• Social Science

Man or Monster?

The Trial of a Khmer Rouge Torturer
Author: Alexander Laban Hinton
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822373556
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 8125
During the Khmer Rouge's brutal reign in Cambodia during the mid-to-late 1970s, a former math teacher named Duch served as the commandant of the S-21 security center, where as many as 20,000 victims were interrogated, tortured, and executed. In 2009 Duch stood trial for these crimes against humanity. While the prosecution painted Duch as evil, his defense lawyers claimed he simply followed orders. In Man or Monster? Alexander Hinton uses creative ethnographic writing, extensive fieldwork, hundreds of interviews, and his experience attending Duch's trial to create a nuanced analysis of Duch, the tribunal, the Khmer Rouge, and the after-effects of Cambodia's genocide. Interested in how a person becomes a torturer and executioner as well as the law's ability to grapple with crimes against humanity, Hinton adapts Hannah Arendt's notion of the "banality of evil" to consider how the potential for violence is embedded in the everyday ways people articulate meaning and comprehend the world. Man or Monster? provides novel ways to consider justice, terror, genocide, memory, truth, and humanity.

Man Or Monster?

The Trial of a Khmer Rouge Torturer
Author: Alexander Laban Hinton
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780822362586
Category:
Page: 368
View: 1127
Alexander Laban Hinton offers a detailed analysis of a former Khmer Rouge security center commandant who was convicted for overseeing the interrogation, torture, and execution of nearly 20,000 Cambodians. Interested in how someone becomes an executioner, Hinton provides numerous ways to consider justice, genocide, memory, truth, and humanity.

    • Psychology

Facing the Torturer

Inside the mind of a war criminal
Author: Francois Bizot
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1409033279
Category: Psychology
Page: 224
View: 9174
In 1971, Francois Bizot was kept prisoner for three months in the Cambodian jungle, accused of being a CIA spy. His Khmer Rouge captor, Comrade Duch, eventually had him freed and it took Bizot decades to realize he owed his life to a man who, later in the Killing Fields regime, was to become one of Pol Pot's most infamous henchmen. As the head of the Tuol Sleng S-21 jail, Duch personally oversaw the detention, systematic torture and execution of more than 16,000 detainees. Duch's trial as a war criminal ended in July 2010 amid a blaze of publicity. He was sentenced to a controversial 35 years imprisonment. In the tradition of Gitta Sereny, who sat with Speer in the Nuremberg trials, Bizot attended Duch's court case and spent time with him in prison, trying to unearth whatever humanity Duch had left. 'It would be all too easy,' says Bizot, 'if this man was a monster, not a member of the human race. We could use the slogan 'never again' and move on. But the deep horror is that this man is normal...Through his very qualities he became a mass murderer. Does that exonerate him from the crimes? Certainly not. But it does force us to question ourselves in a way that is deeply unsettling.' At once a personal essay, a historical and philosophical meditation, and an eye-witness account, Facing the Torturer will join a very short list of important books about man's personal responsibility in collective crimes.

    • History

The Master of Confessions

The Making of a Khmer Rouge Torturer
Author: Thierry Cruvellier
Publisher: Ecco
ISBN: 9780062329691
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 637
The Eichmann in Jerusalem for the Khmer Rouge, The Master of Confessions is a harrowing yet humane account of the trial of Duch, a Khmer Rouge operative and the director of the regime's most brutal prison. A renowned war-crime journalist, Cruvellier captures the intense drama of the trial as it unfolds and delves into the Khmer Rouge's rule of terror, offering a psychologically penetrating and devastating look at the victims, the torturers, and the regime itself. By offering us a unique view into the mind of a mass murderer, The Master of Confessions sheds light on one of the most storied genocides of our time.

