• Science

Molecular Biomethods Handbook


Author: John M. Walker,Ralph Rapley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781603273756
Category: Science
Page: 1124
View: 4685
Recent advances in the biosciences have led to a range of powerful new technologies, particularly nucleic acid, protein and cell-based methodologies. The most recent insights have come to affect how scientists investigate and define cellular processes at the molecular level. This book expands upon the techniques included in the first edition, providing theory, outlines of practical procedures, and applications for a range of techniques. Written by a well-established panel of research scientists, the book provides an up-to-date collection of methods used regularly in the authors’ own research programs.

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Medical BioMethods Handbook


Author: John M. Walker,Ralph Rapley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592598706
Category: Science
Page: 644
View: 3059
John Walker and Ralph Rapley have collected a wide-ranging group of molecular and biochemical techniques that are the most frequently used in medical and clinical research, especially diagnostics. The authors-well-established investigators who run their own research programs and use the methods on a regular basis-outline the practical procedures for using them and describe a variety of pertinent applications. Among the technologies presented are southern and western blotting, electrophoresis, PCR, cDNA and protein microarrays, liquid chromatography, in situ hybridization, karyotyping, flow cytometry, bioinformatics, genomics, and ribotyping. The applications include assays for mutation detection, mRNA analysis, chromosome translocations, inborn errors of metabolism, protein therapeutics, and gene therapy.

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Molecular Biology and Biotechnology


Author: John M. Walker,Ralph Rapley
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0854041257
Category: Science
Page: 604
View: 6875
This popular textbook has been revised and updated to provide a comprehensive overview and to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing area. Continuing with the broad base style of both current molecular and traditional biotechnology, chapters have been updated to reflect current interest and include new areas such as stem cell technology and important areas in drug discovery such as IP and patents. By presenting information in an easily assimilated form, this book makes an ideal undergraduate text for students of biology and chemistry, as well as to postgraduates.

    • Science

PCR Mutation Detection Protocols


Author: Bimal D. M. Theophilus,Ralph Rapley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592592732
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 5652
Application of DNA technology to the identification of disease-causing mutations has become widespread in recent years. PCR Mutation Detection Protocols, provides biological and clinical investigators with a comprehensive collection of new, recent, and updated PCR-based screening methods suitable for detecting the presence of both known and novel mutations. The methods cover point mutations (e.g., ASO-PCR, SSCP, DGGE, chemical cleavage), deletions (multiplex PCR, FISH, blotting), non-sense mutations (PTT), and more. The new and exciting techniques of DNA array analysis, along with such recently developed experimental methods as conformation-sensitive gel electrophoresis, are also included. Additional coverage is given to the direct use of DNA sequencing as a detection method in its own right and to the characterization of mutations previously located by other screening techniques. Each chapter explains the basic theory behind the technique and provides valuable notes essential for its successful execution. Comprehensive and highly practical, PCR Mutation Detection Protocols assures both seasoned and novice investigators access to the highly productive and readily reproducible PCR-based mutation detection methods, techniques that are laying the groundwork for many of today's major scientific and medical advances.

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Microarray biochip technology


Author: Mark Schena
Publisher: Eaton Pub Co
ISBN: 9781881299370
Category: Science
Page: 298
View: 7633
Technology standards for microarray research (M. Schena, R. W. Davis). Microfluidic technologies and instrumentation for printing DNA microarrays (Don Rose). Novel microarray printing and detection technologies (M. L. Mace Júnior, J. Montagu, Stanley D. Rose, G. McGuinness). A systems approach to fabricating and analyzing DNA microarrayss (J. Worley, K. Bechtol, S. Penn, D. Roach, D. hanzel, M. Trounstine, D. B.). The flow-thru chip: a three-dimensional biochip platform (A. Stell, M. Torres, J. Hartwell, Yong-Yi Yu, Nan Ting, G. Hoke, H. Yang). Large-scale genomic analysis using affymetrix genechip probe arrays (J. A. Warrington, S. Dee, M. Trulson). Technology and applications of gene expression microarrays (E. Evertsz, P. Starink, R. Gupta, D. Watson). Information processing issues and solutions associated with microarray technology (Y.-X. Zhou, P. Kalocsai, J.-Y. Chen, S. Shams). Microarray tools, kits, reagents, and services (T. Martinsky, P. Haje). Micromax: a highly sensitive system for differential gene expression on microarrays (K. Adler, J. Broadbent, R. Garlick, R. Joseph, A. Khimani, A. Mikulskis, P. Rapiejko, J. Killian). Production of microarrays on porous substrates using noncontact piezoelectric dispensing (D. Englert). Arrayed primer extension on the DNA chip: method and applications (N. Tonisson, A. Kurg, E. Lõhmussaar, A. Metspalu). Overview of a microarray scanner: design essentials for an integrated acquisition and analysis platform (T. Basarsky, D. Verdnik, J. Ye Zhai, D. Wellis). Selected supplier list. Index.

