• Education

Mobility and Inequality

Frontiers of Research in Sociology and Economics
Author: Stephen L. Morgan,David B. Grusky,Gary S. Fields
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804752497
Category: Education
Page: 463
View: 752
This book is a collection of original research from the leading scholars in sociology and economics studying mobility and inequality. The volume brings together the state-of-the-art in the field and sets the agenda for future research.

    • Social Science

Social Stratification, Class, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective, Second Edition


Author: David Grusky
Publisher: Westview Press
ISBN: 9780813366548
Category: Social Science
Page: 928
View: 8761
This book assembles classic and contemporary articles representing the major sociological approaches to understanding social inequality. Although there are various competing texts covering issues of social inequality, this book is the only comprehensive source of classic and contemporary articles that have defined and redefined the contours of the field. The introductory articles in each section of the book provide examples of the major research traditions in the field, while the concluding essays (commissioned by leading scholars) provide broader programmatic statements that identify current controversies and unresolved issues.

    • Social Science

Networks, Work, and Inequality


Author: Steve McDonald
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1781905398
Category: Social Science
Page: 414
View: 6091
The importance of social relationships at work has long been recognized in the social sciences. Interest in this topic has been renewed through scholarly and popular discussions of social capital as well as recent innovations in network data collection and analysis. These developments have allowed researchers to ask a variety of new questions about the role of networks in the world of work and a multitude of approaches to answering those questions. While several monographs have been written on issues related to networks and work, none has simultaneously brought together the range of approaches used to explore this topic. Furthermore, this volume is the first to merge this focus on networks and work with a sociological perspective on inequality. Specifically, the chapters illuminate the processes by which social networks in work organizations can effectively generate, sustain and ameliorate social inequalities across individuals, firms, and occupational fields. In doing so, this volume offers valuable insights that inform researchers and policy makers alike regarding issues of workplace discrimination, diversity and innovation.

    • Social Science

Analyzing Inequality

Life Chances and Social Mobility in Comparative Perspective
Author: Stefan Svallfors
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804757577
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 3703
An examination of the state of the art in stratification research, looking at data, methods, theory, and new empirical findings in social inequality, life course, and cross-national comparative sociology.

    • Law

The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics


Author: NA NA
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349588024
Category: Law
Page: 7300
View: 843
The award-winning The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd edition is now available as a dynamic online resource. Consisting of over 1,900 articles written by leading figures in the field including Nobel prize winners, this is the definitive scholarly reference work for a new generation of economists. Regularly updated! This product is a subscription based product.

    • Business & Economics

Many Dimensions of Poverty


Author: Nanak Kakwani,Jacques Silber
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9780230004900
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 279
View: 495
"This book takes a multidisciplinary approach to poverty, including five different perspectives from the disciplines of economics, sociology, anthropology, psychology and institutional economics. The book also explores the link between poverty and the concept of freedom, as articulated by Amartya Sen, in terms of capabilities that are valuable to people. There are also studies of chronicity of poverty, the concept of vulnerability, the political economy of poverty alleviation and the pro-poorness of government programmes." "The book presents a panorama, as large as possible, of the many facets of poverty, The broad view of poverty that the book offers is likely to orient research on poverty in directions neglected hitherto and to help those in charge of implementing poverty reduction policies."--BOOK JACKET.

    • Political Science

Globalization and Inequality in Emerging Societies


Author: B. Rehbein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023035453X
Category: Political Science
Page: 283
View: 7397
This volume studies the relation between globalization and inequalities in emerging societies by linking Area and Global Studies, aiming at a new theory of inequality beyond the nation state and beyond Eurocentrism.

    • Social Science

The Inequality Puzzle

European and US Leaders Discuss Rising Income Inequality
Author: Roland Berger,David Grusky,Tobias Raffel,Geoffrey Samuels,Chris Wimer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642158049
Category: Social Science
Page: 227
View: 5349
Is there too much inequality? We are witnessing for the first time in many decades a vigorous public debate in the United States and many European countries as to whether income inequality is approaching unjustifiable levels. The financial crisis has drawn special attention to remuneration at financial firms, as well as other more broadly based increases in inequality, and the pendulum may well have swung back toward attitudes favoring strengthened regulations. It is against this background of shifting public and political views about income inequality that the Roland Berger Foundation decided to solicit the opinions of U. S. and European political, business, and labor leaders by partnering with the Stanford Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality. This initiative, led by a diverse team of five authors, sought to cast light on how prominent European and U. S. leaders are making sense of rising inequality. The objective was not to provide yet another scholarly tome on inequality, or another analysis of how the general public views inequality. We are already awash in such analyses. What we don’t know, and what we have sought to offer, is a window into how senior leaders view this historic moment. In the summer of 2009, we interviewed thirteen political, business, and labor leaders and presented these interviews in their original form.

