• Nature

Remote Sensing of the Mine Environment


Author: H. Şebnem Düzgün,Nuray Demirel
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466515392
Category: Nature
Page: 220
View: 497
A guide for students and professionals, this introductory course book covers the basic principles of remote sensing and its applications in mine environment monitoring. Building from a reader’s basic knowledge of mine monitoring, it teaches how to implement remote sensing techniques and how to interpret the acquired data for different purposes. Following a general introduction to remote sensing principles and image analysis, mine subsidence monitoring, slope stability monitoring, reclamation planning and implementation, and post-closure mine and land use analysis are explained and illustrated. With the help of case studies, the techniques and tools presented are demonstrated. With an increasing importance of sustainable mining, this accurate text is intended for the education of university students in mining, civil, geological and environmental engineering. Researchers and professionals in these disciplines may find it beneficial as well to guide their professional monitoring investigations.

    • Technology & Engineering

Land Surface Remote Sensing

Environment and Risks
Author: Mehrez Zribi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081012659
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 384
View: 4953
Land Surface Remote Sensing: Environment and Risks explores the use of remote sensing in applications concerning the environment, including desertification and monitoring deforestation and forest fires. The first chapter covers the characterization of aerosols and gases by passive remote sensing. The next chapter presents the correlation of optical images for quantifying the deformation of the Earth's surface and geomorphological processes. The third chapter is examines remote sensing applications in the mining environment. The fourth chapter depicts the strong potential of radar imagery for volcanology and urban and mining subsidence studies. The next two chapters deal respectively with the use of remote sensing in locust control and the contribution of remote sensing to the epidemiology of infectious diseases. In the last ten years, spatial observation of the Earth—particularly continental surfaces—has expanded considerably with the launch of increasing numbers of satellites covering various applications (hydrology, biosphere, flow of surface, snow, ice, landslide, floods). This has paved the way for an explosion in the use of remote sensing data. This book offers essential coverage of space-based observation techniques for continental surfaces. The authors explore major applications and provide a corresponding detailed chapter for the physical principles, physics of measurement, and data processing requirements for each technique, bringing you up-to-date descriptions of techniques used by leading scientists in the field of remote sensing and Earth observation. Provides clear and concise descriptions of modern remote sensing methods Explores the most current remote sensing techniques with physical aspects of the measurement (theory) and their applications Provides chapters on physical principles, measurement, and data processing for each technique described Describes optical remote sensing technology, including a description of acquisition systems and measurement corrections to be made

    • Science

Environmental Remote Sensing and Systems Analysis


Author: Ni-Bin Chang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439877440
Category: Science
Page: 520
View: 5458
Using a systems analysis approach and extensive case studies, Environmental Remote Sensing and Systems Analysis shows how remote sensing can be used to support environmental decision making. It presents a multidisciplinary framework and the latest remote sensing tools to understand environmental impacts, management complexity, and policy implications. Organized into three parts, this full-color book provides systematic coverage of water quality monitoring, air quality monitoring, and monitoring of land use patterns and degradation. Chapters elaborate on the interactions between human and natural systems, addressing questions such as "what are the regional impacts of an oil spill in coastal environments?" and "how does urbanization affect the rate of infiltration of water at urban–rural interfaces?" Throughout, contributors discuss new techniques and methods for measurements, mathematical modeling, and image processing. Key features: Compares data mining, machine learning, and image processing methods to help you select the best one for your needs Incorporates ground-based monitoring networks as part of air and water quality management Emphasizes environmental information management, with proper integration of GPS, GIS, and existing environmental databases Shows how modeling can be used for decision making Examines how remote sensing can be used to understand environmental health implications and to shape environmental management policies Demonstrates how systems analysis can be used to aid in environmental policy analysis Discusses opportunities for integrated field and laboratory studies in remote sensing education A useful reference for students, professionals, scientists, and policy makers in environmental management and informatics as well as environmental, agricultural, forest, and sustainability sciences, this book shows readers how to monitor air, soil, and water quality using state-of-the-art remote sensing tools.


