Religious Lessons

Catholic Sisters and the Captured Schools Crisis in New Mexico
Author: Kathleen Holscher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190462493
Category:
Page: 274
View: 894
Religious Lessons tells the story of Zellers v. Huff, a court case that challenged the employment of nearly 150 Catholic sisters in public schools across New Mexico in 1948. Known nationally as the "Dixon case," after one of the towns involved, it was the most famous in a series of midcentury lawsuits, all targeting what opponents provocatively dubbed "captive schools." Spearheaded by Protestants and Other Americans United for Separation of Church and State, the publicity campaign built around Zellers drew on centuries-old rhetoric of Catholic captivity to remind Americans about the threat of Catholic power in the post-War era, and the danger Catholic sisters dressed in full habits posed to American education. Americans at midcentury were reckoning with the U.S. Supreme Court's new mandate for a "wall of separation" between church and state. At no time since the nation's founding was the Establishment Clause studied so carefully by the nation's judiciary and its people. While Zellers never reached the Supreme Court, its details were familiar to hundreds of thousands of citizens who read about them in magazines and heard them discussed in church on Sunday mornings. For many Americans, Catholic and not, the scenario of sisters in veils teaching children embodied the high stakes of the era's church-state conflicts, and became an occasion to assess the implications of separation in their lives. Through close study of the Dixon case, Kathleen Holscher brings together the perspectives of legal advocacy groups, Catholic sisters, and citizens who cared about their schools. She argues that the captive school crusade was a transitional episode in the Protestant-Catholic conflicts that dominate American church-state history. Religious Lessons also goes beyond legal discourse to consider the interests of Americans--women religious included--who did not formally articulate convictions about the separation principle. The book emphasizes the everyday experiences, inside and outside classrooms, that defined the church-state relationship for these people, and that made these constitutional questions relevant to them.

    • Social Science

Secular Conversions

Political Institutions and Religious Education in the United States and Australia, 1800–2000
Author: Damon Mayrl
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316720705
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 4006
Why does secularization proceed differently in otherwise similar countries? Secular Conversions demonstrates that the institutional structure of the state is a key factor shaping the course of secularization. Drawing upon detailed historical analysis of religious education policy in the United States and Australia, Damon Mayrl details how administrative structures, legal procedures, and electoral systems have shaped political opportunities and even helped create constituencies for secular policies. In so doing, he also shows how a decentralized, readily accessible American state acts as an engine for religious conflict, encouraging religious differences to spill into law and politics at every turn. This book provides a vivid picture of how political conflicts interacted with the state over the long span of American and Australian history to shape religion's role in public life. Ultimately, it reveals that taken-for-granted political structures have powerfully shaped the fate of religion in modern societies.

    • History

Tapestry in Time

The Story of the Dominican Sisters, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1966-2012
Author: Mary Navarre
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802872557
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 7518
Much has been written about women religious -- known as nuns or sisters -- since Vatican II, which brought about major changes to the Roman Catholic Church worldwide. In this book several Dominican Sisters tell with candor what it was really like to live the religious life in Grand Rapids, Michigan, during those years. Organized around the four basic principles of Dominican life -- prayer, study, common life, and service -- Tapestry in Time weaves together written and oral histories from the Sisters themselves to describe how the introduction of then-radical changes such as worship in the vernacular provided the thrill of something new and meaningful -- but also how the move toward inclusivity was met with challenges and opposition.

    • History

The Catholic Calumet

Colonial Conversions in French and Indian North America
Author: Tracy Neal Leavelle
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812207041
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 5814
In 1730 a delegation of Illinois Indians arrived in the French colonial capital of New Orleans. An Illinois leader presented two ceremonial pipes, or calumets, to the governor. One calumet represented the diplomatic alliance between the two men and the other symbolized their shared attachment to Catholicism. The priest who documented this exchange also reported with excitement how the Illinois recited prayers and sang hymns in their Native language, a display that astonished the residents of New Orleans. The "Catholic" calumet and the Native-language prayers and hymns were the product of long encounters between the Illinois and Jesuit missionaries, men who were themselves transformed by these sometimes intense spiritual experiences. The conversions of people, communities, and cultural practices that led to this dramatic episode all occurred in a rapidly evolving and always contested colonial context. In The Catholic Calumet, historian Tracy Neal Leavelle examines interactions between Jesuits and Algonquian-speaking peoples of the upper Great Lakes and Illinois country, including the Illinois and Ottawas, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Leavelle abandons singular definitions of conversion that depend on the idealized elevation of colonial subjects from "savages" to "Christians" for more dynamic concepts that explain the changes that all participants experienced. A series of thematic chapters on topics such as myth and historical memory, understandings of human nature, the creation of colonial landscapes, translation of religious texts into Native languages, and the influence of gender and generational differences demonstrates that these encounters resulted in the emergence of complicated and unstable cross-cultural religious practices that opened new spaces for cultural creativity and mutual adaptation.

