• Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing of the European Seas


Author: Vittorio Barale,Martin Gade
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402067723
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 514
View: 478
Here is a review of the current potential of Earth Observations that devotes particular attention to the challenges posed by the European Seas. The assessment of surface parameters by means of passive techniques – which measure reflected visible and near-infrared sunlight, or surface emissions in the thermal infrared or microwave spectral regions – is addressed. Active techniques – which use transmitted impulses of visible or microwave radiation – are covered as well.

    • Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing of the African Seas


Author: Vittorio Barale,Martin Gade
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401780080
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 428
View: 1327
The African Seas include marginal basins of two major oceans, the Atlantic and the Indian, a miniature ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and an infant ocean, the Red Sea. Understanding the wide spectrum of environmental features and processes of such a varied collection of marine and coastal regions requires that in situ observation systems be integrated and actually guided, by the application of orbital remote sensing techniques. This volume reviews the current potential of Earth Observations to help in the exploration of the marginal seas around Africa, by virtue of both passive and active techniques, working in several spectral ranges – i.e. measuring either reflected visible and near-infrared sunlight, as well as surface emissions in the thermal infrared and microwave spectral regions, or again the surface reflection of transmitted lidar or radar impulses of visible or microwave radiation. The in-depth evaluation of the advantages offered by each technique and spectral region and in particular by the development of advanced multi-technique systems, contributes to the assessment of the abundant natural resources that the Seas of Africa have to offer, of those in dear need of being – sustainably – exploited and of others that should be protected and maintained in their still pristine conditions.

    • Science

Remote Sensing of Sea Ice in the Northern Sea Route

Studies and Applications
Author: Ola M. Johannessen,Vitali Alexandrov,Ivan Ye. Frolov,Stein Sandven,Lasse H. Pettersson,Leonid P. Bobylev,Kjell Kloster,Vladimir G. Smirnov,Yevgeny U. Mironov,Nikolay G. Babich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540488405
Category: Science
Page: 472
View: 6995
Remote Sensing of Sea Ice in the Northern Sea Route: Studies and Applications initially provides a history of the Northern Sea Route as an important strategic transport route for supporting the northern regions of Russia and cargo transportation between Europe and the Northern Pacific Basin. The authors then describe sea ice conditions in the Eurasian Arctic Seas and, using microwave satellite data, provide a detailed analysis of difficult sea ice conditions. Remote sensing techniques and the basic principles of SAR image formation are described, as well as the major satellite radar systems used for ice studies in the Arctic. The authors take a good look at the use of sensing equipment in experiments, including the ICE WATCH project used for monitoring the Northern Sea Route. The possibilities of using SAR remote sensing for ice navigation in the Northern Sea Route is also detailed, analysing techniques of automatic image processing and interpretation. A study is provided of regional drifting ice, fast ice and river ice in the coastal areas of the Arctic Seas. The book concludes with a review of the practical experience using SAR images for supporting navigation and offshore industrial activity, based on a series of experiments conducted with the Murmansk Shipping Company on board nuclear icebreakers.

    • Science

Remote Sensing of Sea Ice in the Northern Sea Route

Studies and Applications
Author: Ola M. Johannessen,Vitali Alexandrov,Ivan Ye. Frolov,Stein Sandven,Lasse H. Pettersson,Leonid P. Bobylev,Kjell Kloster,Vladimir G. Smirnov,Yevgeny U. Mironov,Nikolay G. Babich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540488405
Category: Science
Page: 472
View: 2967
Remote Sensing of Sea Ice in the Northern Sea Route: Studies and Applications initially provides a history of the Northern Sea Route as an important strategic transport route for supporting the northern regions of Russia and cargo transportation between Europe and the Northern Pacific Basin. The authors then describe sea ice conditions in the Eurasian Arctic Seas and, using microwave satellite data, provide a detailed analysis of difficult sea ice conditions. Remote sensing techniques and the basic principles of SAR image formation are described, as well as the major satellite radar systems used for ice studies in the Arctic. The authors take a good look at the use of sensing equipment in experiments, including the ICE WATCH project used for monitoring the Northern Sea Route. The possibilities of using SAR remote sensing for ice navigation in the Northern Sea Route is also detailed, analysing techniques of automatic image processing and interpretation. A study is provided of regional drifting ice, fast ice and river ice in the coastal areas of the Arctic Seas. The book concludes with a review of the practical experience using SAR images for supporting navigation and offshore industrial activity, based on a series of experiments conducted with the Murmansk Shipping Company on board nuclear icebreakers.

