• Animal painters

Painter of Pedigree

Thomas Weaver of Shrewsbury Animal Artist of the Agricultural Revolution
Author: Lawrence Trevelyan Weaver
Publisher: Unicorn
ISBN: 9781910787670
Category: Animal painters
Page: 300
View: 6483
"The industrial and agricultural revolutions transformed the face of Britain. Fiery blast furnaces, pit-head steam engines and fuming lime-kilns scarred a landscape cut across by canals and turnpikes. Within enclosed pasture and parkland farm, sporting animals of improbable proportions and striking dimensions grazed by serpentine lakes before Palladian piles. One of the artists who depicted these prize bulls, pedigree sheep and thoroughbred stallions in Arcadian surroundings of bucolic tranquillity was Thomas Weaver of Shrewsbury. Travelling from country house to house to paint pedigree animals for pedigree people his journeys map the networks of kinship, patronage and social aspirations that linked the landed families and gentry of Georgian England."--

    • Art

Rethinking Lessing's Laocoon

Antiquity, Enlightenment, and the 'Limits' of Painting and Poetry
Author: Avi Lifschitz,Michael Squire
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192522736
Category: Art
Page: 480
View: 9218
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing first published Laokoon, oder über die Grenzen der Mahlerey und Poesie (Laocoon, or on the Limits of Painting and Poetry) in 1766. Over the last 250 years, Lessing's essay has exerted an incalculable influence on western critical thinking. Not only has it directed the history of post-Enlightenment aesthetics, it has also shaped the very practices of 'poetry' and 'painting' in a myriad of different ways. In this anthology of specially commissioned chapters - comprising the first ever edited book on the Laocoon in English - a range of leading critical voices has been brought together to reassess Lessing's essay on its 250th anniversary. Combining perspectives from multiple disciplines (including classics, intellectual history, philosophy, aesthetics, media studies, comparative literature, and art history), the book explores the Laocoon from a plethora of critical angles. Chapters discuss Lessing's interpretation of ancient art and poetry, the cultural backdrops of the eighteenth century, and the validity of the Laocoon's observations in the fields of aesthetics, semiotics, and philosophy. The volume shows how the Laocoon exploits Greek and Roman models to sketch the proper spatial and temporal 'limits' (Grenzen) of what Lessing called 'poetry' and 'painting'; at the same time it demonstrates how Lessing's essay is embedded within Enlightenment theories of art, perception, and historical interpretation, as well as within nascent eighteenth-century ideas about the 'scientific' study of Classical antiquity (Altertumswissenschaft). To engage critically with the Laocoon, and to make sense of its legacy over the last 250 years, consequently involves excavating various 'classical presences': by looking back to the Graeco-Roman past, the volume demonstrates, Lessing forged a whole new tradition of modern aesthetics.

    • Art

Enlightened Princesses

Caroline, Augusta, Charlotte, and the Shaping of the Modern World
Author: David Bindman,Cassandra Albinson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780300217100
Category: Art
Page: 512
View: 5759
Caroline of Ansbach (1683-1737), Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1719-1772), and Charlotte of Mecklenberg-Strelitz (1744-1818) were three German princesses who became Queens Consort--or, in the case of Augusta, Queen in Waiting, Regent, and Princess Dowager--of Great Britain, and were linked by their early years at European princely courts, their curiosity, aspirations, and an investment in Enlightenment thought. This sumptuously illustrated book considers the ways these powerful, intelligent women left enduring marks on British culture through a wide range of activities: the promotion of the court as a dynamic forum of the Hanoverian regime; the enrichment of the royal collection of art; the advancement of science and industry; and the creation of gardens and menageries. Objects included range from spectacular state portraits to pedagogical toys to plant and animal specimens, and reveal how the new and novel intermingled with the traditional.

    • Clans

The Book of Mackay

Author: Angus Mackay
Publisher: N.A
Category: Clans
Page: 499
View: 1828

    • Gilt bronzes, French

Pierre Gouthière

Virtuoso Gilder at the French Court
Author: Charlotte Vignon,Christian Baulez
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781907804618
Category: Gilt bronzes, French
Page: 408
View: 4747
A major new volume on the life of Pierre Gouthiere (1732-1813), the celebrated Parisian gilder to the French kings.

