• Law

Informal justice?


Author: Roger Matthews
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 214
View: 4946
Informal legal processes such as mediation, arbitration, conciliation, and reparation arose out of attempts to remove disputes from the formal courtroom setting and restore them to the community. Initially, solving disputes out of court but with legal guidance was widely hailed as an alternative to the punishment model of justice and the restricting nature of the adversarial legal system. Now it is viewed as being a progressive constructive alternative to the formal legal process and as providing further expansion of the legal system. Roger Matthews has gathered together a team of distinguished contributors to present and evaluate the potential of informal justice benefits for victims, offenders, and the criminal justice system. This volume offers insightful information into the practical potential of mediation and other schemes and discusses the broader questions of social control, power, and the state. The research and practical experience of the authors contributes greatly to the authenticity of the contents and to the value of the book. Informal Justice? will be a welcome comparative study for criminologists, social workers, lawyers, and anyone involved in mediation and other kinds of informal justice. "Welcome addition to the libraries of judicial studies, composed in a knowledgeable and popular form attractive to specialists and a general readership alike. . . . Informal Justice (was) highly recommended in our television special publicizing some of the best books currently available to the reading public." --The Midwest Book Review "Matthews does a fine job of integrating and synthesizing the main points of his other contributors and his own ideas in a concise and lucid fashion. . . . Informal Justice? is a stimulating compilation of ideas on the potential roles of informal justice in the context of the legal system and the realm of power and social control." --American Journal of Police "A useful collection of papers that highlights the scope for further exploration and understanding of the theory and practice of informal justice. Collectively, the authors make the case for the future of informal dispute resolution in its own right." --British Journal of Criminology

    • Social Science

Crime and Justice in India


Author: N. Prabha Unnithan
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8132113357
Category: Social Science
Page: 476
View: 3090
Criminology and criminal justice is in its infancy in India. This book attempts to examine India's crime problem in detail and document if and how its criminal justice system has responded to emerging challenges and opportunities. The objective is to move beyond mere observations and thoughtful opinions, and make contributions that are the next steps in the development of an empirical (or evidence-based) criminology and criminal justice on this vast and diverse country-by focusing on research that is both balanced and precise. This book brings together a diverse set of 32 academics from India, the US, and the UK who have authored 19 chapters on many aspects of crime and justice in India. The organizational components or sectors of the criminal justice system are the police, the courts, and corrections. The studies collected here provide balanced coverage of the entire criminal justice system and not just one component of it. The first section of this book consists of overviews of several major issues that affect the entire criminal justice system. Section Two considers topics related to the gateway of the criminal justice system, policing. Section Three takes up the operational problems of criminal law and courts and Section Four deals with the difficult question of punishment and correction, the last part of the criminal justice system.

    • Social Science

A Very Short, Fairly Interesting and Reasonably Cheap Book About Studying Criminology


Author: Ronnie Lippens
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473903610
Category: Social Science
Page: 152
View: 305
Conceived by Chris Grey and written to get you thinking, the “Very Short, Fairly Interesting and Reasonably Cheap” series offers an informal, conversational, accessible yet sophisticated and critical overview of what you find in conventional textbooks. In Studying Criminology, the author explores the interplay between philosophical and criminological theories to provide a stimulating and insightful overview of the subject. It offers students a fresh way of thinking about crime, giving them an opportunity to develop their understanding and to hone their critical skills. Suitable for Undergraduate and Postgraduate students of Criminology and anybody interested in the field of Criminological studies.

    • Social Science

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory


Author: Eugene McLaughlin,Tim Newburn
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1412920388
Category: Social Science
Page: 532
View: 1847
An indispensable international resource, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory provides readers with a clear overview of criminological theory, enabling them to reflect critically upon the traditional, emergent and desirable theoretical positions of the discipline.This handbook is essential for libraries and scholars of all levels studying the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of criminology.

    • Social Science

Criminological Theory

A Text/Reader
Author: Stephen G. Tibbetts,Craig Hemmens
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412950376
Category: Social Science
Page: 789
View: 1583
This book provides the best of both worlds-- authored text sections with carefully selected accompanying readings covering criminological theory from past to present and beyond. The articles, from leading journals in criminology and criminal justice, reflect both classic studies and state-of-the-art research. Key Features " Begins with an introductory chapter that presents a succinct overview of criminological theory, and briefly describes the organization and content of the book " Features 'How to Read a Research Article'--a perfect introduction to understanding how real-world research is organized and delivered in the journal literature " Includes a 'mini-chapter' for each Section, with figures and tables that present basic concepts and provide a background for the Readings that follow " Provides key terms, web resources, and thought-provoking discussion questions for each Section, along with questions for each Reading to help students develop their critical thinking skills " Instructor Resources on CD include a test bank, PowerPoint slides for each section, classroom activities, and more. " A Student study site provides additional articles, self-study quizzes, e-flashcards, and more.