    • Medical

Molecular Diagnostic PCR Handbook


Author: Gerrit J. Viljoen,Louis H. Nel,John R. Crowther
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402034046
Category: Medical
Page: 308
View: 1581
PREFACE The Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture is involved in agricultural research and development and assists Member States of FAO and IAEA in improving strategies to ensure food security through the use of nuclear techniques and related biotechnologies, where such techniques have a valuable and often unique role. In particular, molecular diagnostic methods have rapidly evolved in the past twenty years, since the advent of the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). They are used in a wide range of agricultural areas such as, improving soil and water management; producing better crop varieties; diagnosing plant and animal diseases; controlling insect pests and improving food quality and safety. The uses of nucleic acid-directed methods have increased significantly in the past five years and have made important contributions to disease control country programmes for improving national and international trade. These developments include the more routine use of PCR as a diagnostic tool in veterinary diagnostic laboratories. However, there are many problems associated with the transfer and particularly, the application of this technology. These include lack of consideration of: the establishment of quality-assured procedures, the required set-up of the laboratory and the proper training of staff. This can lead to a situation where results are not assured. This book gives a comprehensive account of the practical aspects of PCR and strong consideration is given to ensure its optimal use in a laboratory environment. This includes the setting-up of a PCR laboratory; Good Laboratory Practice and standardised of PCR protocols.

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Molecular Biology

Principles of Genome Function
Author: Nancy Craig,Rachel Green,Carol Greider,Orna Cohen-Fix,Gisela Storz,Cynthia Wolberger
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0199658579
Category: Science
Page: 912
View: 3754
This text offers a fresh, distinctive approach to the teaching of molecular biology that reflects the challenge of teaching a subject that is in many ways unrecognizable from the molecular biology of the 20th century - a discipline in which our understanding has advanced immeasurably, but about which many questions remain to be answered. With a focus on key principles, this text emphasizes the commonalities that exist between the three kingdoms of life, giving students an accurate depiction of our current understanding of the nature of molecular biology and the differences that underpin biological diversity.

    • Medical

Handbook of Mouse Auditory Research

From Behavior to Molecular Biology
Author: James F. Willott
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420038737
Category: Medical
Page: 736
View: 1933
This unique compilation of chapters reviews a broad range of topics at the cutting edge of hearing research. The authors include many of the top auditory scientists in the world as well as some of the brightest rising stars. Although the book obviously focuses on the exciting, revolutionary work being done with mice, the authors have made a strong effort to provide general background information and present the insights gained from the study of mice in the greater context of auditory research. Each section includes specific procedures, potential problems and their solutions, and tricks of the trade gleaned from the authors. The book contains numerous figures and tables, more than 2,000 references, and much data not previously published. Handbook of Mouse Auditory Research: From Behavior to Molecular Biology provides state-of-the-art research with a clear look at what the future holds.

    • Medical

HPLC of Peptides and Proteins

Methods and Protocols
Author: Marie-Isabel Aguilar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592597424
Category: Medical
Page: 413
View: 1488
Hands-on experts from academia and industry comprehensively describe how to successfully perform all the critical HPLC techniques needed for the analysis of peptides and proteins. The methods range from commonly used techniques to those for capillary to large-scale preparative isolation. The authors have also presented a number of specific applications as case studies to illustrate the analytical approaches to a particular separation or assay challenge, with examples drawn from contemporary fields in biochemistry and biotechnology. Follow step-by-step instructions that ensure experimental success Develop your own separation and analytical protocols for peptide and protein analysis.

