial analyses and geographic information systems.

    • Science

Arc Marine

GIS for a Blue Planet
Author: Dawn J. Wright
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 1589480171
Category: Science
Page: 202
View: 2394
Authors of the book Arc Marine discuss results of a successful effort to create and define a data model for academic, government, military, and private oceanographers, resource managers, conservationists, geographers, nautical archaeologists, and analysts and managers of marine applications. Arc Marine is the perfect starting point for the intermediate marine student as well as a resource for the marine GIS expert. At a time when health of our oceans is seen as crucial to our existence, marine researchers have developed a data model that supports sea floor mapping, fisheries management, marine mammal tracking, monitoring shoreline change, and water temperature analysis. This book enables marine professionals to do better work.

    • Science

Undersea with GIS

Author: Dawn J. Wright
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480162
Category: Science
Page: 253
View: 1146
Explores how the GIS features of mapping and visualization, charting, and Internet access are used for such purposes as tracking whales, searching for the German U-559 submarine, and managing geospatial submarine cable data.

    • Science

Marine Geography

GIS for the Oceans and Seas
Author: Joe Breman
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480452
Category: Science
Page: 204
View: 8958
Explains how those studying the world's oceans and seas use geographic information systems to investigate the health of the environment and the potential threats to marine life.

    • Science

Acoustic Fish Reconnaissance

Author: I.L. Kalikhman,K. I. Yudanov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420004050
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 6681
Until now, there has not been any work that systematically presents the subject of acoustic fish reconnaissance, details all major aspects of applying acoustic equipment in commercial fish reconnaissance, and offers sufficient analysis of the effectiveness of fish-finding techniques. Acoustic Fish Reconnaissance responds to this need by providing the first overview of the theoretical and practical aspects of acoustic search, detection, interpretation, and population estimation for commercial benefit. This book pays particular attention to the theory and practice of accounting surveys for quantitative estimation of biological resources and fishing conditions in traditional fishing areas. It also analyzes various applications of acoustic technique, based upon the authors' extensive investigations. The text includes the results of the applicability of fish-finding instruments, and offers recommendations on the development of improved acoustic techniques for commercial fleets.

    • Science

Coastal Ocean Observing Systems

Author: Yonggang Liu,Heather Kerkering,Robert H. Weisberg
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012802061X
Category: Science
Page: 490
View: 9941
Coastal Ocean Observing Systems provides state-of-the-art scientific and technological knowledge in coastal ocean observing systems, along with guidance on establishing, restructuring, and improving similar systems. The book is intended to help oceanographers understand, identify, and recognize how oceanographic research feeds into the various designs of ocean observing systems. In addition, readers will learn how ocean observing systems are defined and how each system operates in relation to its geographical, environmental, and political region. The book provides further insights into all of these problem areas, offering lessons learned and results from the types of research sponsored and utilized by ocean observing systems and the types of research design and experiments conducted by professionals specializing in ocean research and affiliated with observing systems. Includes international contributions from individuals working in academia, management, and industry Showcases the application of science and technology in coastal observing systems Highlights lessons learned on partnerships, governance structure, data management, and stakeholder relationships required for successful implementation Provides insight into how ocean research transfers to application and societal benefit

    • Science

An Introduction to Ocean Remote Sensing

Author: Seelye Martin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107019389
Category: Science
Page: 521
View: 4588
Covering significant new advances in satellite oceanography, this new edition introduces remote sensing for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

    • Technology & Engineering

Marine Managed Areas and Fisheries

Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128003324
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 446
View: 5712
Advances in Marine Biology has been providing in-depth and up-to-date reviews on all aspects of marine biology since 1963--over 40 years of outstanding coverage! The series is well known for its excellent reviews and editing. Now edited by Michael Lesser (University of New Hampshire, USA) with an internationally renowned Editorial Board, the serial publishes in-depth and up-to-date content on many topics that will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries science, ecology, zoology, and biological oceanography. Volumes cover all areas of marine science, both applied and basic, a wide range of topical areas from all areas of marine ecology, oceanography, fisheries management and molecular biology and the full range of geographic areas from polar seas to tropical coral reefs. This volume, with an introduction by Ray Hilborn, will present the latest views on the use of MPAs or Marine Managed Areas for fisheries management. It will contain a wide range of case studies including the Chagos archipelago, South Georgia, the Caribbean, the North Sea, Florida, Hawaii, Great Barrier Reef, California, Mediterraneanand the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. It is the intention of the editors that the volume presents a series of evidence based rather than advocacy driven contemporary reviews. AMB volumes solicit and publish review articles on the latest advances in marine biology Many of the authors of these review articles are the leading figures in their field of study and the material is widely used by managers, students and academic professionals in the marine sciences

