• Language Arts & Disciplines

Scientific Discourse in Sociohistorical Context

The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 1675-1975
Author: Dwight Atkinson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135691762
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 240
View: 3922
Scientific Discourse in Sociohistorical Context represents the intersection of knowledge and method, examined from the perspective of three distinct disciplines: linguistics, rhetoric-composition, and history. Herein, Dwight Atkinson describes the written language and rhetoric of the Royal Society of London, based on his analysis of its affiliated journal, The Philosophical Transactions, starting with the 17th century advent of modern empirical science through to the present day. Atkinson adopts two independent approaches to the analysis of written discourse--from the fields of linguistics and rhetoric-composition--and then integrates and interprets his findings in light of the history of the Royal Society and British science. Atkinson's study provides the most complete and particular institutional account of a scientific journal, which in this case is a publication that stands as an icon of scientific publication. He supplies his readers with important material found nowhere else in the historical literature, including details about the operation of the journal and its relation to the society. The work embeds the history of the journal and its editors within the history of the Royal Society and other developments in science and society. The synthesis of historical, linguistic, rhetorical, and cultural analysis makes visible certain complex communicative dynamics that could not previously be seen from a single vantage point. The work presented here reinforces how deep historical examinations of linguistic and rhetorical practices have direct bearing on how and what scholars read and write now. Most significantly, this volume demonstrates how these historical activities need to inform current teaching of and thinking about language.

    • History

Rhetoric and the Early Royal Society

A Sourcebook
Author: Tina Skouen,Ryan Stark
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004283706
Category: History
Page: 290
View: 8287
This volume is a sourcebook for those interested in how the experimentalists of the seventeenth century profoundly shaped modern scholarly communication.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Rhetoric in American Anthropology

Gender, Genre, and Science
Author: Risa Applegarth
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 0822979470
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 280
View: 846
In the early twentieth century, the field of anthropology transformed itself from the “welcoming science,” uniquely open to women, people of color, and amateurs, into a professional science of culture. The new field grew in rigor and prestige but excluded practitioners and methods that no longer fit a narrow standard of scientific legitimacy. In Rhetoric in American Anthropology, Risa Applegarth traces the “rhetorical archeology” of this transformation in the writings of early women anthropologists. Applegarth examines the crucial role of ethnographic genres in determining scientific status and recovers the work of marginalized anthropologists who developed alternative forms of scientific writing. Applegarth analyzes scores of ethnographic monographs to demonstrate how early anthropologists intensified the constraints of genre to define their community and limit the aims and methods of their science. But in the 1920s and 1930s, professional researchers sidelined by the academy persisted in challenging the field’s boundaries, developing unique rhetorical practices and experimenting with alternative genres that in turn greatly expanded the epistemology of the field. Applegarth demonstrates how these writers’ folklore collections, ethnographic novels, and autobiographies of fieldwork experiences reopened debates over how scientific knowledge was made: through what human relationships, by what bodies, and for what ends. Linking early anthropologists’ ethnographic strategies to contemporary theories of rhetoric and composition, Rhetoric in American Anthropology provides a fascinating account of the emergence of a new discipline and reveals powerful intersections among gender, genre, and science.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Science in Translation


Author: Maeve Olohan,Myriam Salama-Carr
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317641108
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 286
View: 2456
Despite the crucial role played by translation in the history of scientific ideas and the transmission of knowledge, historians of science have seldom been interested in the translation activity which enabled the spread of those ideas and exerted influence on structures and systems of knowledge. Translation scholars, too, have traditionally shown little interest in theorizing scientific translation. Recent conceptualizations of science as public culture, institution, narrative and rhetorical practice open the way for research on the translation of science to take conceptual and methodological inspiration from studies of discourse, rhetoric, the sociology of science, the history of science, the philosophy of science and other related fields. This special issue of The Translator foregrounds the work of researchers, within or on the periphery of translation studies, who have begun to interrogate the representation of scientific knowledge through translation. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines and models, contributors engage with different perspectives and approaches to help promote the visibility of scientific translation and shed light on its complex relationship with power and the construction of knowledge. Contributors: Brecht Algoet, Karen Bennett, Lidia Camara, Eva Espasa, Lieve Jooken, Monika Krein-Kühle, Min-Hsiu Liao, Ruselle Meade, Guy Rooryck, Dolores Sánchez, Hala Sharkas, Mark Shuttleworth, Richard Somerset, Liselotte Vandenbussche , Sonia Vandepitte