    • Science

Molecular Biology Techniques

A Classroom Laboratory Manual
Author: Heather Miller,D. Scott Witherow,Sue Carson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123855454
Category: Science
Page: 232
View: 6381
This manual is an indispensable tool for introducing advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students to the techniques of recombinant DNA technology, or gene cloning and expression. The techniques used in basic research and biotechnology laboratories are covered in detail. Students gain hands-on experience from start to finish in subcloning a gene into an expression vector, through purification of the recombinant protein. The third edition has been completely re-written, with new laboratory exercises and all new illustrations and text, designed for a typical 15-week semester, rather than a 4-week intensive course. The “project approach to experiments was maintained: students still follow a cloning project through to completion, culminating in the purification of recombinant protein. It takes advantage of the enhanced green fluorescent protein - students can actually visualize positive clones following IPTG induction. Cover basic concepts and techniques used in molecular biology research labs Student-tested labs proven successful in a real classroom laboratories Exercises simulate a cloning project that would be performed in a real research lab "Project" approach to experiments gives students an overview of the entire process Prep-list appendix contains necessary recipes and catalog numbers, providing staff with detailed instructions

    • Medical

Genetically Engineered Mice Handbook


Author: John P. Sundberg,Tsutomu Ichiki
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420039075
Category: Medical
Page: 336
View: 9778
While mice have always been highly popular laboratory subjects, their suitability for genetic engineering has solidified their position as today's lab animal model of choice. However, their increased use in genetic studies has created a demand for input on phenotyping that is not always easily met. To improve the flow of information on the pathology of mice with spontaneous or genetically engineered mutations, prominent researchers organized a series of meetings. Recognizing other needs, the organizers gradually broadened their focus, until finally they expanded to provide an overview of the entire field of genetically engineered models. The Genetically Engineered Mice Handbook is an extension of those meetings. It offers an introduction for those entering into this area of research, while also serving as a resource for those presently employing mice as laboratory models. Highly comprehensive, this volume covers pertinent aspects of genetically engineered mice, including the use of models for developmental biology and the monitoring of laboratory colonies. With contributions from nearly five-dozen leading researchers, the text presents systematic approaches for analyzing mutant mice for specific medical applications, details a variety of methods for creating mutants and includes information that is particularly hard to access dealing with legal responsibilities. This essential reference examines commonly used traditional, as well as emerging, technologies To address the purpose of the original meeting, the Genetically Engineered Mice Handbook directs researchers to the best public websites, and offers instruction on how to use them. In the past, as their work dictated, researchers would seek out experts on particular organ systems. Now groups of experts work together to generate these websites, providing the latest data as well as discussions over points of debate. These sites do not eliminate the need for a trained pathologist, but they do provide reference materials for those lacking expertise in particular anatomic structures. They also offer much greater numbers of examples than are available in print, from which biomedical researchers can draw.

    • Science

The ELISA Guidebook


Author: John R. Crowther
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592590497
Category: Science
Page: 436
View: 6125
John R. Crowther provides today's bestselling practical guide to the understanding and application of ELISA. This important work introduces chapters on such major new topics as checkerboard titrations, quality control of testing, kit production and control, novel monoclonal antibodies, validation of assays, and statistical requirements for data examination. With its numerous worked examples, detailed instructions, and extensive illustrations, The ELISA Guidebook offers a powerful synthesis of all the basic concepts and practical experimental details investigators need to understand, develop, and apply the new ELISA methodology.

    • Science

Lab Ref

A Handbook of Recipes, Reagents, and Other Reference Tools for Use at the Bench
Author: Albert S. Mellick
Publisher: CSHL Press
ISBN: 0879698152
Category: Science
Page: 248
View: 9826
"The first Lab Ref volume compiled recipes and reference data drawn from a selection of our manuals and was intended to save time and spare frustration." ... "In the same spirit, Lab Ref 2 again assembles in one place a new selection of reference information that should maximize the volume's value in a crowded laboratory environment."--Note.


