• Social Science

Public Opinion and Policy Leadership in the American States


Author: Phillip W. Roeder
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 3808
In recent years many domestic responsibilities have moved from the federal to the state level. Some believe that state responsibilities have expanded and that the level of professionalism in state institutions has increased because of mandates from the federal government. State activism and innovation have also increased - primarily in response to federal pressures to act, unaccompanied by resources necessary to carry out the mandates. Scholars suggest that suddenly, and almost unilaterally, the federal government has forfeited to state governments the role of chief policymaker in domestic matters. Roeder proposes that the American state is a significant referent for public attitudes toward politics, government, and public policies. He finds rich support in data collected from 1987 through 1990 by the Council of State Governments/Martin School State Survey Project. These data show considerable public support for state policy leadership as well as positive evaluations of state governmental leaders and institutions

    • Political Science

Strong Society, Smart State

The Rise of Public Opinion in China's Japan Policy
Author: James Reilly
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231528086
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 4012
The rise and influence of public opinion on Chinese foreign policy reveals a remarkable evolution in authoritarian responses to social turmoil. James Reilly shows how Chinese leaders have responded to popular demands for political participation with a sophisticated strategy of tolerance, responsiveness, persuasion, and repression—a successful approach that helps explain how and why the Communist Party continues to rule China. Through a detailed examination of China's relations with Japan from 1980 to 2010, Reilly reveals the populist origins of a wave of anti-Japanese public mobilization that swept across China in the early 2000s. Popular protests, sensationalist media content, and emotional public opinion combined to impede diplomatic negotiations, interrupt economic cooperation, spur belligerent rhetoric, and reshape public debates. Facing a mounting domestic and diplomatic crisis, Chinese leaders responded with a remarkable reversal, curtailing protests and cooling public anger toward Japan. Far from being a fragile state overwhelmed by popular nationalism, market forces, or information technology, China has emerged as a robust and flexible regime that has adapted to its new environment with remarkable speed and effectiveness. Reilly's study of public opinion's influence on foreign policy extends beyond democratic states. It reveals how persuasion and responsiveness sustain Communist Party rule in China and develops a method for examining similar dynamics in different authoritarian regimes. He draws upon public opinion surveys, interviews with Chinese activists, quantitative media analysis, and internal government documents to support his findings, joining theories in international relations, social movements, and public opinion.

    • English literature

The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 8451

    • Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of American Public Opinion and the Media


Author: Robert Y. Shapiro,Lawrence R. Jacobs
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0199673020
Category: Political Science
Page: 816
View: 6603
With engaging new contributions from the major figures in the fields of the media and public opinion The Oxford Handbook of American Public Opinion and the Media is a key point of reference for anyone working in American politics today.

    • Political Science

Ensuring the Quality, Credibility, and Relevance of U.S. Justice Statistics


Author: Panel to Review the Programs of the Bureau of Justice Statistics,Committee on National Statistics,Committee on Law and Justice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309139104
Category: Political Science
Page: 378
View: 7466
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) of the U.S. Department of Justice is one of the smallest of the U.S. principal statistical agencies but shoulders one of the most expansive and detailed legal mandates among those agencies. Ensuring the Quality, Credibility, and Relevance of U.S. Justice Statistics examines the full range of BJS programs and suggests priorities for data collection. BJS's data collection portfolio is a solid body of work, well justified by public information needs or legal requirements and a commendable effort to meet its broad mandate given less-than-commensurate fiscal resources. The book identifies some major gaps in the substantive coverage of BJS data, but notes that filling those gaps would require increased and sustained support in terms of staff and fiscal resources. In suggesting strategic goals for BJS, the book argues that the bureau's foremost goal should be to establish and maintain a strong position of independence. To avoid structural or political interference in BJS work, the report suggests changing the administrative placement of BJS within the Justice Department and making the BJS directorship a fixed-term appointment. In its thirtieth year, BJS can look back on a solid body of accomplishment; this book suggests further directions for improvement to give the nation the justice statistics--and the BJS--that it deserves.