    • Indians of North America

New Mexico Historical Review


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Indians of North America
Page: N.A
View: 8175

    • History

Freedom's Coming

Religious Culture and the Shaping of the South from the Civil War through the Civil Rights Era
Author: Paul Harvey
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469606429
Category: History
Page: 360
View: 1886
In a sweeping analysis of religion in the post-Civil War and twentieth-century South, Freedom's Coming puts race and culture at the center, describing southern Protestant cultures as both priestly and prophetic: as southern formal theology sanctified dominant political and social hierarchies, evangelical belief and practice subtly undermined them. The seeds of subversion, Paul Harvey argues, were embedded in the passionate individualism, exuberant expressive forms, and profound faith of believers in the region. Harvey explains how black and white religious folk within and outside of mainstream religious groups formed a southern "evangelical counterculture" of Christian interracialism that challenged the theologically grounded racism pervasive among white southerners and ultimately helped to end Jim Crow in the South. Moving from the folk theology of segregation to the women who organized the Montgomery bus boycott, from the hymn-inspired freedom songs of the 1960s to the influence of black Pentecostal preachers on Elvis Presley, Harvey deploys cultural history in fresh and innovative ways and fills a decades-old need for a comprehensive history of Protestant religion and its relationship to the central question of race in the South for the postbellum and twentieth-century period.


    • Biography & Autobiography

Missionaries in Hawai'i

The Lives of Peter and Fanny Gulick, 1797-1883
Author: Clifford Putney
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
ISBN: 9781558497351
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 218
View: 7474
An unvamished account of missionary life in Hawai'i

    • Religion

Green Sisters


Author: Sarah McFarland Taylor
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674027108
Category: Religion
Page: 384
View: 1108
Green sisters are environmentally active Catholic nuns working to heal the earth as they cultivate new forms of religious culture. Inviting us into their world, Taylor offers a firsthand understanding of the experiences of women whose lives bring together orthodoxy and activism, and whose lifestyle provides a compelling view of sustainable living.

    • Fiction

In the Time of the Butterflies


Author: Julia Alvarez
Publisher: Algonquin Books
ISBN: 1565129768
Category: Fiction
Page: 352
View: 612
It is November 25, 1960, and three beautiful sisters have been found near their wrecked Jeep at the bottom of a 150-foot cliff on the north coast of the Dominican Republic. The official state newspaper reports their deaths as accidental. It does not mention that a fourth sister lives. Nor does it explain that the sisters were among the leading opponents of Gen. Rafael Leonidas Trujillo’s dictatorship. It doesn’t have to. Everybody knows of Las Mariposas—“The Butterflies.” In this extraordinary novel, the voices of all four sisters—Minerva, Patria, María Teresa, and the survivor, Dedé—speak across the decades to tell their own stories, from hair ribbons and secret crushes to gunrunning and prison torture, and to describe the everyday horrors of life under Trujillo’s rule. Through the art and magic of Julia Alvarez’s imagination, the martyred Butterflies live again in this novel of courage and love, and the human cost of political oppression.

