• Law

Hard Time

Understanding and Reforming the Prison
Author: Robert Johnson
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780534507176
Category: Law
Page: 344
View: 8540
A seminal work, this is a unique book in that it provides personal accounts from prisoners telling what it is really like to live in prison as well as historical and contextual information. It is the personal stories, which provide a realistic and poignant look at what life is like as a prisoner, that are the strength of this book.

    • Social Science

Hard Time

A Fresh Look at Understanding and Reforming the Prison
Author: Robert Johnson,Ann Marie Rocheleau,Alison B. Martin,Alison Liebling
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119082773
Category: Social Science
Page: 432
View: 7652
"Explores topics including the nature of prison as punishment; prisoner personality types and their coping strategies; gang violence; prison officers' public and private custodial duties; and psychological, educational, and work programs offered"--

    • Political Science

Are Prisons Obsolete?


Author: Angela Y. Davis
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
ISBN: 1609801040
Category: Political Science
Page: 129
View: 5320
With her characteristic brilliance, grace and radical audacity, Angela Y. Davis has put the case for the latest abolition movement in American life: the abolition of the prison. As she quite correctly notes, American life is replete with abolition movements, and when they were engaged in these struggles, their chances of success seemed almost unthinkable. For generations of Americans, the abolition of slavery was sheerest illusion. Similarly,the entrenched system of racial segregation seemed to last forever, and generations lived in the midst of the practice, with few predicting its passage from custom. The brutal, exploitative (dare one say lucrative?) convict-lease system that succeeded formal slavery reaped millions to southern jurisdictions (and untold miseries for tens of thousands of men, and women). Few predicted its passing from the American penal landscape. Davis expertly argues how social movements transformed these social, political and cultural institutions, and made such practices untenable. In Are Prisons Obsolete?, Professor Davis seeks to illustrate that the time for the prison is approaching an end. She argues forthrightly for "decarceration", and argues for the transformation of the society as a whole.

    • Philosophy

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
Author: Karl Popper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135971374
Category: Philosophy
Page: 608
View: 1154
Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

    • Education

Ethical Dilemmas and Decisions in Criminal Justice


Author: Joycelyn M. Pollock
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305856589
Category: Education
Page: 512
View: 9822
Packed with current, real-world examples, ETHICAL DILEMMAS AND DECISIONS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 9th Edition offers comprehensive, balanced, and practical coverage of ethics across all three arms of the criminal justice system: the police, the courts, and corrections. Readers find coverage of the philosophical principles and theories that are the foundation of ethical decision-making, as well as the latest challenges and issues in criminal justice -- the militarization of the police, mass imprisonment, wrongful convictions, the misuse of power by elected officials and/or other public servants, and more. The text provides a wealth of hands-on exercises as well as such insightful features as In the News boxes spotlighting recent examples of misconduct. For those studying or contemplating a career in criminal justice, real-life cases and situations demonstrate the significance of ethics in today's criminal justice arena. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

    • Family & Relationships

Rehabilitation Issues, Problems, and Prospects in Boot Camp


Author: Brent B. Benda,Nathaniel J. Pallone
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: N.A
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 214
View: 8305
Boot camps--what are their effects on criminal behavior?Public and political support for boot camps as alternative correctional facilities has rarely faltered since their inception decades ago, though their efficacy remains uncertain. Rehabilitation Issues, Problems, and Prospects in Boot Camp explores all facets of the controversial issue, from the attitudes and perceptions of the public, to the political motivations in maintaining them, on to the latest research on the camps and their graduates. Respected authorities discuss boot camps' effectiveness on diverse groups according to age, gender, race, and correctional facility. Cost factors between boot camps and other correctional institutions are compared, along with the latest criminal recidivism data. Boot camps provide inmates with an uncomfortable, paramilitary-style environment with an eye toward shorter incarceration time, lower costs, and more positive effects on criminal behavior. Does this correctional model work as anticipated? Rehabilitation Issues, Problems, and Prospects in Boot Camp gives you the facts, revealing the public and political arguments for and against boot camps as well as the research on the theoretical predictors of criminal recidivism and the differing attitudes of attendees toward the facilities according to gender and race. Critical policy issues are identified and discussed in-depth, with particular emphasis given to the positive and negative aspects of rehabilitation possibilities of boot camps. Helpful tables clearly illustrate statistics while extensive references provide opportunities for further insight.Rehabilitation Issues, Problems, and Prospects in Boot Camp explores questions such as: criminal recidivism--what are the theoretical predictors? what effect does gender have on criminal recidivism? what is the effect of this hypermasculine paramilitary prison environment have on males-- and females? what are the differences between Native American and non-Native American perceptions of boot camp? is the perceived severity of boot camp different for gender? what is the process for policymaking in creating and maintaining boot camps? what role does politics play in the continuation of boot camps? what corrections to boot camp facilities should be made based upon evidence and research?Rehabilitation Issues, Problems, and Prospects in Boot Camp is a thorough examination of the social and political issues about boot camps that makes essential reading for educators, students, sociologists, criminologists, psychologists, counselors, and criminal justice professionals.

