• Technology & Engineering

Production Practices and Quality Assessment of Food Crops

Volume 4 Proharvest Treatment and Technology
Author: Ramdane Dris,S. Mohan Jain
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402025351
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 315
View: 1625
We can not talk about commodity production without building up all the operations after harvest. It is possible to market the products just after harvest, but it is only possible in small quantities. Postharvest handling is the ultimate stage in the process of producing quality fresh fruits and vegetables, getting these unique packages of water (fresh commodities) to the supper table. Fresh fruits and vegetables are succeptible to a number of postharvest disease and disorders and the postharvest operations are predominately aimed at maintaining harvest quality. Every step in the handling chain can influence the extent of disease and quality of the stored product. From planting to consumption, there are many opportu- ties for bacteria, viruses, and parasites to contaminate produce or nutrient deficiency level causing physiological disorders. Most of the storage rots are diseases that have originated in the field and have carried over onto commodities after harvest. Physiological disorders also arise from poor handling between harvest, storage and marketing. Treatments have a direct effect on inactivating or outright killing germinating spores, thus minimising rots. Prestorage treatment appears to be a promising method of postharvest control of decay. Pre-or-postharvest treatments of commodities are considered as potentiel alternatives for reducing the incidence of diseases, disorders, desinfestation of quarantine pests and for preserving food quality. Postharvest treatments lead to an alteration of gene expression and fruit ripening can sometimes be either delayed or disrupted.

    • Science

Advances in Citrus Nutrition


Author: Anoop Kumar Srivastava
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400741715
Category: Science
Page: 478
View: 6581
This is a solitary attempt to streamline all the possible information related to citrus nutrition, with emphasis on diagnosis and management of nutrient constraints, employing a variety of state-of-art techniques evolved globally over the years . While doing so care has been taken to include peripheral disciplines so that the discussion becomes more lively and authoritative. An entire array of exclusive subjects has been nicely portrayed with the help of latest data and photographs.

    • Technology & Engineering

Arthropod Management in Vineyards:

Pests, Approaches, and Future Directions
Author: Noubar J. Bostanian,Charles Vincent,Rufus Isaacs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400740328
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 508
View: 3411
Provides a state-of-the-science overview of arthropods affecting grape production around the world. Vineyard pest management is a dynamic and evolving field, and the contributed chapters provide insights into arthropods that limit this important crop and its products. Written by international experts from the major grape-growing regions, it provides a global overview of arthropods affecting vines and the novel strategies being used to prevent economic losses, including invasive pests affecting viticulture. The book contains reviews of the theoretical basis of integrated pest management, multiple chapters on biological control, current status of chemical control, as well as in-depth and well-illustrated reviews of the major arthropod pests affecting grape production and how they are being managed worldwide. This text will serve as a primary resource for applied entomologists, students, growers, and consultants with interests at the intersection of viticulture and applied entomology.

    • Technology & Engineering

Advances In Plant Physiology Vol. 13


Author: Hemantaranjan, A.
Publisher: Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 9386347377
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: N.A
View: 2578
The plant physiology and plant molecular biology research group has evidently endorsed the new directions taken by the treatise to attract the pre-eminent scientists in plant biology/plant sciences. Certainly, the preparation of Volume 13 of the International Treatise Series on Advances in Plant Physiology has been done entirely due to commendable contributions from Scientists of Eminence in unequivocal fields. Unquestionably, our objective is to publish innovative science of value across the broad disciplinary range of the treatise. I restate that this plan has been undertaken with a view to strengthen the indistinguishable efforts to recognize the outcome of meticulous research in some of the very sensible and stirring areas of Plant Physiology-Plant Molecular Physiology/ Biology-Plant Biochemistry for holistic development of the science of agriculture and crop production under changing climate. I am ardent to keep on the exceptionality and the prologue of excellent new ideas ensuring that the treatise calls to the best science done across the full extent of modern plant biology, in general, and plant physiology, in particular. In Volume 13, with inventive applied research, attempts have been made to bring together much needed eighteen review articles by forty-eight contributors especially from premier institutions of India for this volume. All the eighteen review articles have been grouped in five broad sections, which on the whole highlight the necessity to find out evidence from the fields of plant nutriophysiology (physiology of plant mineral nutrients) and abiotic stresses under changing climate along with their control.

    • Technology & Engineering

Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems


Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080931391
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 464
View: 404
Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Second Edition addresses important issues by examining topics of global agriculture and food systems that are key to understanding the challenges we face. Questions it addresses include: Will we be able to produce enough food to meet the increasing dietary needs and wants of the additional two billion people expected to inhabit our planet by 2050? Will we be able to meet the need for so much more food while simultaneously reducing adverse environmental effects of today’s agriculture practices? Will we be able to produce the additional food using less land and water than we use now? These are among the most important challenges that face our planet in the coming decades. The broad themes of food systems and people, agriculture and the environment, the science of agriculture, agricultural products, and agricultural production systems are covered in more than 200 separate chapters of this work. The book provides information that serves as the foundation for discussion of the food and environment challenges of the world. An international group of highly respected authors addresses these issues from a global perspective and provides the background, references, and linkages for further exploration of each of topics of this comprehensive work. Addresses important challenges of sustainability and efficiency from a global perspective. Takes a detailed look at the important issues affecting the agricultural and food industries today. Full colour throughout.