    • Social Science

Handbook of Income Distribution


Author: Anthony B. Atkinson,Francois Bourguignon
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444594760
Category: Social Science
Page: 2366
View: 1377
What new theories, evidence, explanations, and policies have shaped our studies of income distribution in the 21st century? Editors Tony Atkinson and Francois Bourguignon assemble the expertise of leading authorities in this survey of substantive issues. In two volumes they address subjects that were not covered in Volume 1 (2000), such as education, health and experimental economics; and subjects that were covered but where there have been substantial new developments, such as the historical study of income inequality and globalization. Some chapters discuss future growth areas, such as inheritance, the links between inequality and macro-economics and finance, and the distributional implications of climate change. They also update empirical advances and major changes in the policy environment. The volumes define and organize key areas of income distribution studies Contributors focus on identifying newly developing questions and opportunities for future research The authoritative articles emphasize the ways that income mobility and inequality studies have recently gained greater political significance

    • Social Science

Broke

How Debt Bankrupts the Middle Class
Author: Katherine Porter
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804780587
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 1712
About 1.5 million households filed bankruptcy in the last year, making bankruptcy as common as college graduation and divorce. The recession has pushed more and more families into financial collapse—with unemployment, declines in retirement wealth, and falling house values destabilizing the American middle class. Broke explores the consequences of this unprecedented growth in consumer debt and shows how excessive borrowing undermines the prosperity of middle class America. While the recession that began in mid-2007 has widened the scope of the financial pain caused by overindebtedness, the problem predated that large-scale economic meltdown. And by all indicators, consumer debt will be a defining feature of middle-class families for years to come. The staples of middle-class life—going to college, buying a house, starting a small business—carry with them more financial risk than ever before, requiring more borrowing and new riskier forms of borrowing. This book reveals the people behind the statistics, looking closely at how people get to the point of serious financial distress, the hardships of dealing with overwhelming debt, and the difficulty of righting one's financial life. In telling the stories of financial failures, this book exposes an all-too-real part of middle-class life that is often lost in the success stories that dominate the American economic narrative. Authored by experts in several disciplines, including economics, law, political science, psychology, and sociology, Broke presents analyses from an original, proprietary data set of unprecedented scope and detail, the 2007 Consumer Bankruptcy Project. Topics include class status, home ownership, educational attainment, impacts of self-employment, gender differences, economic security, and the emotional costs of bankruptcy. The book makes judicious use of illustrations to present key findings and concludes with a discussion of the implications of the data for contemporary policy debates.

Research on Economic Inequality


Author: Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay,Juan Gabriel Rodríguez
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787145220
Category:
Page: 268
View: 2464
This volume presents ten chapters that discuss the economics of poverty, inequality and welfare. They address how we measure poverty, inequality and welfare and how we use such measurements to devise policies to deliver social mobility. They consider both theoretical and empirical topics with special reference to developing countries.

    • Education

Education, Social Background and Cognitive Ability

The decline of the social
Author: Gary N. Marks
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135017867
Category: Education
Page: 292
View: 6073
Are socioeconomic inequalities in education declining? Is socioeconomic background becoming less important for people’s occupational class or status? How important is cognitive ability for education and later occupational outcomes? How do countries differ in the importance of socioeconomic background for education and work? Gary N. Marks argues that in western industrialized countries, pervasive views that socioeconomic background (or class background) has strong and unchanging relationships with education and later socioeconomic outcomes, resistant to policy and social change, are unfounded. Marks provides a large amount of evidence from many countries showing that the influence of socioeconomic background for education is moderate and most often declining, and socioeconomic background has only very weak impacts on adults’ occupation and earnings after taking into account education and cognitive ability. Furthermore, Marks shows that cognitive ability is a more powerful influence than socioeconomic background for educational outcomes, and that in addition to its indirect effects through education has a direct effect on occupation and earnings. Its effects cannot be dismissed as simply another aspect of socioeconomic background, nor do the usual criticisms of ‘cognitive ability’ apply. The declining effects for socioeconomic background and the importance of cognitive ability support several of the contentions of modernization theory. The book contributes to a variety of debates within sociology: quantitative and qualitative approaches, explanatory and non-explanatory theory, the relationship between theory and empirical research, the role of political ideology in research, sociology as a social science, and sociology’s contribution to knowledge about contemporary societies. It will appeal to professionals in the fields of education and sociology as well as postgraduate students and academics involved in the debate.