    • Language and Languages

Language for Special Purposes

Perspectives for the New Millennium
Author: Felix Mayer
Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag
ISBN: 9783823358527
Category: Language and Languages
Page: 887
View: 4100

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Continuum Companion to Discourse Analysis


Author: Ken Hyland
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441106952
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 448
View: 3674
Originally published as The Continuum Companion to Discourse Analysis, this book is designed to be the essential one-volume resource for advanced students and academics. This companion offers a comprehensive and accessible reference resource to research in contemporary discourse studies. In 21 chapters written by leading figures in the field, the volume provides readers with an authoritative overview of key terms, methods and current research topics and directions. It offers both a survey of current research and gives more practical guidance for advanced study in the area. The volume covers all the most important issues, concepts, movements and approaches in the field and features a glossary of key terms in the area of discourse analysis. It is the complete resource for postgraduate students and researchers working within discourse studies, applied linguistics, TESOL and the social sciences.


    • Business & Economics

Essays in the Study of Scientific Discourse

Methods, Practice, and Pedagogy
Author: John T. Battalio
Publisher: Ablex Publishing Corporation
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 264
View: 8353
Continues the contemporary discussion about the origin, nature, and function of scientific discourse.


Apocalyptic Or Precautionary ?

Revisioning Texts in Environmental Literature
Author: Amy Marie Patrick
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 408
View: 645

    • American literature

Forthcoming Books


Author: Rose Arny
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 6104

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

An African Athens

Rhetoric and the Shaping of Democracy in South Africa
Author: Philippe-Joseph Salazar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135666849
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 248
View: 3136
An African Athens offers an analysis of a new ecology of rhetoric--the reshaping of a nation into a democracy through rhetorical means. Author Philippe-Joseph Salazar provides a general view of issues as they have taken shape in the apartheid and post-apartheid South African experience, presenting the country as a remarkable stage for playing out the great themes of public deliberation and the rise of postmodern rhetorical democracy. Salazar's intimate vantage point focuses on the striking case of a democracy won at the negotiating table and also won every day in public deliberation. This volume presents a full-scale rhetorical analysis of a democratic transformation in post-Cold War era, and provides a study of the demise of apartheid and post-apartheid from the standpoint of political and public rhetoric and communication. In doing so, it serves as a template for similar enquiries in the rhetorical study of emerging democracies. Intended for readers engaged in the study of political and public rhetoric with an interest in how democracy takes shape, An African Athens highlights South Africa as a test case for global democracy, for rhetoric, and for the relevance of rhetoric studies in a postmodern democracy.

    • Philosophy

Transmitting Culture


Author: Régis Debray
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231113458
Category: Philosophy
Page: 157
View: 3473
An examination of the difference between communication and transmission that stresses technologies and institutions long overlooked in the study of symbols and signs throughout the history of civilizations.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Worlds Apart

