• Nature

Origin and Evolution of Tropical Rain Forests


Author: Robert J. Morley
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471983262
Category: Nature
Page: 378
View: 2406
Provides the first comprehensive review of the evolution of tropical rain forests on a continent by continent basis, within an up-to-date tectonic, palaeogeographical and palaeoclimatic framework primarily by reference to the record of fossil pollens and spores. Although tropical rain forests form the world's most species-rich ecosystems, their origin and history remain unclear, except on the very short timescale of the last 40,000 years or so. This book looks at their history on a long term geological and global timescale, commencing with the origin of the angiosperms over 100 million years ago which today overwhelmingly dominate the forests. It also establishes the age of the great tropical rain forest blocks and identifies the world s oldest tropical rain forests. Finally, it compares 20th Century tropical rain forest destruction with prehistoric forest clearance in temperate regions, and looks for analogues of the present phase of destruction within the geological record before considering long term implications of total rain forest destruction. The book draws on previously unpublished palynological data generated for petroleum companies during the course of hydrocarbon exploration programmes. It will be of interest to all concerned with tropical rain forests, especially biologists, botanists, ecologists, and students of evolution. It will be invaluable for postgraduates, and advanced undergraduates, as well as stratigraphers, palaeobotainists, palynologists, and petroleum geologists.

    • Science

Under the Canopy

The Archaeology of Tropical Rain Forests
Author: Julio Mercader
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780813531427
Category: Science
Page: 322
View: 3620
Introduction: The paleolithic settlement of rain forests / Julio Mercader -- Pt. 1. African pioneers. The archaeology of West Africa from the Pleistocene to the Mid-Holocene / Joanna Casey ; The middle stone age occupation of Atlantic central Africa: new evidence from equatorial Guinea and Cameroon / Julio Mercader and Raquel Marti´ ; Foragers of the Congo: the early settlement of the Ituri forest / Julio Mercader -- Pt. 2. Australasian settlers. Hunter-gatherer occupation of the Malay Peninsula from the Ice Age to the Iron Age / F. David Bulbeck ; More than a million years of human occupation in insular southeast Asia: the early archaeology of eastern and central Java / Franc¸ois Se´mah, Anne-Marie Se´mah, and Truman Simanjuntak ; An archaeological assessment of rain forest occupation in northeast Queensland, Australia / Brit Asmussen -- Pt. 3. The last frontier: newcomers in a new world. Late Glacial and early Holocene occupation of Central American tropical forests / Anthony J. Ranere and Richard G. Cooke ; Holocene climate and human occupation in the Orinoco / William P. Barse ; Archaeological hunter-gatherers in tropical forests: a view from Colombia / Santiago Mora and Cristo´bal Gnecco ; Hunter-gatherers in Amazonia during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition / Betty J. Meggers and Eurico Th. Miller.

    • Science

The Ecology of Trees in the Tropical Rain Forest


Author: I. M. Turner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139428873
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 2532
Our knowledge of the ecology of tropical rain-forest trees is limited, with detailed information available for perhaps only a few hundred of the many thousand of species that occur. Yet a good understanding of the trees is essential to unravelling the workings of the forest itself. This book aims to summarise contemporary understanding of the ecology of tropical rain-forest trees. The emphasis is on comparative ecology, an approach that can help to identify possible adaptive trends and evolutionary constraints and which may also lead to a workable ecological classification for tree species, conceptually simplifying the rain-forest community and making it more amenable to analysis.

    • Nature

Tropical Rainforests

Past, Present, and Future
Author: Eldredge Bermingham,Christopher W. Dick,Craig Moritz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226044688
Category: Nature
Page: 745
View: 3867
Synthesizing theoretical and empirical analyses of the processes that help shape these unique ecosystems, Tropical Rainforests looks at the effects of evolutionary histories, past climate change, and ecological dynamics on the origin and maintenance of tropical rainforest communities. Featuring recent advances in paleoecology, climatology, geology, molecular systematics, biogeography, and community ecology, the volume also offers insights from those fields into how rainforests will endure the impact of anthropogenic change. With more than sixty contributors, Tropical Rainforests will be of great interest to students and professionals in tropical ecology and conservation.

