• Political Science

Reflections on America

Tocqueville, Weber and Adorno in the United States
Author: Claus Offe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 074569456X
Category: Political Science
Page: 140
View: 8184
At a time when so many cracks have emerged within the imagined community of 'the West', this important new book, by one of the leading social scientists in Europe, examines the intellectual history of comparing Europe and the United States. Claus Offe considers the perspectives adopted by three of Europe's greatest social scientists - Alexis de Tocqueville, Max Weber and Theodor W. Adorno - in their comparative writings on Europe. While traveling, studying and working in the US, all three constantly looked back to their European origins, trying to decipher from their American experience what the future may hold for Europe, be it for better or worse. Alexis de Tocqueville, the French aristocrat, observed the functioning of American democracy with a mix of admiration, envy and deep concerns about the fate of liberty in the 'democratic age'. Max Weber, the German sociologist, reported enthusiastically about the youthful energy he found in the United States, which, however, he saw as gradually succumbing to the stifling tendencies of European bureaucratization. Theodor W. Adorno, the critical theorist and refugee from Nazi Germany, observed with a sense of despair the workings of the American 'culture industry' which he equated to the totalitarian experience of Europe, only to switch to a much more favorable picture upon his return to Germany. Europe and the US are conventionally assumed to share the same trajectory and develop according to some common pattern of 'occidental rationalism', with the observed differences resulting from mere lags and relative advances on one side or the other. In this insightful book, Offe questions the relevance of this paradigm to transatlantic relations today.

    • History

The Shock of America

Europe and the Challenge of the Century
Author: David Ellwood
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191626791
Category: History
Page: 608
View: 5311
The Shock of America is based on the proposition that whenever Europeans of the last 100 years or more contemplated those margins of their experience where change occurred, there, sooner or later, they would find America. How Europeans have come to terms over the decades with this dynamic force in their midst, and what these terms were, is the story at the heart of this text. Masses of Europeans have been enthralled by the real or imaginary prospects coming out of the USA. Important minorities were at times deeply upset by them. Sometime the roles were reversed or shaken up. But nobody could be indifferent for long. Inspiration, provocation, myth, menace, model: all these categories and many more have been deployed to try to cope with the Americans. Attitudes and stereotypes have emerged, intellectual resources have been mobilised, positions and policies developed; all trying to explain and deal with the kind of radiant modernity America built over the course of the twentieth century. David Ellwood combines political, economic, and cultural themes, suggesting that American mass culture has provided the United States with a uniquely effective link between power and influence over time. The book is structured in three parts; a separation based on the proposition that America's influence as an unavoidable force for or against innovation was visible most conspicuously after Europe's three greatest military-political conflicts of the contemporary era: the Great War, World War II, and the Cold War. It concludes with the emotional upsurge in Europe which greeted the arrival of Obama on the world scene, suggesting that in spite of all the disappointments and frictions of the years, the US still retained its privileged place as a source of inspiration for the future across the Western world.

    • Social Science

Max Weber in America


Author: Lawrence A. Scaff
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400836719
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 1455
Max Weber, widely considered a founder of sociology and the modern social sciences, visited the United States in 1904 with his wife Marianne. The trip was a turning point in Weber's life and it played a pivotal role in shaping his ideas, yet until now virtually our only source of information about the trip was Marianne Weber's faithful but not always reliable 1926 biography of her husband.Max Weber in America carefully reconstructs this important episode in Weber's career, and shows how the subsequent critical reception of Weber's work was as American a story as the trip itself. Lawrence Scaff provides new details about Weber's visit to the United States--what he did, what he saw, whom he met and why, and how these experiences profoundly influenced Weber's thought on immigration, capitalism, science and culture, Romanticism, race, diversity, Protestantism, and modernity. Scaff traces Weber's impact on the development of the social sciences in the United States following his death in 1920, examining how Weber's ideas were interpreted, translated, and disseminated by American scholars such as Talcott Parsons and Frank Knight, and how the Weberian canon, codified in America, was reintroduced into Europe after World War II. A landmark work by a leading Weber scholar, Max Weber in America will fundamentally transform our understanding of this influential thinker and his place in the history of sociology and the social sciences.

    • Philosophy

Adorno and Democracy

The American Years
Author: Shannon L. Mariotti
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 081316740X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 234
View: 2906
German philosopher and social critic Theodor Adorno (1903--1969) is widely regarded as one of the twentieth century's most influential thinkers. A leading member of the Frankfurt School, Adorno advanced an unconventional type of Marxist analysis in books such as Dialectic of Enlightenment (1944), Minima Moralia (1951), and Negative Dialectics (1966). Forced out of Nazi Germany because of his Jewish heritage, Adorno lived in exile in the United States for nearly fifteen years. In Adorno and Democracy, Shannon Mariotti explores how this extended visit prompted a concern for and commitment to democracy that shaped the rest of his work. Mariotti analyzes the extensive and undervalued works Adorno composed in English for an American audience and traces the development of his political theory during the World War II era. Her unique study examines how Adorno changed his writing style while in the United States in order to directly address the public, which lay at the heart of his theoretical concerns. Despite his apparent contempt for popular culture, his work during this period clearly engages with a broader public in ways that reflect a deep desire to understand the problems and possibilities of democracy as enacted through the customs and habits of Americans. Ultimately, Adorno advances a theory of democratic leadership that works through pedagogy to cultivate a more robust and meaningful practice of citizenship. Mariotti incisively demonstrates how Adorno's unconventional and challenging interpretations of US culture can add conceptual rigor to political theory and remind Americans of the normative promise of democracy. Adorno and Democracy is an innovative contribution to critical debates about contemporary US politics.

    • Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies


Author: Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663719
Category: Political Science
Page: 752
View: 4118
This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.

    • Political Science

Europe Entrapped


Author: Claus Offe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745687555
Category: Political Science
Page: 104
View: 2388
Today Europe finds itself in a crisis that casts a dark shadow over an entire generation. The seriousness of the crisis stems from one core political contradiction at the heart of the European project: namely, that what urgently needs to be done is also extremely unpopular and therefore virtually impossible to do democratically. What must be done - and almost everyone agrees in principle on the measures that would be needed to deal with the financial crisis - cannot be sold to the voting public of the core member states, which so far have been less affected by the crisis than those on the periphery, nor can the conditions that core members try to impose be easily sold to voters in the deficit countries. The European Union is therefore becoming increasingly disunited, with deepening divides between the German-dominated ‘core’ and the southern ‘periphery’, between the winners and the losers of the common currency, between the advocates of greater integration and the anti-Europeans, between the technocrats and the populists. Europe finds itself trapped by the deepening divisions that are opening up across the Continent, obstructing its ability to deal with a crisis that has already caused massive social suffering in the countries of the European periphery and is threatening to derail the very project of the European Union. In this short book, Claus Offe brings into sharp focus the central political problem that lies at the heart of the EU and shackles its ability to deal with the most serious crisis of its short history.

    • Biography & Autobiography

Adorno


Author: Stefan Muller-Doohm
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745631088
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 667
View: 7716
′Even the biographical individual is a social category′, wrote Adorno. ′It can only be defined in a living context together with others.′ In this major new biography, Stefan Muller–Doohm turns this maxim back on Adorno himself and provides a rich and comprehensive account of the life and work of one of the most brilliant minds of the twentieth century. This authoritative biography ranges across the whole of Adorno′s life and career, from his childhood and student years to his years in emigration in the United States and his return to postwar Germany. At the same time, Muller–Doohm examines the full range of Adorno′s writings on philosophy, sociology, literary theory, music theory and cultural criticism. Drawing on an array of sources from Adorno′s personal correspondence with Horkheimer, Benjamin, Berg, Marcuse, Kracauer and Mann to interviews, notes and both published and unpublished writings, Muller–Doohm situates Adorno′s contributions in the context of his times and provides a rich and balanced appraisal of his significance in the 20th Century as a whole. Muller–Doohm′s clear prose succeeds in making accessible some of the most complex areas of Adorno′s thought. This outstanding biography will be the standard work on Adorno for years to come.

    • Philosophy

Things Beyond Resemblance

Collected Essays on Theodor W. Adorno
Author: Robert Hullot-Kentor
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231136595
Category: Philosophy
Page: 322
View: 4783
Examining Adorno's thesis that sacrifice is the primordial form of human domination, this work contains essays that cover Adorno's New York City writings on radio; his affinities with Wallace Stevens and Nabokov; his relationship with Kierkegaard, psychoanalysis, and Walter Benjamin; and his musings on popular music.

    • Philosophy

Telos


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 9542

    • Political sociology

Tocqueville for Today


Author: Raymond Boudon,Alexis de Tocqueville
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political sociology
Page: 146
View: 5137

    • Law

Individualism

An Essay on the Authority of the European Union
Author: Alexander Somek
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199542086
Category: Law
Page: 336
View: 3530
This book presents an original picture of the legitimacy underlying the European Union. Drawing on ancient and modern political philosophy, the book argues that the transnational regime is rooted in an individualist social and intellectual culture, and depends on an apolitical, isolated citizenship.

    • Philosophy

Pragmatism and European social theory


Author: Patrick Baert,Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 187
View: 6869