    • Social Science

State of Justice In India

Issues of Social Justice
Author: Ranabir Samaddar
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8132104196
Category: Social Science
Page: 1276
View: 686
This set presents a comprehensive analytical study of the state of social justice in India. The four volumes undertake theoretical and empirical inquiry into the various spheres of justice, collectively creating what can be termed a ‘report card’ of the regime of social justice in the country. Authored by some of the finest ethnographers and analysts in the country, the works approach the issue of justice in the broader context of post-colonial democracy, and look at the limits within which democracy permits justice, social justice in particular. The volumes, which are part of the series State of Justice in India: Issues of Social Justice, reveal that the issues pertaining to social justice are extremely contentious, and hence, dynamic. The ethnographic-historical studies are cast in an archaeological mode of inquiry. They highlight how time, place, history, perceptions, arrangements or apparatuses (such as legal, judicial, constitutional and administrative apparatuses) play significant roles in influencing social justice. This set will be a rich resource for students and researchers working in the fields of justice, sociology, law, political theory and Indian democracy. It will also be immensely useful for policy makers, policy analysts, human rights activists and NGOs.

    • Law

Understanding Criminal Justice

Sociological Perspectives
Author: Philip Daniel Smith,Kristin Natalier
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761940326
Category: Law
Page: 225
View: 4759
Providing an overview of the sociological approaches to law and criminal justice, this book focuses on how law and the criminal justice system inevitably affect one another, and the ways in which both are intimately connected with wider social forces.

    • Social Science

The World of Crime

Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World
Author: Jan Van Dijk
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506320899
Category: Social Science
Page: 456
View: 2759
"This book is important for students who want to put domestic crime and justice issues and criminological theories in an international perspective....It is more than likely that this book will also interest all those who are professionally or privately interested in issues of crime, corruption, terrorism, law enforcement, criminal justice and sustainable development." —Johnson Thomas, BUSINESS INDIA In today's interdependent world, governments must become more transparent about their crime and justice problems. The World of Crime: Breaking the Silence on Problems of Security, Justice and Development Across the World seeks to break the "conspiracy of silence" regarding statistical information on these sensitive issues. It subsequently analyzes the macro causes of crime such as rapid urbanization, economic inequality, gender discrimination, abuse of alcohol, and drugs and availability of guns. Furthermore, the book analyzes the impact of crime on individuals and societies. Using a wealth of statistical information, the author underlines the need of greater international efforts to tackle transnational problems of crime. Key Features Presents 13 chapters, which are organized in 4 main parts, that cover measurement challenges, common crimes, emerging global crimes, criminal justice, and international perspectives on crime and justice Contains statistical data taken from 2005 International Crime Victim Surveys Includes high quality figures such as scatter plots, graphs, and maps Features summary reviews and figure footnotes at the ends of each chapter Intended Audience: The book is intended as a supplementary text for introduction to criminology, criminal justice, and comparative justice courses and is also appropriate for those professionally interested in security, criminal justice and development.

    • Social Science

What is Community Justice?

Case Studies of Restorative Justice and Community Supervision
Author: David R Karp,Todd R. Clear
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452266883
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 1609
Past methods of probation and parole supervision have largely relied on caseworkers who monitor their "clients" as well as they can. But, as numbers of "clients" increase, studies indicate that this model is ineffectual. The time has come to significantly rethink the approaches to community supervision. This book addresses the specific ways of achieving these goals by presenting six case studies of probation programs that represent a practical side of the community justice ideal. What emerges is a provocative and enlightening new approach to the problems of probation and parole.