    • Business & Economics

Inequality in Financial Capitalism


Author: Pasquale Tridico
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317372107
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 236
View: 3100
Recently, the issue of inequality has regained attention in the economic and political debate. This is due to both an increase in income inequality, in particular among rich countries, and an increasing interest in this issue by researchers and politicians. In the last three decades, income inequality among rich countries increased. This period also witnessed the growth of "financial capitalism", characterised by the strong dependency of economies on the financial sector, by the globalisation and intensification of international trade and capital mobility, and by the "flexibilisation" of labour markets and the reduction of wage shares. From the 1980s to the present day, this book considers the theoretical aspects of inequality (its foundations, definitions, approaches and origins) and examines empirical evidence of income inequality in a wide range of advanced economies. The key arguments in this volume are that income inequality increased during this period because labour and welfare became seen as costs to be compressed in "financial capitalism" rather than as a fundamental part of aggregate demand to be expanded. However, the welfare state is not a drain on economic performance and competitiveness, nor is it a barrier to economic efficiency. Instead, it is demonstrated that in countries that adopt "welfare capitalism", welfare state expenditure not only contributes to a reduction in inequality but also fosters economic growth. Inequality in Financial Capitalism is of great importance to those who study economics, political economy, labour economics and globalisation.

    • Business & Economics

Social Pacts, Employment and Growth

A Reappraisal of Ezio Tarantelli's Thought
Author: Nicola Acocella,Riccardo Leoni
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3790819239
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 291
View: 7130
In this book leading European economists examine the current status of social pacts and their future. Particular focus is placed on the role of trade unions, and the positive role they can play for economic and social stability by agreeing to set wages on the basis of a target rate of inflation. As the European Union expands and social change accelerates, this insightful book will be of interest to all concerned with social and economic developments across Europe.

    • Social Science

The New Gilded Age

The Critical Inequality Debates of Our Time
Author: David Grusky,Tamar Kricheli-Katz
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804781990
Category: Social Science
Page: 312
View: 490
Income inequality is an increasingly pressing issue in the United States and around the world. This book explores five critical issues to introduce some of the key moral and empirical questions about income, gender, and racial inequality: Do we have a moral obligation to eliminate poverty? Is inequality a necessary evil that's the best way available to motivate economic action and increase total outpt? Can we retain a meaningful democracy even when extreme inequality allows the rich to purchase political privilege? Is the recent stalling out of long-term declines in gender inequality a historic reversal that presages a new gender order? How are racial and ethnic inequalities likely to evolve as minority populations grow ever larger, as intermarriage increases, and as new forms of immigration unfold? Leading public intellectuals debate these questions in a no-holds-barred exploration of our New Gilded Age.

    • Social Science

Transnationalizing Inequalities in Europe

Sociocultural Boundaries, Assemblages and Regimes of Intersection
Author: Anna Amelina
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134849966
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 5715
Unequal life-chances became a key feature of cross-border migration to, and within, the enlarged Europe. Combining transnational, intersectional and cultural-sociological perspectives, this book develops a conceptual tool to analyse patterns, contexts and mechanisms of these cross-border inequalities. This book synthesizes the theories of social boundaries and of intersectionality, approaching cross-border relations as socially generated and as an inherent element of contemporary social inequalities. It analyses the mechanisms of cross-border inequalities as ‘regimes of intersection’ relating spatialized cross-border inequalities to other types of unequal social relations (in terms of gender, ethnicity/race, class etc.). The conceptual arguments are supported by empirical research on cross-border migration in Europe: migration of scientists and care workers between Ukraine and Germany. This book integrates the analysis of space – including cross-border categories of global and transnational – into intersectionally-informed studies of social inequalities. Broadly, it will appeal to scholars and students in the areas of sociology, political sciences, social anthropology and social geography. In particular, it will interest researchers concerned with transnational and global social inequalities, the interplay of the categories ‘gender’, ‘ethnicity’ and ‘class’ on the one hand and global and transnational relations on the other, theories of space and society, and migration and mobility in Europe.

