• Science

Seawater: Its Composition, Properties and Behaviour

Prepared by an Open University Course Team
Author: John M. Wright,Angela Colling
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148325707X
Category: Science
Page: 172
View: 9787
Seawater: Its Composition, Properties and Behaviour provides a comprehensive introduction to marine science. This book is divided into seven chapters. Chapter 1 summarizes the special properties of water and the role of the oceans in the hydrological cycle. The distribution of temperature and salinity in the oceans and their combined influence on density, stability, and vertical water movements are discussed in Chapters 2 to 4. The fifth chapter describes the behavior of light and sound in seawater and provides examples of the application of acoustics to oceanography. Chapter 6 examines the composition and behavior of the dissolved constituents of seawater, covering minor and trace constituents and major ions, as well as dissolved gases and biologically important nutrients. Residence times, speciation, and carbonate equilibria are also deliberated. The last chapter provides a short review of ideas about the history of seawater, involvement of the oceans in global cycles, and their relationship to climatic change. This publication is beneficial to oceanographers and marine biologists, including students that are interested in marine science.

    • Science

Seawater

its composition, properties, and behaviour
Author: John Wright,Open University. Oceanography Course Team
Publisher: Pergamon
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 168
View: 2729

Seawater

its composition, properties and behaviour
Author: Gerry Bearman
Publisher: ICON Group International
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 165
View: 5619

    • Education

Seawater, Second Edition, Its Composition, Properties and Behaviour

Earth sciences, Oceanography
Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467245186
Category: Education
Page: 32
View: 2114
Facts101 is your complete guide to Seawater, Second Edition, Its Composition, Properties and Behaviour. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

    • Science

Ocean Circulation

Prepared by an Open University Course Team
Author: Joan Brown
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 148329269X
Category: Science
Page: 242
View: 7108
The first two chapters outline the causes of circulation patterns in the atmosphere and oceans, emphasizing the interactions between them. Chapter 3 deals with the surface circulation (including mesoscale eddies), using a minimum of mathematics. Chapter 4 reviews the history of ideas about ocean circulation (with special reference to the North Atlantic gyre), and Chapter 5 describes the major current systems at high and low latitudes. The final Chapter returns to the theme of ocean-atmosphere interaction, especially the global transport of heat and freshwater, and the formation of sub-surface water masses. Fully illustrated in four coloursFully illustrated in four colours

    • Science

Waves, Tides, and Shallow-water Processes


Author: John Wright,Angela Colling,Dave Park,Open University. Oceanography Course Team
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780750642811
Category: Science
Page: 227
View: 4094
Completely revised and updated for its second edition, this volume belongs to the Open University series on oceanography. It is designed so that it can be read on its own or studied as part of the Open University third-level course, S330 Oceanography. The book begins by describing the characteristics of waves and tides, and their behaviour in shallow water. After outlining the sources of sediment supply to the oceans, some theoretical aspects of sediment movement and deposition by currents are considered. After looking at wave action in the littoral zone, the interplay of tidal currents, river flow and wave action in estuaries and deltas are explored. The final chapter provides an overview of shelf processes. This is a vital book for all oceanography undergraduate students worldwide. Easy to use question and answer format Full colour illustrations throughout 35-40% revised and extended from 1st edition

    • Science

Biological Oceanography: An Introduction


Author: Carol Lalli,Timothy R. Parsons
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008052799X
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 5975
This popular undergraduate textbook offers students a firm grounding in the fundamentals of biological oceanography. As well as a clear and accessible text, learning is enhanced with numerous illustrations including a colour section, thorough chapter summaries, and questions with answers and comments at the back of the book. The comprehensive coverage of this book encompasses the properties of seawater which affect life in the ocean, classification of marine environments and organisms, phytoplankton and zooplankton, marine food webs, larger marine animals (marine mammals, seabirds and fish), life on the seafloor, and the way in which humans affect marine ecosystems. The second edition has been thoroughly updated, including much data available for the first time in a book at this level. There is also a new chapter on human impacts - from harvesting vast amounts of fish, pollution, and deliberately or accidentally transferring marine organisms to new environments. This book complements the Open University Oceanography Series, also published by Butterworth-Heinemann, and is a set text for the Open University third level course, S330. A leading undergraduate text New chapter on human impacts - a highly topical subject Expanded colour plate section

    • Science

Laboratory Exercises in Oceanography


Author: Bernard W. Pipkin,Donn S. Gorsline,Richard E. Casey
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780716737421
Category: Science
Page: 270
View: 3755
This is the current edition of the lab manual used by tens of thousands of students over the past two decades. As always, the manual includes exercises for the major disciplines within oceanography (biology, chemistry, geology, and physics) and incorporates real data from actual experiments. The new edition adds four new labs, thorough updating throughout, new objectives sections, and an 8-page color insert.

