• Political Science

Human Rights of Migrants in the 21st Century


Author: Elspeth Guild,Stefanie Grant,C. A. Groenendijk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351382799
Category: Political Science
Page: 96
View: 5896
This book offers an accessible examination of the human rights of migrants in the context of the UN’s negotiations in 2018. This volume has two main contributions. Firstly, it is designed to inform the negotiations on the UN’s Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration announced by the New York Declaration of the UN General Assembly on 19 September 2016. Second, it intends to assist officials, lawyers and academics to ensure that the human rights of migrants are fully respected by state authorities and international organisations and safeguarded by national and supranational courts across the globe. The overall objective of this book is to clarify problem areas which migrants encounter as non-citizens of the state where they are and how international human rights obligations of those states provide solutions. It defines the existing international human rights of migrants and provides the source of States’ obligations. In order to provide a clear and useful guide to the existing human rights of migrants, the volume examines these rights from the perspective of the migrant: what situations do people encounter as their status changes from citizen (in their own country) to migrant (in a foreign state), and how do human rights provide legal entitlements regarding their treatment by a foreign state? This book will be of much interest to students of migration, human rights, international law and international relations.

    • Social Science

Racial Criminalization of Migrants in the 21st Century


Author: Salvatore Palidda
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317072162
Category: Social Science
Page: 326
View: 3530
Over the last two decades in the West, there has been a significant increase in the arrest, imprisonment and detention of migrants. The racial criminalization and victimization of migrants and Roma people has led judicial authorities, local governments, the police, mass media and the general population to perceive migrants and 'gypsies' as responsible for a wide range of offences. Taking into consideration the political and cultural conditions that affect and interconnect societies of emigration and immigration, the contributors examine and compare a range of cases in Europe and the United States. The contributions demonstrate how the persecution of the 'current enemy' is the 'total political fact' of the 21st century in that it ensures consensus and business, or what might be termed the 'crime deal' of today. This provocative book has international appeal and will be a valuable resource for academics, researchers and policymakers with an interest in migration and social and ethnic control.

    • Social Science

Migration in the 21st Century

Political Economy and Ethnography
Author: Pauline Gardiner Barber,Winnie Lem
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415892228
Category: Social Science
Page: 251
View: 6546
This edited collection focuses on global migration in its inter-regional, international and transnational variants, and argues that contemporary migration scholarship is significantly advanced both within anthropology and beyond it when ethnography is theoretically engaged to grapple with the social consequences and asymmetries of twenty-first century capitalism's global modalities. Drawn from settings across the globe, case studies explore the nuanced formations of class and power within particular migration flows while addressing the complex analytics of a contemporary critical political economy of migration. Subjects include global migrants as capitalists, entrepreneurs and "cosmopolitans," as well as workers and immigrants who are subject to varying degrees of precariousness under intensified competition for profits within contemporary global economies. By re-addressing the question of the relationship between changes in global capitalism and migration, the book aims for a timely intervention into the debates on migration which have come to be one of the most contentious emotionally fraught issues in North America and Europe.

    • Social Science

International Migration in the 21st Century

Problems and Solutions
Author: Gökçe Bayindir Goularas,Işil Zeynep Turkan-İpek
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527514986
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 3995
This collection tackles the problems surrounding international migration, raising the question of the reasons for, and consequences of, being a migrant in the 21st century. Some of the issues it focuses on include migrant identities, integration, voting behavior, citizenship, and child health encountered in Europe and Turkey. The book also provides psychological, economic and micro-level analysis, together with social and judicial perspectives. In a global world, where in some places frontiers are constructed and in others efforts are made to deconstruct them, the book will appeal to sociologists, historians, political scientists and academics working on regional migration studies. It contributes to the endeavor to understand the global parameters on migration and potential solutions for a boundless global community.

