• Science

Introductory Dynamical Oceanography


Author: Stephen Pond,George L. Pickard
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080570542
Category: Science
Page: 349
View: 8447
'Introductory Dynamical Oceanography' 2nd ed provides an introduction to Dynamical Physical Oceanography at a level suitable for senior year undergraduate students in the sciences and for graduate students entering oceanography. It aims to present the basic objectives, procedures and successes and to state some of the present limitations of dynamical oceanography and its relations to descriptive physical oceanography. The first edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and the new work includes reference to the Practical Salinity Scale 1978, the International Equation of State 1980 and the beta-spiral technique for calculating absolute currents from the density distribution. In addition the description of mixed-layer models has been updated and the chapters on Waves and on Tides have been substantially revised and enlarged, with emphasis on internal waves in the Waves chapter. While the text is self-contained readers are recommended to acquaint themselves with the general aspects of descriptive (synoptic) oceanography in order to be aware of the character of the ocean which the dynamical oceanographer is attempting to explain by referring to Pickard and Emery's 'Descriptive Physical Oceanography' 4th edition.

    • Science

Introductory Dynamical Oceanography


Author: Stephen Pond,George L. Pickard
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780750624961
Category: Science
Page: 329
View: 7524
'Introductory Dynamical Oceanography' 2nd ed provides an introduction to Dynamical Physical Oceanography at a level suitable for senior year undergraduate students in the sciences and for graduate students entering oceanography. It aims to present the basic objectives, procedures and successes and to state some of the present limitations of dynamical oceanography and its relations to descriptive physical oceanography. The first edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and the new work includes reference to the Practical Salinity Scale 1978, the International Equation of State 1980 and the beta-spiral technique for calculating absolute currents from the density distribution. In addition the description of mixed-layer models has been updated and the chapters on Waves and on Tides have been substantially revised and enlarged, with emphasis on internal waves in the Waves chapter. While the text is self-contained readers are recommended to acquaint themselves with the general aspects of descriptive (synoptic) oceanography in order to be aware of the character of the ocean which the dynamical oceanographer is attempting to explain by referring to Pickard and Emery's 'Descriptive Physical Oceanography' 4th edition.

    • Science

Descriptive Physical Oceanography

An Introduction
Author: George L. Pickard,W. J. Emery
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483287262
Category: Science
Page: 343
View: 1325
The rapidly developing field of oceanography has necessitated the publication of a fifth edition of this classic textbook. The revised version provides an introduction to descriptive (synoptic) oceanography and contains updated information on topics such as the heat budget, instruments and in particular, the use of satellites. The sections on equatorial oceanography, sea-ice physics, distribution and El Nino have been completely rewritten. The book is further supplemented by text on thermohaline circulation, mixing and also coral reef oceanography.

    • Science

Nonlinear Physical Oceanography

A Dynamical Systems Approach to the Large Scale Ocean Circulation and El Niño,
Author: Henk A. Dijkstra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402022638
Category: Science
Page: 532
View: 5120
Taken from a review of the first edition in SIAM: "This text is different from most others in that it combines several different disciplines and draws on many scientific studies in order to deduce mechanisms of ocean circulation. (...) Therefore (it) cannot be substituted, and (...) it meets its unique goals with clarity and thoroughness".

    • Science

Dynamical Oceanography


Author: Henk A. Dijkstra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540763767
Category: Science
Page: 407
View: 4728
This textbook provides a mathematical introduction to the theory of large-scale ocean circulation. It is accessible for readers with an elementary knowledge of mathematics and physics, including continuum mechanics and solution methods for ordinary differential equations. At the end of each chapter several exercises are formulated. Many of these are aimed to further develop methodological skills and to get familiar with the physical concepts. New material is introduced in only a few of these exercises. Fully worked out answers to all exercises can be downloaded from the book’s web site.