    • Technology & Engineering

Quality Handling and Evaluation


Author: Ramdane Dris,S. Mohan Jain
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401742689
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 524
View: 6295
Food quality is becoming an ever-increasing important feature for consumers and it is well known that some food crops are perishable and have a very short shelf and storage life. An effective quality assurance system throughout the handling steps between harvest and retail display is essential to provide a consistently good quality supply of fresh food crops to the consumers and to protect the reputation of a given marketing label. Food manufacturing companies all over the world are incre- ingly focussing on quality aspect of food including minimally processed food to meet consumer demands for fresh-like and healthy food products. To investigate and control quality, one must be able to measure quality-related attributes. Quality of produce encompasses sensory attributes, nutritive values, chemical constituents, mechanical properties, functional properties and defects. Successful postharvest handling of crops requires careful coordination and integration of the various steps from harvest operations to consumer level in order to maintain the initial product quality. Maturity at harvest is one feature of quality of perishable products, it has great influence on their postharvest behavior during marketing. Safety assurance can be part of quality assurance and its focus on minimizing chemical and microbial contamination during production, harvesting, and postharvest handling of intact and fresh-cut of commodities. Essentially, electromagnetic (often optical) prop- ties relate to appearance, mechanical properties to texture, and chemical properties to flavor (taste and aroma).

    • English literature

The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 478

    • Science

Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants


Author: Horst Marschner
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780124735439
Category: Science
Page: 889
View: 1595
An understanding of the mineral nutrition of plants is of fundamental importance in both basic and applied plant sciences. The Second Edition of this book retains the aim of the first in presenting the principles of mineral nutrition in the light of current advances. This volume retains the structure of the first edition, being divided into two parts: Nutritional Physiology and Soil-Plant Relationships. In Part I, more emphasis has been placed on root-shoot interactions, stress physiology, water relations, and functions of micronutrients. In view of the worldwide increasing interest in plant-soil interactions, Part II has been considerably altered and extended, particularly on the effects of external and interal factors on root growth and chapter 15 on the root-soil interface. The second edition will be invaluable to both advanced students and researchers. Key Features * Second Edition of this established text * Structure of the book remains the same * 50% of the reference and 50% of the figures and tables have been replaced * Whole of the text has been revised * Coverage of plant (soil interactions has been increased considerably)

    • Technology & Engineering

Quality Handling and Evaluation


Author: Ramdane Dris,S. Mohan Jain
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402025343
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 524
View: 3735
Food quality is becoming an ever-increasing important feature for consumers and it is well known that some food crops are perishable and have a very short shelf and storage life. An effective quality assurance system throughout the handling steps between harvest and retail display is essential to provide a consistently good quality supply of fresh food crops to the consumers and to protect the reputation of a given marketing label. Food manufacturing companies all over the world are incre- ingly focussing on quality aspect of food including minimally processed food to meet consumer demands for fresh-like and healthy food products. To investigate and control quality, one must be able to measure quality-related attributes. Quality of produce encompasses sensory attributes, nutritive values, chemical constituents, mechanical properties, functional properties and defects. Successful postharvest handling of crops requires careful coordination and integration of the various steps from harvest operations to consumer level in order to maintain the initial product quality. Maturity at harvest is one feature of quality of perishable products, it has great influence on their postharvest behavior during marketing. Safety assurance can be part of quality assurance and its focus on minimizing chemical and microbial contamination during production, harvesting, and postharvest handling of intact and fresh-cut of commodities. Essentially, electromagnetic (often optical) prop- ties relate to appearance, mechanical properties to texture, and chemical properties to flavor (taste and aroma).

    • Technology & Engineering

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security


Author: Omkar
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128032669
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 762
View: 4661
Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security explores the broad range of opportunity and challenges afforded by Integrated Pest Management systems. The book focuses on the insect resistance that has developed as a result of pest control chemicals, and how new methods of environmentally complementary pest control can be used to suppress harmful organisms while protecting the soil, plants, and air around them. As the world’s population continues its rapid increase, this book addresses the production of cereals, vegetables, fruits, and other foods and their subsequent demand increase. Traditional means of food crop production face proven limitations and increasing research is turning to alternative means of crop growth and protection. Addresses environmentally focused pest control with specific attention to its role in food security and sustainability. Includes a range of pest management methods, from natural enemies to biomolecules. Written by experts with extensive real-world experience.

    • Technology & Engineering

Save and Grow

A Policymaker's Guide to Sustainable Intensification of Smallholder Crop Production
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9251068712
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 112
View: 9007
The book offers a rich toolkit of relevant, adoptable ecosystem-based practices that can help the world's 500 million smallholder farm families achieve higher productivity, profitability and resource-use efficiency while enhancing natural capital.