    • Social Science

Svay

A Khmer Village in Cambodia
Author: May Mayko Ebihara
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501714716
Category: Social Science
Page: 364
View: 4986
May Mayko Ebihara (1934–2005) was the first American anthropologist to conduct ethnographic research in Cambodia. Svay provides a remarkably detailed picture of individual villagers and of Khmer social structure and kinship, agriculture, politics, and religion. The world Ebihara described would soon be shattered by Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge. Fifty percent of the villagers perished in the reign of terror, including those who had been Ebihara's adoptive parents and grandparents during her fieldwork. Never before published as a book, Ebihara’s dissertation served as the foundation for much of our subsequent understanding of Cambodian history, society, and politics.

    • Law

The Politics of Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa

Legitimizing the Post-Apartheid State
Author: Richard Wilson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521001946
Category: Law
Page: 271
View: 6493
Based on extended anthropological fieldwork, this book illustrates the impact of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in urban African communities in Johannesburg. The study deepens our understanding of post-apartheid South Africa and the use of human rights discourse.

    • Social Science

Annihilating Difference

The Anthropology of Genocide
Author: Alexander Laban Hinton
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520230293
Category: Social Science
Page: 405
View: 5409
This text presents a collection of original essays on genocide. It explores a wide range of cases, including Nazi Germany, Cambodia, Guatemala, Rwanda, and Bosnia.

    • History

Why Did They Kill?

Cambodia in the Shadow of Genocide
Author: Alexander Laban Hinton
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520241797
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 4339
Annotation This is an ethnographic examination and an appraisal of the Cambodian genocide under Pol Pot based on the author's long fieldwork in the area.

    • Political Science

The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law


Author: Jenny S. Martinez
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199753075
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 2510
There is a broad consensus among scholars that the idea of human rights was a product of the Enlightenment but that a self-conscious and broad-based human rights movement focused on international law only began after World War II. In this narrative, the nineteenth century's absence is conspicuous--few have considered that era seriously, much less written books on it. But as Jenny Martinez shows in this novel interpretation of the roots of human rights law, the foundation of the movement that we know today was a product of one of the nineteenth century's central moral causes: the movement to ban the international slave trade. Originating in England in the late eighteenth century, abolitionism achieved remarkable success over the course of the nineteenth century. Martinez focuses in particular on the international admiralty courts, which tried the crews of captured slave ships. The courts, which were based in the Caribbean, West Africa, Cape Town, and Brazil, helped free at least 80,000 Africans from captured slavers between 1807 and 1871. Here then, buried in the dusty archives of admiralty courts, ships' logs, and the British foreign office, are the foundations of contemporary human rights law: international courts targeting states and non-state transnational actors while working on behalf the world's most persecuted peoples--captured West Africans bound for the slave plantations of the Americas. Fueled by a powerful thesis and novel evidence, Martinez's work will reshape the fields of human rights history and international human rights law.

    • Law

Reconstructing Atrocity Prevention


Author: Sheri P. Rosenberg,Tibi Galis,Alex Zucker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107094968
Category: Law
Page: 546
View: 3379
This proposes a new framework for atrocity prevention, featuring scholars from around the globe including three former UN special advisers.

Hijacked justice

domestic use of international norms
Author: Jelena Subotic
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 289
View: 8395

    • Social Science

Torture

A Sociology of Violence and Human Rights
Author: Lisa Hajjar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136339906
Category: Social Science
Page: 96
View: 1594
Torture is indisputably abhorrent. Why, you might ask, would you even want to think or read about torture? That is a very good question, and one this book addresses in a compelling and enlightening way. Torture is a very important issue, not least because millions of people around the world have been subjected to this odious practice—and many are enduring torture right now as you read these words.

    • Philosophy

Torture and the War on Terror


Author: Tzvetan Todorov,Gila Walker,Ryan Lobo
Publisher: Seagull Books Pvt Ltd
ISBN: 9781906497361
Category: Philosophy
Page: 68
View: 7382
"These photographs were taken at Oak Park Heights Prison in Minnesota in 2005 ... do not include any non-American prisoners or any terrorism suspects and have nothing to do with the war on terror"--About the photographs, p. [70].