    • Technology & Engineering

Physical Oceanography

A Mathematical Introduction with MATLAB
Author: Reza Malek-Madani
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439898294
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 456
View: 5854
Accessible to advanced undergraduate students, Physical Oceanography: A Mathematical Introduction with MATLAB® demonstrates how to use the basic tenets of multivariate calculus to derive the governing equations of fluid dynamics in a rotating frame. It also explains how to use linear algebra and partial differential equations (PDEs) to solve basic initial-boundary value problems that have become the hallmark of physical oceanography. The book makes the most of MATLAB’s matrix algebraic functions, differential equation solvers, and visualization capabilities. Focusing on the interplay between applied mathematics and geophysical fluid dynamics, the text presents fundamental analytical and computational tools necessary for modeling ocean currents. In physical oceanography, the fluid flows of interest occur on a planet that rotates; this rotation can balance the forces acting on the fluid particles in such a delicate fashion to produce exquisite phenomena, such as the Gulf Stream, the Jet Stream, and internal waves. It is precisely because of the role that rotation plays in oceanography that the field is fundamentally different from the rectilinear fluid flows typically observed and measured in laboratories. Much of this text discusses how the existence of the Gulf Stream can be explained by the proper balance among the Coriolis force, wind stress, and molecular frictional forces. Through the use of MATLAB, the author takes a fresh look at advanced topics and fundamental problems that define physical oceanography today. The projects in each chapter incorporate a significant component of MATLAB programming. These projects can be used as capstone projects or honors theses for students inclined to pursue a special project in applied mathematics.

Introduction to Physical Oceanography


Author: John A. Knauss,Newell Garfield
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781478632504
Category:
Page: 310
View: 5021

    • Science

An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology


Author: James R. Holton
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123540151
Category: Science
Page: 535
View: 4532
MATLAB scripts (M-files) are provided on the accompanying CD.

    • Science

Dynamical Oceanography


Author: Henk A. Dijkstra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540763759
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 1855
This textbook provides a mathematical introduction to the theory of large-scale ocean circulation. It is accessible for readers with an elementary knowledge of mathematics and physics, including continuum mechanics and solution methods for ordinary differential equations. At the end of each chapter several exercises are formulated. Many of these are aimed to further develop methodological skills and to get familiar with the physical concepts. New material is introduced in only a few of these exercises. Fully worked out answers to all exercises can be downloaded from the book’s web site.

    • Science

Sounds in the Sea

From Ocean Acoustics to Acoustical Oceanography
Author: Herman Medwin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521829502
Category: Science
Page: 643
View: 6519
Underwater acousticians and acoustical oceanographers use sound as the premier tool to determine the detailed characteristics of physical and biological bodies and processes at sea. Sounds in the Sea is a comprehensive and accessible textbook on ocean acoustics and acoustical oceanography. Chapters 1–9 provide the basic tools of ocean acoustics. The following fifteen chapters are written by many of the world's most successful ocean researchers. These chapters describe modern developments, and are divided into four sections: Studies of the Near Surface Ocean; Bioacoustical Studies; Studies of Ocean Dynamics; Studies of the Ocean Bottom. This is an invaluable textbook for any course in ocean acoustics for the physical and biological ocean sciences, and engineering. It will also serve as a reference for researchers and professionals in ocean acoustics, and an excellent introduction to the topic for scientists from related fields.

    • Science

The Urban Ocean

The Interaction of Cities with Water
Author: Alan F. Blumberg,Michael S. Bruno
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108126405
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 8970
This book introduces the new discipline of urban oceanography, providing a deeper understanding of the physics of the coastal ocean in an urban setting. The authors explore how the coastal ocean impacts with the humans who live, work and play along its shores; and in turn how human activities impact the health and dynamics of the coastal ocean. Fundamental topics covered include: the governing dynamical equations; tidal and circulation processes; variation of salinity and freshwater fluxes; watershed pollutants; observing systems; and climate change. Bridging the gaps between the fields of engineering, physical and social sciences, economics, and policy, this book is for anyone who wishes to learn about the physics, chemistry, and biology of coastal waters. It will support an introductory course on urban oceanography at the advanced undergraduate and graduate level, and will also prove invaluable as a reference text for researchers, professionals, coastal urban planners, and environmental engineers.