    • Social Science

Class and Stratification Analysis


Author: Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1781905371
Category: Social Science
Page: 379
View: 3618
This volume of Comparative Social Research emphasizes unsolved issues and new developments within class and stratification analysis, discussing both theoretical and methodological innovations and revisions. Studies of social stratification comprises a range of topics, such as social mobility, economic inequality, labor market inequalities, ethnic stratification, gender inequality, family patterns, educational attainment, and health inequality, the stratification of cultural consumption, life styles, values and attitudes. Comparative analysis has also revealed cross-national differentiation in stratification processes, partly related to welfare state arrangements and national policies. Yet all academic fields move forward, and with its vital research community social stratification research also engages in efforts to improve stratification analysis. This involves discussions on theoretical definitions and conceptual clarifications, social mechanisms and modeling techniques and measurements.

    • Social Science

Persistence, Privilege, and Parenting

The Comparative Study of Intergenerational Mobility
Author: Timothy Smeeding,Robert Erikson,Markus Jäntti
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610447549
Category: Social Science
Page: 392
View: 6652
Americans like to believe that theirs is the land of opportunity, but the hard facts are that children born into poor families in the United States tend to stay poor and children born into wealthy families generally stay rich. Other countries have shown more success at lessening the effects of inequality on mobility—possibly by making public investments in education, health, and family well-being that offset the private advantages of the wealthy. What can the United States learn from these other countries about how to provide children from disadvantaged backgrounds an equal chance in life? Making comparisons across ten countries, Persistence, Privilege, and Parenting brings together a team of eminent international scholars to examine why advantage and disadvantage persist across generations. The book sheds light on how the social and economic mobility of children differs within and across countries and the impact private family resources, public policies, and social institutions may have on mobility. In what ways do parents pass advantage or disadvantage on to their children? Persistence, Privilege, and Parenting is an expansive exploration of the relationship between parental socioeconomic status and background and the outcomes of their grown children. The authors also address the impact of education and parental financial assistance on mobility. Contributors Miles Corak, Lori Curtis, and Shelley Phipps look at how family economic background influences the outcomes of adult children in the United States and Canada. They find that, despite many cultural similarities between the two countries, Canada has three times the rate of intergenerational mobility as the United States—possibly because Canada makes more public investments in its labor market, health care, and family programs. Jo Blanden and her colleagues explore a number of factors affecting how advantage is transmitted between parents and children in the United States and the United Kingdom, including education, occupation, marriage, and health. They find that despite the two nations having similar rates of intergenerational mobility and social inequality, lack of educational opportunity plays a greater role in limiting U.S. mobility, while the United Kingdom’s deeply rooted social class structure makes it difficult for the disadvantaged to transcend their circumstances. Jane Waldfogel and Elizabeth Washbrook examine cognitive and behavioral school readiness across income groups and find that pre-school age children in both the United States and Britain show substantial income-related gaps in school readiness—driven in part by poorly developed parenting skills among overburdened, low-income families. The authors suggest that the most encouraging policies focus on both school and home interventions, including such measures as increases in federal funding for Head Start programs in the United States, raising pre-school staff qualifications in Britain, and parenting programs in both countries. A significant step forward in the study of intergenerational mobility, Persistence, Privilege, and Parenting demonstrates that the transmission of advantage or disadvantage from one generation to the next varies widely from country to country. This striking finding is a particular cause for concern in the United States, where the persistence of disadvantage remains stubbornly high. But, it provides a reason to hope that by better understanding mobility across the generations abroad, we can find ways to do better at home.

    • Social Science

Social Stratification

Class, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective
Author: David B. Grusky,Manwai C. Ku,Szonja Szelényi
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780813343730
Category: Social Science
Page: 1082
View: 6957
This definitive volume has been fully revised with additional readings and newly commissioned pieces, all from top scholars in the field to reflect the most recent changes in social stratification today. The study of poverty and inequality has been thrust into the foreground as scholars, politicians and policymakers respond to the spectacular increase in economic inequality and the slowing, stalling out, or even reversal of long-standing downward trends in other forms of inequality. Social Stratification, which has been the mainstay of the field for well over a decade, has now been heavily updated and revised to reflect ongoing changes in the structure of inequality and in the tools and concepts that scholars have used to understand these changes. In this new, third edition the history of the field unfolds in systematic fashion, with the introductory articles in each section providing examples of the classical work that laid the conceptual or methodological foundation, and the remaining chapters introducing students to the cutting-edge work that builds on that foundation and moves forward. The resulting collection is comprehensive, interdisciplinary and methodologically diverse. Although it is the classic primary text for courses on poverty, inequality or gender, race and class, it is also increasingly used as a supplementary text for sophisticated introductory sociology courses with an emphasis on issues of inequality.