    • Portrait miniatures, European

European Portrait Miniatures

Artists, Functions and Collections
Author: Bernd Pappe,Juliane Schmieglitz-Otten,Gerrit Walczak
Publisher: Michael Imhof Verlag
ISBN: 9783865689696
Category: Portrait miniatures, European
Page: 224
View: 2583
The focus of art historians' attention is rarely on European portrait miniatures of the 17th to 20th centuries, but this book illuminates them from various viewpoints through a series of essays by 19 internationally recognized specialists. This volume brings together studies of the many and varied uses of miniature portraits, their functions in both private and public life, and significant yet little-known collections, along with various artists and special production techniques. The book documents the results of a conference organized by the Tansey Miniatures Foundation in Celle, Germany, in January 2013.

    • Business & Economics

The Unbound Prometheus

Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present
Author: David S. Landes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521534024
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 576
View: 1777
For over thirty years David S. Landes's The Unbound Prometheus has offered an unrivalled history of industrial revolution and economic development in Europe. Now, in this updated edition, the author reframes and reasserts his original arguments in the light of debates about globalisation and comparative economic growth. The book begins with a classic account of the characteristics, progress, and political, economic and social implications of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, France and Germany. Professor Landes here raises the much-debated question: why was Europe the first to industrialise? He then charts the economic history of the twentieth-century: the effect of the First World War in accelerating the dissolution of the old international economy; the economic crisis of 1929–32; Europe's recovery and unprecedented economic growth following the Second World War. He concludes that only by continuous industrial revolution can Europe and the world sustain itself in the years ahead.


Or, The Two Nations
Author: Benjamin Disraeli
Publisher: N.A
Page: 438
View: 4708

    • History

The Savage and Modern Self

North American Indians in Eighteenth-Century British Literature and Culture
Author: Robbie Richardson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 148750344X
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 1827
The Savage and Modern Self examines the representations of North American "Indians" in novels, poetry, plays, and material culture from eighteenth-century Britain. Author Robbie Richardson argues that depictions of "Indians" in British literature were used to critique and articulate evolving ideas about consumerism, colonialism, "Britishness," and, ultimately, the "modern self" over the course of the century. Considering the ways in which British writers represented contact between Britons and "Indians," both at home and abroad, the author shows how these sites of contact moved from a self-affirmation of British authority earlier in the century, to a mutual corruption, to a desire to appropriate perceived traits of "Indianess." Looking at texts exclusively produced in Britain, The Savage and Modern Self reveals that "the modern" finds definition through imagined scenes of cultural contact. By the end of the century, Richardson concludes, the hybrid Indian-Brition emerging in literature and visual culture exemplifies a form of modern, British masculinity.

    • English poetry

Fifty-Four Conceits

A Collection of Epigrams and Epitaphs Serious and Comic
Author: Martin Armstrong
Publisher: Unicorn
ISBN: 9781910787946
Category: English poetry
Page: 72
View: 4235
Originally published in 1933, this is a charming book of verse written by Martin Armstrongand illustrated with wood-engravings from the skilled hands of Eric Ravilious.

    • Medicine

A Book about doctors

Author: John Cordy Jeaffreson
Publisher: N.A
Category: Medicine
Page: N.A
View: 664

    • Type and type-founding

A-Z of Typography

Classification, Anatomy, Toolkit, Attributes
Author: Karen Wilks,Liz Wyse
Publisher: Unicorn
ISBN: 9781910787922
Category: Type and type-founding
Page: 272
View: 5872
We are surrounded by type. Onscreen, in the newspaper, in books, on signage--everywhere we look we encounter a dizzying array of typefaces, myriad styles put to countless purposes. This visual introduction to typography can help us make sense of that welter--and, by making sense of it, begin properly to appreciate it. The book opens with an alphabetical run-through of a number of significant fonts, chosen to represent the typographic spectrum. In addition to looking at each font's historical context and design ethos, a pangram--a sentence that contains all the letters of the alphabet--showcases the entire alphabetic range of each font, while also offering pithy, amusing insights into its history and use. A later chapter dissects the letters of the English alphabet to reveal the anatomical structure of the letterforms, explaining terms such as bowl, crossbar, finial, ligature, and spur. An examination of the typographer's toolkit explains how type can be manipulated and arranged on the page to create an arresting design, while the final chapter examines the many signs, symbols, and punctuation marks that litter the printed page, created to endow printed text with additional meaning and nuance. A celebration of type in all its splendor, A-Z of Typography will educate novices while being guaranteed to enchant designers and type fans.