Space Technologies and Climate Change Implications for Water Management, Marine Resources and Maritime Transport

Implications for Water Management, Marine Resources and Maritime Transport
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264054197
Category:
Page: 188
View: 4605
This book examines the contributions that space technologies can make in tackling some of the serious problems posed by climate change, focusing on examples of water management, marine resources and maritime transport.

    • Technology & Engineering

A Decade of Trans-European Remote Sensing Cooperation


Author: M.F. Buchroithner
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789058091871
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 5524
An exploration of systems providing hyperdimensional data with accuracy and fine resolution. The volume reflects the research results of the network of the EARSeL member laboratories. Topics include: data mining; agriculture and forestry; techniques and methods; hyperdimensional data; and more.

    • Mathematics

Remote Sensing of Hydrometeorological Hazards


Author: George P. Petropoulos,Tanvir Islam
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351650971
Category: Mathematics
Page: 525
View: 9846
Extreme weather and climate change aggravate the frequency and magnitude of disasters. Facing atypical and more severe events, existing early warning and response systems become inadequate both in scale and scope. Earth Observation (EO) provides today information at global, regional and even basin scales related to agrometeorological hazards. This book will focus on drought, flood, frost, landslides, and storms/cyclones and will cover different applications of EO data used from prediction to mapping damages for each category. It will explain the added value of EO technology in comparison with conventional techniques applied today through many case studies.

    • Nature

Oceans

Environmental Issues, Global Perspectives
Author: James Fargo Balliett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317463676
Category: Nature
Page: 168
View: 9535
Covering 71 percent of the planet, these saline bodies of water provided the unique conditions necessary for the building blocks of life to form billions of years ago. This book explains how our oceans continue to support and influence life in important ways: by providing the largest global source of protein in the form of fish populations, by creating and influencing weather systems, and by absorbing waste streams such as airborne carbon. It is shown how oceans have an almost magnetic draw—almost half of the world’s population lives within a few hours of an ocean. Although oceans are vast in size, exceeding 328 million cubic miles (1.37 billion cubic kilometers), they have been influenced by and have influenced humans in numerous ways. The book includes three detailed case studies. The first focuses on the most remote locations along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where new ocean floor is being formed twenty-thousand feet underwater. The second considers the Maldives, a string of islands in the Indian Ocean, where increasing sea levels may force residents to abandon some communities by 2020. The third describes the North Sea at the edge of the Arctic Ocean, where fishing stocks have been dangerously depleted as a result of multiple nations’ unrelenting removal of the smallest and largest species.

    • Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing of the Asian Seas


Author: Vittorio Barale,Martin Gade
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319940678
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 565
View: 4933
A wide variety of marginal basins, ranging from polar to equatorial regions, and a few sizeable enclosed basins, can all be included among the Asian Seas. The Arctic Ocean shelf seas off Siberia; the sheltered basins along the Pacific Ocean’s western rim; the coastal seas of the northernmost Indian Ocean, including the semi-enclosed Red Sea and Persian Gulf; the Caspian Sea, the remnants of the Aral Sea and a score of brackish or freshwater lakes, such as Lake Balkhash and Lake Baykal; all exhibit a multiplicity of environmental features and processes. Understanding the peculiarities of such a large and varied collection of marine and coastal types requires integrated observation systems, among which orbital remote sensing must play an essential role. This volume reviews the current potential of Earth Observations in assessing the many Asian seascapes, using both passive and active techniques in diverse spectral regions, such as measuring reflected visible and near-infrared sunlight and surface emissions in the thermal infrared and microwave range, or surface reflection of transmitted radar pulses in the microwave range. An in-depth evaluation of the available spectral regions and observation techniques, as well as of novel multi-technique methods, ensures that suitable tools are indeed accessible for exploring and managing the wealth of resources that the Asian Seas have to offer.

