• Computers

A History of the Internet and the Digital Future


Author: Johnny Ryan
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1861898355
Category: Computers
Page: 246
View: 9174
A History of the Internet and the Digital Future tells the story of the development of the Internet from the 1950s to the present and examines how the balance of power has shifted between the individual and the state in the areas of censorship, copyright infringement, intellectual freedom, and terrorism and warfare. Johnny Ryan explains how the Internet has revolutionized political campaigns; how the development of the World Wide Web enfranchised a new online population of assertive, niche consumers; and how the dot-com bust taught smarter firms to capitalize on the power of digital artisans. From the government-controlled systems of the Cold War to today’s move towards cloud computing, user-driven content, and the new global commons, this book reveals the trends that are shaping the businesses, politics, and media of the digital future.

    • Science

Inventing the Internet


Author: Janet Abbate
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262261332
Category: Science
Page: 268
View: 4285
Since the late 1960s the Internet has grown from a single experimental network serving a dozen sites in the United States to a network of networks linking millions of computers worldwide. In Inventing the Internet, Janet Abbate recounts the key players and technologies that allowed the Internet to develop; but her main focus is always on the social and cultural factors that influenced the Internets design and use. The story she unfolds is an often twisting tale of collaboration and conflict among a remarkable variety of players, including government and military agencies, computer scientists in academia and industry, graduate students, telecommunications companies, standards organizations, and network users.The story starts with the early networking breakthroughs formulated in Cold War think tanks and realized in the Defense Department's creation of the ARPANET. It ends with the emergence of the Internet and its rapid and seemingly chaotic growth. Abbate looks at how academic and military influences and attitudes shaped both networks; how the usual lines between producer and user of a technology were crossed with interesting and unique results; and how later users invented their own very successful applications, such as electronic mail and the World Wide Web. She concludes that such applications continue the trend of decentralized, user-driven development that has characterized the Internet's entire history and that the key to the Internet's success has been a commitment to flexibility and diversity, both in technical design and in organizational culture.

    • Computers

History of the Internet

A Chronology, 1843 to the Present
Author: Christos J. P. Moschovitis
Publisher: Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9781576071182
Category: Computers
Page: 312
View: 7481
A chronology of telecommunications from Babbage's earliest theories of a "Difference Engine" to the impact of the Internet in 1998 to future trends.

    • Humor

Nerds 2.0.1

A Brief History of the Internet
Author: Stephen Segaller
Publisher: TV Books Incorporated
ISBN: 9781575000886
Category: Humor
Page: 412
View: 6491
The first detailed history of computer networking, beginning in the 1960s with the launch of "Sputnik" to the flourishing industry that online businesses are today. of photos.

    • Social Science

Where Wizards Stay Up Late

The Origins Of The Internet
Author: Matthew Lyon,Katie Hafner
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684872161
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 9111
Twenty five years ago, it didn't exist. Today, twenty million people worldwide are surfing the Net. Where Wizards Stay Up Late is the exciting story of the pioneers responsible for creating the most talked about, most influential, and most far-reaching communications breakthrough since the invention of the telephone. In the 1960's, when computers where regarded as mere giant calculators, J.C.R. Licklider at MIT saw them as the ultimate communications devices. With Defense Department funds, he and a band of visionary computer whizzes began work on a nationwide, interlocking network of computers. Taking readers behind the scenes, Where Wizards Stay Up Late captures the hard work, genius, and happy accidents of their daring, stunningly successful venture.

    • Computers

Spam

A Shadow History of the Internet
Author: Finn Brunton
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262313952
Category: Computers
Page: 296
View: 839
The vast majority of all email sent every day is spam, a variety of idiosyncratically spelled requests to provide account information, invitations to spend money on dubious products, and pleas to send cash overseas. Most of it is caught by filters before ever reaching an in-box. Where does it come from? As Finn Brunton explains in Spam, it is produced and shaped by many different populations around the world: programmers, con artists, bots and their botmasters, pharmaceutical merchants, marketers, identity thieves, crooked bankers and their victims, cops, lawyers, network security professionals, vigilantes, and hackers. Every time we go online, we participate in the system of spam, with choices, refusals, and purchases the consequences of which we may not understand. This is a book about what spam is, how it works, and what it means. Brunton provides a cultural history that stretches from pranks on early computer networks to the construction of a global criminal infrastructure. The history of spam, Brunton shows us, is a shadow history of the Internet itself, with spam emerging as the mirror image of the online communities it targets. Brunton traces spam through three epochs: the 1970s to 1995, and the early, noncommercial computer networks that became the Internet; 1995 to 2003, with the dot-com boom, the rise of spam's entrepreneurs, and the first efforts at regulating spam; and 2003 to the present, with the war of algorithms -- spam versus anti-spam. Spam shows us how technologies, from email to search engines, are transformed by unintended consequences and adaptations, and how online communities develop and invent governance for themselves.