    • Science

The Food Web of a Tropical Rain Forest


Author: Douglas P. Reagan,Robert B. Waide
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226705996
Category: Science
Page: 616
View: 7695
Destruction of tropical rain forests has increased exponentially in recent years, as have efforts to conserve them. However, information essential to these conservation programs—an understanding of the population dynamics of the community at risk—is often unavailable to the scientists and resource managers who need it most. This volume helps fill the gap by presenting a comprehensive description and analysis of the animal community of the tropical rain forest at El Verde, Puerto Rico. Building on more than a decade of field research, the contributors weave the complex strands of information about the energy flow within the forest—who eats whom—into a powerful tool for understanding community dynamics known as a food web. This systematic approach to organizing the natural histories of the many species at El Verde also reveals basic patterns and processes common to all rain forests, making this book a valuable contribution for anyone concerned with studying and protecting these fragile ecosystems.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Tropical rain forest ecology, diversity, and conservation


Author: Jaboury Ghazoul,Douglas Sheil
Publisher: Oxford Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780199285877
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 516
View: 4723
Rain forests represent the world's richest repository of terrestrial biodiversity, and play a major role in regulating the global climate. They support the livelihoods of a substantial proportion of the world's population and are the source of many internationally traded commodities. They remain (despite decades of conservation attention) increasingly vulnerable to degradation and clearance, with profound though often uncertain future costs to global society. Understanding the ecology of these diverse biomes, and peoples' dependencies on them, is fundamental to their future management and conservation. Tropical Rain Forest Ecology, Diversity, and Conservation introduces and explores what rain forests are, how they arose, what they contain, how they function, and how humans use and impact them. The book starts by introducing the variety of rain forest plants, fungi, microorganisms, and animals, emphasising the spectacular diversity that is the motivation for their conservation. The central chapters describe the origins of rain forest communities, the variety of rain forest formations, and their ecology and dynamics. The challenge of explaining the species richness of rain forest communities lies at the heart of ecological theory, and forms a common theme throughout. The book's final section considers historical and current interactions of humans and rain forests. It explores biodiversity conservation as well as livelihood security for the many communities that are dependent on rain forests - inextricable issues that represent urgent priorities for scientists, conservationists, and policy makers.

    • Technology & Engineering

Tropical Rain Forests

An Ecological and Biogeographical Comparison
Author: Richard T. Corlett,Richard B. Primack
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444392289
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 336
View: 2493
The first edition of Tropical Rain Forests: an Ecological and Biogeographical Comparison exploded the myth of ‘the rain forest’ as a single, uniform entity. In reality, the major tropical rain forest regions, in tropical America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Madagascar, and New Guinea, have as many differences as similarities, as a result of their isolation from each other during the evolution of their floras and faunas. This new edition reinforces this message with new examples from recent and on-going research. After an introduction to the environments and geological histories of the major rain forest regions, subsequent chapters focus on plants, primates, carnivores and plant-eaters, birds, fruit bats and gliding animals, and insects, with an emphasis on the ecological and biogeographical differences between regions. This is followed by a new chapter on the unique tropical rain forests of oceanic islands. The final chapter, which has been completely rewritten, deals with the impacts of people on tropical rain forests and discusses possible conservation strategies that take into account the differences highlighted in the previous chapters. This exciting and very readable book, illustrated throughout with color photographs, will be invaluable reading for undergraduate students in a wide range of courses as well as an authoritative reference for graduate and professional ecologists, conservationists, and interested amateurs.

    • Nature

The Tapir's Morning Bath

Mysteries of the Tropical Rain Forest and the Scientists Who Are Trying to Solve Them
Author: Elizabeth Royte
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780618257584
Category: Nature
Page: 328
View: 5665
Journeys to the rain forest on Panama's Barro Colorado Island to trace the intricate workings of this complex ecological habitat and examines the work of the scientists racing against time to classify, understand, and preserve an endangered environment. Reprint.

    • Technology & Engineering

Conservation and Management of Tropical Rainforests, 2nd Edition

An Integrated Approach to Sustainability
Author: Eberhard F Bruenig
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780641400
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 419
View: 3939
This new edition of Conservation and Management of Tropical Rainforests applies the large body of knowledge, experience and tradition available to those who study tropical rainforests. Revised and updated in light of developments in science, technology, economics, politics, etc. and their effects on tropical forests, it describes the principles of integrated conservation and management that lead to sustainability, identifying the unifying phenomena that regulate the processes within the rainforest and that are fundamental to the ecosystem viability. Features of the natural forest and the socio-cultural ecosystems which can be mimicked in the design of self-sustaining forests are also discussed. A holistic approach to the management and conservation of rainforests is developed throughout the book. The focus on South-East Asian forestry will be widened to include Africa and Latin America. Recent controversial issues such as biofuels and carbon credits with respect to tropical forests and their inhabitants will be discussed. This book is a substantial contribution to the literature, it is a valuable resource for all those concerned with rainforests.