    • Science

Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation


Author: Tanvir Islam,Yongxiang Hu,Alexander A. Kokhanovsky,Jun Wang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128104384
Category: Science
Page: 364
View: 8996
Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation compiles recent advances in aerosol, cloud, and precipitation remote sensing from new satellite observations. The book examines a wide range of measurements from microwave (both active and passive), visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum. Contributors are experts conducting state-of-the-art research in atmospheric remote sensing using space, airborne, and ground-based datasets, focusing on supporting earth observation satellite missions for aerosol, cloud, and precipitation studies. A handy reference for scientists working in remote sensing, earth science, electromagnetics, climate physics, and space engineering. Valuable for operational forecasters, meteorologists, geospatial experts, modelers, and policymakers alike. Presents new approaches in the field, along with further research opportunities, based on the latest satellite data Focuses on how remote sensing systems can be designed/developed to solve outstanding problems in earth and atmospheric sciences Edited by a dynamic team of editors with a mixture of highly skilled and qualified authors offering world-leading expertise in the field

    • Science

An Introduction to Ocean Remote Sensing


Author: Seelye Martin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107019389
Category: Science
Page: 521
View: 4603
Covering significant new advances in satellite oceanography, this new edition introduces remote sensing for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

    • Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing for a Changing Europe

Proceedings of the 28th Symposium of the European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories, Istanbul, Turkey, 2-5 June 2008
Author: M. Derya Maktav
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1586039865
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 631
View: 5904
Includes proceedings that cover 84 papers, presented at the 'Remote Sensing for a Changing Europe' symposium held in Istanbul, Turkey (2-5 June 2008).

    • Science

Remote Sensing of Shelf Sea Hydrodynamics


Author: J.C.J. Nihoul
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080870762
Category: Science
Page: 353
View: 6352
Remote Sensing of Shelf Sea Hydrodynamics

    • Science

Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Earth's Surface and Atmosphere


Author: Paulo Pampaloni,S. Paloscia
Publisher: VSP
ISBN: 9789067643184
Category: Science
Page: 549
View: 9525
This book contains a selection of refereed papers presented at the 6 Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment held in Florence, Italy on March 15-18, 1999. Over the last two decades, passive microwave remote sensing has made considerable progress, and has achieved significant results in the study of the Earth's surface and atmosphere. Many years of observations with ground-based and satellite-borne sensors have made an important contribution to improving our knowledge of many geophysical processes of the Earth's environment and of global changes. The evolution in microwave radiometers aboard satellites has increased steadily over recent years. At the same time, many investigations have been carried out both to improve the algorithms for the retrieval of geophysical parameters and to develop new technologies. The book is divided into four main sections: three of these are devoted to the observation of the Earth's surface and atmosphere, and the fourth, to future missions and new technologies. The first section deals with the study of sea and land surfaces, and reports recent advances in remote sensing of ocean wind, sea ice, soil moisture and vegetation biomass, including electromagnetic modelling and the assimilation of radiometric data in models of land surface processes. The following two sections are devoted to the measurement of atmospheric quantities which are of fundamental importance in climatology and meteorology, and, since they influence radio-wave propagation, they also impact on several other fields, including geodesy, navigational satellite and radioastronomy. The last section presents an overview of new technologies and plans for future missions.

    • Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere


Author: Marco Tedesco
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111836886X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 432
View: 5961
The cryosphere, that region of the world where water is temporarily or permanently frozen, plays a crucial role on our planet. Recent developments in remote sensing techniques, and the acquisition of new data sets, have resulted in significant advances in our understanding of all components of the cryosphere and its processes. This book, based on contributions from 40 leading experts, offers a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the methods, techniques and recent advances in applications of remote sensing of the cryosphere. Examples of the topics covered include: • snow extent, depth, grain-size and impurities • surface and subsurface melting • glaciers • accumulation over the Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets • ice thickness and velocities • gravimetric measurements from space • sea, lake and river ice • frozen ground and permafrost • fieldwork activities • recent and future cryosphere-oriented missions and experiments All figures are in color and provide an excellent visual accompaniment to the technical and scientific aspect of the book. Readership: Senior undergraduates, Masters and PhD Students, PostDocs and Researchers in cryosphere science and remote sensing. Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere is the significant first volume in the new Cryosphere Science Series. This new series comprises volumes that are at the cutting edge of new research, or provide focussed interdisciplinary reviews of key aspects of the science.

