• Philosophy

Plato: Philosophy in an Hour


Author: Paul Strathern
Publisher: HarperCollins UK
ISBN: 0007464959
Category: Philosophy
Page: 94
View: 8689
Philosophy for busy people. Read a succinct account of the philosophy of Plato in just one hour.

    • Philosophy

Foucault: Philosophy in an Hour


Author: Paul Strathern
Publisher: HarperCollins UK
ISBN: 000746620X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 94
View: 821
Philosophy for busy people. Read a succinct account of the philosophy of Foucault in just one hour.

    • Philosophy

Plato and a Platypus Walk Into a Bar


Author: Thomas Cathcart,Daniel Klein
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1786070197
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 7036
Here’s an accusation – Sherlock Holmes never deduced anything. When it comes to language, it all depends on what your definition of ‘is’ is. And one for the existentialists – you haven’t lived until you think about death all the time. Daniel Klein and Thomas Cathcart take philosophy to task with flair and gusto in this wise and hilarious treasure of a book. Lively, original, and powerfully informative, Plato and a Platypus Walk Into a Bar... is an irreverent crash course through the great thinkers and traditions. It’s philosophy for everyone, from the curious layperson to the professor who’s seen it all. Klein and Cathcart have the knack of getting to the core of an issue in a crystal clear line, meaning there’s more room for jokes – good jokes, clever jokes, jokes that’ll have you laughing so hard the people nearby will shoot you strange looks. It’s the philosophy class you wish you’d had and finally, it all makes sense!

    • Philosophy

Socrates: Philosophy in an Hour


Author: Paul Strathern
Publisher: HarperCollins UK
ISBN: 0007466110
Category: Philosophy
Page: 94
View: 4270
Philosophy for busy people. Read a succinct account of the philosophy of Socrates in just one hour.

    • Philosophy

Plato's Sun

An Introduction to Philosophy
Author: Andrew Lawless
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802038093
Category: Philosophy
Page: 364
View: 5036
In "Plato's Sun," Andrew Lawless takes on the challenge of creating an introductory text for philosophy, arguing that such a work has to take into account of the strangeness of the field and divulge it, rather than suppress it beneath traditional certainties and authoritative pronouncements.

    • Philosophy

An Introduction to Plato's Laws


Author: R. F. Stalley
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780915145843
Category: Philosophy
Page: 208
View: 5359
Reading the Republic without reference to the less familiar Laws can lead to a distorted view of Plato's political theory. In the Republic the philosopher describes his ideal city; in his last and longest work he deals with the more detailed considerations involved in setting up a second-best 'practical utopia.' The relative neglect of the Laws has stemmed largely from the obscurity of its style and the apparent chaos of its organization so that, although good translations now exist, students of philosophy and political science still find the text inaccessible. This first full-length philosophical introduction to the Laws will therefore prove invaluable. The opening chapters describe the general character of the dialogue and set it in the context of Plato's political philosophy as a whole. Each of the remaining chapters deals with a single topic, ranging over material scattered through the text and so drawing together the threads of the argument in a stimulating and readily comprehensible way. Those topics include education, punishment, responsibility, religion, virtue and pleasure as well as political matters and law itself. Throughout, the author encourages the reader to think critically about Plato's ideas and to see their relevance to present-day philosophical debate. No knowledge of Greek is required and only a limited background in philosophy. Although aimed primarily at students, the book will also be of interest to more advanced readers since it provides for the first time a philosophical, as opposed to linguistic or historical, commentary on the Laws in English.

    • Philosophy

An Image of the Soul in Speech

Plato and the Problem of Socrates
Author: David N. McNeill
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271035862
Category: Philosophy
Page: 360
View: 2382
In this book, David McNeill illuminates Plato&’s distinctive approach to philosophy by examining how his literary portrayal of Socrates manifests an essential interdependence between philosophic and ethical inquiry. In particular, McNeill demonstrates how Socrates&’s confrontation with profound ethical questions about his public philosophic activity is the key to understanding the distinctively mimetic, dialogic, and reflexive character of Socratic philosophy. Taking a cue from Nietzsche&’s account of &“the problem of Socrates,&” McNeill shows how the questions Nietzsche raises are questions that, in Plato's depiction, Socrates was aware of and responded to. McNeill also shows how the Republic provides a view of Socratic moral psychology that resembles Nietzsche&’s account of human psychology: it deals with the internalized ethical narratives and justificatory schemes through which human beings orient themselves to their world. McNeill argues that this moral psychology not only determines Socrates&’s explicit account of different character types and political regimes but also crucially informs his dialectical engagements with his various interlocutors in the dialogues. In addition to contributing a unique perspective to current debates about Socrates&’s philosophic methods and the significance of the literary character of Plato&’s dialogues, the book offers a far-reaching interpretation of Plato&’s presentation of the theoretical and practical activities of the fifth-century Sophists. And in showing how Plato responds to &“modern&” theoretical challenges, McNeill provides new evidence to question standard views of the differences between ancient and modern conceptions of the self, society, and nature.