    • Political Science

Intersectionality and Politics

Recent Research on Gender, Race, and Political Representation in the United States
Author: Carol Hardy-Fanta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135805407
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 6550
Cutting-edge research on the intersection of race, gender, and politics Traditionally, there has been a significant lack of empirical attention given to the ways in which race/ethnicity, gender, and political representation overlap. Intersectionality and Politics is the groundbreaking collection of contemporary research and essays that applies the concept of intersectionality specifically to descriptive and substantive representation by African-American, Latino/a, and Asian-American elected officials. This unique compilation looks at numerous states and focuses on multiple racial/ethnic groups to demonstrate the importance of this theory for understanding the political leadership of people of color and women. Intersectionality and Politics is the wide-ranging text that is both informative overview and thought-provoking analysis of a subject that has received little practical study. Articles in this important text cover a expansive gamut—from women of color as elected officials and the changing face of leadership in America today to an exploration of the growing interest in intersectionality and a look toward the potential of future research—making it a useful and comprehensive one-stop resource. Contributors to Intersectionality and Politics explore critical topics such as: the contours and context of descriptive representation with a focus on women of color the puzzle of women of color’s proportionately higher percentage of office holding in state legislatures agenda-setting behavior of African-American female state legislators the impact of race and gender on the likelihood of legislative bill submission and passage patterns of gendered representation and related legislative advocacy within Latino delegations in the Southwest new findings on the Latino/a gender gap the public policy implications of intersectionality theory and many more! Complete with extensive bibliographies and a wealth of tables and figures to highlight the striking findings, Intersectionality and Politics is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students and educators in political science, ethnic studies, Latino/Black/Asian studies, gender studies, sociology, and women’s studies. Policymakers, politicians, and those working in high-minority areas will also find this to be an invaluable text.

    • Political Science

Latino Politics in America

Community, Culture, and Interests
Author: John A. Garcia
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442259906
Category: Political Science
Page: 340
View: 3818
Latino Politics in America: Community, Culture, and Interests provides an in-depth look at how the various sub-groups of the Latino community influence the political landscape. In this third edition, Garcia discusses how topics such as voting, immigration, Latinos’ own mobilization efforts, partisanship, and political engagement are all impacted by Latino leadership, activated communities, and advocacy groups.

    • Political Science

Comparative Politics


Author: Daniele Caramani
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199665990
Category: Political Science
Page: 576
View: 2073
This exciting and authoritative introduction to comparative politics provides a range of perspectives, methods, and theories at the heart of political systems around the world. Alongside explanations of the most important themes, students are presented with a wealth of empirical data to demonstrate similarities and differences in practice, and to encourage research. This new edition takes account of the latest developments in the wake of democratic uprisings in North Africa and the MiddleEast, and sees a much stronger emphasis on the financial crisis, paying particular attention to state finances, and stressing the effects of the crisis on political attitudes and forms of participation.

    • Law

High-Performance Government

Structure, Leadership, Incentives
Author: Robert Klitgaard,Paul C. Light,John Dumond
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833040677
Category: Law
Page: 496
View: 9288
In 2003, the National Commission on the Public Service, chaired by Paul Volcker, issued a report detailing problems within the federal government today and recommending changes in its organization, leadership, and operations. This book suggests practical ways to implement the recommendations and defines a research agenda for the future. Thirteen essays address the primary problem areas identified by the Volcker Commission, and the commission report itself is included.