    • Science

Light Absorption in Sea Water


Author: Bogdian Wozniak,Jerzy Dera
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387495606
Category: Science
Page: 452
View: 1228
This book provides a detailed description of light absorption and absorbents in seawaters with respect to provenance, region of the sea, depth of the occurrence and trophicity. The text is based on a substantial body of contemporary research results taken from the subject literature (over 400 references) and the work of the authors over a period of 30 years.

    • Science

Ocean Acidification


Author: Jean-Pierre Gattuso,Lina Hansson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199591091
Category: Science
Page: 326
View: 6443
The ocean helps moderate climate change thanks to its considerable capacity to store CO2, however the consequences of this process, known as "ocean acidification", are raising concerns for the biological, ecological, and biogeochemical health of the world's oceans, as well as the potential societal implications.

    • Science

Descriptive Physical Oceanography

An Introduction
Author: George L. Pickard,W. J. Emery
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483287262
Category: Science
Page: 343
View: 4198
The rapidly developing field of oceanography has necessitated the publication of a fifth edition of this classic textbook. The revised version provides an introduction to descriptive (synoptic) oceanography and contains updated information on topics such as the heat budget, instruments and in particular, the use of satellites. The sections on equatorial oceanography, sea-ice physics, distribution and El Nino have been completely rewritten. The book is further supplemented by text on thermohaline circulation, mixing and also coral reef oceanography.

    • Science

Oceanography: An Invitation to Marine Science


Author: Tom S. Garrison
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305480570
Category: Science
Page: 640
View: 8772
Developed in partnership with the National Geographic Society, market-leading OCEANOGRAPHY: AN INVITATION TO MARINE SCIENCE, 9e equips students with a basic understanding of the scientific questions, complexities, and uncertainties involved in ocean use-as well as the role and importance of the ocean in nurturing and sustaining life on Earth. The Ninth Edition features the work of seasoned author and educator Tom Garrison along with new co-author Robert Ellis, an assistant professor in the Marine Science Department at Orange Coast College who has managed research projects and educational programs throughout the world. Offering an even stronger emphasis on the science process, the new edition includes more How Do We Know? boxes detailing the science behind how oceanographers know what they know. Coverage of climate change has been updated to reflect the latest findings. In addition, Chapter 14 has been renamed Primary Producers and now includes expanded coverage of photosynthetic and chemosynthetic producers to help students understand the big picture in marine biology. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

    • Science

Light Scattering by Particles in Water

Theoretical and Experimental Foundations
Author: Miroslaw Jonasz,Georges Fournier
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080548678
Category: Science
Page: 714
View: 6220
Light scattering-based methods are used to characterize small particles suspended in water in a wide range of disciplines ranging from oceanography, through medicine, to industry. The scope and accuracy of these methods steadily increases with the progress in light scattering research. This book focuses on the theoretical and experimental foundations of the study and modeling of light scattering by particles in water and critically evaluates the key constraints of light scattering models. It begins with a brief review of the relevant theoretical fundamentals of the interaction of light with condensed matter, followed by an extended discussion of the basic optical properties of pure water and seawater and the physical principles that explain them. The book continues with a discussion of key optical features of the pure water/seawater and the most common components of natural waters. In order to clarify and put in focus some of the basic physical principles and most important features of the experimental data on light scattering by particles in water, the authors employ simple models. The book concludes with extensive critical reviews of the experimental constraints of light scattering models: results of measurements of light scattering and of the key properties of the particles: size distribution, refractive index (composition), structure, and shape. These reviews guide the reader through literature scattered among more than 210 scientific journals and periodicals which represent a wide range of disciplines. A special emphasis is put on the methods of measuring both light scattering and the relevant properties of the particles, because principles of these methods may affect interpretation and applicability of the results. The book includes extensive guides to literature on light scattering data and instrumentation design, as well as on the data for size distributions, refractive indices, and shapes typical of particles in natural waters. It also features a comprehensive index, numerous cross-references, and a reference list with over 1370 entries. An errata sheet for this work can be found at: http://www.tpdsci.com/Ref/Jonasz_M_2007_LightScatE.php *Extensive reference section provides handy compilations of knowledge on the designs of light scattering meters, sources of experimental data, and more *Worked exercises and examples throughout