    • Technology & Engineering

Sensing and Monitoring Technologies for Mines and Hazardous Areas

Monitoring and Prediction Technologies
Author: Swadesh Chaulya,G. M. Prasad
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128031956
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 432
View: 3319
Sensing and Monitoring Technologies for Mines and Hazardous Areas: Monitoring and Prediction Technologies presents the fundamentals of mining related geotechnical risk and how the latest advances in sensing and data communication can be used both to prevent accidents and provide early warnings. Opencast mining operations involve huge quantities of overburden removal, dumping, and backfilling in excavated areas. Substantial increases in the rate of accumulation of waste dumps in recent years has resulted in greater height of dumps and also has given rise to the danger of dump failures as steeper open pit slopes are prone to failure. These failures lead to loss of valuable human lives and damage to mining machinery. This book presents the most recent advances in gas sensors, methane detectors, and power cut-off systems. It also introduces monitoring of the gas strata and environment, and an overview of the use of Internet of Things and cloud computing for mining sensing and surveillance purposes. Targeted at geotechnical and mining engineers, this volume covers the latest findings and technology to prevent mining accidents and mitigate the inherent risk of the activity. Presents complete details of a real-time slope stability monitoring system using wireless sensor networking and prediction technique based on multivariate statistical analysis of various parameters and analytical hierarchy process methods Discusses innovative ideas and new concepts of sensing technologies, mine transport surveillance, digital mining, and cloud computing to improve safety and productivity in mining industry Includes slope stability prediction software, downloadable through a companion website, which can be used for monitoring, analyzing, and storing different sensors and providing audio-visual, SMS, and email alerts Covers the latest findings and technology to prevent mining accidents and mitigate the inherent risk

    • Science

Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change

NASA's Earth Observing System and the Science of ASTER and MODIS
Author: Bhaskar Ramachandran,Christopher O. Justice,Michael J. Abrams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441967497
Category: Science
Page: 873
View: 5924
Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change: The Science of ASTER and MODIS is an edited compendium of contributions dealing with ASTER and MODIS satellite sensors aboard NASA's Terra and Aqua platforms launched as part of the Earth Observing System fleet in 1999 and 2002 respectively. This volume is divided into six sections. The first three sections provide insights into the history, philosophy, and evolution of the EOS, ASTER and MODIS instrument designs and calibration mechanisms, and the data systems components used to manage and provide the science data and derived products. The latter three sections exclusively deal with ASTER and MODIS data products and their applications, and the future of these two classes of remotely sensed observations.

    • Technology & Engineering

Mining Environment


Author: B.B. Dhar,D.N. Thakur
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789054107156
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 416
View: 4322
This set of conference proceedings provide a package of stimulus ideas, development strategies, and initiatives on such themes as: environmental issues; environmental practices; environmental policy and legislation; sustainable development vis-a-vis environmental management.

    • Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing of Soil Salinization

Impact on Land Management
Author: Dr. Graciela Metternicht,Dr. Alfred Zinck
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420065039
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 377
View: 5982
Recognized and advocated as a powerful tool, the role of remote sensing in identifying, mapping, and monitoring soil salinity and salinization will continue to expand. Remote Sensing of Soil Salinization: Impact on Land Management delineates how to combine science and geospatial technologies for smart environmental management. Choose the Right Techniques for the Job An overview of soil salinity assessment using remote sensing technologies, the book describes a variety of sensors, ranging from ground-based to airborne and satellite-borne, and their use in a diversity of geographical regions and environmental settings from coastal to inland saline areas. It provides guidance on how to identify and choose the right remote sensing tools and data sets required based on the purpose of the study and the environmental setting. Organized into three sections, the book covers: Section I: Soil Salinity and Remote Sensing: The Object and the Tool — Focuses on the relationships between the landscape-object salinity and the remote sensing tools Section II: Trends in Mapping Soil Salinity and Monitoring Salinization Using Remote and Proximal Sensing — Provides a variety of case studies dealing with soil salinity mapping and monitoring the process of salinization Section III: Diversity of Approaches to Modeling Soil Salinity and Salinization — Demonstrates the diversity of approaches used in modeling soil salinity and salinization in space and time Combines Fundamentals, the Latest Technology, and Practical Examples The book includes analyses of basic issues of remote detection, such as the spectral behavior of salt types and vegetation influence, and evaluations of currently available remote sensing platforms delineating their advantages and disadvantages. The accompanying CD-ROM provides color images that enhance the material discussed in the text. The mixture of fundamental concepts, latest technological reviews, and practical application examples makes this an ideal resource for environmental assessment and decision making.