    • Philosophy

A Theory of Justice


Author: John RAWLS
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674042603
Category: Philosophy
Page: 623
View: 9441
Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls's work.

    • Social Science

Mass Imprisonment

Social Causes and Consequences
Author: David Garland
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761973249
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 5997
Mass Imprisonment examines what is known about the political and penological causes of the social phenomenon of the US prison system. David Garland brings together papers by criminologists, sociologists and historians to describe the impact of prison.

    • Social Science

Correctional Counseling: A Cognitive Growth Perspective


Author: Central Washington University Key Sun,Key Sun
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 0763799432
Category: Social Science
Page: 238
View: 6894
The cognitive growth model maintains that correctional counseling is intended to help offenders balance their lives and important relations through developing more accurate social cognitions and understanding about the self, others, and patterns governing their interactions. This updated Second Edition employs the cognitive growth model to examine the major contemporary issues in correctional counseling and thoroughly explains how to use the model to fully understand and effectively perform correctional counseling. Correctional Counseling: A Cognitive Growth Perspective discusses such issues as, the counselor roles, work settings and challenges, offender classification and assessment, counseling processes, intervention/therapeutic techniques, and more. With this text the reader will learn how to respond to correctional clients and help them cope with their issues in the community and within prison. New to the Second Edition: -A NEW chapter (Chapter 11) on understanding and treating substance abuse has been added to address the increasing issue of substance abuse for the offender population. -Includes a NEW chapter (Chapter 12) on restorative justice. This chapter examines the skills and principles of restorative justice and addresses the needs of the victim, community, and the offender. -Contains updated crime statistics, further examines the issue of prisoner reentry, and provides additional information on drug/mental health courts. -Includes an expanded discussion on art therapy for assessment, and focuses on its techniques and benefits. -The chapter on counseling processes (Chapter 7) has been updated to include coverage on the issue of a gender-sensitive approach in counseling female offenders, and assessment and intervention for juvenile offenders. -The chapter on mentally disordered offenders (Chapter 10) includes an expanded discussion on research about mental illness and violence, and further analyzes the debate between social cognitive explanation and the biomedical explanation for mental disorder. Key Features: -Comprehensive in coverage, this text includes discussions on all major issues in contemporary correctional counseling (correctional counselors' roles, settings and challenges, major systems of therapeutic models, counseling processes, ethical dilemmas, etc.). Readers gain a wide-range of knowledge about correctional counseling theories and practice. -Although comprehensive, all discussions remain concise so that the reader can focus on and learn the most relevant and useful knowledge needed to succeed in the field. -Describes controversial issues in correctional counseling, including the limitations of counseling models and multidisciplinary perspectives for evidence-based counseling. This text encourages the reader to think critically and analyze the correctional issues being discussed. Instructor Resources: Instructor's Manual Test Bank PowerPoint Lecture Outlines"

    • Law

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

A Path Forward
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309142393
Category: Law
Page: 348
View: 1208
Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

    • Social Science

The Society of Captives

A Study of a Maximum Security Prison
Author: Gresham M. Sykes
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691130644
Category: Social Science
Page: 161
View: 5669
The Society of Captives, first published in 1958, is a classic of modern criminology and one of the most important books ever written about prison. Gresham Sykes wrote the book at the height of the Cold War, motivated by the world's experience of fascism and communism to study the closest thing to a totalitarian system in American life: a maximum security prison. His analysis calls into question the extent to which prisons can succeed in their attempts to control every facet of life--or whether the strong bonds between prisoners make it impossible to run a prison without finding ways of "accommodating" the prisoners. Re-released now with a new introduction by Bruce Western and a new epilogue by the author, The Society of Captives will continue to serve as an indispensable text for coming to terms with the nature of modern power.