    • Science

Chemical Oceanography, Fourth Edition


Author: Frank J. Millero
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466512490
Category: Science
Page: 591
View: 2272
Over the past ten years, a number of new large-scale oceanographic programs have been initiated. These include the Climate Variability Program (CLIVAR) and the recent initiation of the Geochemical Trace Metal Program (GEOTRACES). These studies and future projects will produce a wealth of information on the biogeochemistry of the world’s oceans. Authored by Frank J. Millero, an acknowledged international authority in the field, the fourth edition of Chemical Oceanography maintains the stellar insight that has made it a favorite of students, instructors, researchers, and other professionals in marine science, geochemistry, and environmental chemistry. Reflecting the latest updates on issues affecting the health of our environment, this text: Supplies an in-depth treatment of ocean acidification, a key emerging environmental problem Provides updated coverage on the carbonate system in the ocean Presents expanded information on oceanic organic compounds Contains updates on dissolved organic carbon, phosphate, nitrogen, and metals in the ocean Offers a new definition of salinity and a new equation of the state of seawater based on recent, original research Describes the new thermodynamic equation of the state of seawater Includes full-color graphs and photographs to assist readers in visualizing the concepts presented For more than two decades, this book has served as the "classic" textbook for students and a valuable reference for researchers in the fields of oceanography, environmental chemistry, and geochemistry. Designed for both classroom use and self-study, this comprehensive survey of essential concepts incorporates a wealth of state-of-the-art reference data discovered on large-scale oceanographic studies sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.

    • Science

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography


Author: Richard E. Thomson,William J. Emery
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123877830
Category: Science
Page: 728
View: 3875
Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography, Third Edition is a practical reference to established and modern data analysis techniques in earth and ocean sciences. Its five major sections address data acquisition and recording, data processing and presentation, statistical methods and error handling, analysis of spatial data fields, and time series analysis methods. The revised Third Edition updates the instrumentation used to collect and analyze physical oceanic data and adds new techniques including Kalman Filtering. Additionally, the sections covering spectral, wavelet, and harmonic analysis techniques are completely revised since these techniques have attracted significant attention over the past decade as more accurate and efficient data gathering and analysis methods. Completely updated and revised to reflect new filtering techniques and major updating of the instrumentation used to collect and analyze data Co-authored by scientists from academe and industry, both of whom have more than 30 years of experience in oceanographic research and field work Significant revision of sections covering spectral, wavelet, and harmonic analysis techniques Examples address typical data analysis problems yet provide the reader with formulaic “recipes for working with their own data Significant expansion to 350 figures, illustrations, diagrams and photos

    • Science

Chemistry of Marine Water and Sediments


Author: Antonio Gianguzza,Ezio Pelizzetti,Silvio Sammartano
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 366204935X
Category: Science
Page: 508
View: 4522
The most important processes on the Earth`s surface occur in the Ocean where materials and energy are primarily exchanged. In the case of marine chemistry different fields of chemistry from organic to inorganic as well as thermodynamics and biochemistry are involved. Analytical Chemistry is a very important tool for the quantification of biogeochemical processes by providing correct and even more sophisticated methodologies. These are often directly applied 'in situ', in order to detect trace and ultra-trace natural and anthropogenic substances. Kinetic and thermodynamic studies allow us to establish whether the process occurs. Once discovered it is then possible to build up general models for environmental systems. This book gathers many aspects with the aim of creating a general picture of the chemical processes occurring in the marine environment

    • Science

Solar Energy Desalination Technology


Author: Hongfei Zheng
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128094222
Category: Science
Page: 784
View: 7950
Solar Energy Desalination Technology explains how to obtain clean water from sea water using solar energy. Special methods and types used in solar desalination are introduced, providing new thoughts, concepts, and feasible solutions in the desalination field, along with the thermal and economic efficiency relating to current technology. Many places in the world are suffering from fresh water shortage. However, those places are often rich with solar resources, sea water, and/or brackish water resources that could dramatically benefit from solar energy as a viable solution for the production of fresh water. Explains the principles of solar thermal energy usage to produce clean water from sea water Introduces and explains new kinds of solar desalination systems, including their technical level and working principle Provides fundamental knowledge on water treatment and solar collection

    • Science

Marine Geography

GIS for the Oceans and Seas
Author: Joe Breman
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 9781589480452
Category: Science
Page: 204
View: 3942
Explains how those studying the world's oceans and seas use geographic information systems to investigate the health of the environment and the potential threats to marine life.

    • Science

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter


Author: Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124071538
Category: Science
Page: 712
View: 463
Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic. Features up-to-date knowledge of DOM, including five new chapters The only published work to synthesize recent research on dissolved organic carbon in the Mediterranean Sea Includes chapters that address inputs from freshwater terrestrial DOM