• Education

Intelligence Testing and Minority Students

Foundations, Performance Factors, and Assessment Issues
Author: Richard R. Valencia,Lisa A. Suzuki
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761912316
Category: Education
Page: 416
View: 1735
Intelligence Testing and Minority Students offers the reader a fresh opportunity to re-learn and re-consider the implications of intelligence testing. Richard R. Valencia and Lisa A. Suzuki discuss the strengths and limitations of IQ testing relative to the factors which may contribute to biased results. They review the history of the adaptation and adoption of intelligence testing; evaluate the heredity-environment debate; discuss the specific performance factors which apply to IQ testing of those in minority ethnic groups. This practical book offers the practitioner a good sense of what can be done to make testing and education serve the needs of all students fairly and validly, whatever their background.

    • Educational tests and measurements

Testing and Ethnic Minority Students

An Annotated Bibliography
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Educational tests and measurements
Page: 28
View: 7078

    • Education

The Black-White Test Score Gap


Author: Christopher Jencks,Meredith Phillips
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815746119
Category: Education
Page: 536
View: 9311
The test score gap between blacks and whites--on vocabulary, reading, and math tests, as well as on tests that claim to measure scholastic aptitude and intelligence--is large enough to have far-reaching social and economic consequences. In their introduction to this book, Christopher Jencks and Meredith Phillips argue that eliminating the disparity would dramatically reduce economic and educational inequality between blacks and whites. Indeed, they think that closing the gap would do more to promote racial equality than any other strategy now under serious discussion. The book offers a comprehensive look at the factors that contribute to the test score gap and discusses options for substantially reducing it. Although significant attempts have been made over the past three decades to shrink the test score gap, including increased funding for predominantly black schools, desegregation of southern schools, and programs to alleviate poverty, the median black American still scores below 75 percent of American whites on most standardized tests. The book brings together recent evidence on some of the most controversial and puzzling aspects of the test score debate, including the role of test bias, heredity, and family background. It also looks at how and why the gap has changed over the past generation, reviews the educational, psychological, and cultural explanations for the gap, and analyzes its educational and economic consequences. The authors demonstrate that traditional explanations account for only a small part of the black-white test score gap. They argue that this is partly because traditional explanations have put too much emphasis on racial disparities in economic resources, both in homes and in schools, and on demographic factors like family structure. They say that successful theories will put more emphasis on psychological and cultural factors, such as the way black and white parents teach their children to deal with things they do not know or understand, and the way black and white children respond to the same classroom experiences. Finally, they call for large-scale experiments to determine the effects of schools' racial mix, class size, ability grouping, and other policies. In addition to the editors, the contributors include Claude Steele, Ronald Ferguson, William G. Bowen, Philip Cook, and William Julius Wilson.

    • Psychology

Bias in Mental Testing


Author: Arthur Robert Jensen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 786
View: 7905
Illuminating detailed methods for assessing bias in commonly used I.Q., aptitude, and achievement tests, Jensen argues that standardized tests are not biased against Englishspeaking minority groups and describes the uses of such tests in education and emp

    • Social Science

Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education


Author: Committee on Minority Representation in Special Education,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309074398
Category: Social Science
Page: 488
View: 3940
Special education and gifted and talented programs were designed for children whose educational needs are not well met in regular classrooms. From their inceptions, these programs have had disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority students. What causes this disproportion? Is it a problem? Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education considers possible contributors to that disparity, including early biological and environmental influences and inequities in opportunities for preschool and K-12 education, as well as the possibilities of bias in the referral and assessment system that leads to placement in special programs. It examines the data on early childhood experience, on differences in educational opportunity, and on referral and placement. The book also considers whether disproportionate representation should be considered a problem. Do special education programs provide valuable educational services, or do they set students off on a path of lower educational expectations? Would students not now placed in gifted and talented programs benefit from raised expectations, more rigorous classes, and the gifted label, or would they suffer failure in classes for which they are unprepared? By examining this important problem in U.S. education and making recommendations for early intervention and general education, as well as for changes in referral and assessment processes, Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education will be an indispensable resource to educators throughout the nation, as well as to policy makers at all levels, from schools and school districts to the state and federal governments.

