• Mathematics

Semiclassical Analysis


Author: Maciej Zworski
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821883208
Category: Mathematics
Page: 431
View: 9253
This book is an excellent, comprehensive introduction to semiclassical analysis. I believe it will become a standard reference for the subject. --Alejandro Uribe, University of Michigan Semiclassical analysis provides PDE techniques based on the classical-quantum (particle-wave) correspondence. These techniques include such well-known tools as geometric optics and the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin approximation. Examples of problems studied in this subject are high energy eigenvalue asymptotics and effective dynamics for solutions of evolution equations. From the mathematical point of view, semiclassical analysis is a branch of microlocal analysis which, broadly speaking, applies harmonic analysis and symplectic geometry to the study of linear and nonlinear PDE. The book is intended to be a graduate level text introducing readers to semiclassical and microlocal methods in PDE. It is augmented in later chapters with many specialized advanced topics which provide a link to current research literature.

    • Mathematics

An Introduction to Semiclassical and Microlocal Analysis


Author: André Bach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475744951
Category: Mathematics
Page: 191
View: 5833
This book presents the techniques used in the microlocal treatment of semiclassical problems coming from quantum physics in a pedagogical, way and is mainly addressed to non-specialists in the subject. It is based on lectures taught by the author over several years, and includes many exercises providing outlines of useful applications of the semi-classical theory.

    • Mathematics

Analysis


Author: Elliott H. Lieb,Michael Loss
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821827839
Category: Mathematics
Page: 346
View: 4199
This is an excellent textbook on analysis and it has several unique features: Proofs of heat kernel estimates, the Nash inequality and the logarithmic Sobolev inequality are topics that are seldom treated on the level of a textbook. Best constants in several inequalities, such as Young's inequality and the logarithmic Sobolev inequality, are also included. A thorough treatment of rearrangement inequalities and competing symmetries appears in book form for the first time. There is an extensive treatment of potential theory and its applications to quantum mechanics, which, again, is unique at this level. Uniform convexity of $L^p$ space is treated very carefully. The presentation of this important subject is highly unusual for a textbook. All the proofs provide deep insights into the theorems. This book sets a new standard for a graduate textbook in analysis. --Shing-Tung Yau, Harvard University For some number of years, Rudin's ``Real and Complex'', and a few other analysis books, served as the canonical choice for the book to use, and to teach from, in a first year grad analysis course. Lieb-Loss offers a refreshing alternative: It begins with a down-to-earth intro to measure theory, $L^p$ and all that ... It aims at a wide range of essential applications, such as the Fourier transform, and series, inequalities, distributions, and Sobolev spaces--PDE, potential theory, calculus of variations, and math physics (Schrodinger's equation, the hydrogen atom, Thomas-Fermi theory ... to mention a few). The book should work equally well in a one-, or in a two-semester course. The first half of the book covers the basics, and the rest will be great for students to have, regardless of whether or not it gets to be included in a course. --Palle E. T. Jorgensen, University of Iowa

    • Large deviations

A Course on Large Deviations with an Introduction to Gibbs Measures


Author: Firas Rassoul-Agha,Timo Seppäläinen
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821875787
Category: Large deviations
Page: 318
View: 4577
This is an introductory course on the methods of computing asymptotics of probabilities of rare events: the theory of large deviations. The book combines large deviation theory with basic statistical mechanics, namely Gibbs measures with their variational characterization and the phase transition of the Ising model, in a text intended for a one semester or quarter course. The book begins with a straightforward approach to the key ideas and results of large deviation theory in the context of independent identically distributed random variables. This includes Cramér's theorem, relative entropy, Sanov's theorem, process level large deviations, convex duality, and change of measure arguments. Dependence is introduced through the interactions potentials of equilibrium statistical mechanics. The phase transition of the Ising model is proved in two different ways: first in the classical way with the Peierls argument, Dobrushin's uniqueness condition, and correlation inequalities and then a second time through the percolation approach. Beyond the large deviations of independent variables and Gibbs measures, later parts of the book treat large deviations of Markov chains, the Gärtner-Ellis theorem, and a large deviation theorem of Baxter and Jain that is then applied to a nonstationary process and a random walk in a dynamical random environment. The book has been used with students from mathematics, statistics, engineering, and the sciences and has been written for a broad audience with advanced technical training. Appendixes review basic material from analysis and probability theory and also prove some of the technical results used in the text.

    • Mathematics

Microlocal Analysis for Differential Operators

An Introduction
Author: Alain Grigis,Johannes Sjöstrand
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521449861
Category: Mathematics
Page: 151
View: 7341
This book corresponds to a graduate course given many times by the authors, and should prove to be useful to mathematicians and theoretical physicists.

    • Mathematics

Spectral Asymptotics in the Semi-Classical Limit


Author: M. Dimassi,J. Sjostrand
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521665445
Category: Mathematics
Page: 227
View: 1608
This book presents the basic methods and applications in semiclassical approximation in the light of developments.