    • Social Science

The Routledge Handbook of Technology, Crime and Justice


Author: M. R. McGuire,Thomas J. Holt
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317590767
Category: Social Science
Page: 696
View: 6516
Technology has become increasingly important to both the function and our understanding of the justice process. Many forms of criminal behaviour are highly dependent upon technology, and crime control has become a predominantly technologically driven process – one where ‘traditional’ technological aids such as fingerprinting or blood sample analysis are supplemented by a dizzying array of tools and techniques including surveillance devices and DNA profiling. This book offers the first comprehensive and holistic overview of global research on technology, crime and justice. It is divided into five parts, each corresponding with the key stages of the offending and justice process: Part I addresses the current conceptual understanding of technology within academia and the criminal justice system; Part II gives a comprehensive overview of the current relations between technology and criminal behaviour; Part III explores the current technologies within crime control and the ways in which technology underpins contemporary formal and informal social control; Part IV sets out some of the fundamental impacts technology is now having upon the judicial process; Part V reveals the emerging technologies for crime, control and justice and considers the extent to which new technology can be effectively regulated. This landmark collection will be essential reading for academics, students and theorists within criminology, sociology, law, engineering and technology, and computer science, as well as practitioners and professionals working within and around the criminal justice system.

    • Social Science

Correctional Theory

Context and Consequences
Author: Francis T. Cullen,Cheryl Lero Jonson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412981794
Category: Social Science
Page: 244
View: 6878
-The book's final chapter examines possible future imporvements in correctional policies and practices. --Book Jacket.

    • Social Science

Contemporary Criminal Law

Concepts, Cases, and Controversies
Author: Matthew Lippman
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544308124
Category: Social Science
Page: 600
View: 8379
A book that students find interesting and instructors consider educationally valuable, this Fifth Edition of Contemporary Criminal Law combines traditional concepts with thought-provoking cases and engaging learning tools. Taking a casebook approach, the text covers both foundational and emerging legal topics such as terrorism, gangs, cybercrime, and hate crimes, illustrated by real-life examples that students connect with. Clear explanations of criminal law and defenses are complemented by provocative, well-edited cases followed by discussion questions to stimulate critical thinking and in-class discussion. The book provides a contemporary perspective on criminal law that encourages students to actively read and analyze the text. The Fifth Edition is enhanced throughout by new cases that offer the most up-to-date coverage of evolving legal opinions and developments in criminal law. New to This Edition New cases illuminate important concepts, including decisions on criminal acts, criminal intent, parties, corporate crime, kidnapping, identity theft, computer crime, prostitution, terrorism, and more. One or more new You Decide sections in most chapters clarify concepts to illustrate the complexity of legal analysis and enhance the interactive character of the text. Additional hypothetical problems are available on the companion site. New Crime in the News features look at recent events such as the criminal trial of Dylann Roof, the dark web, and the leaking of confidential government documents to help students apply important concepts to real-world scenarios. New and expanded discussions of critical topics cover the Second Amendment and gun control, the Trump administration's stance on marijuana, sentencing guidelines, and criminal defenses.

    • Social Science

State, Power, Crime


Author: Roy Coleman,Joe Sim,Steve Tombs,David Whyte
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446245144
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 8292
'Following the outstanding introduction by the authors there are fifteen excellent original articles devoted to an integrated theory of the relationship between the state and crime. This work is on the cutting edge of critical criminology. It is a must read.' - William J. Chambliss, Professor of Sociology, The George Washington University, USA. 'This book is a superb compilation of original papers by an impressive roster of authors. While the articles cover a wide range of empirical issues, from Northern Ireland and corporate crime to youth crime and heterosexual hegemony they all explore the implications, strategies and mechanisms of state power. There isn't a weak paper here: all are extensively documented, well written, persuasive and scholarly in the very best sense.' - Professor Laureen Snider, Queens University, Canada 'State, Power, Crime is a hugely important book for these times. Bringing together some of the most original minds in criminology it offers a critical analysis of the state, how it constructs crime, responds to it and, at times, engages in the very same. The book is essential reading for anyone interested in justice, freedom and equality.' - Paddy Rawlinson, London School of Economics Featuring contributions by many of the leading scholars in the field, this seminal text explores the key themes and debates on state power today, in relation to crime and social order. It critically evaluates a range of substantive areas of criminological concern, including terrorism, surveillance, violence and the media. State, Power, Crime provides: "historical overviews of key theories about state power " assessment of the relationship between crime, criminal justice and the state " analysis of the development of law and order policy " discussion of the impact of structural fissures such as gender, race and sexuality " an overview of current research and writing " critical reflection on the future direction of research and analysis " advice on further reading. In 1978, with the publication of Hall et al's Policing the Crisis and Poulantzas's State, Power, Socialism, the complexity of the state's interventions in maintaining a capitalist social order were laid bare for critical criminological analysis. State, Power, Crime offers an up-to-date and comprehensive examination of the challenges posed by state power, in relation to both criminal and social justice.