    • Social Science

Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education


Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Minority Representation in Special Education
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309170818
Category: Social Science
Page: 488
View: 5951
Special education and gifted and talented programs were designed for children whose educational needs are not well met in regular classrooms. From their inceptions, these programs have had disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority students. What causes this disproportion? Is it a problem? Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education considers possible contributors to that disparity, including early biological and environmental influences and inequities in opportunities for preschool and K-12 education, as well as the possibilities of bias in the referral and assessment system that leads to placement in special programs. It examines the data on early childhood experience, on differences in educational opportunity, and on referral and placement. The book also considers whether disproportionate representation should be considered a problem. Do special education programs provide valuable educational services, or do they set students off on a path of lower educational expectations? Would students not now placed in gifted and talented programs benefit from raised expectations, more rigorous classes, and the gifted label, or would they suffer failure in classes for which they are unprepared? By examining this important problem in U.S. education and making recommendations for early intervention and general education, as well as for changes in referral and assessment processes, Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education will be an indispensable resource to educators throughout the nation, as well as to policy makers at all levels, from schools and school districts to the state and federal governments.

    • Education

Chicano School Failure and Success

Past, Present, and Future
Author: Richard R. Valencia
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134516436
Category: Education
Page: 348
View: 1985
First published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

    • Psychology

Assessing Intelligence in Children and Adolescents

A Practical Guide
Author: John H. Kranzler,Randy G. Floyd
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 146251121X
Category: Psychology
Page: 258
View: 6621
"Subject Areas/Keywords: adolescents, assessments, children, cognitive assessment, elementary, giftedness, intellectual assessment, intellectual disabilities, intelligence testing, IQ, learning disabilities, psychological assessment reports, psychometrics, response to intervention, RTI, school psychology, secondary, SLD, specific learning disability, tests"--

    • Law

Special Education Law

A Guide for Parents, Advocates, and Educators
Author: Steven S. Goldberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461592453
Category: Law
Page: 240
View: 2768
To any professional concerned with exceptional children, it would be the greatest understatement to say that the courts and legislatures have had a tremendous impact on the field of speeial education. Especially in the last decade, a flood of litigation filed to develop and define the right to education of previously unserved handicapped children has left no special education teacher, school adminis trator, nurse, educational psychologist, or pediatrician unaffected-either be cause these professionals are daily called upon to help children, or because they may come forward as witnesses on behalf of children who are the subjects of special education meetings, individualized education programs, placement hear ings, or judicial proceedings. Thus, for these people, questions regarding a student's legal rights are immediate and pervasive. This book developed out of the need to provide nonlegal professionals with a lawyer's view of the huge body of court cases and federal laws and regulations that affect their practice as well as their students and clients. An introductory chapter provides the historical basis of the current interface between law and special education. The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 and Sec tion 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and their regulations promulgated in 1977, are the major national laws in the field ~nd are therefore described in Chapters 2 and 3.

    • Social Science

Anti-Italianism

Essays on a Prejudice
Author: W. Connell,F. Gardaphé
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230115322
Category: Social Science
Page: 210
View: 357
There has been an odd reluctance on the part of historians of the Italian American experience to confront the discrimination faced by Italians and Americans of Italian ancestry. This volume is a bold attempt by an esteemed group of scholars and writers to discuss the question openly by charting the historical and cultural boundaries of stereotypes, prejudice, and assimilation. Contributors offer a continuous series of cultural encounters and experiences in television, literature, and film that deserve the attention of anyone interested in the larger themes of American history.

    • Education

Handbook of Understanding and Measuring Intelligence


Author: Oliver Wilhelm,Randall W. Engle
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761928874
Category: Education
Page: 542
View: 3958
The Handbook of Understanding and Measuring Intelligence provides an overview of recent studies on intelligence to help readers develop a sound understanding of results and perspectives in intelligence research. In this volume, editors Oliver Wilhelm and Randall W. Engle bring together a group of respected experts from two fields of intelligence research, cognition and methods, to summarize, review, and evaluate research in their areas of expertise. The chapters in this book present state-of-the-art examinations of a particular domain of intelligence research and highlight important methodological considerations, theoretical claims, and pervasive problems in the field.

    • Education

The Evolution of Deficit Thinking

Educational Thought and Practice
Author: Richard R. Valencia
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136368361
Category: Education
Page: 270
View: 6693
Deficit thinking refers to the notion that students, particularly low income minority students, fail in school because they and their families experience deficiencies that obstruct the leaning process (e.g. limited intelligence, lack of motivation, inadequate home socialization). Tracing the evolution of deficit thinking, the authors debunk the pseudo-science and offer more plausible explanations of why students fail.

