• Political Science

Preventing Biological Warfare

The Failure of American Leadership
Author: Malcolm Dando
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403907196
Category: Political Science
Page: 231
View: 5579
The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention entirely prohibits biological warfare, but it has no effective verification mechanism to ensure that the 140-plus States Parties are living up to their obligations. From 1995-2001 the States Parties attempted to negotiate a Protocol to the Convention to remedy this deficiency. On 25 July 2001 the United States entirely rejected the final text which would probably have been acceptable to most other states. The book investigates how this disaster came about, and the potential consequences of the failure of American leadership.

    • History

Hidden Atrocities

Japanese Germ Warfare and American Obstruction of Justice at the Tokyo Trial
Author: Jeanne Guillemin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231544987
Category: History
Page: 460
View: 9238
In the aftermath of World War II, the Allied intent to bring Axis crimes to light led to both the Nuremberg trials and their counterpart in Tokyo, the International Military Tribunal of the Far East. Yet the Tokyo Trial failed to prosecute imperial Japanese leaders for the worst of war crimes: inhumane medical experimentation, including vivisection and open-air pathogen and chemical tests, which rivaled Nazi atrocities, as well as mass attacks using plague, anthrax, and cholera that killed thousands of Chinese civilians. In Hidden Atrocities, Jeanne Guillemin goes behind the scenes at the trial to reveal the American obstruction that denied justice to Japan’s victims. Responsibility for Japan’s secret germ-warfare program, organized as Unit 731 in Harbin, China, extended to top government leaders and many respected scientists, all of whom escaped indictment. Instead, motivated by early Cold War tensions, U.S. military intelligence in Tokyo insinuated itself into the Tokyo Trial by blocking prosecution access to key witnesses and then classifying incriminating documents. Washington decision makers, supported by the American occupation leader, General Douglas MacArthur, sought to acquire Japan’s biological-warfare expertise to gain an advantage over the Soviet Union, suspected of developing both biological and nuclear weapons. Ultimately, U.S. national-security goals left the victims of Unit 731 without vindication. Decades later, evidence of the Unit 731 atrocities still troubles relations between China and Japan. Guillemin’s vivid account of the cover-up at the Tokyo Trial shows how without guarantees of transparency, power politics can jeopardize international justice, with persistent consequences.

    • Political Science

Neuroscience and the Future of Chemical-Biological Weapons


Author: Malcolm Dando
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137381825
Category: Political Science
Page: 191
View: 9236
During the last century, advances in the life sciences were used in the development of biological and chemical weapons in large-scale state offensive programmes, many of which targeted the nervous system. This study questions whether the development of novel biological and chemical neuroweapons can be prevented as neuroscience progresses.

    • Political Science

Dictionary of International Security


Author: Paul Robinson
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745640273
Category: Political Science
Page: 228
View: 2562
This dictionary provides readers with a handy reference guide to the field of international security by including over 200 articles on a wide range of concepts, issues, treaties and institutions, from absolute war to weapons of mass destruction.

    • Political Science

Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race


Author: Alexander Kelle,Kathryn Nixdorff,Malcolm Dando
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804786151
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 8266
Preventing a Biochemical Arms Race responds to a growing concern that changes in the life sciences and the nature of warfare could lead to a resurgent interest in chemical and biological weapons (CBW) capabilities. By bringing together a wide range of historical material and current literature in the field of CBW arms control, the book reveals how these two disparate fields might be integrated to precipitate a biochemical arms race among major powers, rogue states, or even non-state actors. It seeks to raise awareness among policy practitioners, the academic community, and the media that such an arms race may be looming if developments are left unattended, and to provide policy options on how it—and it's devastating consequences—could be avoided. After identifying weaknesses in the international regime structures revolving around the Biological Weapons and Chemical Weapons Conventions, it provides policy proposals to deal with gaps and shortcomings in each prohibition regime individually, and then addresses the widening gap between them.