    • Medical

Conservation for the Anthropocene Ocean

Interdisciplinary Science in Support of Nature and People
Author: Phillip S. Levin,Melissa R. Poe
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012809298X
Category: Medical
Page: 530
View: 6088
Conservation for the Anthropocene Ocean: Interdisciplinary Science in Support of Nature and People emphasizes strategies to better connect the practice of marine conservation with the needs and priorities of a growing global human population. It conceptualizes nature and people as part of shared ecosystems, with interdisciplinary methodologies and science-based applications for coupled sustainability. A central challenge facing conservation is the development of practical means for addressing the interconnectedness of ecosystem health and human well-being, advancing the fundamental interdisciplinary science that underlies conservation practice, and implementing this science in decisions to manage, preserve, and restore ocean ecosystems. Though humans have intentionally and unintentionally reshaped their environments for thousands of years, the scale and scope of human influence upon the oceans in the Anthropocene is unprecedented. Ocean science has increased our knowledge of the threats and impacts to ecological integrity, yet the unique scale and scope of changes increases uncertainty about responses of dynamic socio-ecological systems. Thus, to understand and protect the biodiversity of the ocean and ameliorate the negative impacts of ocean change on people, it is critical to understand human beliefs, values, behaviors, and impacts. Conversely, on a human-dominated planet, it is impossible to understand and address human well-being and chart a course for sustainable use of the oceans without understanding the implications of environmental change for human societies that depend on marine ecosystems and resources. This work therefore presents a timely, needed, and interdisciplinary approach to the conservation of our oceans. Helps marine conservation scientists apply principles from oceanography, ecology, anthropology, economics, political science, and other natural and social sciences to manage and preserve marine biodiversity Facilitates understanding of how and why social and environmental processes are coupled in the quest to achieve healthy and sustainable oceans Uses a combination of expository material, practical approaches, and forward-looking theoretical discussions to enhance value for readers as they consider conservation research, management and planning

    • Nature

Shifting Baselines

The Past and the Future of Ocean Fisheries
Author: Jeremy B.C. Jackson,Karen E. Alexander,Enric Sala
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 161091029X
Category: Nature
Page: 312
View: 8518
Shifting Baselines explores the real-world implications of a groundbreaking idea: we must understand the oceans of the past to protect the oceans of the future. In 1995, acclaimed marine biologist Daniel Pauly coined the term "shifting baselines" to describe a phenomenon of lowered expectations, in which each generation regards a progressively poorer natural world as normal. This seminal volume expands on Pauly's work, showing how skewed visions of the past have led to disastrous marine policies and why historical perspective is critical to revitalize fisheries and ecosystems. Edited by marine ecologists Jeremy Jackson and Enric Sala, and historian Karen Alexander, the book brings together knowledge from disparate disciplines to paint a more realistic picture of past fisheries. The authors use case studies on the cod fishery and the connection between sardine and anchovy populations, among others, to explain various methods for studying historic trends and the intricate relationships between species. Subsequent chapters offer recommendations about both specific research methods and effective management. This practical information is framed by inspiring essays by Carl Safina and Randy Olson on a personal experience of shifting baselines and the importance of human stories in describing this phenomenon to a broad public. While each contributor brings a different expertise to bear, all agree on the importance of historical perspective for effective fisheries management. Readers, from students to professionals, will benefit enormously from this informed hindsight.

    • Technology & Engineering

Life in the World's Oceans

Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance
Author: Alasdair McIntyre
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444348094
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 384
View: 9002
Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Abundance and Distribution is a true landmark publication. Comprising the synthesis and analysis of the results of the Census of Marine Life this most important book brings together the work of around 2000 scientists from 80 nations around the globe. The book is broadly divided into four sections, covering oceans past, oceans present, oceans future and a final section covering the utilisation of the data which has been gathered, and the coordination and communication of the results. Edited by Professor Alasdair Mcintyre, Marine Life is a book which should find a place on the shelves of all marine scientists, ecologists, conservation biologists, oceanographers, fisheries scientists and environmental biologists. All universities and research establishments where biological, earth and fisheries science are studied and taught should have copies of this essential book on their shelves. A true landmark publication One of the most important marine science books ever published Contributions from many world leading researchers Synthesis of a huge amount of important data Represents the culmination of 10 years' research by 2000 scientists from 80 countries