    • Education

Standardized Minds

The High Price of America's Testing Culture and what We Can Do to Change it
Author: Peter Sacks
Publisher: Da Capo Press
ISBN: 9780738204338
Category: Education
Page: 351
View: 5640
"Standardized Minds" dramatically shows how an unhealthy and enduring obsession with intelligence testing affects everyone. Drawing creative solutions from the headlines and front lines, Sacks demonstrates proven alternatives to such testing, and details a plan to make the American meritocracy legitimate and fair.

    • Education

Exceptional Students

Preparing Teachers for the 21st Century
Author: Ronald Taylor
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
ISBN: 0077648560
Category: Education
Page: 624
View: 1090
Exceptional Students: Preparing Teachers for the 21st Century provides balanced coverage of the foundations of exceptionalities future teachers need to know to understand their students and responsibilities. The second edition has been updated to reflect the role of the special educator, while continuing to address the role of the general educator in serving special populations.

    • Science

The Mismeasure of Man (Revised & Expanded)


Author: Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393340406
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 394
The definitive refutation to the argument of The Bell Curve. When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits. And yet the idea of innate limits—of biology as destiny—dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined by Stephen Jay Gould. In this edition Dr. Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve. Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."

    • Social Science

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society


Author: Richard T. Schaefer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412926947
Category: Social Science
Page: 1622
View: 6391
This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

    • Education

Psychoeducational Assessment and Intervention for Ethnic Minority Children

Evidence-Based Approaches
Author: Scott L. Graves
Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
ISBN: 9781433821745
Category: Education
Page: 272
View: 7475
This volume offers how-to guidance to psychologists and counsellors who intervene with ethnic minority children. Beginning with a historical tour of psychoeducational assessment related to ethnic minorities, it situates basic areas of assessment within an ethnic minority context. It then offers strategies for improving the educational performance and well-being of ethnically diverse students.

    • African Americans

G.K. Hall Interdisciplinary Bibliographic Guide to Black Studies


Author: G. K. Hall and Co. Staff,Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Publisher: G K Hall
ISBN: 9780783897004
Category: African Americans
Page: 700
View: 8140

    • Education

High Stakes:

Testing for Tracking, Promotion, and Graduation
Author: Committee on Appropriate Test Use,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Testing and Assessment
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309062802
Category: Education
Page: 352
View: 1209
Everyone is in favor of "high education standards" and "fair testing" of student achievement, but there is little agreement as to what these terms actually mean. High Stakes looks at how testing affects critical decisions for American students. As more and more tests are introduced into the country's schools, it becomes increasingly important to know how those tests are used--and misused--in assessing children's performance and achievements. High Stakes focuses on how testing is used in schools to make decisions about tracking and placement, promotion and retention, and awarding or withholding high school diplomas. This book sorts out the controversies that emerge when a test score can open or close gates on a student's educational pathway. The expert panel: Proposes how to judge the appropriateness of a test. Explores how to make tests reliable, valid, and fair. Puts forward strategies and practices to promote proper test use. Recommends how decisionmakers in education should--and should not--use test results. The book discusses common misuses of testing, their political and social context, what happens when test issues are taken to court, special student populations, social promotion, and more. High Stakes will be of interest to anyone concerned about the long-term implications for individual students of picking up that Number 2 pencil: policymakers, education administrators, test designers, teachers, and parents.

    • Education

Why Are So Many Minority Students in Special Education?

Understanding Race & Disability in Schools, Second Edition
Author: Beth Harry,Janette K. Klingner
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807755060
Category: Education
Page: 256
View: 2680
The second edition of this powerful book examines the disproportionate placement of Black and Hispanic students in special education. The authors present compelling, research-based stories representing the range of experiences faced by culturally and linguistically diverse students who fall in the liminal shadow of perceived disability. They examine the children's experiences, their families' interactions with school personnel, the teachers' and schools' estimation of the children and their families, and the school climate that influences decisions about referrals to special education. Based on the authors' 4 years of ethnographic research in a large, culturally diverse school district, the book concludes with recommendations for improving educational practice, teacher training, and policy renewal.