    • Political Science

Socrates in the Cave

On the Philosopher’s Motive in Plato
Author: Paul J. Diduch,Michael P. Harding
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331976831X
Category: Political Science
Page: 347
View: 3543
This book addresses the problem of fully explaining Socrates’ motives for philosophic interlocution in Plato’s dialogues. Why, for instance, does Socrates talk to many philosophically immature and seemingly incapable interlocutors? Are his motives in these cases moral, prudential, erotic, pedagogic, or intellectual? In any one case, can Socrates’ reasons for engaging an unlikely interlocutor be explained fully on the grounds of intellectual self-interest (i.e., the promise of advancing his own wisdom)? Or does his activity, including his self-presentation and staging of his death, require additional motives for adequate explanation? Finally, how, if at all, does our conception of Socrates’ motives help illuminate our understanding of the life of reason as Plato presents it? By inviting a multitude of authors to contribute their thoughts on these question—all of whom share a commitment to close reading, but by no means agree on the meaning of Plato’s dialogues—this book provides the reader with an excellent map of the terrain of these problems and aims to help the student of Plato clarify the tensions involved, showing especially how each major stance on Socrates entails problematic assumptions that prompt further critical reflection.

    • Philosophy

Philosophy 101 by Socrates

An Introduction to Philosophy Via Plato's Apology ; Forty Things Philosophy is According to History's First and Wisest Philosopher
Author: Peter Kreeft
Publisher: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 9780898709254
Category: Philosophy
Page: 160
View: 1180
The popular author and Boston College philosophy professor, Kreeft, presents this introduction to philosophy to help beginners not only to understand philosophy but to fall in love with it. In his forty years of teaching philosophy, Kreeft says the most effective way to accomplish this purpose is to read Socrates. Philosophy means "the love of wisdom." Kreeft uses the dialogues of Socrates in this book to help the reader grow in that love of wisdom. He says that no master of the art of philosophizing has ever been more simple, clear, and accessible to beginners as Socrates. He focuses on Plato's dialogues, the Apology of Socrates, as a model partner for the reader to dialogue with. Kreeft calls it "the Magna Carta of philosophy," a timeless classic that is "a portable classroom."

    • Philosophy

Marx: Philosophy in an Hour


Author: Paul Strathern
Publisher: HarperCollins UK
ISBN: 0007463561
Category: Philosophy
Page: 94
View: 3819
Philosophy for busy people. Read a succinct account of the philosophy of Karl Marx in just one hour.

    • Philosophy

Plato at the Googleplex

Why Philosophy Won't Go Away
Author: Rebecca Goldstein
Publisher: Pantheon
ISBN: 0307908879
Category: Philosophy
Page: 480
View: 3993
Is philosophy obsolete? Are the ancient questions still relevant in the age of cosmology and neuroscience, not to mention crowd-sourcing and cable news? The acclaimed philosopher and novelist Rebecca Newberger Goldstein provides a dazzlingly original plunge into the drama of philosophy, revealing its hidden role in today’s debates on religion, morality, politics, and science. At the origin of Western philosophy stands Plato, who got about as much wrong as one would expect from a thinker who lived 2,400 years ago. But Plato’s role in shaping philosophy was pivotal. On her way to considering the place of philosophy in our ongoing intellectual life, Goldstein tells a new story of its origin, re-envisioning the extraordinary culture that produced the man who produced philosophy. But it is primarily the fate of philosophy that concerns her. Is the discipline no more than a way of biding our time until the scientists arrive on the scene? Have they already arrived? Does philosophy itself ever make progress? And if it does, why is so ancient a figure as Plato of any continuing relevance? Plato at the Googleplex is Goldstein’s startling investigation of these conundra. She interweaves her narrative with Plato’s own choice for bringing ideas to life—the dialogue. Imagine that Plato came to life in the twenty-first century and embarked on a multicity speaking tour. How would he handle the host of a cable news program who denies there can be morality without religion? How would he mediate a debate between a Freudian psychoanalyst and a tiger mom on how to raise the perfect child? How would he answer a neuroscientist who, about to scan Plato’s brain, argues that science has definitively answered the questions of free will and moral agency? What would Plato make of Google, and of the idea that knowledge can be crowd-sourced rather than reasoned out by experts? With a philosopher’s depth and a novelist’s imagination and wit, Goldstein probes the deepest issues confronting us by allowing us to eavesdrop on Plato as he takes on the modern world. (With black-and-white photographs throughout.)