    • Science

Tropical Ecology


Author: John Kricher
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400838950
Category: Science
Page: 704
View: 3885
This full-color illustrated textbook offers the first comprehensive introduction to all major aspects of tropical ecology. It explains why the world's tropical rain forests are so universally rich in species, what factors may contribute to high species richness, how nutrient cycles affect rain forest ecology, and how ecologists investigate the complex interrelationships among flora and fauna. It covers tropical montane ecology, riverine ecosystems, savanna, dry forest--and more. Tropical Ecology begins with a historical overview followed by a sweeping discussion of biogeography and evolution, and then introduces students to the unique and complex structure of tropical rain forests. Other topics include the processes that influence everything from species richness to rates of photosynthesis: how global climate change may affect rain forest characteristics and function; how fragmentation of ecosystems affects species richness and ecological processes; human ecology in the tropics; biodiversity; and conservation of tropical ecosystems and species. Drawing on real-world examples taken from actual research, Tropical Ecology is the best textbook on the subject for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Offers the first comprehensive introduction to tropical ecology Describes all the major kinds of tropical terrestrial ecosystems Explains species diversity, evolutionary processes, and coevolutionary interactions Features numerous color illustrations and examples from actual research Covers global warming, deforestation, reforestation, fragmentation, and conservation The essential textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students Suitable for courses with a field component Leading universities that have adopted this book include: Biola University Bucknell University California State University, Fullerton Colorado State University - Fort Collins Francis Marion University Michigan State University Middlebury College Northern Kentucky University Ohio Wesleyan University St. Mary's College of Maryland Syracuse University Tulane University University of California, Santa Cruz University of Central Florida University of Cincinnati University of Florida University of Missouri University of New Mexico University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of the West Indies Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Coexistence

The Ecology and Evolution of Tropical Biodiversity
Author: Jan Sapp
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190632445
Category:
Page: 296
View: 1603
This book is about tropical biology in action- how biologists grapple with the ecology and evolution of the great species diversity in tropical rainforests and coral reefs. Tropical rainforests are home to 50% of all the plant and animal species on earth, though they cover only about 2% of the planet. Coral reefs hold 25% of the world's marine diversity, though they represent only 0.1 % of the world's surface. The increase in species richness from the poles to the tropics has remained enigmatic to naturalists for more than 200 years. How have so many species evolved in the tropics? How can so many species coexist there? At a time when rainforests and coral reefs are shrinking, when the earth is facing what has been called the sixth mass extinction, understanding the evolutionary ecology of the tropics is everyone's business. Despite the fundamental importance of the tropics to all of life on earth, tropical biology has evolved relatively slowly and with difficulties - economic, political, and environmental. This book is also about tropical science in context, situated in the complex socio-political history, and the rich rainforests and coral reefs of Panama. There are no other books on the history of tropical ecology and evolution or on the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Thus situated in historical context, Jan Sapp's aim is to understand how naturalists have studied and conceptualized the great biological diversity and entangled ecology of tropics. This book has potential to be used in tropical biology classes, ecology courses, evolutionary ecology and it could also be useful in classes on the history of biology.

    • Science

Emerging Threats to Tropical Forests


Author: William F. Laurance,Carlos A. Peres
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226470229
Category: Science
Page: 563
View: 4412
Emerging Threats to Tropical Forests reveals the remarkably diverse panoply of perils to tropical forests and their biota, with particular emphasis on recent dangers. William F. Laurance and Carlos A. Peres identify four categories of emerging threats: those that have only recently appeared, such as the virulent chytrid fungus that is decimating rainforest amphibians throughout the tropical world; those that are growing rapidly in importance, like destructive surface fires; those that are poorly understood, namely global warming and other climatic and atmospheric changes; and environmental synergisms, whereby two or more simultaneous threats—such as habitat fragmentation and wildfires, or logging and hunting—can dramatically increase local extinction of tropical species. In addition to documenting the vulnerability of tropical rainforests, the volume focuses on strategies for mitigating and combating emerging threats. A timely and compelling book intended for researchers, students, and conservation practitioners, Emerging Threats to Tropical Forests will interest anyone concerned about the fate of the world’s most threatened tropical ecosystems.

    • Science

An Introduction to Tropical Rain Forests


Author: T. C. Whitmore
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780198501473
Category: Science
Page: 296
View: 5548
This new edition of Whitmore's classic introduction to tropical rain forests has been comprehensively revised and updated, reflecting the changes which have taken place since it was first published in 1990. The sections on human impact have been extended, including a new global assessment of deforestation, and details of new research on biodiversity and conservation. The book remains unique in linking rain forest biology and ecology with silviculture, and with concerns over sustainable resource utilization and the future of the tropical rain forests. Accessibly written and illustrated throughout, it is a must for biology and geography students, and anyone who seeks to know more about the nature and importance of the world's tropical rain forests.