    • Gardening

Good Agricultural Practices for Greenhouse Vegetable Crops

Principles for Mediterranean Climate Areas
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization
ISBN: 9789251076491
Category: Gardening
Page: 636
View: 7414
This publication capitalizes on the experience of scientists from the North Africa and Near East countries, in collaboration with experts from around the world, specialized in the different aspects of greenhouse crop production. It provides a comprehensive description and assessment of the greenhouse production practices in use in Mediterranean climate areas that have helped diversify vegetable production and increase productivity. The publication is also meant to be used as a reference and tool for trainers and growers as well as other actors in the greenhouse vegetables value chain in this region.

    • Agriculture

Miscellaneous Publication


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agriculture
Page: N.A
View: 793

    • Technology & Engineering

Encyclopedia of Food and Health


Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123849535
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 4006
View: 7404
The Encyclopedia of Food and Health provides users with a solid bridge of current and accurate information spanning food production and processing, from distribution and consumption to health effects. The Encyclopedia comprises five volumes, each containing comprehensive, thorough coverage, and a writing style that is succinct and straightforward. Users will find this to be a meticulously organized resource of the best available summary and conclusions on each topic. Written from a truly international perspective, and covering of all areas of food science and health in over 550 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter, this updated encyclopedia is an invaluable resource for both research and educational needs. Identifies the essential nutrients and how to avoid their deficiencies Explores the use of diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health Compiles methods for detection and quantitation of food constituents, food additives and nutrients, and contaminants Contains coverage of all areas of food science and health in nearly 700 articles, with extensive cross-referencing and further reading at the end of each chapter

    • Study Aids

UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Syllabus 2016 (Pre & Mains Exam)


Author: Editorial Board
Publisher: Kalinjar Publications
ISBN: 9351720616
Category: Study Aids
Page: 144
View: 3596
UPSC Civil Services (IAS) Syllabus 2016 (Pre & Mains Exam) 2016 - IAS PRE (CSAT) Syllabus - IAS MAINS SYLLABUS Tags: UPSC, IAS, IPS, IFS, CSAT, Civil Services, UPSC PORTAL, Civil Seva, Union Public Service Commission,

    • Agricultural experiment stations

The Land-grant Legacy

Research for All Minnesotans
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Agricultural experiment stations
Page: 31
View: 8987

    • Technology & Engineering

Crop Management and Postharvest Handling of Horticultural Products


Author: Ramdane Dris,Raina Niskanen,Shri Mohan Jain
Publisher: Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781578082797
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 333
View: 7920
"This volume in the series on crop management covers various aspects of quality loss of fruits and vegetables and the different treatments to be assessed to curb this wastage. For the most part, the chapters deal with interactions between pre- or postharvest treatments and quality performance for a wide variety of food crops. This book provides information on the recent methods, techniques or treatments which are more meaningful to scientists and other readers as also the techniques of their application. The book highlights the achievements related to minimizing the quality loss by providing information on control of diseases or disorders during the growth and handling stages."

    • Education

Courses of Study


Author: Cornell University
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: N.A
View: 1194

    • Science

(NAS Colloquium) Protecting Our Food Supply

The Value of Plant Genome Initiatives
Author: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309060281
Category: Science
Page: 63
View: 2354

    • Science

Horticulture for Nutrition Security


Author: K. V. Peter
Publisher: Daya Publishing House
ISBN: 9789351306771
Category: Science
Page: 544
View: 1529
Malnutrition-under nutrition and imbalanced nutrition-is a major health problem in developing and developed countries. The recent National Health Survey-2005-06 says "India loses 2-3 per cent of its GDP every year due to undernutrition among children in the age group of up to two years." According to the report "Nutrition in India" even among wealthy only about 7 percent children between 6 and 24 months receive adequate feeding, health care and environmental health. The FAO of the UN declared 2014 as year of family farming with the intention of making each family a farming unit to meet the nutritional requirement. The Indian National Science Academy focused on micronutrient security as priority for research and action. The National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi released two policy papers related to organic farming and related approaches to make homesteads self sustainable. Being a sub-continent enjoying temperate, sub-tropical and tropical climate along with arid climate and a longer coastal eco-system India has the strength of biodiversity, traditional wisdom and adequate natural resources-soil, water and energy. "There is a horticultural remedy for every nutritional malady" says Prof. M.S. Swaminathan. Fruits, vegetables, spices and aromatic plants are the reservoirs of much needed fibre, vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants, lipids, flavourants, odourants and essential phyto-chemicals. Horticulture for Nutrition Security carries 21 chapters authored by 43 well known scientists. Four preambles are added to get the most authoritative information on Nutrition Security. The book has a FOREWORD by Prof. V.L. Chopra, Former Member, Planning Commission (Science) GOI and Former Director General ICAR New Delhi. The book is devoted to Prof. M.S. Swaminathan, the Father of Green Revolution for his commitment to make India hunger free by 2030.