    • Philosophy

Philosophers in the "Republic"

Plato's Two Paradigms
Author: Roslyn Weiss
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801466059
Category: Philosophy
Page: 248
View: 6058
In Plato's Republic, Socrates contends that philosophers make the best rulers because only they behold with their mind's eye the eternal and purely intelligible Forms of the Just, the Noble, and the Good. When, in addition, these men and women are endowed with a vast array of moral, intellectual, and personal virtues and are appropriately educated, surely no one could doubt the wisdom of entrusting to them the governance of cities. Although it is widely-and reasonably-assumed that all the Republic's philosophers are the same, Roslyn Weiss argues in this boldly original book that the Republic actually contains two distinct and irreconcilable portrayals of the philosopher. According to Weiss, Plato's two paradigms of the philosopher are the "philosopher by nature" and the "philosopher by design." Philosophers by design, as the allegory of the Cave vividly shows, must be forcibly dragged from the material world of pleasure to the sublime realm of the intellect, and from there back down again to the "Cave" to rule the beautiful city envisioned by Socrates and his interlocutors. Yet philosophers by nature, described earlier in the Republic, are distinguished by their natural yearning to encounter the transcendent realm of pure Forms, as well as by a willingness to serve others-at least under appropriate circumstances. In contrast to both sets of philosophers stands Socrates, who represents a third paradigm, one, however, that is no more than hinted at in the Republic. As a man who not only loves "what is" but is also utterly devoted to the justice of others-even at great personal cost-Socrates surpasses both the philosophers by design and the philosophers by nature. By shedding light on an aspect of the Republic that has escaped notice, Weiss's new interpretation will challenge Plato scholars to revisit their assumptions about Plato's moral and political philosophy.

    • Philosophy

Aristotle in 90 Minutes


Author: Paul Strathern
Publisher: Ivan R. Dee
ISBN: 1461709741
Category: Philosophy
Page: 87
View: 8412
“Each of these little books is witty and dramatic and creates a sense of time, place, and character....I cannot think of a better way to introduce oneself and one's friends to Western civilization.”—Katherine A. Powers, Boston Globe. “Well-written, clear and informed, they have a breezy wit about them....I find them hard to stop reading.”—Richard Bernstein, New York Times. “Witty, illuminating, and blessedly concise.”—Jim Holt, Wall Street Journal. These brief and enlightening explorations of our greatest thinkers bring their ideas to life in entertaining and accessible fashion. Philosophical thought is deciphered and made comprehensive and interesting to almost everyone. Far from being a novelty, each book is a highly refined appraisal of the philosopher and his work, authoritative and clearly presented.

    • Philosophy

Early Socratic Dialogues


Author: Emlyn-Jones Chris,Plato
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141914076
Category: Philosophy
Page: 400
View: 5025
Rich in drama and humour, they include the controversial Ion, a debate on poetic inspiration; Laches, in which Socrates seeks to define bravery; and Euthydemus, which considers the relationship between philosophy and politics. Together, these dialogues provide a definitive portrait of the real Socrates and raise issues still keenly debated by philosophers, forming an incisive overview of Plato's philosophy.

    • History

The Allegory of the Cave


Author: Plato
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1365673227
Category: History
Page: 36
View: 3448
The Allegory of the Cave is a dialogue between Plato's brother Glaucon and his mentor Socrates, narrated by the latter, in which Plato elucidates his Theory of Forms. Plato's Allegory is considered one of Western philosophy's most important metaphors.

    • Literary Collections

Genres in Dialogue

Plato and the Construct of Philosophy
Author: Andrea Wilson Nightingale
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521774338
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 222
View: 4416
This 1995 book takes as its starting point Plato's incorporation of specific genres of poetry and rhetoric into his dialogues. The author argues that Plato's 'dialogues' with traditional genres are part and parcel of his effort to define 'philosophy'. Before Plato, 'philosophy' designated 'intellectual cultivation' in the broadest sense. When Plato appropriated the term for his own intellectual project, he created a new and specialised discipline. In order to define and legitimise 'philosophy', Plato had to match it against genres of discourse that had authority and currency in democratic Athens. By incorporating the text or discourse of another genre, Plato 'defines' his new brand of wisdom in opposition to traditional modes of thinking and speaking. By targeting individual genres of discourse Plato marks the boundaries of 'philosophy' as a discursive and as a social practice.