    • Medical

Systematic Evaluation of the Mouse Eye

Anatomy, Pathology, and Biomethods
Author: Richard S. Smith,Simon W. M. John,Patsy M. Nishina,John P. Sundberg
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420041606
Category: Medical
Page: 384
View: 8057
Completion of the first phase of the Human Genome Project has presented scientists with a mountain of new information. The availability of all human genes and their locations is exciting, but their mechanisms of action and interaction with other genes are often unknown. Certain variations in the environment and characteristics of human genes make it difficult for scientists to maximize their efforts to take advantage of this new fund of knowledge. The high degree of similarity between mouse and human genomes and physiology has made mice the laboratory animals of choice in the search for models of human disease. In recent years significant advances in our ability to examine the mouse eye and to view vascular and neural structures in vivo has led to a marked increase in interest in mouse ocular pathology and development. Besides providing much new information, Systematic Evaluation of the Mouse Eye: Anatomy, Pathology, and Biomethods provides investigators with a resource that summarizes the widely scattered information on mouse eye anatomy, development, and pathology. It describes the normal anatomy, pre- and postnatal development, regional pathology, and methodology for evaluation of the mouse eye and adnexae. The first section covers the principal features of mouse eye anatomy and development. The second part discusses issues in evaluation of mutations in mice, including background ocular disease, control selection, quantitative traits, and ENU mutagenesis. With this background in place, the book then reviews and illustrates regional ocular pathology and correlates it with human eye disease. Many of the contributors who have helped develop and refine the specialized techniques necessary for the examination and preparation of mouse eye tissue for microscopy provide "how-to" chapters. These chapters cover methods for necropsy, photography, histopathology, confocal microscopy, intraocular pressure measurement, and electroretinography. Systematic Evaluation of the Mouse Eye: Anatomy, Pathology, and Biomethods provides the first comprehensive and systematic guide to understanding the development, structure, and abnormal pathology of the mouse eye so you can make the most of your genetic research.

    • Medical

Handbook of Media for Clinical and Public Health Microbiology


Author: Ronald M. Atlas,James W. Snyder
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466582936
Category: Medical
Page: 578
View: 5713
The detection and/or isolation and identification of pathogenic microorganisms is critical for the laboratory diagnosis of infectious diseases. With growth-dependant methods providing reliable means for identifying pathogens, traditional culturing continues to play an integral role in the detection and characterization of known and "new" microbial pathogens. Microbiologists, therefore, rely on a variety of media for the detection, isolation, characterization, and identification of primary and opportunistic microbial pathogens. The Handbook of Media for Clinical and Public Health Microbiology provides a compilation of the formulations, methods of preparation, and applications for media used in clinical and public health microbiology laboratories. It is a significant update to the Handbook of Media for Clinical Microbiology, expanding the coverage to media used for public health epidemiological investigations of disease outbreaks and including media used for the detection of pathogens in foods and environmental samples. Comprising both classic and modern media, the handbook describes almost 1,800 types of media, listed alphabetically, including new media for the cultivation of emerging bacteria, fungi, and viruses that are causing major medical problems around the world. Examples of emerging pathogens are extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria, Escherichia coli O157:H7, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). Many of the new media contain chromogenic or fluorogenic substrates that permit rapid detection of specific pathogens. The handbook’s format allows easy reference to information needed to prepare media for cultivating clinically relevant microorganisms. It also contains descriptions of expected results for organisms that are important for the examination of foods, water, and other specimens of public health significance as well as clinical specimens.

    • Medical

Gene Expression Profiling

Methods and Protocols
Author: Lorraine O'Driscoll
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493961733
Category: Medical
Page: 211
View: 7247
Understanding gene expression and how it changes under normal and pathological conditions is essential to our understanding of the fundamentals of cell biology through to the targeted treatment of disease. In Gene Expression Profiling: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition, experts in their particular fields compile detailed protocols for a broad range of techniques, currently available and being further developed, for the analysis of gene expression at the DNA, RNA, and protein levels. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and easy-to-use, Gene Expression Profiling: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition presents a collection of clearly described and illustrated chapters, certain to be helpful to researchers in academia, in hospitals, and in industry who are interested in applying techniques, whether basic or advanced, for the analysis of gene expression.