    • Psychology

The Global Obama

Crossroads of Leadership in the 21st Century
Author: Dinesh Sharma,Uwe P. Gielen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113449632X
Category: Psychology
Page: 368
View: 4264
The Global Obama examines the president’s image in five continents and more than twenty countries. It is the first book to look at Barack Obama’s presidency and analyze how Obama and America are viewed by publics, governments, and political commentators around world. The author of Barack Obama in Hawaii and Indonesia: The Making of a Global President (Top 10 Black History Book) scaled the globe to gather opinions – cultural, historical, and political analyses – about Obama’s leadership style. Writers, journalists, psychologists, consultants, and social scientists present their views on Obama’s leadership, popularity, and many of the global challenges that still remain unresolved. As a progress report, this is the first book that tries to grasp ‘the Obama phenomenon’ in totality, as perceived by populations around the world with special focus on America’s leadership in the 21st Century.

    • Federal government

The Federalism Report


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Federal government
Page: N.A
View: 3187

    • Social Science

Rich Democracies

Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance
Author: Harold L. Wilensky
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520928336
Category: Social Science
Page: 922
View: 9173
In this landmark work, the culmination of 30 years of systematic, comprehensive comparison of 19 rich democracies, Wilensky answers two basic questions: (1) What is distinctly modern about modern societies--in what ways are they becoming alike? (2) How do variations in types of political economy shape system performance? He specifies similarities and differences in the structure and interplay of government, political parties, the mass media, industry, labor, professions, agriculture, churches, and voluntary associations. He then demonstrates how differences in bargaining arrangements among these groups lead to contrasting policy profiles and patterns of taxing and spending, which in turn explain a large number of outcomes: economic performance, political legitimacy, equality, job security, safety and risk, real health, the reduction of poverty and environmental threats, and the effectiveness and fairness of regulatory regimes. Drawing on quantitative data and case studies covering the last 50 years and more than 400 interviews he conducted with top decision-makers and advisors, Wilensky provides a richly detailed account of the common social, economic, and labor problems modern governments confront and their contrasting styles of conflict resolution. The result is new light on the likely paths of development of rich democracies as they become richer. Assessing alternative theories, Wilensky offers a powerful critique of such images of modern society as "post-industrial" or "high-tech," "the information age" or the alleged dominance of "globalization." Because he systematically compares all of the rich democracies with at least three million population, Wilensky can specify what is truly exceptional about the United States, what it shares with Britain and Britain abroad (Canada, Australia, New Zealand) and what it shares with all or almost all of the West European democracies, Israel, and Japan. He gives careful attention to which successful social and labor policies are transferable across nations and which are not. Rich Democracies will interest both scholars and practitioners. It combines the perspectives of political economy (the interplay of markets and politics) and political sociology (the social bases of politics). It will be especially useful in courses on comparative political economy, comparative politics, European politics, public policy, political sociology, the welfare state, American government, advanced industrial societies, and industrial relations.

    • Bibliography, National

Whitaker's Books in Print


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bibliography, National
Page: N.A
View: 5429

    • Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development


Author: Richard M. Valelly,Suzanne Mettler,Robert C. Lieberman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191086983
Category: Political Science
Page: 800
View: 5666
Scholars working in or sympathetic to American political development (APD) share a commitment to accurately understanding the history of American politics - and thus they question stylized facts about America's political evolution. Like other approaches to American politics, APD prizes analytical rigor, data collection, the development and testing of theory, and the generation of provocative hypotheses. Much APD scholarship indeed overlaps with the American politics subfield and its many well developed literatures on specific institutions or processes (for example Congress, judicial politics, or party competition), specific policy domains (welfare policy, immigration), the foundations of (in)equality in American politics (the distribution of wealth and income, race, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexual and gender orientation), public law, and governance and representation. What distinguishes APD is careful, systematic thought about the ways that political processes, civic ideals, the political construction of social divisions, patterns of identity formation, the making and implementation of public policies, contestation over (and via) the Constitution, and other formal and informal institutions and processes evolve over time - and whether (and how) they alter, compromise, or sustain the American liberal democratic regime. APD scholars identify, in short, the histories that constitute American politics. They ask: what familiar or unfamiliar elements of the American past illuminate the present? Are contemporary phenomena that appear new or surprising prefigured in ways that an APD approach can bring to the fore? If a contemporary phenomenon is unprecedented then how might an accurate understanding of the evolution of American politics unlock its significance? Featuring contributions from leading academics in the field, The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development provides an authoritative and accessible analysis of the study of American political development.

