• Law

Inaccuracies in Children's Testimony

Memory, Suggestibility, or Obedience to Authority?
Author: Letitia C Pallone,Jon'A F Meyer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136375082
Category: Law
Page: 164
View: 3141
Inaccuracies in Children’s Testimony combines the literature on obedience to authority with that on suggestibility to create a third literature. This book examines children’s testimony from several perspectives and gives you insightful suggestions for increasing children’s abilities to testify accurately about traumatic things that have happened to them. In doing so, you’ll learn how to ensure that those who abuse or sexually exploit children are brought to justice while those falsely accused are adequately protected. How children are questioned to learn what they have witnessed is crucial due to the effects the questioning sessions may have on their testimonies--improper questioning may lead to inaccurate answers. This is just one of the many areas of children’s testimony covered in Inaccuracies in Children’s Testimony. In each of the chapters you’ll discover new ways for increasing the accuracy and dependability of children’s testimony as you read about: factors that affect children’s testimonies suggestibility--definition and research, including sources of suggestibility how obedience to authority can explain children’s behavior as witnesses children’s memory in the courtroom and what they are able to remember how children’s involvement in the courts can be problematic free versus prompted recall--which is more accurate and why the “worst” method is often used with children Milgram’s theory of obedience to authority tied to children as witnesses review of the literature on the effects of stress, prompting, and imagination on children’s recall ideas for future research Experts in the field of legal testimony, legal personnel, child counselors, psychologists, social workers, and faculty and students of related courses will find Inaccuracies in Children’s Testimony an essential resource for understanding the importance of making the child victim/witness more believable and reliable.

    • Family & Relationships

Kids Who Commit Adult Crimes

Serious Criminality by Juvenile Offenders
Author: R. Barri Flowers
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0789011301
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 243
View: 6329
Examine the factors that contribute to increasingly violent youth crimes in the United States! Kids Who Commit Adult Crimes: Serious Criminality by Juvenile Offenders is an examination of today’s serious, chronic, and violent youthful offender. This vital book explores the relationship between youth and serious, violent antisocial behavior in America, examining its antecedents, its onset, and its situational and motivating factors. From the Editor’s introduction: “The increasingly serious nature of juvenile criminal behavior has been felt across the country as youth violence, violent youth gangs, drug-related offenses, and other delinquent and criminal conduct has changed the way we regard minors and delinquent behavior. Recent times have seen an explosion in school tragedies, juvenile homicides, teen battering, date rape, youth family violence, teenage alcohol and drug abuse, and related youthful offenses.” Kids Who Commit Adult Crimes, divided into four parts, takes an incisive look at these issues and more: Part I explores serious juvenile crime, including its magnitude; youth violence; kids, drugs, and crime; school crime and violence; youth gangs and criminality; dating violence; and family violence. Part II examines explanations of juvenile delinquency and criminal behavior from biological, psychological, and sociological perspectives. Part III addresses juvenile crime and the justice system, including the police and juvenile offenders, youths and the juvenile and adult courts, and juvenile offenders in custody and confinement. Part IV examines responses to the problem of serious and violent juvenile offending and its precursors, including federal laws and prevention, intervention, and control strategies. Kids Who Commit Adult Crimes goes farther in its examination of youth who commit adult-like violence than other books in the field, with chapters on dating violence and family violence, in addition to school and gang violence, substance abuse issues, and more. Visit the author’s website at http://www.rbarriflowers.com