    • Computers

A Brief History of the Future


Author: John Naughton
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1474602770
Category: Computers
Page: 352
View: 892
The Internet is the most remarkable thing human beings have built since the Pyramids. John Naughton's book intersperses wonderful personal stories with an authoritative account of where the Net actually came from, who invented it and why and where it might be taking us. Most of us have no idea how the Internet works, or who created it. Even fewer have any idea what it means for society and the future. In a cynical age, John Naughton has not lost his capacity for wonder. He examines the nature of his own enthusiasm for technology and traces its roots in his lonely childhood and in his relationship with his father. A Brief History of the Future is an intensely personal celebration of vision and altruism, ingenuity and determination and, above all, of the power of ideas, passionately felt, to change the world.

    • Political Science

Surveillance Valley

The Secret Military History of the Internet
Author: Yasha Levine
Publisher: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 1610398033
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 7588
The internet is the most effective weapon the government has ever built. In this fascinating book, investigative reporter Yasha Levine uncovers the secret origins of the internet, tracing it back to a Pentagon counterinsurgency surveillance project. A visionary intelligence officer, William Godel, realized that the key to winning the war in Vietnam was not outgunning the enemy, but using new information technology to understand their motives and anticipate their movements. This idea--using computers to spy on people and groups perceived as a threat, both at home and abroad--drove ARPA to develop the internet in the 1960s, and continues to be at the heart of the modern internet we all know and use today. As Levine shows, surveillance wasn't something that suddenly appeared on the internet; it was woven into the fabric of the technology. But this isn't just a story about the NSA or other domestic programs run by the government. As the book spins forward in time, Levine examines the private surveillance business that powers tech-industry giants like Google, Facebook, and Amazon, revealing how these companies spy on their users for profit, all while doing double duty as military and intelligence contractors. Levine shows that the military and Silicon Valley are effectively inseparable: a military-digital complex that permeates everything connected to the internet, even coopting and weaponizing the antigovernment privacy movement that sprang up in the wake of Edward Snowden. With deep research, skilled storytelling, and provocative arguments, Surveillance Valley will change the way you think about the news--and the device on which you read it.

    • Computers

The history of the Internet and the World Wide Web


Author: Art Wolinsky
Publisher: Enslow Pub Inc
ISBN: 9780766012615
Category: Computers
Page: 64
View: 9631
Traces the development of the Internet as a resource from its roots in the late 1960s, as well as the growth of the World Wide Web as a part of everyday life.

    • Computers

From Gutenberg to the Internet

A Sourcebook on the History of Information Technology
Author: Jeremy M. Norman
Publisher: Norman Publishing
ISBN: 9780930405878
Category: Computers
Page: 899
View: 4357
From Gutenberg to the Internet presents 63 original readings from the history of computing, networking, and telecommunications arranged thematically by chapters. Most of the readings record basic discoveries from the 1830s through the 1960s that laid the foundation of the world of digital information in which we live. These readings, some of which are illustrated, trace historic steps from the early nineteenth century development of telegraph systems---the first data networks---through the development of the earliest general-purpose programmable computers and the earliest software, to the foundation in 1969 of ARPANET, the first national computer network that eventually became the Internet. The readings will allow you to review early developments and ideas in the history of information technology that eventually led to the convergence of computing, data networking, and telecommunications in the Internet. The editor has written a lengthy illustrated historical introduction concerning the impact of the Internet on book culture. It compares and contrasts the transition from manuscript to print initiated by Gutenberg's invention of printing by moveable type in the 15th century with the transition that began in the mid-19th century from a print-centric world to the present world in which printing co-exists with various electronic media that converged to form the Internet. He also provided a comprehensive and wide-ranging annotated timeline covering selected developments in the history of information technology from the year 100 up to 2004, and supplied introductory notes to each reading. Some introductory notes contain supplementary illustrations.