    • Social Science

Enough

The Phony Leaders, Dead-End Movements, and Culture of Failure That Are Undermining Black America--and What We Can Do About It
Author: Juan Williams
Publisher: Broadway Books
ISBN: 0307395197
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 9360
Half a century after brave Americans took to the streets to raise the bar of opportunity for all races, Juan Williams writes that too many black Americans are in crisis—caught in a twisted hip-hop culture, dropping out of school, ending up in jail, having babies when they are not ready to be parents, and falling to the bottom in twenty-first-century global economic competition. In Enough, Juan Williams issues a lucid, impassioned clarion call to do the right thing now, before we travel so far off the glorious path set by generations of civil rights heroes that there can be no more reaching back to offer a hand and rescue those being left behind. Inspired by Bill Cosby’s now famous speech at the NAACP gala celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of the Brown decision integrating schools, Williams makes the case that while there is still racism, it is way past time for black Americans to open their eyes to the “culture of failure” that exists within their community. He raises the banner of proud black traditional values—self-help, strong families, and belief in God—that sustained black people through generations of oppression and flowered in the exhilarating promise of the modern civil rights movement. Williams asks what happened to keeping our eyes on the prize by proving the case for equality with black excellence and achievement. He takes particular aim at prominent black leaders—from Al Sharpton to Jesse Jackson to Marion Barry. Williams exposes the call for reparations as an act of futility, a detour into self-pity; he condemns the “Stop Snitching” campaign as nothing more than a surrender to criminals; and he decries the glorification of materialism, misogyny, and murder as a corruption of a rich black culture, a tragic turn into pornographic excess that is hurting young black minds, especially among the poor. Reinforcing his incisive observations with solid research and alarming statistical data, Williams offers a concrete plan for overcoming the obstacles that now stand in the way of African Americans’ full participation in the nation’s freedom and prosperity. Certain to be widely discussed and vehemently debated, Enough is a bold, perceptive, solution-based look at African American life, culture, and politics today. From the Hardcover edition.

    • History

Toxic Terror

Assessing Terrorist Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons
Author: Steven E. Miller
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262700719
Category: History
Page: 303
View: 6794
In-depth case studies of twelve terrorist groups and individuals who, from 1946 to 1998, allegedly acquired or employed CBW agents. Policymakers, scholars, and the news media have been alarmed by the potential for chemical and biological weapons (CBW) terrorism, and the U.S. Congress has allocated billions of dollars for counterterrorism and "consequence management" programs. Driving these concerns are the global spread of scientific knowledge and technology relevant to CBW terrorism and the vulnerability of civilian populations to chemical and biological attacks. Notably lacking from the analysis, however, has been a careful assessment of the terrorists themselves. What types of terrorist groups or individuals are both capable of acquiring chemical and biological weapons and motivated to use them, and for what purposes? Further, what types of toxic agents would probably be produced, and how would they be delivered? Answers to these questions would enable policymakers to prepare for the most likely contingencies. To this end, Toxic Terror provides in-depth case studies of twelve terrorist groups and individuals who, from 1946 to 1998, allegedly acquired or employed CBW agents. The cases were researched from primary sources, including court documents, interviews, and declassified government files. By comparing the twelve cases, the book identifies characteristic motivations and patterns of behavior associated with CBW terrorism and provides an empirical basis for prudent, cost-effective strategies of prevention and response.

    • Political Science

The Biological Weapons Convention

A Failed Revolution
Author: Jez Littlewood
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780754638544
Category: Political Science
Page: 250
View: 7140
Littlewood (U. of Southampton) follows the negotiations on the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) Protocol from their origins in 1975 to the completion of the Fifth Review Conference in 2002. He analyzes all the major issues and outlines the positions of the key states. Littlewood contends that the BWC has two types of states parties: minimalists,

    • History

The Great Influenza

The Epic Story of the Deadliest Plague in History
Author: John M. Barry
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9780143036494
Category: History
Page: 546
View: 314
An account of the deadly influenza epidemic of 1918, which took the lives of millions of people around the world, examines its causes, its impact on early twentieth-century society, and the lasting implications of the crisis.


    • Political Science

The Perfect Weapon

War, Sabotage, and Fear in the Cyber Age
Author: David E. Sanger
Publisher: Crown
ISBN: 0451497910
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 7442
In 2015, Russian hackers tunneled deep into the computer systems of the Democratic National Committee, and the subsequent leaks of the emails they stole may have changed the course of American democracy. But to see the DNC hacks as Trump-centric is to miss the bigger, more important story: Within that same year, the Russians not only had broken into networks at the White House, the State Department, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, but had placed implants in American electrical and nuclear plants that could give them the power to switch off vast swaths of the country. This was the culmination of a decade of escalating digital sabotage among the world’s powers, in which Americans became the collateral damage as China, Iran, North Korea, and Russia battled in cyberspace to undercut one another in daily just-short-of-war conflict. The Perfect Weapon is the startling inside story of how the rise of cyberweapons transformed geopolitics like nothing since the invention of the atomic bomb. Cheap to acquire, easy to deny, and usable for a variety of malicious purposes—from crippling infrastructure to sowing discord and doubt—cyber is now the weapon of choice for democracies, dictators, and terrorists. Two presidents—Bush and Obama—drew first blood with Operation Olympic Games, which used malicious code to blow up Iran’s nuclear centrifuges, and yet America proved remarkably unprepared when its own weapons were stolen from its arsenal and, during President Trump’s first year, turned back on the US and its allies. The government was often paralyzed, unable to threaten the use of cyberweapons because America was so vulnerable to crippling attacks on its own networks of banks, utilities, and government agencies. Moving from the White House Situation Room to the dens of Chinese government hackers to the boardrooms of Silicon Valley, New York Times national security correspondent David Sanger—who broke the story of Olympic Games in his previous book—reveals a world coming face-to-face with the perils of technological revolution. The Perfect Weapon is the dramatic story of how great and small powers alike slipped into a new era of constant sabotage, misinformation, and fear, in which everyone is a target.