    • Political Science

Security and Migration in the 21st Century


Author: Elspeth Guild
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745658776
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 560
The 21st century has brought new and challenging dimensions to our understanding of security and migration. The old Cold War framework of security as related to war and peace, international relations and foreign affairs has given way to a multiplicity of competing notions, including internal security, human security and even social security. At the same time, migration has become a hotly contested issue, characterised by an enormous difference of views and objectives. So what do we mean by security and migration in the contemporary world? How do these two important fields intersect? And what does this collision of policy concerns and public interests mean for states and individuals alike? In this cutting-edge book, Elspeth Guild seeks to answer these pressing questions, drawing on a wide range of recent examples from the impact of asylum seekers on state border security to identity security in citizenship rules to illustrate her arguments. By approaching the topic from the perspective of the individual - citizen of one state, migrant in another - the book examines key aspects of the security-migration nexus, such as the relationship with refugees; torture; extraordinary rendition; privacy and the retention of personal data; and human rights' protection. The first volume in Polity's new ‘Dimensions of Security' series, this book is a must-read for all students of international politics, development studies and related fields.

    • Juvenile Nonfiction

Migration in the 21St Century

How Will Globalization and Climate Change Affect Migration and Settlement?
Author: Paul Challen
Publisher: Crabtree Publishing Company
ISBN: 0778791335
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 51
View: 6721
With fossil fuels and water running out, and temperatures and sea levels rising due to climate change, whole communities will need to move and resettle. How will human migrations on this scale be managed in our modern world? This foreward-looking book explores these important issues as well as the solutions being put forward by politicians, experts, NGOs, and private citizens.

    • Business & Economics

Migration in the 21st Century

Rights, Outcomes, and Policy
Author: Kim Korinek,Thomas N. Maloney
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136924973
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 272
View: 7620
In this volume, we examine the challenges and opportunities created by global migration at the start of the 21st century. Our focus extends beyond economic impact to questions of international law, human rights, and social and political incorporation. We examine immigrant outcomes and policy questions at the global, national, and local levels. Our primary purpose is to connect ethical, legal, and social science scholarship from a variety of disciplines in order to raise questions and generate new insights regarding patterns of migration and the design of useful policy. While the book incorporates studies of the evolution of immigration law globally and over the very long term, as well as considerations of the magnitude and determinants of immigrant flows at the global level, it places particular emphasis on the growth of immigration to the United States in the 1990s and early 2000s and provides new insights on the complex relationships between federal and state politics and regulation, popular misconceptions about the economic and social impacts of immigration, and the status of 'undocumented' immigrants.

    • Political Science

Survival Migration

Failed Governance and the Crisis of Displacement
Author: Alexander Betts
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801468957
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 5048
International treaties, conventions, and organizations to protect refugees were established in the aftermath of World War II to protect people escaping targeted persecution by their own governments. However, the nature of cross-border displacement has transformed dramatically since then. Such threats as environmental change, food insecurity, and generalized violence force massive numbers of people to flee states that are unable or unwilling to ensure their basic rights, as do conditions in failed and fragile states that make possible human rights deprivations. Because these reasons do not meet the legal understanding of persecution, the victims of these circumstances are not usually recognized as “refugees,” preventing current institutions from ensuring their protection. In this book, Alexander Betts develops the concept of “survival migration” to highlight the crisis in which these people find themselves. Examining flight from three of the most fragile states in Africa—Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Somalia—Betts explains variation in institutional responses across the neighboring host states. There is massive inconsistency. Some survival migrants are offered asylum as refugees; others are rounded up, detained, and deported, often in brutal conditions. The inadequacies of the current refugee regime are a disaster for human rights and gravely threaten international security. In Survival Migration, Betts outlines these failings, illustrates the enormous human suffering that results, and argues strongly for an expansion of protected categories.

    • Law

Gender and Migration in 21st Century Europe


Author: Samantha Currie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131713060X
Category: Law
Page: 264
View: 5906
Providing interdisciplinary and empirically grounded insights into the issues surrounding gender and migration into and within Europe, this work presents a comprehensive and critical overview of the historical, legal, policy and cultural framework underpinning different types of European migration. Analysing the impact of migration on women's careers, the impact of migration on family life and gender perspectives on forced migration, the authors also examine the consequences of EU enlargement for women's migration opportunities and practices, as well as the impact of new regulatory mechanisms at EU level in addressing issues of forced migration and cross-national family breakdown. Recent interdisciplinary research also offers a new insight into the issue of skilled migration and the gendering of previously male-dominated sectors of the labour market.