    • Anglo-Saxons

Early Britain

Anglo-Saxon Britain
Author: Grant Allen
Publisher: N.A
Category: Anglo-Saxons
Page: 237
View: 5732

    • Cooking, Azerbaijani

Flavours of Azerbaijan

The Family Cooking Collection
Author: Khabiba Kashkay
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781910787847
Category: Cooking, Azerbaijani
Page: 864
View: 8740

The Sovereign Artist

Charles Le Brun and the Image of Louis XIV
Author: Wolf Burchard
Publisher: Holberton Paul Publishing
ISBN: 9781911300052
Page: 248
View: 7153
This monograph examines the wide artistic production of Louis XIV s most prolific and powerful artist, Charles Le Brun (1619 1690), illustrating the magnificence of his paintings and focusing particularly on the interiors and decorative art works produced according to his designs. In his joint capacities of Premier peintre du roi, director of the Gobelins manufactory and rector of the Academie royale de peinture et de sculpture, Le Brun exercised a previously unprecedented influence on the production of the visual arts so much so that some scholars have repeatedly described him as dictator of the arts in France. The Sovereign Artist explores how Le Brun operated in his diverse fields of activities, linking and juxtaposing his portraiture, history painting and pictorial theory with his designs for architecture, tapestries, carpets and furniture. It argues that Le Brun sought to create a repeatable and easily recognizable visual language associated with Louis XIV, in order to translate the king s political claims for absolute power into a visual form. How he did this is discussed through a series of individual case studies ranging from Le Brun s lost equestrian portrait of Louis XIV, and his involvement in the Querelle du coloris at the Academie, to his scheme for 93 Savonnerie carpets for the Grande Galerie at the Louvre, his Histoire du roy tapestry series, his decoration of the now destroyed Escalier des Ambassadeurs at Versailles and the dramatic destruction of the Sun King s silver furniture. One key theme is the relation between the unity of the visual arts, to which Le Brun aspired, and the strong hierarchical distinctions he made between the liberal arts and the mechanical crafts: while his lectures at the Academie advocated a visual and conceptual unity in painting and architecture, they were also a means by which he attempted to secure the newly gained status of painting as a liberal art, and therefore to distinguish it from the mechanical crafts which he oversaw the production of at the Gobelins. His artistic and architectural aspirations were comparable to those of his Roman contemporary Gianlorenzo Bernini, summoned to Paris in 1665 to design the Louvre s East facade and to create a portrait bust of Louis XIV. Bernini s failure to convince the king and Colbert of his architectural scheme offered new opportunities for Le Brun and his French contemporaries to prove themselves capable of solving the architectural problems of the Louvre and to transform it into a palace appropriate to the grandeur and the magnificence of the prince who [was] to inhabit it (Jean-Baptiste Colbert to Nicolas Poussin in 1664). The comparison between Le Brun and Bernini not only illustrates how France sought artistic supremacy over Italy during the second half of the 17th century, but further helps to demonstrate how Le Brun himself wanted to be perceived: beyond acting as a translator of the king s artistic ambition, the artist appears to have sought his own sovereign authority over the visual arts."

    • Fiction

A Separate Peace

Author: John Knowles
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476777039
Category: Fiction
Page: 204
View: 3638
An American classic and great bestseller for over thirty years, A Separate Peace is timeless in its description of adolescence during a period when the entire country was losing its innocence to World War II. Set at a boys' boarding school in New England during the early years of World War II, A Separate Peace is a harrowing and luminous parable of the dark side of adolescence. Gene is a lonely, introverted intellectual. Phineas is a handsome, taunting, daredevil athlete. What happens between the two friends one summer, like the war itself, banishes the innocence of these boys and their world.