Acting and Writing in Academic and Workplace Contexts
Author: Patrick Dias,Aviva Freedman,Peter Medway,Anthony Par‚
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135691401
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 266
View: 890
Worlds Apart: Acting and Writing in Academic and Workplace Contexts offers a unique examination of writing as it is applied and used in academic and workplace settings. Based on a 7-year multi-site comparative study of writing in different university courses and matched workplaces, this volume presents new perspectives on how writing functions within the activities of various disciplines: law and public administration courses and government institutions; management courses and financial institutions; social-work courses and social-work agencies; and architecture courses and architecture practice. Using detailed ethnography, the authors make comparisons between the two types of settings through an understanding of how writing is operative within the particularities of these settings. Although the research was initially established to further understanding of the relationships between writing in academic and workplace settings, it has evolved to examining writing as it is embedded in both types of settings--where social relationships, available tools, and historical, cultural, temporal, and physical location are all implicated in complex ways in the decisions people make as writers. Readers of this volume will discover that the uniqueness of each setting makes salient different aspects of writers and writing, resulting in complex, and potentially unsettling implications for writing theory and the teaching of writing.

    • Criticism

Gelehrte Journale und Zeitungen der Aufklärung

zur Entstehung, Entwicklung und Erschließung deutschsprachiger Rezensionszeitschriften des 18. Jahrhunderts
Author: Thomas Habel
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Criticism
Page: 534
View: 319

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

African American Women's Rhetoric

The Search for Dignity, Personhood, and Honor
Author: Deborah F. Atwater
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739121764
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 175
View: 358
African American Women's Rhetoric is a comprehensive study of the ways in which African American women in politics, education, business, and other social contexts have tried to persuade their audiences to value what they say and who they are. Through detailed examinations of the rhetoric of a variety of women in important periods in American history, Deborah Atwater reveals that African American women today who engage in speech in the public sphere (such as Condoleezza Rice, Barbara Jordan, and others) stem from an important lineage of active, outspoken women.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Grammatical Complexity in Academic English

Linguistic Change in Writing
Author: Douglas Biber,Bethany Gray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110700926X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 292
View: 3944
Using corpus-based analyses, the book challenges widely held beliefs about grammatical complexity, academic writing, and linguistic change in written English.

    • Language Arts & Disciplines

Alternative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition


Author: Dwight Atkinson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136825797
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 208
View: 1427
This volume presents six alternative approaches to studying second language acquisition – 'alternative' in the sense that they contrast with and/or complement the cognitivism pervading the field. All six approaches – sociocultural, complexity theory, conversation-analytic, identity, language socialization, and sociocognitive – are described according to the same set of six headings, allowing for direct comparison across approaches. Each chapter is authored by leading advocates for the approach described: James Lantolf for the sociocultural approach; Diane Larsen-Freeman for the complexity theory approach; Gabriele Kasper and Johannes Wagner for the conversation-analytic approach; Bonny Norton and Carolyn McKinney for the identity approach; Patricia Duff and Steven Talmy for the language socialization approach and Dwight Atkinson for the sociocognitive approach. Introductory and commentary chapters round out this volume. The editor’s introduction describes the significance of alternative approaches to SLA studies given its strongly cognitivist orientation. Lourdes Ortega’s commentary considers the six approaches from an 'enlightened traditional' perspective on SLA studies – a viewpoint which is cognitivist in orientation but broad enough to give serious and balanced consideration to alternative approaches. This volume is essential reading in the field of second language acquisition.

    • Business & Economics

How to Argue

Powerfully, Persuasively, Positively
Author: Jonathan Herring
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0132980975
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 3533
The ability to persuade, influence and convince is a vital skill for success in work and life. However, most of us have little idea how to argue well. Indeed, arguing is still seen by many as something to be avoided at all costs, and mostly it's done poorly, or not at all. Yet it's possibly the most powerful and yet most neglected asset you could have. Discover the art of arguing powerfully, persuasively and positively and you'll have a head start every time you want to: Get your point across effectively Persuade other people to your way of thinking Keep your cool in a heated situation Win people over Get what you want Tackle a difficult person or topic Be convincing and articulate Have great confidence when you speak In How to Argue, leading lawyer Jonathan Herring reveals the secrets and subtleties of making your case and winning hearts and minds. At home or at work, you'll be well equipped to make everything you say have the desired effect, every time.