    • Science

Remote sensing and geographic information systems

geological mapping, mineral exploration, and mining
Author: Christopher Legg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: 9780471954231
Category: Science
Page: 166
View: 4694

    • Technology & Engineering

Integrated Approach to Environmental Data Management Systems


Author: Nilgun B. Harmancioglu,M.N. Alpaslan,S.D. Ozkul,Vijay Singh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401156166
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 546
View: 7164
An integrated approach to environmental data management is necessitated by the complexity of the environmental problems that need to be addresses, coupled with the interdisciplinary approach that needs to be adopted to solve them. Agenda 21 of the Rio Environmental Conference mandated international programmes and organizations to take steps to develop common data and information management plans, and steps have been taken in this direction. The key word that defines the framework of the present book is `integration'. The book establishes the basics of integrated approaches and covers environmental data management systems within that framework, covering all aspects of data management, from objectives and constraints, design of data collection networks, statistical and physical sampling, remote sensing and GIS, databases, reliability of data, data analysis, and the transformation of data into information.

    • Technology & Engineering

Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing

Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications
Author: Qihao Weng
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420091816
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 610
View: 8758
Generating a satisfactory classification image from remote sensing data is not a straightforward task. Many factors contribute to this difficulty including the characteristics of a study area, availability of suitable remote sensing data, ancillary and ground reference data, proper use of variables and classification algorithms, and the analyst’s experience. An authoritative text, Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing: Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications compiles comprehensive review articles to examine the developments in concepts, methods, techniques, and applications as well as focused articles and case studies on the latest on a particular topic. Divided into four sections, the first deals with various sensors, systems, or sensing operations using different regions of wavelengths. Drawing on the data and lessons learned from the U.S. Landsat remote sensing programs, it reviews key concepts, methods, and practical uses of particular sensors/sensing systems. Section II presents new developments in algorithms and techniques, specifically in image preprocessing, thematic information extraction, and digital change detection. It gives correction algorithms for hyperspectral, thermal, and multispectral sensors, discusses the combined method for performing topographic and atmospheric corrections, and provides examples of correcting non-standard atmospheric conditions, including haze, cirrus, and cloud shadow. Section III focuses on remote sensing of vegetation and related features of the Earth’s surface. It reviews advancements in the remote sensing of ecosystem structure, process, and function, and notes important trade-offs and compromises in characterizing ecosystems from space related to spatial, spectral, and temporal resolutions of the imaging sensors. It discusses the mismatch between leaf-level and species-level ecological variables and satellite spatial resolutions and the resulting difficulties in validating satellite-derived products. Finally, Section IV examines developments in the remote sensing of air, water, and other terrestrial features, reviews MODIS algorithms for aerosol retrieval at both global and local scales, and demonstrates the retrieval of aerosol optical thickness (AOT). This section rounds out coverage with a look at remote sensing approaches to measure the urban environment and examines the most important concepts and recent research.

    • Technology & Engineering

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Continental Hydrology


Author: Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081011814
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 502
View: 2387
The continental hydrological cycle is one of the least understood components of the climate system. The understanding of the different processes involved is important in the fields of hydrology and meteorology. In this volume the main applications for continental hydrology are presented, including the characterization of the states of continental surfaces (water state, snow cover, etc.) using active and passive remote sensing, monitoring the Antarctic ice sheet and land water surface heights using radar altimetry, the characterization of redistributions of water masses using the GRACE mission, the potential of GNSS-R technology in hydrology, and remote sensing data assimilation in hydrological models. This book, part of a set of six volumes, has been produced by scientists who are internationally renowned in their fields. It is addressed to students (engineers, Masters, PhD) , engineers and scientists, specialists in remote sensing applied to hydrology. Through this pedagogical work, the authors contribute to breaking down the barriers that hinder the use of Earth observation data. Provides clear and concise descriptions of modern remote sensing methods Explores the most current remote sensing techniques with physical aspects of the measurement (theory) and their applications Provides chapters on physical principles, measurement, and data processing for each technique described Describes optical remote sensing technology, including a description of acquisition systems and measurement corrections to be made