    • Political Science

New Migration Patterns in the Americas

Challenges for the 21st Century
Author: Andreas E. Feldmann,Xóchitl Bada,Stephanie Schütze
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331989384X
Category: Political Science
Page: 354
View: 5121
This volume investigates new migration patterns in the Americas addressing continuities and changes in existing population movements in the region. The book explores migration conditions and intersections across time and space relying on a multidisciplinary, collaborative approach that brings together the expertise of transnational scholars with diverse theoretical orientations, strengths, and methodological approaches. Some of the themes this edited volume explores include main features of contemporary migration in the Americas; causes, composition, and patterns of new migration flows; and state policies enacted to meet the challenges posed by new developments in migration flows.

    • Business & Economics

Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century


Author: Philip Martin,Manolo Abella,Christiane Kuptsch
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300129960
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 4772
Why have ninety million workers around the globe left their homes for employment in other countries? What can be done to ensure that international labor migration is a force for global betterment? This groundbreaking book presents the most comprehensive analysis of the causes and effects of labor migration available, and it recommends sensible, sustainable migration policies that are fair to migrants and to the countries that open their doors to them. The authors survey recent trends in international migration for employment and demonstrate that the flow of authorized and illegal workers over borders presents a formidable challenge in countries and regions throughout the world. They note that not all migration is from undeveloped to developed countries and discuss the murky relations between immigration policies and politics. The book concludes with specific recommendations for justly managing the world’s growing migrant workforce.

    • Political Science

Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century
Author: Kavita R. Khory
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 1137007117
Category: Political Science
Page: 257
View: 6050
Migration is one of the most contentious issues in politics today. Both celebrated and vilified, human mobility raises ethical and legal questions about the rights and responsibilities of individuals and societies wrestling with rising economic inequality and a profound sense of insecurity. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for contemporary states and societies and its implications for sovereignty, national identity, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.

    • Business & Economics

Exodus

How Migration Is Changing Our World
Author: Paul Collier
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190231483
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 320
View: 2615
In Exodus, Paul Collier, the world-renowned economist and bestselling author of The Bottom Billion, clearly and concisely lays out the effects of encouraging or restricting migration. Drawing on original research and case studies, he explores this volatile issue from three perspectives: that of the migrants themselves, that of the people they leave behind, and that of the host societies where they relocate.

    • Social Science

Exodus

Immigration and Multiculturalism in the 21st Century
Author: Paul Collier
Publisher: Penguin Classics
ISBN: 9780141042169
Category: Social Science
Page: 309
View: 7901
Mass international migration is a response to extreme global inequality, and immigration has a profound impact on the way we live. Here, world-renowned economist Paul Collier seeks to defuse this explosive subject.Exoduslooks at how people from the world's poorest societies struggle to migrate to the rich West- the effects on those left behind and on the host societies, and explores the impulses and thinking that inform Western immigration policy. Migration, he concludes, is a fact, and we urgently need to think clearly about its possibilities and challenges- it is not a question of whether migration is good or bad, but how much is best? 'Paul Collier is one of the world's most thoughtful economists. His books consistently illuminate and provoke. Exodus is no exception.' Economist'For everyone on all sides of this contentious issue, Exodus is a 'must-read'.' Robert D. Putnam'A lively exploration of perhaps the most contentious issue of our age . . . the former World Bank economist thinks people are focusing on the wrong question. The key issue is not whether immigration is good or bad. He argues, instead, that we should focus on how much migration there should be and, more interestingly, who it really helps.'Ian Birrell, Observer'My political book of the year . . . Exodushas opened up the issue.' Melanie McDonagh, Spectator'Brave, fascinating . . . a frank dissection of the costs and benefits of immigration.' Rupert Edis, Sunday Telegraph'Exodus is not an effort to tell us what to think about immigration but an attempt to create a new framework for how we think about it . . . a voice to which it is worth paying attention.' Ravi Mattu, Financial Times