    • Psychology

Genocide

A Reader
Author: Jens Meierhenrich
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 9780195377705
Category: Psychology
Page: 400
View: 2262
Genocide continues to confound scholars, practitioners, and laypersons. This Reader lays the foundation for improved explanation and understanding of this darkest of human phenomena. The volume provides an introduction to the myriad dimensions of genocide, and to the various ways of making sense of it.

    • Fiction

The Face in the Abyss


Author: Abraham Merritt
Publisher: Booklassic
ISBN: 9635272928
Category: Fiction
Page: 186
View: 8298
The novel concerns American mining engineer Nicholas Graydon. While searching for lost Inca treasure in South America, he encounters Suarra, handmaiden to the Snake Mother of Yu-Atlanchi.

    • History

The Dark Side of Democracy

Explaining Ethnic Cleansing
Author: Michael Mann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521538541
Category: History
Page: 580
View: 4317
A new theory of ethnic cleansing based on the most terrible cases (colonial genocides, the Nazi Holocaust) and cases of lesser violence (early modern Europe, contemporary India).

    • Social Science

Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America


Author: Alexander Laban Hinton,Andrew Woolford,Jeff Benvenuto
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822376148
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 2219
This important collection of essays expands the geographic, demographic, and analytic scope of the term genocide to encompass the effects of colonialism and settler colonialism in North America. Colonists made multiple and interconnected attempts to destroy Indigenous peoples as groups. The contributors examine these efforts through the lens of genocide. Considering some of the most destructive aspects of the colonization and subsequent settlement of North America, several essays address Indigenous boarding school systems imposed by both the Canadian and U.S. governments in attempts to "civilize" or "assimilate" Indigenous children. Contributors examine some of the most egregious assaults on Indigenous peoples and the natural environment, including massacres, land appropriation, the spread of disease, the near-extinction of the buffalo, and forced political restructuring of Indigenous communities. Assessing the record of these appalling events, the contributors maintain that North Americans must reckon with colonial and settler colonial attempts to annihilate Indigenous peoples. Contributors. Jeff Benvenuto, Robbie Ethridge, Theodore Fontaine, Joseph P. Gone, Alexander Laban Hinton, Tasha Hubbard, Margaret D. Jabobs, Kiera L. Ladner, Tricia E. Logan, David B. MacDonald, Benjamin Madley, Jeremy Patzer, Julia Peristerakis, Christopher Powell, Colin Samson, Gray H. Whaley, Andrew Woolford

    • Political Science

Human Trafficking: A Reference Handbook


Author: Alexis A. Aronowitz
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440834857
Category: Political Science
Page: 406
View: 3241
Offering an up-to-date and comprehensive resource for students and general readers investigating human trafficking, this book examines the phenomenon in its many forms, the factors contributing to its existence, the victims it affects, and those who perpetrate this horrific crime. • Provides readers with a greater understanding of the complexities of human trafficking—from lack of clarity in the definition to the problem of identifying victims—and how human trafficking differs from human smuggling • Enables a greater appreciation for the social, economic, cultural, and environmental factors that contribute to human trafficking and suggests how these crimes should be addressed • Suggests measures that have been introduced and must be applied more extensively to combat trafficking and protect potential victims

    • Social Science

Lives in Limbo

Undocumented and Coming of Age in America
Author: Roberto G. Gonzales
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520287266
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 4483
"Over two million of the nation's eleven million undocumented immigrants have lived in the United States since childhood. Due to a broken immigration system, they grow up to uncertain futures. In Lives in Limbo, Roberto G. Gonzales introduces us to two groups: the college-goers, like Ricardo, whose good grades and strong network of community support propelled him into higher education, only to land in a factory job a few years after graduation, and the early-exiters, like Gabriel, who failed to make meaningful connections in high school and started navigating dead-end jobs, immigration checkpoints, and a world narrowly circumscribed by legal limitations. This ethnography asks why highly educated undocumented youth ultimately share similar work and life outcomes with their less-educated peers, even as higher education is touted as the path to integration and success in America. Gonzales bookends his study with discussions of how the prospect of immigration reform, especially the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, could impact the lives of these young Americans"--Provided by publisher.