    • Literary Collections

Civil Disobedience and Other Essays


Author: Henry David Thoreau
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486110117
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 96
View: 8646
Representative sampling of Thoreau's most frequently read and cited essays: "On the Duty of Civil Disobedience" (1849), "Life without Principle" (1863), "Slavery in Massachusetts" (1854), "A Plea for Captain John Brown" (1869) and "Walking" (1862).

    • Education

Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases


Author: Charles E. Harris, Jr.,Michael S. Pritchard,Michael J. Rabins,Ray James,Elaine Englehardt
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 133767074X
Category: Education
Page: 50
View: 797
Packed with examples pulled straight from recent headlines, ENGINEERING ETHICS, Sixth Edition, helps engineers understand the importance of their conduct as professionals as well as reflect on how their actions can affect the health, safety and welfare of the public and the environment. Numerous case studies give readers plenty of hands-on experience grappling with modern-day ethical dilemmas, while the book's proven and structured method for analysis walks readers step by step through ethical problem-solving techniques. It also offers practical application of the Engineering Code of Ethics and thorough coverage of critical moral reasoning, effective organizational communication, sustainability and economic development, risk management, ethical responsibilities, globalized standards for engineering and emerging challenges relating to evolving technology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

    • Business & Economics

Introduction to Research in Education


Author: Donald Ary,Lucy Cheser Jacobs,Christine K. Sorensen Irvine,David Walker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337566004
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 720
View: 5145
A classic in the field, INTRODUCTION TO METHODS IN EDUCATION, 10th Edition, helps students master the basic competencies necessary to understand and evaluate the research of others, and shows them how to plan and conduct original research. The text's strengths include a clear writing style, comprehensive topic coverage, well-chosen and effective examples that clarify complex concepts, and strong end-of-chapter exercises that expose students to intriguing research problems. This edition builds on the text's strengths of teaching students to become more competent consumers and producers of research, with expanded coverage of qualitative methods, action research, and indigenous research; and an up-to-date feature focusing on research issues in the public realm. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

    • Education

The Big Questions: A Short Introduction to Philosophy


Author: Robert C. Solomon,Kathleen M. Higgins
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305955447
Category: Education
Page: 464
View: 1250
Solomon and Higgins's engaging text covers philosophy's central ideas in an accessible, approachable manner. Through an exploration of timeless big questions about the self, God, justice, and other meaningful topics, the authors provide students with the context they need for an understanding of the foundational issues, while giving them the impetus and confidence to establish their own informed positions on these big questions. To give you the flexibility to fit the book to your course, the authors have designed each chapter with self-contained discussions, thus making it easy for you to choose your preferred topics and presentation order. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

    • Law

Prisons Today and Tomorrow


Author: Ashley G. Blackburn,Shannon K. Fowler,Joycelyn M. Pollock
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449615961
Category: Law
Page: 350
View: 3058
A Thoroughly Revised and Updated Third Edition of an Essential Text Prisons Today and Tomorrow is a balanced, comprehensive text designed to introduce students and other readers to the reality of corrections. Beginning with an overview of prisons throughout history, the text moves to an analysis of the philosophy and practice of modern corrections. Detailed descriptions of “life on the inside,” an analysis of trends in current correctional populations, and an overview of the future of corrections make Prisons Today and Tomorrow the most current and relevant correctional textbook on the market today. At every step, students are encouraged to engage in critical and analytical discussion on the role of incarceration and the challenges faced by corrections personnel, lawmakers, and newly released prisoners attempting to reintegrate into society. The revised third edition includes fully updated information and all-new chapters and contributors, including an up-to-date examination of modern issues facing prisoners and prison administration. With its accessible but comprehensive approach and clear, realistic style, Prisons Today and Tomorrow is suitable for corrections and sociology students at both the undergraduate and graduate level. Featuring chapters contributed by leading authorities in the field, current case studies and research, and insightful, probing questions for further discussion, Prisons Today and Tomorrow is an essential text for any student in the field. The revised and updated Third Edition includes: • Current case studies and up-to-date statistical information and research • Features chapters contributed by leading authorities in the field • Fully rewritten and updated chapter on modern issues facing prisoners and prison administration personnel • A comprehensive overview of future challenges in prison management • Learning objectives and vocabulary call-outs for every chapter • Review and discussion questions for every chapter that encourage material retention and critical thinking • Every new print copy includes full student access to the companion website, which features a variety of engaging interactive study tools

    • Social Science

Prison Policy in Ireland

Politics, Penal-Welfarism and Political Imprisonment
Author: Mary Rogan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136811451
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 544
This book explores how Irish prison policy has come to take on its particular character, with comparatively low prison numbers, significant reliance on short sentences and a policy-making climate in which long periods of neglect are interspersed with bursts of political activity all prominent features. Drawing on the emerging scholarship of policy analysis, the book argues that it is only through close attention to the way in which policy is formed that we will fully understand the nature of prison policy.