    • Science

Marine Surface Films

Chemical Characteristics, Influence on Air-Sea Interactions and Remote Sensing
Author: Martin Gade,Heinrich Hühnerfuss,Gerald M. Korenowski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540332715
Category: Science
Page: 341
View: 7519
Since the late 1960s, various groups have investigated the influence of marine surface films on mechanisms dominating energy and mass transfer across the ocean/atmosphere interface. However, a compendium summarizing the state-of-the-art research in this field is still missing. The book fills this gap and transfers the accumulated knowledge to the scientific community. After a brief historical chapter basic chemical insights are presented, followed by theoretical and experimental approaches carried out in laboratory facilities. Air-sea interaction experiments are then described and finally, remote sensing applications with sea slicks and crude oil spills are presented.

    • Science

Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing

An Environmental Approach, Second Edition
Author: Emilio Chuvieco
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498728073
Category: Science
Page: 468
View: 6504
Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition is a definitive guide to remote sensing systems that focuses on satellite-based remote sensing tools and methods for space-based Earth observation (EO). It presents the advantages of using remote sensing data for studying and monitoring the planet, and emphasizes concepts that make the best use of satellite data. The book begins with an introduction to the basic processes that ensure the acquisition of space-borne imagery and provides an overview of the main satellite observation systems. It then describes visual and digital image analysis, highlights various interpretation techniques, and outlines their applications to science and management. The latter part of the book covers the integration of remote sensing with GIS for environmental analysis. Based on the first English version published in 2010, this latest edition has been written to reflect a global audience, and factors in international debates and legal issues surrounding EO, as well as future developments and trends. New in the Second Edition: Includes additional illustrations now in full color Uses sample images acquired from different ecosystems at different spatial resolutions to illustrate different interpretation techniques Updates information on recent satellite missions (Landsat-8, Sentinel-2, hyperspectral and hyperspatial programs) Covers near-ground missions (including UAV) and ground sensors (spectro-radiometers, cameras, LIDAR, etc.) to support EO analysis Offers analysis of image spatial properties Presents material on visual analysis, time series analysis, and data fusion Provides examples of EO data that cover different environmental problems, with particular relevance to global observation Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition details the tools that provide global, recurrent, and comprehensive views of the processes affecting the Earth and is a must-have for researchers, academics, students, and professionals involved in the field of environmental science.

    • Nature

Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere for Environmental Security


Author: Agnès Perrin,Najate Ben Sari-Zizi,Jean Demaison
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402050909
Category: Nature
Page: 353
View: 7679
This volume continues presentation of the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) held at Rabat, Morocco on the 17-19th of November 2005 entitled Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere for Environmental Security. Coverage includes a review of recent and upcoming experimental satellite measurements of the Earth’s atmosphere, characterisation of pollution in urban areas and the growing lack of water in many countries of the Mediterranean area, and more.

    • Science

Building the European Capacity in Operational Oceanography

Proceedings 3rd EuroGOOS Conference
Author: H. Dahlin,N.C. Flemming,K. Nittis,S.E. Petersson
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780080528328
Category: Science
Page: 714
View: 6960
This proceedings 3rd EuroGOOS Conference on Building the European Capacity in Operational Oceanography is volume 69 in the Elsevier Oceanography Series. The topics of the proceedings cover: Regional Systems I, Remote Sensing Systems, Numerical Modelling and Data Assimilation, Next Generation Systems, EC Operational Forecasting Workshop: Reports on EC Operational Forecasting, In-Situ Monitoring, Waves Monitoring and ForecastingUser Perspectives, EuroGOOS Task Teams, Regional Systems 2, Coastal Systems, Data - Products - Users, and GMES Marine Forum.