    • Science

An Introduction to Ocean Remote Sensing


Author: Seelye Martin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107019389
Category: Science
Page: 521
View: 1770
Covering significant new advances in satellite oceanography, this new edition introduces remote sensing for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

    • Science

Introduction to Physical Oceanography


Author: George L. Mellor
Publisher: American Inst. of Physics
ISBN: 1563962101
Category: Science
Page: 284
View: 5345
Written by a renowned fluid dynamicist specializing in computational methods (particularly in turbulence), this introductory text addresses the subject of dynamic oceanography from a mathematical approach. The book begins with the basic equations of motion in integral form and covers such essential topics as geostropic flow, barotropic and baroclinic ocean circulations, vorticity, and the astronomical tides. Among the many appendices is one on the method of Matched Asymptotic Expansions as applied to the Gulf Stream the most modern and systematic way of looking at boundary layer problems. Problems are included at the end of each chapter.

    • Science

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science


Author: Maurice Schwartz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402038801
Category: Science
Page: 1213
View: 7574
This new Encyclopedia of Coastal Science stands as the latest authoritative source in the field of coastal studies, making it the standard reference work for specialists and the interested lay person. Unique in its interdisciplinary approach. This Encyclopedia features contributions by 245 well-known international specialists in their respective fields and is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings and photographs. Not only does this volume offer an extensive number of entries, it also includes various appendices, an illustrated glossary of coastal morphology and extensive bibliographic listings.

    • Science

Atmosphere—Ocean Dynamics


Author: Adrian E. Gill
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483281582
Category: Science
Page: 682
View: 4155
Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics deals with a systematic and unified approach to the dynamics of the ocean and atmosphere. The book reviews the relationship of the ocean-atmosphere and how this system functions. The text explains this system through radiative equilibrium models; the book also considers the greenhouse effect, the effects of convection and of horizontal gradients, and the variability in radiative driving of the earth. Equations in the book show the properties of a material element, mass conservation, the balance of scalar quantity (such as salinity), and the mathematical behavior of the ocean and atmosphere. The book also addresses how the ocean-atmosphere system tends to adjust to equilibrium, both in the absence and presence of driving forces such as gravity. The text also explains the effect of the earth's rotation on the system, as well as the application of forced motions such as that produced by wind or temperature changes. The book explains tropical dynamics and the effects of variation of the Coriolis parameter with latitude. The text will be appreciated by meteorologists, environmentalists, students studying hydrology, and people working in general earth sciences.

    • Mathematics

An Introduction to Fourier Analysis


Author: Russell L. Herman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498773710
Category: Mathematics
Page: 402
View: 1805
This book helps students explore Fourier analysis and its related topics, helping them appreciate why it pervades many fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. This introductory textbook was written with mathematics, science, and engineering students with a background in calculus and basic linear algebra in mind. It can be used as a textbook for undergraduate courses in Fourier analysis or applied mathematics, which cover Fourier series, orthogonal functions, Fourier and Laplace transforms, and an introduction to complex variables. These topics are tied together by the application of the spectral analysis of analog and discrete signals, and provide an introduction to the discrete Fourier transform. A number of examples and exercises are provided including implementations of Maple, MATLAB, and Python for computing series expansions and transforms. After reading this book, students will be familiar with: • Convergence and summation of infinite series • Representation of functions by infinite series • Trigonometric and Generalized Fourier series • Legendre, Bessel, gamma, and delta functions • Complex numbers and functions • Analytic functions and integration in the complex plane • Fourier and Laplace transforms. • The relationship between analog and digital signals Dr. Russell L. Herman is a professor of Mathematics and Professor of Physics at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. A recipient of several teaching awards, he has taught introductory through graduate courses in several areas including applied mathematics, partial differential equations, mathematical physics, quantum theory, optics, cosmology, and general relativity. His research interests include topics in nonlinear wave equations, soliton perturbation theory, fluid dynamics, relativity, chaos and dynamical systems.