    • Social Science

Legitimacy and Criminal Justice

An International Perspective
Author: Tom R. Tyler
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610445414
Category: Social Science
Page: 408
View: 1611
The police and the courts depend on the cooperation of communities to keep order. But large numbers of urban poor distrust law enforcement officials. Legitimacy and Criminal Justice explores the reasons that legal authorities are or are not seen as legitimate and trustworthy by many citizens. Legitimacy and Criminal Justice is the first study of the perceived legitimacy of legal institutions outside the U.S. The authors investigate relations between courts, the police, and communities in the U.K., Western Europe, South Africa, Slovenia, South America, and Mexico, demonstrating the importance of social context in shaping those relations. Gorazd Meško and Goran Klemencic examine Slovenia’s adoption of Western-style “community policing” during its transition to democracy. In the context of Slovenia’s recent Communist past—when “community policing” entailed omnipresent social and political control—citizens regarded these efforts with great suspicion, and offered little cooperation to the police. When states fail to control crime, informal methods of law can gain legitimacy. Jennifer Johnson discusses an extra-legal policing system carried out by farmers in Guerrero, Mexico—complete with sentencing guidelines and initiatives to reintegrate offenders into the community. Feeling that federal authorities were not prosecuting the crimes that plagued their province, the citizens of Guerrero strongly supported this extra-legal arrangement, and engaged in massive protests when the central government tried to suppress it. Several of the authors examine how the perceived legitimacy of the police and courts varies across social groups. Graziella Da Silva, Ignacio Cano, and Hugo Frühling show that attitudes toward the police vary greatly across social classes in harshly unequal societies like Brazil and Chile. And many of the authors find that ethnic minorities often display greater distrust toward the police, and perceive themselves to be targets of police discrimination. Indeed, Hans-Jöerg Albrecht finds evidence of bias in arrests of the foreign born in Germany, which has fueled discontent among Berlin’s Turkish youth. Sophie Body-Gendrot points out that mutual hostility between police and minority communities can lead to large-scale violence, as the Parisian banlieu riots underscored. The case studies presented in this important new book show that fostering cooperation between law enforcement and communities requires the former to pay careful attention to the needs and attitudes of the latter. Forging a new field of comparative research, Legitimacy and Criminal Justice brings to light many of the reasons the law’s representatives succeed—or fail—in winning citizens’ hearts and minds. A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust

    • Justices of the peace

Justice of the Peace


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Justices of the peace
Page: N.A
View: 1225

    • Social Science

Understanding Gender, Crime, and Justice


Author: Merry Morash
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761926306
Category: Social Science
Page: 311
View: 1441
Why are there pronounced gender differences in rates of criminal victimization? Does gender influence the response of the criminal justice system and other parts of the community to offenders and to crime victims? What part does gender play in the etiology of illegal activities committed by both males and females? Understanding Gender, Crime, and Justice takes a contemporary look at such questions and considers areas that are often neglected in other books on gender, crime, and justice. In the last three decades, there has been an explosion of theory and related research relevant to gender, crime, and justice. Author Merry Morash, a well-known feminist scholar in the field of criminal justice, acquaints readers with key breakthroughs in criminological conceptualization and theories to explain the interplay between gender and both crime and justice. Understanding Gender, Crime, and Justice pays especial attention to race, ethnicity, and immigrant groups, and provides a unique comparative perspective. Key Features Includes first-person accounts from crime victims, workers in the justice system, male lawbreakers, and women engaged in prostitution to give insight into a diversity of experiences and standpoints Parallels the effects of gender and sexual orientation in laws, in patterns and causes of victimization, and in the responses of the justice system to both victims and offenders Integrates international examples to place U.S. experiences in a comparative perspective and to show gender inequities on a worldwide scale Provides numerous photos--unique for a text of this type--to portray people of all sorts in various regions of the world Includes Web site recommendations for further exploration of chapter topics Understanding Gender, Crime, and Justice is an ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses that focus on women and criminal justice. The book is also a valuable asset for gender courses in sociology and for women's studies programs.