    • Science

Mapping Hazardous Terrain Using Remote Sensing


Author: R. M. Teeuw
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 9781862392298
Category: Science
Page: 169
View: 5706
The dangers that we face from geohazards appear to be getting worse, especially with the impact of increasing population and global climate change. This collection of papers illustrates how remote sensing technologies - measuring, mapping and monitoring the Earth's surface from aircraft or satellites - can help us to rapidly detect and better manage geohazards. The hazardous terrains examined include areas of landslides, flooding, erosion, contaminated land, shrink-swell clays, subsidence, seismic activity and volcanic landforms. Key aspects of remote sensing are introduced, making this a book that can easily be read by those who are unfamiliar with remote sensing. The featured remote sensing systems include aerial photography and photogrammetry, thermal scanning, hyperspectral sensors, airborne laser altimetry (LiDAR), radar interferometry and multispectral satellites (Landsat, ASTER). Related technologies and methodologies, such as the processing of Digital Elevation Models and data analysis using Geographical Information Systems, are also discussed.


    • Science

Essentials of Mineral Exploration and Evaluation


Author: S. M. Gandhi,B. C. Sarkar
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128053321
Category: Science
Page: 410
View: 5077
Essentials of Mineral Exploration and Evaluation offers a thorough overview of methods used in mineral exploration campaigns, evaluation, reporting and economic assessment processes. Fully illustrated to cover the state-of-the-art exploration techniques and evaluation of mineral assets being practiced globally, this up-to-date reference offers balanced coverage of the latest knowledge and current global trends in successful mineral exploration and evaluation. From mineral deposits, to remote sensing, to sampling and analysis, Essentials of Mineral Exploration and Evaluation offers an extensive look at this rapidly changing field. Covers the complete spectrum of all aspects of ore deposits and mining them, providing a "one-stop shop" for experts and students Presents the most up-to-date information on developments and methods in all areas of mineral exploration Includes chapters on application of GIS, statistics, and geostatistics in mineral exploration and evaluation Includes case studies to enhance practical application of concepts

    • Science

Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation


Author: Prasad S. Thenkabail,John G. Lyon,Alfredo Huete
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439845387
Category: Science
Page: 782
View: 5658
Hyperspectral narrow-band (or imaging spectroscopy) spectral data are fast emerging as practical solutions in modeling and mapping vegetation. Recent research has demonstrated the advances in and merit of hyperspectral data in a range of applications including quantifying agricultural crops, modeling forest canopy biochemical properties, detecting crop stress and disease, mapping leaf chlorophyll content as it influences crop production, identifying plants affected by contaminants such as arsenic, demonstrating sensitivity to plant nitrogen content, classifying vegetation species and type, characterizing wetlands, and mapping invasive species. The need for significant improvements in quantifying, modeling, and mapping plant chemical, physical, and water properties is more critical than ever before to reduce uncertainties in our understanding of the Earth and to better sustain it. There is also a need for a synthesis of the vast knowledge spread throughout the literature from more than 40 years of research. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation integrates this knowledge, guiding readers to harness the capabilities of the most recent advances in applying hyperspectral remote sensing technology to the study of terrestrial vegetation. Taking a practical approach to a complex subject, the book demonstrates the experience, utility, methods and models used in studying vegetation using hyperspectral data. Written by leading experts, including pioneers in the field, each chapter presents specific applications, reviews existing state-of-the-art knowledge, highlights the advances made, and provides guidance for the appropriate use of hyperspectral data in the study of vegetation as well as its numerous applications, such as crop yield modeling, crop and vegetation biophysical and biochemical property characterization, and crop moisture assessment. This comprehensive book brings together the best global expertise on hyperspectral remote sensing of agriculture, crop water use, plant species detection, vegetation classification, biophysical and biochemical modeling, crop productivity and water productivity mapping, and modeling. It provides the pertinent facts, synthesizing findings so that readers can get the correct picture on issues such as the best wavebands for their practical applications, methods of analysis using whole spectra, hyperspectral vegetation indices targeted to study specific biophysical and biochemical quantities, and methods for detecting parameters such as crop moisture variability, chlorophyll content, and stress levels. A collective "knowledge bank," it guides professionals to adopt the best practices for their own work.