    • Law

Treating Sex Offenders

A Guide to Clinical Practice with Adults, Clerics, Children, and Adolescents, Second Edition
Author: Letitia C Pallone,William E Prendergast
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317826167
Category: Law
Page: 358
View: 6255
Gain important new insights into religious personnel who molest children! Treating Sex Offenders: A Guide to Clinical Practice with Adults, Clerics, Children, and Adolescents, Second Edition updates the groundbreaking original with new material that integrates adolescent and adult sex offenders, emphasizing similarities and differences in personality type, behavior, and treatment. Author William Prendergast draws on four decades' experience in working in the diagnosis and treatment of habitual sex offenders to present a straightforward look at what makes them tick. This vital new edition includes appropriate additions and changes to treatment techniques, progress reports on case study subjects, reader feedback on the original book, and perhaps most important, new information on religious personnel who molest children. Treating Sex Offenders provides training in clear language for those working with sexual offenders and explanations in simple terms for those suffering as a result of their actions. The book parallels workshops and courses conducted by the author, detailing how to identify major characteristics and traits of offenders, different types of offenders, child and adolescent offenders, how to recognize warning signs of deviant behavior, and how to apply specific treatment techniques that really work. Individual aspects of the makeup and treatment of the compulsive adult and adolescent sex offender are addressed through factors, traits, treatment, and candid cases studies. Treating Sex Offenders addresses the most vital issues involving sexual pathology, including: inadequate personality theory sexual performance problems imprinting self-confrontation sex as the chosen deviation the five c's of sex offender treatment and much more! Treating Sex Offenders: A Guide to Clinical Practice with Adults, Clerics, Children, and Adolescents, Second Edition is an essential resource for psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, counselors, and those in the criminal justice field who deal with sex offenders on a daily basis. Family members involved in the lives of sex offenders and survivors of sexual abuse or assault will find the case studies enlightening in making sense of a tragic situation.

    • Family & Relationships

Family Empowerment Intervention

An Innovative Service for High-Risk Youths and Their Families
Author: Letitia C Pallone,Richard Dembo,Robert James Schmeidler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317719360
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 208
View: 9444
Use this important intervention to improve your practice with substance-using youths and their families! This vital book gives you a detailed review of a National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded, long-term clinical trial of the Family Empowerment Intervention (FEI). The subjects are youths who have been arrested and processed at the Hillsborough County Juvenile Assessment Center and their families. With information on the conceptual foundations and clinical practices of the intervention and an examination of its one-year and longer-term impact on these youths’ recidivism and psychosocial functioning, Family Empowerment Intervention: An Innovative Service for High-Risk Youth and Their Families will help you provide better services to these difficult-to-serve clients. Bringing you up-to-date on all aspects of this unique intervention, this book: examines the pressing need for this kind of intervention gives you an essential overview of the FEI describes the selection process for subject involvement in the project and the methods of data collection used examines the FEI’s impact on crime as well as its short- and long-term impact on and drug and alcohol use suggests ways to improve the FEI Complete with dozens of easy-to-understand tables and figures as well as five helpful appendixes, this well-referenced volume is essential reading for anyone working with this highly volatile population. Make it a part of your collection today!

    • Medical

Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients

Practical Implications for Institutional and Community Settings
Author: Letitia C Pallone,Barbara Sims
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136413510
Category: Medical
Page: 276
View: 6619
Explore the possibilities for successfully treating incarcerated or community-based substance abusers Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients: Practical Implications for Institutional and Community Settings provides key research findings and policy implications for treating alcohol- and drug-addicted correctional clients. This book addresses a range of critical issues associated with delivering treatment in institutional and community settings. The critical thinking questions, tables, extensive bibliographies, and name and subject index will help academics and practitioners in criminal justice, sociology, counseling/psychology, and public policy. Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients shares the practical knowledge of researchers and practitioners in the fields of drug and alcohol addictions, substance abuse counseling, and criminal justice. The first section provides a review of the theoretical explanations for substance abuse, “best practice” treatment programs for substance abusers, and the use of coerced/mandated treatment. The second section addresses the substance-addicted offender in the institutional setting, the third includes works that describe community-based treatment programs and the problems associated with them, and the fourth looks at special treatment populations, including juveniles and adolescent females. In Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients, you will find: reviews of various types of treatment programs being used to treat substance-addicted individuals a study of the predictors of success and/or failure in corrections-based substance abuse programming—how to identify and use the predictors to prevent relapse arguments for and against coerced treatment in the correctional environment, and the concept of “motivation” a thorough investigation of the therapeutic community (TC) program for institutional-based substance abusers descriptions of treatment programming designed specifically for substance abusing community corrections clients—drug courts and Pennsylvania’s Restrictive Intermediate Punishment treatment program Substance Abuse Treatment with Correctional Clients guides you through the major policy issues faced by those who provide substance abuse treatment under what can only be described as coercive circumstances. In this important resource, you will discover major treatment modules as well as advice for working with adult, juvenile, and male or female offenders. This book provides you with the techniques that treatment communities need for helping offenders stay clean after they re-enter the community environment.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Language in the Legal Process