    • History

Clouds of Secrecy

The Army's Germ Warfare Tests Over Populated Areas
Author: Leonard A. Cole
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780822630012
Category: History
Page: 188
View: 4652
Assesses the risks of the Army's biological warfare program, discusses uses of germ warfare in Afghanistan by the Soviet Union, and examines the ethics of such weapons.

    • History

The Dead Hand

The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and its Dangerous Legacy
Author: David Hoffman
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 9780385532174
Category: History
Page: 496
View: 8754
WINNER OF THE PULITZER PRIZE The first full account of how the Cold War arms race finally came to a close, this riveting narrative history sheds new light on the people who struggled to end this era of massive overkill, and examines the legacy of the nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons that remain a threat today. Drawing on memoirs, interviews in both Russia and the US, and classified documents from deep inside the Kremlin, David E. Hoffman examines the inner motives and secret decisions of each side and details the deadly stockpiles that remained unsecured as the Soviet Union collapsed. This is the fascinating story of how Reagan, Gorbachev, and a previously unheralded collection of scientists, soldiers, diplomats, and spies changed the course of history. From the Trade Paperback edition.


    • Peace

PRIF reports


Author: Pamela Jawad
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783937829371
Category: Peace
Page: 32
View: 9989

    • Juvenile Nonfiction

Weapons of Mass Destruction


Author: William Dudley
Publisher: Greenhaven Press, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780737719239
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 80
View: 2456
Presents a collection of cartoons and caricatures, accompanied by background and analysis, about the subject of weapons of mass destruction.

    • Political Science

Who Rules the World?


Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
ISBN: 1627793828
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 5288
A New York Times Bestseller The world’s leading intellectual offers a probing examination of the waning American Century, the nature of U.S. policies post-9/11, and the perils of valuing power above democracy and human rights In an incisive, thorough analysis of the current international situation, Noam Chomsky argues that the United States, through its military-first policies and its unstinting devotion to maintaining a world-spanning empire, is both risking catastrophe and wrecking the global commons. Drawing on a wide range of examples, from the expanding drone assassination program to the threat of nuclear warfare, as well as the flashpoints of Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Israel/Palestine, he offers unexpected and nuanced insights into the workings of imperial power on our increasingly chaotic planet. In the process, Chomsky provides a brilliant anatomy of just how U.S. elites have grown ever more insulated from any democratic constraints on their power. While the broader population is lulled into apathy—diverted to consumerism or hatred of the vulnerable—the corporations and the rich have increasingly been allowed to do as they please. Fierce, unsparing, and meticulously documented, Who Rules the World? delivers the indispensable understanding of the central conflicts and dangers of our time that we have come to expect from Chomsky.

    • History

Bioterror and biowarfare

a beginner's guide
Author: Malcolm Dando
Publisher: Oneworld Pubns Ltd
ISBN: 9781851684472
Category: History
Page: 193
View: 5652
An introduction to the past, present, and future of bio-warfare by an international security expert draws on a wealth of research to offer insight into such topics as Saddam Hussein's biological weapons program, the potential consequences of large-scale chemical and biological warfare, and the risks posed by terrorists. Original.

    • Political Science

National Security and Arms Control in the Age of Biotechnology

The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention
Author: Daniel M. Gerstein
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442223138
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 9875
Daniel M. Gerstein, a former Army Colonel and current Under Secretary in the Department of Homeland Security, traces the origins of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention while prescribing ways for the world’s military leaders to move forward with regards to (what Gerstein calls) “the most important arms control treaty of the 21st Century.”

    • History

Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis


Author: Robert F. Kennedy
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393341539
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 9194
"A minor classic in its laconic, spare, compelling evocation by a participant of the shifting moods and maneuvers of the most dangerous moment in human history."—Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. During the thirteen days in October 1962 when the United States confronted the Soviet Union over its installation of missiles in Cuba, few people shared the behind-the-scenes story as it is told here by the late Senator Robert F. Kennedy. In this unique account, he describes each of the participants during the sometimes hour-to-hour negotiations, with particular attention to the actions and views of his brother, President John F. Kennedy. In a new foreword, the distinguished historian and Kennedy adviser Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., discusses the book's enduring importance and the significance of new information about the crisis that has come to light, especially from the Soviet Union.