    • History

Our Kids

The American Dream in Crisis
Author: Robert D. Putnam
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476769907
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 3556
A New York Times bestseller and “a passionate, urgent” (The New Yorker) examination of the growing inequality gap from the bestselling author of Bowling Alone: why fewer Americans today have the opportunity for upward mobility. Central to the very idea of America is the principle that we are a nation of opportunity. But over the last quarter century we have seen a disturbing “opportunity gap” emerge. We Americans have always believed that those who have talent and try hard will succeed, but this central tenet of the American Dream seems no longer true or at the least, much less true than it was. In Our Kids, Robert Putnam offers a personal and authoritative look at this new American crisis, beginning with the example of his high school class of 1959 in Port Clinton, Ohio. The vast majority of those students went on to lives better than those of their parents. But their children and grandchildren have faced diminishing prospects. Putnam tells the tale of lessening opportunity through poignant life stories of rich, middle class, and poor kids from cities and suburbs across the country, brilliantly blended with the latest social-science research. “A truly masterful volume” (Financial Times), Our Kids provides a disturbing account of the American dream that is “thoughtful and persuasive” (The Economist). Our Kids offers a rare combination of individual testimony and rigorous evidence: “No one can finish this book and feel complacent about equal opportunity” (The New York Times Book Review).

    • Juvenile Nonfiction

The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind


Author: William Kamkwamba,Bryan Mealer
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0147510422
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 304
View: 2819
Japanese edition of The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind. True story of a boy growing up in an improvised, desolate central Africa. The 14 year old William Kamkwamba learned about electrical windmills at a small library, and after weeks of foraging for junk parts, he did the incredible. In Japanese. Distributed by Tsai Fong Books, Inc.

    • History

The 9/11 Commission Report

Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Authorized Edition
Author: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393060416
Category: History
Page: 604
View: 8674
Provides the final report of the 9/11 Commission detailing their findings on the September 11 terrorist attacks.

    • Homosexuality

America


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Homosexuality
Page: N.A
View: 7805

    • Religion

Authentically Black and Truly Catholic

The Rise of Black Catholicism in the Great Migration
Author: Matthew J. Cressler
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479841323
Category: Religion
Page: 288
View: 4341
Explores the contentious debates among Black Catholics about the proper relationship between religious practice and racial identity Chicago has been known as the Black Metropolis. But before the Great Migration, Chicago could have been called the Catholic Metropolis, with its skyline defined by parish spires as well as by industrial smoke stacks and skyscrapers. This book uncovers the intersection of the two. Authentically Black and Truly Catholic traces the developments within the church in Chicago to show how Black Catholic activists in the 1960s and 1970s made Black Catholicism as we know it today. The sweep of the Great Migration brought many Black migrants face-to-face with white missionaries for the first time and transformed the religious landscape of the urban North. The hopes migrants had for their new home met with the desires of missionaries to convert entire neighborhoods. Missionaries and migrants forged fraught relationships with one another and tens of thousands of Black men and women became Catholic in the middle decades of the twentieth century as a result. These Black Catholic converts saved failing parishes by embracing relationships and ritual life that distinguished them from the evangelical churches proliferating around them. They praised the “quiet dignity” of the Latin Mass, while distancing themselves from the gospel choirs, altar calls, and shouts of “amen!” increasingly common in Black evangelical churches. Their unique rituals and relationships came under intense scrutiny in the late 1960s, when a growing group of Black Catholic activists sparked a revolution in U.S. Catholicism. Inspired by both Black Power and Vatican II, they fought for the self-determination of Black parishes and the right to identify as both Black and Catholic. Faced with strong opposition from fellow Black Catholics, activists became missionaries of a sort as they sought to convert their coreligionists to a distinctively Black Catholicism. This book brings to light the complexities of these debates in what became one of the most significant Black Catholic communities in the country, changing the way we view the history of American Catholicism.

    • Catholic Church

The Catholic Encyclopedia

An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church
Author: Charles George Herbermann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Catholic Church
Page: N.A
View: 7804

The Catholic Encyclopedia

An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church
Author: Charles Herbermann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 1931

    • Theology

The Catholic Encyclopedia

An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church
Author: Andrew Alphonsus MacErlean
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Theology
Page: N.A
View: 4999

    • Catholic Church

Encyclical on Climate Change & Inequality

On Care for Our Common Home
Author: Francis I
Publisher: Melville House
ISBN: 1612195288
Category: Catholic Church
Page: 165
View: 6658
With an exclusive introduction by the acclaimed Harvard historian Naomi Oreskes, this is the complete text of the landmark encyclical letter by Pope Francis that has 'rocked the international community' (Time). The only secular edition of the Pope's remarks, the Encyclical on Climate Change and Inequality is an essential document of our times - as significant a contribution to the movement for environmental justice and human rights as Rachel Carson's Silent Spring was 55 years ago.