Author: J. Cotterill
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230522777
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 276
View: 7007
Linguists and lawyers from a range of countries and legal systems explore the language of the law and its participants, beginning with the role of the forensic linguist in legal proceedings, either as expert witness or in legal language reform. Subsequent chapters analyze different aspects of language and interaction in the chain of events from a police emergency call through the police interview context and into the courtroom, as well as appeal court and alternative routes to justice. A broad-based, coherent introduction to the discourse of language and law.

    • Social Science

The Praeger Handbook of Victimology


Author: Janet K. Wilson
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313359350
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 6036
This work is the first interdisciplinary compilation of entries related to the crime victim to encompass the breadth of the 70-year-old discipline of victimology. * Includes nearly 200 entries on the development and scope of the 70-year-old field of victimology * Over 90 contributors from across the nation, representing 13 academic areas of study, including criminal justice, criminology, gerontology, psychology, sociology, and victim studies * Includes a chronology of selected events from 1941 to 2008 reflecting the development of the discipline of victimology and the expansion of rights for victims of crime * Offers a bibliography of 17 recently published books that provide a broad look at crime victims and the field of victimology * Lists 22 journals that publish research on crime victims and describes 24 websites that provide information ranging from victimization statistics and organizational membership opportunities to victim services and legal remedies

    • Psychology

Popular Psychology

An Encyclopedia
Author: Luis A. Cordón
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313324574
Category: Psychology
Page: 274
View: 2276
Entries cover a variety of topics in the field of popular psychology, including acupuncture, emotional intelligence, brainwashing, chemical inbalance, and seasonal affective disorder.

    • Psychology

Understanding Psychology


Author: Robert S. Feldman
Publisher: McGraw-Hill
ISBN: 9780071221474
Category: Psychology
Page: 736
View: 5057
Bob Feldman’s Understanding Psychology guides students through Introductory Psychology concepts in an accessible manner, bringing comprehension of difficult material into the grasp of all students — because when students understand psychology, they learn psychology. The thoroughly revised Tenth Edition integrates a variety of elements that foster students’ understanding of psychology and its impact on their everyday lives, including a new Neuroscience In Your Life feature, alerts to key topics, and study skills for specific concepts. This text also provides instructors with a fully integrated supplements package to objectively gauge their students’ mastery of psychology’s key principles and concepts and to create dynamic lectures.

    • Law

Serial Offenders

Current Thought, Recent Findings
Author: Louis B. Schlesinger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420039009
Category: Law
Page: 368
View: 9802
Although serial offenders have been a recognized problem in society for centuries, only recently have the complexities of these individuals come to light. Serial Offenders: Current Thought, Recent Findings presents current and inclusive information on serial offending in a clear and straightforward manner. Citing numerous case examples, this book will provide forensic psychologists and psychologists, as well as criminologists, social workers and corrections officials with relevant and informative data. Author Louis B. Schlesinger presents current thinking on serial offenders in the first of three parts contained in the text. In Part I, he covers serial homicide, child molestation, rape, arson, and the nonviolent serial offender, while offering new information and perspectives on these traditional problems. Part II reverses thought, and takes a look at recent clinical and research findings. From profiling by law-enforcement and health-care workers to the neurobiological approach to understanding why people continually commit these crimes, Part II delves beyond right and wrong to illuminate and identify the many shades of gray. Part III focuses on the unusual aspects of serial offending and on special populations of offenders. From infantophilia to serial offending by females, adolescents and members of the clergy, Schlesinger provides insight into a world that few have witnessed in such a comprehensive manner.