    • Science

Basic Science Methods for Clinical Researchers


Author: Morteza Jalali,Francesca Yvonne Louise Saldanha,Mehdi Jalali
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012803078X
Category: Science
Page: 382
View: 8688
Basic Science Methods for Clinical Researchers addresses the specific challenges faced by clinicians without a conventional science background. The aim of the book is to introduce the reader to core experimental methods commonly used to answer questions in basic science research and to outline their relative strengths and limitations in generating conclusive data. This book will be a vital companion for clinicians undertaking laboratory-based science. It will support clinicians in the pursuit of their academic interests and in making an original contribution to their chosen field. In doing so, it will facilitate the development of tomorrow’s clinician scientists and future leaders in discovery science. Serves as a helpful guide for clinical researchers who lack a conventional science background Organized around research themes pertaining to key biological molecules, from genes, to proteins, cells, and model organisms Features protocols, techniques for troubleshooting common problems, and an explanation of the advantages and limitations of a technique in generating conclusive data Appendices provide resources for practical research methodology, including legal frameworks for using stem cells and animals in the laboratory, ethical considerations, and good laboratory practice (GLP)

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Handbook of Molecular and Cellular Methods in Biology and Medicine, Third Edition


Author: Leland J. Cseke,Ara Kirakosyan,Peter B. Kaufman,Margaret V. Westfall
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439881952
Category: Science
Page: 735
View: 6423
Several milestones in biology have been achieved since the first publication of the Handbook of Molecular and Cellular Methods in Biology and Medicine. This is true particularly with respect to genome-level sequencing of higher eukaryotes, the invention of DNA microarray technology, advances in bioinformatics, and the development of RNAi technology. Now in its third edition, this volume provides researchers with an updated tool kit that incorporates conventional as well as modern approaches to tackle biological and medicinal research in the post-genomics era. Significantly revised to address these recent changes, the editors have evaluated, revised, and sometimes replaced protocols with more efficient, more reliable, or simpler ones. The book has also been reorganized with section headings focusing on different biological levels connected to one another, taking into account the central dogma of biology (DNA → RNA → protein → metabolites). The book first explores traditional approaches and then moves to the modern "omics" approaches, including genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. It also discusses the manipulation of biological systems (including RNAi) and macromolecular analyses, focusing on the use of microscopy. In each chapter, various notes and cautionary considerations are presented for potentially hazardous reagents. Filled with diagrams, tables, and figures to clarify methods, most chapters also contain Troubleshooting Guides indicating problems, possible causes, and solutions that may be incurred in carrying out the procedures. Researchers and scientists who master the techniques in this book are putting themselves at the cutting edge of biological and medicinal research.

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RNA Methodologies

Laboratory Guide for Isolation and Characterization
Author: Robert E. Farrell, Jr.
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128046791
Category: Science
Page: 876
View: 4908
RNA Methodologies, Fifth Edition continues its tradition of excellence in providing the most up-to-date ribonucleic acid lab techniques for seasoned scientists and graduate students alike. This edition features new material on the exploding field of microRNA as well as the methods for the profiling of gene expression, both which have changed considerably in recent years. As a leader in the field, Dr. Farrell provides a wealth of knowledge on the topic of RNA while also giving readers helpful hints from his own personal experience in this subject area. Beginning with the most contemporary, RNA Methodologies, Fifth Edition, presents the essential techniques to use when working with RNA for the experienced practitioner while at the same time providing images and examples to aid the beginner in fully understanding this important branch of molecular biology. The next generation of scientists can look to this work as a guide for ensuring high productivity and highly representative data, as well as best practices in troubleshooting laboratory problems when they arise. Features new material in miRNA, MIQE guidelines, biomarkers, RNA sequencing, digital PCR and more Includes expanded coverage on quantitative PCR techniques, RNAi, bioinformatics, the role of locked nucleic acids, aptamer biology, PCR arrays, and other modern technologies Presents comprehensive, cutting-edge information covering all aspects of working with RNA Builds from basic information on RNA techniques to in-depth protocols to guidance on how to modify and adjust each step of a particular application Presents multiple avenues for addressing the same experimental goals