    • History

The Social Conscience of the Early Victorians

Author: F. David Roberts
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804780935
Category: History
Page: 584
View: 2457
In 1830, the dominant social outlook of the early Victorians was a paternalism that looked to property, the Church, and local Justices of the Peace to govern society and deal with its ills. By 1860, however, the dominant social outlook had become a vision of a laissez faire society that relied on economic laws, self-reliance, and the vigorous philanthropy of voluntary societies. This book describes and analyzes these changes, which arose from the rapid growth of industry, towns, population, and the middle and working classes. Paternalism did not entirely fade away, however, just as a laissez faire vision had long antedated 1830. Both were part of a social conscience also defined by a revived philanthropy, a new humanitarianism, and a grudging acceptance of an expanded government, all of which reflected a strong revival of religion as well as the growth of rationalism. The new dominance of a laissez faire vision was dramatically evident in the triumph of political economy. By 1860, only a few doubted the eternal verities of the economists’ voluminous writings. Few also doubted the verities of those who preached self-reliance, who supported the New Poor Law’s severity to persons who were not self-reliant, and who inspired education measures to promote that indispensable virtue. If economic laws and self-reliance failed to prevent distress, the philanthropists and voluntary societies would step in. Such a vision proved far more buoyant and effective than a paternalism whose narrow and rural Anglican base made it unable to cope with the downside of an industrial-urban Britain. But the vision of a laissez faire society was not without its flaws. Its harmonious economic laws and its hope in self-reliance did not prevent gross exploitation and acute distress, and however beneficent were its philanthropists, they fell far short of mitigating these evils. This vision also found a rival in an expanded government. Two powerful ideas—the idea of a paternal government and the idea of a utilitarian state—helped create the expansion of government services. A reluctant belief in governmental power thus joined the many other ideas that defined the Victorian’s social conscience.

    • Architecture

Architecture and Urbanism in the French Atlantic Empire

State, Church, and Society, 1604-1830
Author: Gauvin Alexander Bailey
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773553762
Category: Architecture
Page: N.A
View: 4360
Spanning from the West African coast to the Canadian prairies and south to Louisiana, the Caribbean, and Guiana, France’s Atlantic empire was one of the largest political entities in the Western Hemisphere. Yet despite France's status as a nation at the forefront of architecture and the structures and designs from this period that still remain, its colonial building program has never been considered on a hemispheric scale. Drawing from hundreds of plans, drawings, photographic field surveys, and extensive archival sources, Architecture and Urbanism in the French Atlantic Empire focuses on the French state’s and the Catholic Church’s ideals and motivations for their urban and architectural projects in the Americas. In vibrant detail, Gauvin Alexander Bailey recreates a world that has been largely destroyed by wars, natural disasters, and fires – from Cap-François (now Cap-Haïtien), which once boasted palaces in the styles of Louis XV and formal gardens patterned after Versailles, to failed utopian cities like Kourou in Guiana. Vividly illustrated with examples of grand buildings, churches, and gardens, as well as simple houses and cottages, this volume also brings to life the architects who built these structures, not only French military engineers and white civilian builders, but also the free people of colour and slaves who contributed so much to the tropical colonies. Taking readers on a historical tour through the striking landmarks of the French colonial landscape, Architecture and Urbanism in the French Atlantic Empire presents a sweeping panorama of an entire hemisphere of architecture and its legacy.

    • Chelsea (London, England)

Cadogan and Chelsea

The Making of a Modern Estate
Author: Beatrice Behlen
Publisher: Unicorn
ISBN: 9781910787434
Category: Chelsea (London, England)
Page: 208
View: 4225
The Cadogan Estate in Chelsea is one of the few remaining ancient family estates in London, covering one of the capital's most dynamic, thriving and fashionable districts. Its foundations were laid in 1717, when Charles, Second Baron Cadogan married the daughter of Sir Hans Sloane, who had purchased the Manor of Chelsea in 1712. This lavish book celebrates the family's three-hundred-year stewardship of the estate, which today is in the hands of the present Viscount Chelsea, who succeeded his father, Earl Cadogan, as group chairman in 2012. Beautifully illustrated, this collection of essays by expert commentators looks at the history and lineage of this noble family and the formation of the Estate as we know it today.

    • Agricultural laborers

Hodge and His Masters

Author: Richard Jefferies
Publisher: N.A
Category: Agricultural laborers
Page: N.A
View: 672