    • Research institutes

Think Tank Directory


Author: Lynn Hellebust
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781879929180
Category: Research institutes
Page: 397
View: 9335

    • Social Science

Digital Methods for Social Science

An Interdisciplinary Guide to Research Innovation
Author: Steven Roberts,Helene Snee,Christine Hine,Yvette Morey,Hayley Watson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137453664
Category: Social Science
Page: 234
View: 4237
This timely book inspires researchers to deploy relevant, effective, innovative digital methods. It explores the relationship of such methods to 'mainstream' social science; interdisciplinarity; innovations in digital research tools; the opportunities (and challenges) of digital methods in researching social life; and digital research ethics.

    • Political Science

Women and Elective Office

Past, Present, and Future
Author: Sue Thomas,Clyde Wilcox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199363757
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 2656
This edition of Women and Elective Office offers the latest research on women as candidates and officeholders. It provides a comprehensive look at at the history and status of women in elective office, their prospects for the future, and why women in elected office matter to American democracy. It features all-new essays and up-to-the-minute research by leading experts in the field, including the latest political trends and events such as Hillary Rodham Clinton's run for the presidency, women's representation on the state and local level, the diversity of women officeholders' experiences and circumstances, and female judges. Women and Elective Office is an essential guide to understanding the past, present, and future of women in all echelons of government.

    • Education

Preparing Teachers:

Building Evidence for Sound Policy
Author: Committee on the Study of Teacher Preparation Programs in the United States,Board on Testing and Assessment,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309128056
Category: Education
Page: 234
View: 3507
Teachers make a difference. The success of any plan for improving educational outcomes depends on the teachers who carry it out and thus on the abilities of those attracted to the field and their preparation. Yet there are many questions about how teachers are being prepared and how they ought to be prepared. Yet, teacher preparation is often treated as an afterthought in discussions of improving the public education system. Preparing Teachers addresses the issue of teacher preparation with specific attention to reading, mathematics, and science. The book evaluates the characteristics of the candidates who enter teacher preparation programs, the sorts of instruction and experiences teacher candidates receive in preparation programs, and the extent that the required instruction and experiences are consistent with converging scientific evidence. Preparing Teachers also identifies a need for a data collection model to provide valid and reliable information about the content knowledge, pedagogical competence, and effectiveness of graduates from the various kinds of teacher preparation programs. Federal and state policy makers need reliable, outcomes-based information to make sound decisions, and teacher educators need to know how best to contribute to the development of effective teachers. Clearer understanding of the content and character of effective teacher preparation is critical to improving it and to ensuring that the same critiques and questions are not being repeated 10 years from now.

    • Social Science

When Government Helped

Learning from the Successes and Failures of the New Deal
Author: Sheila D. Collins,Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199990719
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 6540
When Government Helped systematically evaluates some parallels between The Great Depression and the 2007-2008 global economic meltdown, not only in terms of their economic causes and consequences, but also in terms of their political and cultural contexts and the environmental crises that afflict both periods. The positive and negative lessons for contemporary policy-making are evaluated by a multidisciplinary team of authors across a range of policy arenas. This book is a unique blend of disciplines that presents a new set of guideposts--some beneficial, some cautionary--for the future.

    • Political Science

Accountability through Public Opinion

From Inertia to Public Action
Author: Sina Odugbemi,Taeku Lee
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821385569
Category: Political Science
Page: 534
View: 423
This books analyses the role of public opinion for generating genuine citizen demand for accountability, providing case studies from around the world to illustrate how public opinion forces governments to be accountable.