    • Political Science

Rejecting Refugees

Political Asylum in the 21st Century
Author: Carol Bohmer,Amy Shuman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135977356
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 3816
Many nations recognize the moral and legal obligation to accept people fleeing from persecution, but political asylum applicants in the twenty-first century face restrictive policies and cumbersome procedures. So, what counts as persecution? How do applicants translate their stories of suffering and trauma into a narrative acceptable to the immigration officials? How can asylum officials weed out the fake from the genuine without resorting to inappropriate cultural definitions of behaviour? Using both in depth accounts by asylum applicants and interviews with lawyers and others involved, this book takes the reader on a journey through the process of applying for asylum in both the United States and Great Britain. It describes how the systems address the conflicting needs of the state to protect their citizens from terrorists and the influx of hordes of unwelcome economic migrants, while at the same time adhering to their legal, moral and treaty obligations to provide safe haven for those fleeing persecution. Rejecting Refugees is an insightful and fresh evaluation of the obstacles asylum applicants face and the cultural, procedural, and political discrepancies in the political asylum process. This makes it ideal reading to students and scholars of political science, international relations, sociology, law and anthropology.

    • Science

Return Migration of the Next Generations

21st Century Transnational Mobility
Author: Dennis Conway
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351903462
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 614
There is renewed interest in return migration among researchers of global movement patterns. Until recently, it was overlooked, regarded as the result of failure by emigrants, or related to the return of retired, elderly migrants. This important study looks at the one-and-a-half and second generation migrants, the youthful contract workers and the 'prolonged sojourners' and the consequences of their return to source communities.

    • Nature

Rising Tides

Climate Refugees in the Twenty-First Century
Author: John R. Wennersten,Denise Robbins
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253025923
Category: Nature
Page: 272
View: 6892
Global climate change and global refugee crises will soon become inextricably interlinked. A new tsunami of climate refugees flows across the earth. We are now at the moment of truth." Climate change is with us and we need to think about the next big disturbing idea – the potentially disastrous consequences of massive numbers of environmental refugees at large on the planet. In 2020 the United Nations projects that we will have 50 million environmental refugees mostly from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. How will people be relocated and settled? Is it possible to offer environmental refugees temporary or permanent asylum? Will these refugees have any collective rights in the new areas they inhabit? And lastly, who will pay the costs of all the affected countries during the process of resettlement? Environmental refugees are a problem beyond the scope of a single country or agency."John R. Wennersten and Denise Robbins, from the book

    • Political Science

Innovative Concepts for Alternative Migration Policies

Ten Innovative Approaches to the Challenges of Migration in the 21st Century
Author: Michael Jandl
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9053569901
Category: Political Science
Page: 152
View: 2645
The papers in this edited volume are the results of a joint ICMPD/IMISCOE workshop on Innovative Concepts for Alternative Migration Policies, held at the International Centre for Migration Policy Development in Vienna in 2006.

    • Social Science

Muslims in 21st Century Europe

Structural and Cultural Perspectives
Author: Anna Triandafyllidou,
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134004443
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 3713
Muslims in 21st Century Europe explores the interaction between native majorities and Muslim minorities in various European countries with a view to highlighting different paths of integration of immigrant and native Muslims. Starting with a critical overview of the institutionalisation of Islam in Europe and a discussion on the nature of Muslimophobia as a social phenomenon, this book shows how socio-economic, institutional and political parameters set the frame for Muslim integration in Europe. Britain, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden are selected as case studies among the 'old' migration hosts. Italy, Spain and Greece are included to highlight the issues arising and the policies adopted in southern Europe to accommodate Muslim claims and needs. The book highlights the internal diversity of both minority and majority populations, and analyses critically the political and institutional responses to the presence of Muslims.