    • Nature

Corals in Space and Time

The Biogeography and Evolution of the Scleractinia
Author: John Edward Norwood Veron
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801482632
Category: Nature
Page: 321
View: 5688
As concerns about the change in global climate and the loss of biodiversity have mounted, attention has focused on the depletion of the ozone layer and the destruction of tropical rainforests. But recently scientists have identified another seriously endangered ecosystem: coral reefs. In Corals in Space and Time, J.E.N. Veron provides a richly detailed study of corals that will inform investigations of these fragile ecosystems. Drawing on twenty-five years of research, Veron brings together extensive field observations about the taxonomy, biogeography, paleontology, and biology of corals. After introducing coral taxonomy and biogeography, as well as relevant aspects of coral biology for the non-specialist, he provides an interpretation of the fossil record and paleoclimates, an analysis of modern coral distribution, and a discussion of the evolutionary nature and origins of coral species. Revealing a sharp conflict between empirical observations about the geographical variation within species, Veron introduces a non-Darwinian theory of coral evolution. He proposes that the evolution of coral species is driven not primarily by natural selection, but by constantly shifting patterns of ocean circulation, which produce changing variations of genetic connectivity. This mechanism of speciation and hybridization has far-reaching consequences for the study of all types of corals and potentially many other groups of organisms as well.

    • Nature

Tropical Forest Ecology

A View from Barro Colorado Island
Author: Egbert Giles Leigh
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195096037
Category: Nature
Page: 245
View: 9738
This book considers three essential questions for understanding the ecological organization of tropical forests. How do they stay green with their abundance of herbivores? Why do they have such a diversity of plants and animals? And what role does mutualism play in the ecology of tropical forests? Beautifully written and abundantly illustrated, Tropical Forest Ecology will certainly appeal to a wide variety of scientists.

    • Science

Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins

Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation
Author: Teja Tscharntke,Christoph Leuschner,Manfred Zeller,Edi Guhardja,Arifuddin Bidin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540302905
Category: Science
Page: 516
View: 9838
Tropical rainforests are disappearing at an alarming rate, causing unprecedented losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services. This book contributes to an improved understanding of the processes that have destabilizing effects on ecological and socio-economic systems of tropical rain forest margins, as well as striving to integrate environmental, technological and socio-economic issues in their solution.

    • Science

A Magic Web

The Tropical Forest of Barro Colorado Island
Author: N.A
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
ISBN: 1935623931
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 3886
The tropical forest of Panama's Barro Colorado Island is a luxuriant community of plants and animals, pulsating with life and offering an astonishing view of nature's myriad processes. What does the forest look like? How do the activities of the forest's plants and animals create a community? In A Magic Web, photographer Christian Ziegler and evolutionary biologist Egbert Giles Leigh, Jr., invite readers to enter the marvelous world of Barro Colorado Island. This book is a unique combination of spectacular photography and clear, authoritative text written by an active scientist who has spent half a lifetime trying to understand the tropical forest. Luscious photographs of the forest reveal the wonderful diversity of its inhabitants and show many of the activities that give it its character and lend structure to its community. Drawing on decades of work on Barro Colorado Island, Egbert Leigh explains how the forest works: how plants and animals compete with but also depend on each other; how the solitary lives of cats contrast with the intricately organized lives of armies of ants; the variety of ways plants struggle for a place in the sun; and how these plants attract animals to pollenate their flowers. Finally, the book shows the importance of tropical forests to the people living near them, why they matter to the world at large, what we can learn from them, and how they differ from temperate-zone forests. Full of stunning full-color photographs accompanied by clear and accessible text, A Magic Web is a must for anyone planning to visit a tropical forest and for all those who wish they could.

    • Medical

Australian Rainforests

Islands of Green in a Land of Fire
Author: D. M. J. S. Bowman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521465687
Category: Medical
Page: 345
View: 5567
A critical evaluation of the ecological hypotheses proposed to explain the distribution of Australian rainforests.

    • Science

Tropical Forest Remnants

Ecology, Management, and Conservation of Fragmented Communities
Author: William F. Laurance,Richard O. Bierregaard
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226468983
Category: Science
Page: 616
View: 2376
We live in an increasingly fragmented world, with islands of natural habitat cast adrift in a sea of cleared, burned, logged, polluted, and otherwise altered lands. Nowhere are fragmentation and its devastating effects more evident than in the tropical forests. By the year 2000, more than half of these forests will have been cut, causing increased soil erosion, watershed destabilization, climate degradation, and extinction of as many as 600,000 species. Tropical Forest Remnants provides the best information available to help us understand, manage, and conserve the remaining fragments. Covering geographic areas from Southeast Asia and Australia to Madagascar and the New World, this volume summarizes what is known about the ecology, management, restoration, socioeconomics, and conservation of fragmented forests. Thirty-three papers present results of recent research as well as updates from decades-long projects in progress. Two final chapters synthesize the state of research on tropical forest fragmentation and identify key priorities for future work.