    • Computers

On the Way to the Web

The Secret History of the Internet and Its Founders
Author: Michael Banks
Publisher: Apress
ISBN: 1430250755
Category: Computers
Page: 236
View: 7648
On the Way to the Web: The Secret History of the Internet and Its Founders is an absorbing chronicle of the inventive, individualistic, and often cantankerous individuals who set the Internet free. Michael A. Banks describes how the online population created a new culture and turned a new frontier into their vision of the future. This book will introduce you to the innovators who laid the foundation for the Internet and the World Wide Web, the man who invented online chat, and the people who invented the products all of us use online every day. Learn where, when, how and why the Internet came into being, and exactly what hundreds of thousands of people were doing online before the Web. See who was behind it all, and what inspired them.

    • Computers

How the Web was Born

The Story of the World Wide Web
Author: James Gillies,R. Cailliau
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192862075
Category: Computers
Page: 372
View: 3372
'This is a scholarly work for the price of a novel' -Gareth Price'It is not a light read but it is a good one!' -David Coleman, Multimedia Information and Technology, February 2001'excellent book' -New Scientist 30/9/00'a good read' -Glasgow Herald, 22/9/00

    • Technology & Engineering

Communication Nets

Stochastic Message Flow and Delay
Author: Leonard Kleinrock
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486151115
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 224
View: 2331
This text develops a queuing theory model of communications nets. Its realistic assessment of factors involved in message flow will benefit those working with computers and other communications systems. 1964 edition.

    • Computers

How Not to Network a Nation

The Uneasy History of the Soviet Internet
Author: Benjamin Peters
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262034182
Category: Computers
Page: 312
View: 8468
How, despite thirty years of effort, Soviet attempts to build a national computer network were undone by socialists who seemed to behave like capitalists.

    • Business & Economics

The Internet Galaxy

Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society
Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199255771
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 304
View: 8536
Castells helps us understand how the Internet came into being and how it is affecting every area of human life. This guide reveals the Internet's huge capacity to liberate, but also its possibility to exclude those who do not have access to it.

    • Juvenile Nonfiction

The History of the Internet


Author: Josepha Sherman
Publisher: Franklin Watts
ISBN: 9780531162118
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 64
View: 1169
Explores the history of the Internet--how it was developed and refined, the people involved, and future possibilities.

    • History

A History of Communications

Media and Society from the Evolution of Speech to the Internet
Author: Marshall T. Poe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495577
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 1077
A History of Communications advances a theory of media that explains the origins and impact of different forms of communication - speech, writing, print, electronic devices and the Internet - on human history in the long term. New media are 'pulled' into widespread use by broad historical trends and these media, once in widespread use, 'push' social institutions and beliefs in predictable directions. This view allows us to see for the first time what is truly new about the Internet, what is not, and where it is taking us.

    • History

A social history of England


Author: Asa Briggs
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 402
View: 971

    • Technology & Engineering

How the Internet Happened: From Netscape to the iPhone


Author: Brian McCullough
Publisher: Liveright Publishing
ISBN: 1631493086
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 400
View: 1179
Tech-guru Brian McCullough delivers a rollicking history of the internet, why it exploded, and how it changed everything. The internet was never intended for you, opines Brian McCullough in this lively narrative of an era that utterly transformed everything we thought we knew about technology. In How the Internet Happened, he chronicles the whole fascinating story for the first time, beginning in a dusty Illinois basement in 1993, when a group of college kids set off a once-in-an-epoch revolution with what would become the first “dotcom.” Depicting the lives of now-famous innovators like Netscape’s Marc Andreessen and Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg, McCullough also reveals surprising quirks and unknown tales as he tracks both the technology and the culture around the internet’s rise. Cinematic in detail and unprecedented in scope, the result both enlightens and informs as it draws back the curtain on the new rhythm of disruption and innovation the internet fostered, and helps to redefine an era that changed every part of our lives.

    • Computers

Casting the Net

From ARPANET to Internet and Beyond
Author: Peter H. Salus
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 299
View: 7208
Focusing on the design decisions and standards which have made internetworking possible, this new book charts the intriguing history of this communications/computing phenomenon. From its beginnings as a Department of Defense project to its current position as the global network for computing communications, the full Internet story is told here.