• Science

Marine Geography

GIS for the Oceans and Seas
Author: Joe Breman
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480452
Category: Science
Page: 204
View: 5718
Explains how those studying the world's oceans and seas use geographic information systems to investigate the health of the environment and the potential threats to marine life.


    • Art

Slavery, Geography and Empire in Nineteenth-Century Marine Landscapes of Montreal and Jamaica


Author: CharmaineA. Nelson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351548530
Category: Art
Page: 434
View: 9947
Slavery, Geography and Empire in Nineteenth-Century Marine Landscapes of Montreal and Jamaica is among the first Slavery Studies books - and the first in Art History - to juxtapose temperate and tropical slavery. Charmaine A. Nelson explores the central role of geography and its racialized representation as landscape art in imperial conquest. One could easily assume that nineteenth-century Montreal and Jamaica were worlds apart, but through her astute examination of marine landscape art, the author re-connects these two significant British island colonies, sites of colonial ports with profound economic and military value. Through an analysis of prints, illustrated travel books, and maps, the author exposes the fallacy of their disconnection, arguing instead that the separation of these colonies was a retroactive fabrication designed in part to rid Canada of its deeply colonial history as an integral part of Britain's global trading network which enriched the motherland through extensive trade in crops produced by enslaved workers on tropical plantations. The first study to explore James Hakewill's Jamaican landscapes and William Clark's Antiguan genre studies in depth, it also examines the Montreal landscapes of artists including Thomas Davies, Robert Sproule, George Heriot and James Duncan. Breaking new ground, Nelson reveals how gender and race mediated the aesthetic and scientific access of such - mainly white, male - artists. She analyzes this moment of deep political crisis for British slave owners (between the end of the slave trade in 1807 and complete abolition in 1833) who employed visual culture to imagine spaces free of conflict and to alleviate their pervasive anxiety about slave resistance. Nelson explores how vision and cartographic knowledge translated into authority, which allowed colonizers to 'civilize' the terrains of the so-called New World, while belying the oppression of slavery and indigenous displacement.

    • Technology & Engineering

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems


Author: Dawn J. Wright,Darius J. Barlett
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203484738
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 320
View: 8184
Marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well as GIS communities, and cover the fields of deep sea geology, chemistry and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering and resource management. Comprising rigorous contributions from a group of leading scholars in marine and coastal GIS, this book will inspire and stimulate continued research in this important new application domain. Launched as a project to mark the UN International Year of the Ocean (1998) and supported by the International Geographical Union's Commission on Coastal Systems, this book covers progress and research in the marine and coastal realms, in the areas of theory, applications and empirical results. It is the first book of its kind to address basic and applied scientific problems in deep sea and coastal science using GIS and remote sensing technologies. It is designed for GIS and remote sensing specialists, but also for those with an interest in oceans, lakes and shores. Coverage ranges from seafloor spreading centres to Exclusive Economic Zones to microscale coastal habitats; and techniques include submersibles, computer modelling, image display, 3-D temporal data visualization, and development and application of new algorithms and spatial data structures. It illustrates the broad usage of GIS, image processing, and computer modelling in deep sea and coastal environments, and also addresses important institutional issues arising out of the use of these technologies.

    • Science

The Oceans: Key Issues in Marine Affairs


Author: Hance D. Smith
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140202780X
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 4004
The oceans provide a great challenge for the development and management of planet earth by humankind. This book covers new approaches to the development of the law of the sea, the division of the oceans among states, and new thinking on institutions in depth.

    • Technology & Engineering

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems


Author: Dawn J. Wright,Darius J. Barlett
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203484738
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 320
View: 7507
Marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well as GIS communities, and cover the fields of deep sea geology, chemistry and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering and resource management. Comprising rigorous contributions from a group of leading scholars in marine and coastal GIS, this book will inspire and stimulate continued research in this important new application domain. Launched as a project to mark the UN International Year of the Ocean (1998) and supported by the International Geographical Union's Commission on Coastal Systems, this book covers progress and research in the marine and coastal realms, in the areas of theory, applications and empirical results. It is the first book of its kind to address basic and applied scientific problems in deep sea and coastal science using GIS and remote sensing technologies. It is designed for GIS and remote sensing specialists, but also for those with an interest in oceans, lakes and shores. Coverage ranges from seafloor spreading centres to Exclusive Economic Zones to microscale coastal habitats; and techniques include submersibles, computer modelling, image display, 3-D temporal data visualization, and development and application of new algorithms and spatial data structures. It illustrates the broad usage of GIS, image processing, and computer modelling in deep sea and coastal environments, and also addresses important institutional issues arising out of the use of these technologies.


    • Computers

Conservation Geography

Case Studies in GIS, Computer Mapping, and Activism
Author: Charles L. Convis
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480247
Category: Computers
Page: 219
View: 1443
Showing how GIS and geography provide a framework for ecology and conservation efforts, this book describes how new technological tools for that kind of analysis, chief among them GIS, are being used to revolutionize the work of conservation.

    • Science

Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century


Author: Gary L. Gaile,Cort J. Willmott
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199295869
Category: Science
Page: 820
View: 4136
Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century surveys American geographers' current research in their specialty areas and tracks trends and innovations in the many subfields of geography. As such, it is both a 'state of the discipline' assessment and a topical reference. It includes an introduction by the editors and 47 chapters, each on a specific specialty. The authors of each chapter were chosen by their specialty group of the American Association of Geographers (AAG). Based on a process of review and revision, the chapters in this volume have become truly representative of the recent scholarship of American geographers. While it focuses on work since 1990, it additionally includes related prior work and work by non-American geographers. The initial Geography in America was published in 1989 and has become a benchmark reference of American geographical research during the 1980s. This latest volume is completely new and features a preface written by the eminent geographer, Gilbert White.