    • Philosophy

On Female Body Experience

"Throwing Like a Girl" and Other Essays
Author: Iris Marion Young
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198036630
Category: Philosophy
Page: 192
View: 1890
Written over a span of more than two decades, the essays by Iris Marion Young collected in this volume describe diverse aspects of women's lived body experience in modern Western societies. Drawing on the ideas of several twentieth century continental philosophers--including Simone de Beauvoir, Martin Heidegger, Luce Irigaray, Julia Kristeva, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty--Young constructs rigorous analytic categories for interpreting embodied subjectivity. The essays combine theoretical description of experience with normative evaluation of the unjust constraints on their freedom and opportunity that continue to burden many women. The lead essay rethinks the purpose of the category of "gender" for feminist theory, after important debates have questioned its usefulness. Other essays include reflection on the meaning of being at home and the need for privacy in old age residences as well as essays that analyze aspects of the experience of women and girls that have received little attention even in feminist theory--such as the sexuality of breasts, or menstruation as punctuation in a woman's life story. Young describes the phenomenology of moving in a pregnant body and the tactile pleasures of clothing. While academically rigorous, the essays are also written with engaging style, incorporating vivid imagery and autobiographical narrative. On Female Body Experience raises issues and takes positions that speak to scholars and students in philosophy, sociology, geography, medicine, nursing, and education.

    • Philosophy

Language, Truth and Logic


Author: Alfred Jules Ayer
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486113094
Category: Philosophy
Page: 160
View: 1335
"A delightful book … I should like to have written it myself." — Bertrand Russell First published in 1936, this first full-length presentation in English of the Logical Positivism of Carnap, Neurath, and others has gone through many printings to become a classic of thought and communication. It not only surveys one of the most important areas of modern thought; it also shows the confusion that arises from imperfect understanding of the uses of language. A first-rate antidote for fuzzy thought and muddled writing, this remarkable book has helped philosophers, writers, speakers, teachers, students, and general readers alike. Mr. Ayers sets up specific tests by which you can easily evaluate statements of ideas. You will also learn how to distinguish ideas that cannot be verified by experience — those expressing religious, moral, or aesthetic experience, those expounding theological or metaphysical doctrine, and those dealing with a priori truth. The basic thesis of this work is that philosophy should not squander its energies upon the unknowable, but should perform its proper function in criticism and analysis.

    • Education

Doing Literary Criticism

Helping Students Engage with Challenging Texts
Author: Tim Gillespie
Publisher: Stenhouse Publishers
ISBN: 9781571108425
Category: Education
Page: 306
View: 6873
One of the greatest challenges for English language arts teachers today is the call to engage students in more complex texts. Tim Gillespie, who has taught in public schools for almost four decades, has found the lenses of literary criticism a powerful tool for helping students tackle challenging literary texts. Tim breaks down the dense language of critical theory into clear, lively, and thorough explanations of many schools of critical thought--reader response, biographical, historical, psychological, archetypal, genre based, moral, philosophical, feminist, political, formalist, and postmodern. "Doing Literary Criticism" gives each theory its own chapter with a brief, teacher-friendly overview and a history of the approach, along with an in-depth discussion of its benefits and limitations. Each chapter also includes ideas for classroom practices and activities. Using stories from his own English classes--from alternative programs to advanced placement and everything in between--Tim provides a wealth of specific classroom-tested suggestions for discussion, essay and research paper topics, recommended texts, exam questions, and more. The accompanying cd offers abbreviated overviews of each theory (designed to be used as classroom handouts), examples of student work, collections of quotes to stimulate discussion and writing, an extended history of women writers, and much more. Ultimately, "Doing Literary Criticism" offers teachers a rich set of materials and tools to help their students become more confident and able readers, writers, and critical thinkers. Chapters of this book include: (1) Getting Started; (2) Reader Response Criticism; (3) Biographical Criticism; (4) Historical Criticism; (5) Psychological Criticism; (6) Archetypal Criticism; (7) Genre Criticism; (8) Moral Criticism; (9) Philosophical Criticism; (10) Feminist Criticism; (11) Political or Advocacy Criticism; (12) Formalist Criticism; and (13) Putting It All Together. References and an index are also included. [Foreword by Leila Christenbury.].