    • Science

An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics


Author: Robert G. Fleagle,Joost A. Businger
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080918228
Category: Science
Page: 42
View: 3683
This book is addressed to those who wish to understand the relationship between atmospheric phenomena and the nature of matter as expressed in the principles of physics. The interesting atmospheric phenomena are more than applications of gravitation, of thermodynamics, of hydrodynamics, or of electrodynamics; and mastery of the results of controlled experiment and of the related theory alone does not imply an understanding of atmospheric phenomena. This distinction arises because the extent and the complexity of the atmosphere permit effects and interactions that are entirely negligible in the laboratory or are deliberately excluded from it. the objective of laboratory physics is, by isolating the relevant variables, to reveal the fundamental properties of matter; whereas the objective of atmospheric physics, or of any observational science, is to understand those phenomena that are characteristic of the whole system. For these reasons the exposition of atmospheric physics requires substantial extensions of classical physics. It also requires that understanding be based on a coherent "way of seeing" the ensemble of atmospheric phenomena. Only then is understanding likely to stimulate still more general insights.

    • Science

Global Physical Climatology


Author: Dennis L. Hartmann
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080571638
Category: Science
Page: 411
View: 2763
Global Physical Climatology is an introductory text devoted to the fundamental physical principles and problems of climate sensitivity and change. Addressing some of the most critical issues in climatology, this text features incisive coverage of topics that are central to understanding orbital parameter theory for past climate changes, and for anthropogenic and natural causes of near-future changes-- Key Features * Covers the physics of climate change * Examines the nature of the current climate and its previous changes * Explores the sensitivity of climate and the mechanisms by which humans are likely to produce near-future climate changes * Provides instructive end-of-chapter exercises and appendices

    • Science

Ocean Circulation

Prepared by an Open University Course Team
Author: Joan Brown
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148329269X
Category: Science
Page: 242
View: 8242
The first two chapters outline the causes of circulation patterns in the atmosphere and oceans, emphasizing the interactions between them. Chapter 3 deals with the surface circulation (including mesoscale eddies), using a minimum of mathematics. Chapter 4 reviews the history of ideas about ocean circulation (with special reference to the North Atlantic gyre), and Chapter 5 describes the major current systems at high and low latitudes. The final Chapter returns to the theme of ocean-atmosphere interaction, especially the global transport of heat and freshwater, and the formation of sub-surface water masses. Fully illustrated in four coloursFully illustrated in four colours

    • Science

Seventy Years of Exploration in Oceanography

A Prolonged Weekend Discussion with Walter Munk
Author: Klaus Hasselmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642120879
Category: Science
Page: 137
View: 1875
It all began with Markus Jochum approaching one of us (HvS) – “when you guys are doing interviews with senior scientists from oceanography and related sciences, why are you not doing Walter Munk?” Indeed, why not? Walter Munk, an icon in oceanography, had just given a wonderful talk in a symposium in honor of his 90th birthday, sweeping a grand circle from his earliest work with Chip Cox on airborne measurements of ocean surface roughness to the latest satellite data – not simply a review, but the struggle of an active scientist opening up new perspectives – as inspiring and stimulating as when one of us (KH) rst met him at the Ocean Waves Conference in Easton in 1961 (Fig. I. 1). Walter immediately agreed to share with us his recollections on the nearly seventy years of his path-breaking contributions in a sheer amazing range of topics, from ocean waves, internal waves, ocean currents, tides, tsunamis, sea level, microseisms and the rotation of the earth to ocean acoustic tomography. With “you guys” Markus was referring to HvS and the various partners HvS had 1 invited to join him in conducting a series of interviews of retired colleagues.