    • Nature

The Sea Floor


Author: Eugen Seibold,Wolfgang H. Berger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662225190
Category: Nature
Page: 356
View: 6970
The Sea Floor deals with the most important results achieved in Marine Geology over the last three decades. Relevant geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological methods are shortly described. They should allow the reader to comment on new results about plate tectonics, marine sedimentation from the coasts to the deep sea, climatological aspects, paleoceanology and the use of the sea floor. The text tries to transmit to the reader the excitement of marine geological research both aboard and in modern laboratories. Basic mineralogical, geochemical, biological and other relevant data and a detailed list of books and symposia are given in an Appendix. The second edition of the Sea Floor is an updated version with many new aspects and illustrations and contains detailed lists of relevant books.

    • Science

Marine and Coastal Resource Management

Principles and Practice
Author: David R. Green,Jeffrey L. Payne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136460330
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 4449
In this new and highly original textbook for a range of interdisciplinary courses and degree programmes focusing on marine and coastal resource management, readers are offered an introduction to the subject matter, a broad perspective and understanding, case study applications, and a reference source. Each chapter is written by an international authority and expert in the respective field, providing perspectives from physical and human geography, marine biology and fisheries, planning and surveying, law, technology, environmental change, engineering, and tourism. In addition to an overview of the theory and practice of its subject area, many chapters include detailed case studies to illustrate the applications, including relationships to decision-making requirements at local, regional, and national levels. Each chapter also includes a list of references for further reading, with a selection of key journal papers and URLs. Overall, this volume provides a key textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate courses and for the coastal or marine practitioner, as well as a long-term reference for students.

    • Science

Marine Ecological Geography

Theory and Experience
Author: Dmitry Ya Fashchuk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642174445
Category: Science
Page: 434
View: 2667
In Chapter 1 the methodological principles of systemization and visualization of multidimensional ecological information for its operational dissemination among potential users are stated. Their realization results in creation of the geographic-and ecologic model of marine basin as an information base for diagnosis of the marine ecosystem state, estimation of consequences of economic activity, and modelling of its changes with the use of mathematical tools. In Chapter 2 the geographic-and-ecological aspects of mathematical modelling of marine ecosystems, the possibilities and peculiarities of the most adequate models, the Russian hydrodynamic model of oil spills "SPILLMOD" and hydroecological model of organogenic compound transformation in the sea, are investigated. In the following six Chapters the examples of practical realization of geographic-and-ecological (as information source) and mathematical (as computing apparatus) modelling at the investigations of specific ecological problems associated with consequences of natural hazards and economic activity on aquatory and within the whole Black Sea basin are given.

    • Law

International Law of the Sea and Marine Affairs

A Bibliography. Supplement to the 1980 Edition. Supplement
Author: Nikos Papadakis,Martin Ira Glassner
Publisher: Brill Archive
ISBN: 9789024728152
Category: Law
Page: 579
View: 2447

    • Science

Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management


Author: Hance D. Smith,Juan Luis Suárez de Vivero,Tundi S. Agardy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136294821
Category: Science
Page: 612
View: 9768
This comprehensive handbook provides a global overview of ocean resources and management by focusing on critical issues relating to human development and the marine environment, their interrelationships as expressed through the uses of the sea as a resource, and the regional expression of these themes. The underlying approach is geographical, with prominence given to the biosphere, political arrangements and regional patterns – all considered to be especially crucial to the human understanding required for the use and management of the world's oceans. Part one addresses key themes in our knowledge of relationships between people and the sea on a global scale, including economic and political issues, and understanding and managing marine environments. Part two provides a systematic review of the uses of the sea, grouped into food, ocean space, materials and energy, and the sea as an environmental resource. Part three on the geography of the sea considers management strategies especially related to the state system, and regional management developments in both core economic regions and the developing periphery. The primary themes within each chapter are governance (including institutional and legal bases); policy – sets of ideas governing management; and management, both technical and general.

    • Computers

Coastal Informatics: Web Atlas Design and Implementation

Web Atlas Design and Implementation
Author: Wright, Dawn
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 161520816X
Category: Computers
Page: 344
View: 8226
"This book examines state-of-the-art developments in coastal informatics (e.g., data portals, data/ metadata vocabularies and ontologies, metadata creation/ extraction/ cross-walking tools, geographic and information management systems, grid computing) and coastal mapping (particularly via Internet map servers and web-based geographical information and analysis)"--Provided by publisher.

    • Nature

Citizen Science for Coastal and Marine Conservation


Author: John A. Cigliano,Heidi L. Ballard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317272609
Category: Nature
Page: 298
View: 8406
In recent years, citizen science has emerged as a powerful new concept to enable the general public, students, and volunteers to become involved in scientific research. A prime example is in biodiversity conservation, where data collection and monitoring can be greatly enhanced through citizen participation. This is the first book to provide much needed guidance and case studies from marine and coastal conservation. The novelty and rapid expansion of the field has created a demand for the discussion of key issues and the development of best practices. The book demonstrates the utility and feasibility, as well as limitations, of using marine and coastal citizen science for conservation, and by providing critical considerations (i.e.which questions and systems are best suited for citizen science), presents recommendations for best practices for successful marine and coastal citizen science projects. A range of case studies, for example, on monitoring of seabird populations, invasive species, plastics pollution, and the impacts of climate change, from different parts of the world, is included. Also included are discussions on engaging youth, indigenous communities, and divers and snorkelers as citizen scientists, as well as best practices on communication within citizen science, building trust with stakeholders, and informing marine policy as part of this exciting and empowering way of improving marine and coastal conservation. .