    • Science

Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing

An Environmental Approach, Second Edition
Author: Emilio Chuvieco
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498728073
Category: Science
Page: 468
View: 5017
Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition is a definitive guide to remote sensing systems that focuses on satellite-based remote sensing tools and methods for space-based Earth observation (EO). It presents the advantages of using remote sensing data for studying and monitoring the planet, and emphasizes concepts that make the best use of satellite data. The book begins with an introduction to the basic processes that ensure the acquisition of space-borne imagery and provides an overview of the main satellite observation systems. It then describes visual and digital image analysis, highlights various interpretation techniques, and outlines their applications to science and management. The latter part of the book covers the integration of remote sensing with GIS for environmental analysis. Based on the first English version published in 2010, this latest edition has been written to reflect a global audience, and factors in international debates and legal issues surrounding EO, as well as future developments and trends. New in the Second Edition: Includes additional illustrations now in full color Uses sample images acquired from different ecosystems at different spatial resolutions to illustrate different interpretation techniques Updates information on recent satellite missions (Landsat-8, Sentinel-2, hyperspectral and hyperspatial programs) Covers near-ground missions (including UAV) and ground sensors (spectro-radiometers, cameras, LIDAR, etc.) to support EO analysis Offers analysis of image spatial properties Presents material on visual analysis, time series analysis, and data fusion Provides examples of EO data that cover different environmental problems, with particular relevance to global observation Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition details the tools that provide global, recurrent, and comprehensive views of the processes affecting the Earth and is a must-have for researchers, academics, students, and professionals involved in the field of environmental science.

    • Technology & Engineering

Multisensor Data Fusion and Machine Learning for Environmental Remote Sensing


Author: Ni-Bin Chang,Kaixu Bai
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351650637
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 528
View: 8563
Combining versatile data sets from multiple satellite sensors with advanced thematic information retrieval is a powerful way for studying complex earth systems. The book Multisensor Data Fusion and Machine Learning for Environmental Remote Sensing offers complete understanding of the basic scientific principles needed to perform image processing, gap filling, data merging, data fusion, machine learning, and feature extraction. Written by two experts in remote sensing, the book presents the required basic concepts, tools, algorithms, platforms, and technology hubs toward advanced integration. By merging and fusing data sets collected from different satellite sensors with common features, we are enabled to utilize the strength of each satellite sensor to the maximum extent. The inclusion of machine learning or data mining techniques to aid in feature extraction after gap filling, data merging and/or data fusion further empowers earth observation, leading to confirm the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Contemporary applications discussed in this book make all essential knowledge seamlessly integrated by an interdisciplinary manner. These case-based engineering practices uniquely illustrate how to improve such an emerging field of importance to cope with the most challenging real-world environmental monitoring issues.

    • Mathematics

Remote Sensing of Hydrometeorological Hazards


Author: George P. Petropoulos,Tanvir Islam
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351650971
Category: Mathematics
Page: 525
View: 4103
Extreme weather and climate change aggravate the frequency and magnitude of disasters. Facing atypical and more severe events, existing early warning and response systems become inadequate both in scale and scope. Earth Observation (EO) provides today information at global, regional and even basin scales related to agrometeorological hazards. This book will focus on drought, flood, frost, landslides, and storms/cyclones and will cover different applications of EO data used from prediction to mapping damages for each category. It will explain the added value of EO technology in comparison with conventional techniques applied today through many case studies.

    • Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing Applications for the Urban Environment


Author: George Z. Xian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420089854
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 220
View: 5017
Land use and land cover changes associated with increased urbanization have led to landscape and environmental changes throughout the world. Remote Sensing Applications for the Urban Environment places emphasis on the rapid development of worldwide urbanization and its impact on the environment, and reviews the assessment of urban land cover conditions using remote sensing data. The book examines current satellite observation capacities, the use of remote sensing data to characterize urban extent and urban land cover, and the applications of satellite-derived data for urban environment assessments. It also introduces cutting-edge assessment methods and remote sensing techniques for characterizing high-resolution imagery of urban areas in different ecological environments. Focuses on the latest progress in urban remote sensing and technologies used to monitor urban land use and land cover conditions Introduces several methods used to extract urban landscape features using high-resolution imagery Details the methods currently used for assessing urban vegetation, impervious surface, and urban land use and land cover conditions Describes how to use multi-temple satellite images to monitor urban growth around the world An up-to-date reference reflecting the state of the art in both remote sensing and the environmental assessment of urban areas, Remote Sensing Applications for the Urban Environment summarizes current satellite observing capacities and the growing demand for consistent and continuous local, regional, and global observation data by different government agencies throughout the world. This book serves academic faculties, students, researchers, and government decision makers.