    • Psychology

Groundwork for a Philosophy of Peace

How the World Could Have a Minute of Silence.
Author: Leon Kabasele
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 1504935012
Category: Psychology
Page: 110
View: 6653
In Groundwork for a Philosophy of Peace, readers will learn how human beings are capable of analyzing peace in the world. Readers will understand the meaning of politics according to the viewpoints of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant. This book is not for reading only; it is for developing ideas that human beings have been ignoring for many generations, during which time the world has existed in ignorance without a good plan for the future. The conflict started when human beings started to develop and multiply on earth, and expanded as they populated the entire world. The consciousness of human beings is based on living in harmony; but there are just few people who enjoy a better life in the world. More people become depressed in their own countries when their authorities do not provide them with the peace they need. On other hand, the population refuses to respect the principles of their authorities. Sometime the feelings are reciprocal; the citizens need to claim their rights, but the authorities feel the citizens are against them. Also the authorities want to solve the citizens’ problems, but the citizens feel that the authorities are not working for them. Many people will discover that Groundwork for a Philosophy of Peace is a new philosophy for peace. It is about thinking deeper about the situation and debating the matters that need to be resolved. When you finish reading this book, please read also: The World’s Problems and Solutions: Diversity Issues Analysis: Dealing with Human Race, Human Rights, Philosophy, Scientific, Religious, and World Economic Issues.

    • Philosophy

The Pre-Platonic Philosophers


Author: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche,Greg Whitlock
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252025594
Category: Philosophy
Page: 287
View: 3903
"Whitlock's translation definitively confirms that Nietzsche grouped Socrates with the earlier Greeks, rather than with Plato and other "mixed character philosophers" as many interpreters have claimed. That Nietzsche's philosophical sympathies lay with the pre-Platonics, as opposed to the pre-Socratics, bears substantially on his later rejection of absolutes such as Truth, Knowledge, Beauty, and Being." "The Pre-Platonic Philosophers is invaluable both as a record of Nietzsche's views on the early Greek thinkers and as a prefigurement of key aspects of his mature philosophy."--BOOK JACKET.

    • Philosophy

Platonopolis

Platonic Political Philosophy in Late Antiquity
Author: Dominic J. O'Meara
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199257582
Category: Philosophy
Page: 249
View: 2644
Conventional wisdom suggests that the Platonist philosophers of Late Antiquity, from Plotinus (third century) to the sixth-century schools in Athens and Alexandria, neglected the political dimension of their Platonic heritage in their concentration on an otherworldly life. Dominic O'Meara presents a revelatory reappraisal of these thinkers, arguing that their otherworldliness involved rather than excluded political ideas, and he proposes for the first time a reconstruction of theirpolitical philosophy, their conception of the function, structure, and contents of political science, and its relation to political virtue and to the divinization of soul and state.Among the topics discussed by O'Meara are: philosopher-kings and queens; political goals and levels of reform: law, constitutions, justice, and penology; the political function of religion; and the limits of political science and action. He also explores various reactions to these political ideas in the works of Christian and Islamic writers, in particular Eusebius, Augustine, Pseudo-Dionysius, and al-Farabi.Filling a major gap in our understanding, Platonopolis will be of substantial interest to scholars and students of ancient philosophy, classicists, and historians of political thought.

    • Philosophy

Plato and the Art of Philosophical Writing


Author: Christopher Rowe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467794
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 4750
Plato's dialogues are usually understood as simple examples of philosophy in action. In this book Professor Rowe treats them rather as literary-philosophical artefacts, shaped by Plato's desire to persuade his readers to exchange their view of life and the universe for a different view which, from their present perspective, they will barely begin to comprehend. What emerges is a radically new Plato: a Socratic throughout, who even in the late dialogues is still essentially the Plato (and the Socrates) of the Apology and the so-called 'Socratic' dialogues. This book aims to understand Plato both as a philosopher and as a writer, on the assumption that neither of these aspects of the dialogues can be understood without the other. The argument of the book is closely based in Plato's text, but should be accessible to any serious reader of Plato, whether professional philosopher, classicist, or student.