    • Social Science

Key Concepts in Crime and Society


Author: Ross Coomber,Joseph F Donnermeyer,Karen McElrath,John Scott
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473925290
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 4238
"A crucial text for whetting the academic appetite of those studying criminology at university. The comprehensive engagement with key crime and deviance debates and issues make this a perfect springboard for launching into the complex, diverse and exciting realm of researching criminology." - Dr Ruth Penfold-Mounce, University of York "Essential reading for those new to the discipline and an invaluable reference point for those well versed in criminology and the sociology of crime and deviance." - Dr Mark Monaghan, University of Leeds Key Concepts in Crime and Society offers an authoritative introduction to key issues in the area of crime as it connects to society. By providing critical insight into the key issues within each concept as well as highlighted cross-references to other key concepts, students will be helped to grasp a clear understanding of each of the topics covered and how they relate to broader areas of crime and criminality. The book is divided into three parts: Understanding Crime and Criminality: introduces topics such as the social construction of crime and deviance, social control, the fear of crime, poverty and exclusion, white collar crime, victims of crime, race/gender and crime. Types of Crime and Criminality: explores examples including human trafficking, sex work, drug crime, environmental crime, cyber crime, war crime, terrorism, and interpersonal violence. Responses to Crime: looks at areas such as crime and the media, policing, moral panics, deterrence, prisons and rehabilitation. The book provides an up-to-date, critical understanding on a wide range of crime related topics covering the major concepts students are likely to encounter within the fields of sociology, criminology and across the social sciences.

    • True Crime

An Introduction to Crime and Criminology


Author: Hennessey Hayes,Tim Prenzler
Publisher: Pearson Australia
ISBN: 1486004989
Category: True Crime
Page: 385
View: 3140
An Introduction to Crime & Criminology 4e, continues to bring together some of Australia’s most widely respected authorities on criminology. The text explores popular knowledge and understanding about crime, contrasting it with what we know about crime from official sources as well as from crime victims. The authors present and analyse the various ways that crime is defined and measured, the many and varied dimensions of crime, the broad range of theories offered to explain crime as well as some of the main ways governments and other agencies respond to and attempt to prevent crime.

    • Law

Addicted to Incarceration


Author: Travis C. Pratt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761928324
Category: Law
Page: 153
View: 8120
Selected as an Outstanding Academic Title by Choice Magazine, January 2010 The broad purposes of this book would be to outline the ′scope of the problem′ in terms of incarceration, to highlight the nature of the political discussions surrounding criminal justice policy in general and corrections policy in particular, and to explicitly discuss the role of misinformation on how the U.S. has ended up with its current state of incarceration (i.e., how we got to this state of affairs). Specifically, the primary thesis of the book will be that the U.S. has become ′addicted to incarceration,′ and that this addiction has been fueled by policies legitimized by faulty information about the crime problem in the U.S., American citizens′ opinions about crime and punishment, and the efficacy of incarceration as a means of social control. The book will also contain a detailed discussion regarding the consequences of the U.S.′s addiction to incarceration. Features and Benefits:An analysis of crime policies as they relate to the crime rates and U.S. society′s ability to both lower the crime rate and address the role of incarceration in preventing future crime by ex-offenders and future potential offenders. Gives students a view as to how effective our rush to incarcerate has been in the last decade.Race, ethnicity, and gender issues underlie all discussions and address key aspects of incarceration rates and crime trends.The final chapter contains conclusions and recommendations for future policy makers.Written for a sophomore level audience in an informal and accessible style.An evidence-based approach - long on facts short on philosophy which makes it more appropriate for a lower division undergraduate student.Each chapter will begin with a case study to motivate the discussions that follow. Gives students a ′human face′ to help give perspective on the issues.Chapters will end with questions designed to help focus students on the key points.

    • Social Science

The SAGE Handbook of Youth Work Practice


Author: Pam Alldred,Fin Cullen,Kathy Edwards,Dana Fusco
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1526416409
Category: Social Science
Page: 688
View: 5714
The SAGE Handbook of Youth Work Practice showcases the value of professional work with young people as it is practiced in diverse forms in locations around the world. The editors have brought together an international team of contributors who reflect the wide range of approaches that identify as youth work, and the even wider range of approaches that identify variously as community work or community development work with young people, youth programmes, and work with young people within care, development and (informal) education frameworks. The Handbook is structured to explore histories, current practice and future directions: Part One: 'Youth Work' and Approaches to Professional Work with Young People Part Two: Professional Work With Young People: Projects and Practices to Inspire Part Three: Values and Ethics in Work with Young People Part Four: Current Challenges and Hopes for the Future