    • Psychology

Deconstructing Developmental Psychology


Author: Erica Burman
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317538986
Category: Psychology
Page: 370
View: 8494
In this completely revised and updated edition, Deconstructing Developmental Psychology interrogates the assumptions and practices surrounding the psychology of child development, providing a critical evaluation of the role and contribution of developmental psychology within social practice. Since the second edition was published, there have been many major changes. This book addresses how shifts in advanced capitalism have produced new understandings of children, and a new (and more punitive) range of institutional responses to children. It engages with the paradoxes of childhood in an era when young adults are increasingly economically dependent on their families, and in a political context of heightened insecurity. The new edition includes an updated review of developments in psychological theory (in attachment, evolutionary psychology, theory of mind, cultural-historical approaches), as well as updating and reflecting upon the changed focus on fathers and fathering. It offers new perspectives on the connections between Piaget and Vygotsky and now connects much more closely with discussions from the sociology of childhood and critical educational research. Coverage has been expanded to include more material on child rights debates, and a new chapter addresses practice dilemmas around child protection, which engages even more with the "raced" and gendered effects of current policies involving children. This engaging and accessible text provides key resources to inform better professional practice in social work, education and health contexts. It offers critical insights into the politics and procedures that have shaped developmental psychological knowledge. It will be essential reading for anyone working with children, or concerned with policies around children and families. It was also be of interest to students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels across a range of professional and practitioner groups, as well as parents and policy makers.

    • Psychology

21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook


Author: Stephen F. Davis,William Buskist
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412949688
Category: Psychology
Page: 1072
View: 2999
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.

    • Psychology

Case Studies in Family Violence


Author: Robert Ammerman,Michel Hersen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475795823
Category: Psychology
Page: 406
View: 2835
The past 20 years have seen the emergence of family violence as one of the most critical problems facing society. The alarming incidence figures of abuse and neglect directed toward family members justify this atten tion. For example, over 1 million children are thought to be abused and neglected each year. Similarly, almost 2 million women are victims of wife battering each year. Annual rates of elderly mistreatment are thought to be as high as 32 per 1000 population. Accurate epidemiologi cal data only now are being compiled on more recently recognized forms of mistreatment, such as psychological abuse, ritualistic abuse of chil dren, and child witnessing of adult violence. The pervasiveness of do mestic mistreatment makes it a priority for clinicians and researchers alike. For clinicians, intrafamilial violence represents a formidable chal lenge with respect to assessment and treatment. The etiology of abuse and neglect is multidetermined. There are numerous pathways in the development of family violence, and these interact and converge in a nonlinear fashion. The consequences of family violence are equally com plex and divergent. Victims of mistreatment can display a variety of physical injuries and psychological disturbances. No single psychiatric syndrome or symptom constellation has been consistently implicated in any form of family mistreatment. The perpetrators of family violence are equally heterogeneous in their clinical presentations. Illustrative dys functions in perpetrators include skill deficits, substance abuse, mental illness, and impulse-control disorders.

    • Biography & Autobiography

The Life of Paul

A Servant of Jesus Christ
Author: F. B. Meyer,Lance Wubbels
Publisher: YWAM Publishing
ISBN: 9781883002220
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 179
View: 2802
"F.B. Meyer's devotional studies on biblical characters reflect a rare depth of spiritual experience. These great figures were not so different from ourselves--sometimes weak, indifferent, willful. Yet they had their moments of faith, humility, and courage, and God was able to use these for His greater purposes. God's faithfulness, which not only accepts but transforms such inconsistency, calls us to more effective Christian living.

    • Authors, English

Secreted Desires

The Major Uranians - Hopkins, Pater and Wilde
Author: N.A
Publisher: Michael Matthew Kaylor
ISBN: 8021041269
Category: Authors, English
Page: 457
View: 2026