    • Philosophy

Modernity and the State

East, West
Author: Claus Offe
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262650472
Category: Philosophy
Page: 270
View: 6976
Clause Offe, one of the most insightful contemporary theorists of society andpolitics, has contributed greatly to our understanding of social policy and the odyssey of advancedcapitalism in the late twentieth century. Modernity and the State, a dozen essays written over thelast decade, develops his earlier lines of interest and extends them to the new societies emergingin Central-Eastern Europe.Offe frames the essays by suggesting that the key question for analyzingpresent-day Western democracies is, Who is in charge? He traces the recent problems of almost allpolitical leaders to four factors: the end of the Cold War, borders that are increasingly porous,"postmodern" social and political trends that make it increasingly difficult to form long-standingcoalitions, and the loss of clear-cut work categories of the sort that once made collective actionfeasible.The essays are divided into four parts. "Modernity and Self-Limitation" explores thecontradictory relationship between modernity and liberty and the possibilities of renewing civilsociety so as to alleviate this contradiction. "State Theory: Continuities and Reorientation"applies the concepts and categories developed in the first part to recent policy debates overderegulation, market orthodoxy, and the most effective forms of democratic practice. "The Politicsof Social Welfare," the heart of the book, explores the extent to which market outcomes must beaccepted (in the name of efficiency) or corrected (in the name of justice and equity). "The NewEast" argues that the issue of balancing and correcting market outcomes is as central and contestedin the new market economies of Central-Eastern Europe as it has always been in the West, and thatthe success of democratization will depend on the extent to which the operation of the labor marketis mitigated by appropriate structures of social security.

    • Young adults

Boundless Youth

Studies in the Transition to Adulthood
Author: Olivier Galland
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Young adults
Page: 178
View: 835
In Boundless Youth, his first major publication in English, Olivier Galland argues forcefully for the continued relevance of a distinctive age group we can call youth despite its changing and increasingly diffuse character.


    • Business & Economics

Europe's Destiny

The Old Lady and the Bull
Author: Attila Marján
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 393
View: 7484
Examines Europe's changing role in the global marketplace in the twenty-first century, discussing the impact of global trends, common pressures, and the organizational difficulties of the European Union.

    • Social Science

Antisemitism and the Constitution of Sociology


Author: Marcel Stoetzler
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803266707
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 565
Modern antisemitism and the modern discipline of sociology not only emerged in the same period, but—antagonism and hostility between the two discourses notwithstanding—also overlapped and complemented each other. Sociology emerged in a society where modernization was often perceived as destroying unity and “social cohesion.” Antisemitism was likewise a response to the modern age, offering in its vilifications of “the Jew” an explanation of society’s deficiencies and crises. Antisemitism and the Constitution of Sociology is a collection of twelve essays providing a comparative analysis of modern antisemitism and the rise of sociology. This volume addresses three key areas: the strong influence of writers of Jewish background and the rising tide of antisemitism on the formation of sociology; the role of antisemitism in the historical development of sociology through its treatment by leading figures in the field, such as Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Theodor W. Adorno; and the discipline’s development in the aftermath of the Nazi Holocaust. Together the essays provide a fresh perspective on the history of sociology and the role that antisemitism, Jews, fascism, and the Holocaust played in shaping modern social theory.

    • Social Science

Contradictions of the Welfare State


Author: Claus Offe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429876785
Category: Social Science
Page: 308
View: 9835
Originally published in 1984, Contradictions of the Welfare State is the first collection of Claus Offe’s essays to appear in a single volume in English. The political writings in this volume are primarily concerned with the origins of the present difficulties of welfare capitalist states, and he indicates why in the present period, these states are no longer capable of fully managing the socio-political problems and conflicts generated by late capitalist societies. Offe discusses the viability of New Right, corporatist and democratic socialist proposals for restructuring the welfare state. He also offers fresh and penetrating insights into a range of other subjects, including social movements, political parties, law, social policy, and labour markets.

    • Philosophy

Re-Presenting the Good Society


Author: Cooke
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262262290
Category: Philosophy
Page: 304
View: 9141
Contemporary critical social theories face the question of how to justify the ideas of the good society that guide their critical analyses. Traditionally, these more or less determinate ideas of the good society were held to be independent of their specific sociocultural context and historical epoch. Today, such a concept of context-transcending validity is not easy to defend; the "linguistic turn" of Western philosophy signals the widespread acceptance of the view that ideas of knowledge and validity are always mediated linguistically and that language is conditioned by history and context. In Re-Presenting the Good Society, Maeve Cooke addresses the justificatory dilemma facing critical social theories: how to maintain an idea of context-transcending validity without violating anti-authoritarian impulses. In doing so she not only clarifies the issues and positions taken by other theorists--including Richard Rorty, Jürgen Habermas, Axel Honneth, and Judith Butler--but also offers her own original and thought-provoking analysis of context-transcending validity.Because the tension between an anti-authoritarian impulse and a guiding idea of context-transcending validity is today an integral part of critical social theory, Cooke argues that it should be negotiated rather than eliminated. Her proposal for a concept of context-transcending validity has as its central claim that we should conceive of the good society as re-presented in particular constitutively inadequate representations of it. These re-presentations are, Cooke argues provocatively, regulative ideas that have an imaginary, fictive character.

    • Social Science

The Ann Oakley Reader

Gender, Women and Social Science
Author: Ann Oakley
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1861346913
Category: Social Science
Page: 306
View: 6506
Edited and selected by the author, this reader starts with work first published in the early 1970s. Ann Oakley's research and writing on sex and gender, housework, motherhood, women's health, and social science have influenced many inside and beyond social science, helping to shape the academic study of women and gender up to the present day.