    • Psychology

Developmental Psychology for Family Law Professionals

Theory, Application and the Best Interests of the Child
Author: Dr. Benjamin D. Garber, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826105264
Category: Psychology
Page: 408
View: 2176
"[T]he best and most useful social science text I have read in a decadeÖ.It is comprehensive in its research and scope, clearly written and uses excellent case studies and examples to illustrate in simple terms what might otherwise be complex phenomena." --Dr. Tom Altobelli Federal Magistrate, Family Law Courts Sydney, Australia The goal of every family law professional and mental health practitioner is to improve family court outcomes in the best interests of the child. This book will assist readers in meeting this critical goal. Developmental Psychology for Family Law Professionals serves as a practical application of developmental theory to the practice of family law. This book helps family law and mental health professionals gain a broader understanding of each child's unique needs when in the midst of family crisis. It presents developmental theories with which professionals might better assess the developmental needs, synchronies, and trajectories of a given child. Ultimately, this book presents guidelines for making appropriate legal decisions and recommendations for children who have experienced crises such as abuse, neglect, relocation, divorce, and much more. Key topics include: Custodial schedules Foster and adoptive care Post-divorce disputes Termination of parental rights Psychological assessment and diagnosis Incarcerated parents and visitation rights Relocation and "distance parenting" Visitation resistance and refusal/reunification Parental Alienation/alignment and estrangement Theories of cognitive, language, and social development

    • History

Madness

A History
Author: Petteri Pietikäinen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317484452
Category: History
Page: 346
View: 9675
Madness: A History is a thorough and accessible account of madness from antiquity to modern times, offering a large-scale yet nuanced picture of mental illness and its varieties in western civilization. The book opens by considering perceptions and experiences of madness starting in Biblical times, Ancient history and Hippocratic medicine to the Age of Enlightenment, before moving on to developments from the late 18th century to the late 20th century and the Cold War era. Petteri Pietikäinen looks at issues such as 18th century asylums, the rise of psychiatry, the history of diagnoses, the experiences of mental health patients, the emergence of neuroses, the impact of eugenics, the development of different treatments, and the late 20th century emergence of anti-psychiatry and the modern malaise of the worried well. The book examines the history of madness at the different levels of micro-, meso- and macro: the social and cultural forces shaping the medical and lay perspectives on madness, the invention and development of diagnoses as well as the theories and treatment methods by physicians, and the patient experiences inside and outside of the mental institution. Drawing extensively from primary records written by psychiatrists and accounts by mental health patients themselves, it also gives readers a thorough grounding in the secondary literature addressing the history of madness. An essential read for all students of the history of mental illness, medicine and society more broadly.

    • Psychology

Clinician's Thesaurus

The Guidebook for Writing Psychological Reports
Author: Edward L. Zuckerman
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 9781572305694
Category: Psychology
Page: 385
View: 7024
A bestseller with over 150,000 copies in print, this popular guidebook offers an exhaustive checklist of thousands of words and phrases in an easily accessible format, enabling practitioners to quickly select the appropriate terms to describe almost any clinical situation.

    • Social Science

The Munchausen Complex

Socialization of Violence and Abuse
Author: Richard L. Matteoli
Publisher: Dog Ear Publishing
ISBN: 1598585320
Category: Social Science
Page: 268
View: 3367
First Conquer Thyself: Socialization of violence and abuse is often highly structured through the Munchausen Complex. Munchausen Syndrome occurs when an individual harms themselves for attention and self-glorification. Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy is when an individual harms another, usually under their care. Attention and self-glorification are achieved through their victim's subsequent medical treatment. Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy is a crime with a victim. Violence and abuse are often common in families, passed down from one generation to the next and may be termed Transgenerational Munchausen Syndrome as these families expand and their habits are introduced into society. Munchausen Syndrome in Collective Transmission occurs when such practices become an acceptable part of society often eventuating into full acculturation. In this way societies attach themselves to self-glorification with various explanations of justification. A Mandated Report is required to be filed by health care, legal, social service and educational professionals who suspect child abuse, as well as developers of film. As socialized beings, we are often unaware why we think what we think and why we do what we do. Exploring beneath the surface, we may discover we are not who we imagine we are. Are our subtle perversions and aberrations so different from those of the ancients, or other cultures we label primitive? The author was under military orders not to discuss the subjects presented in this part's Mandated Report on child abuse to the social body for the last six years of his U.S. Navy career. Censorship is strong when one questions social norms, folkways and rituals that address issues of identity. Internal, interpersonal and professional conflicts arise.