    • Functional analysis -- Miscellaneous applications of functional analysis -- Applications in quantum physics

Random Operators


Author: Michael Aizenman,Simone Warzel
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470419130
Category: Functional analysis -- Miscellaneous applications of functional analysis -- Applications in quantum physics
Page: 326
View: 9923
This book provides an introduction to the mathematical theory of disorder effects on quantum spectra and dynamics. Topics covered range from the basic theory of spectra and dynamics of self-adjoint operators through Anderson localization--presented here via the fractional moment method, up to recent results on resonant delocalization. The subject's multifaceted presentation is organized into seventeen chapters, each focused on either a specific mathematical topic or on a demonstration of the theory's relevance to physics, e.g., its implications for the quantum Hall effect. The mathematical chapters include general relations of quantum spectra and dynamics, ergodicity and its implications, methods for establishing spectral and dynamical localization regimes, applications and properties of the Green function, its relation to the eigenfunction correlator, fractional moments of Herglotz-Pick functions, the phase diagram for tree graph operators, resonant delocalization, the spectral statistics conjecture, and related results. The text incorporates notes from courses that were presented at the authors' respective institutions and attended by graduate students and postdoctoral researchers.

    • Mathematics

Fourier Integral Operators


Author: J.J. Duistermaat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817681081
Category: Mathematics
Page: 142
View: 7733
This volume is a useful introduction to the subject of Fourier Integral Operators and is based on the author’s classic set of notes. Covering a range of topics from Hörmander’s exposition of the theory, Duistermaat approaches the subject from symplectic geometry and includes application to hyperbolic equations (= equations of wave type) and oscillatory asymptotic solutions which may have caustics. This text is suitable for mathematicians and (theoretical) physicists with an interest in (linear) partial differential equations, especially in wave propagation, rep. WKB-methods.

    • Mathematics

Lectures on Nonlinear Hyperbolic Differential Equations


Author: Lars Hörmander
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540629214
Category: Mathematics
Page: 289
View: 7614
In this introductory textbook, a revised and extended version of well-known lectures by L. Hörmander from 1986, four chapters are devoted to weak solutions of systems of conservation laws. Apart from that the book only studies classical solutions. Two chapters concern the existence of global solutions or estimates of the lifespan for solutions of nonlinear perturbations of the wave or Klein-Gordon equation with small initial data. Four chapters are devoted to microanalysis of the singularities of the solutions. This part assumes some familiarity with pseudodifferential operators which are standard in the theory of linear differential operators, but the extension to the more exotic classes of opertors needed in the nonlinear theory is presented in complete detail.

    • Mathematics

Geometric Asymptotics


Author: Victor Guillemin,Shlomo Sternberg
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821816330
Category: Mathematics
Page: 480
View: 556
Symplectic geometry and the theory of Fourier integral operators are modern manifestations of themes that have occupied a central position in mathematical thought for the past three hundred years - the relations between the wave and the corpuscular theories of light. The purpose of this book is to develop these themes, and present some of the recent advances, using the language of differential geometry as a unifying influence.

    • Mathematics

Geometric Methods in Physics

XXXII Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 30-July 6, 2013
Author: Piotr Kielanowski,Pierre Bieliavsky,Alexander Odesskii,Anatol Odzijewicz,Martin Schlichenmaier,Theodore Voronov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319062484
Category: Mathematics
Page: 290
View: 8679
The Białowieża Workshops on Geometric Methods in Physics, which are hosted in the unique setting of the Białowieża natural forest in Poland, are among the most important meetings in the field. Every year some 80 to 100 participants from both the mathematics and physics world join to discuss new developments and to exchange ideas. The current volume was produced on the occasion of the 32nd meeting in 2013. It is now becoming a tradition that the Workshop is followed by a School on Geometry and Physics, which consists of advanced lectures for graduate students and young researchers. Selected speakers at the 2013 Workshop were asked to contribute to this book, and their work was supplemented by additional review articles. The selection shows that, despite its now long tradition, the workshop remains at the cutting edge of research. The 2013 Workshop also celebrated the 75th birthday of Daniel Sternheimer, and on this occasion the discussion mainly focused on his contributions to mathematical physics such as deformation quantization, Poisson geometry, symplectic geometry and non-commutative differential geometry.

    • Mathematics

Classical and Multilinear Harmonic Analysis


Author: Camil Muscalu,Wilhelm Schlag
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521882451
Category: Mathematics
Page: 387
View: 9772
"This two-volume text in harmonic analysis introduces a wealth of analytical results and techniques. It is largely self-contained, and will be useful to graduate students and researchers in both pure and applied analysis. Numerous exercises and problems make the text suitable for self-study and the classroom alike. This first volume starts with classical one-dimensional topics: Fourier series; harmonic functions; Hilbert transform. Then the higher-dimensional Calderâon-Zygmund and Littlewood-Paley theories are developed. Probabilistic methods and their applications are discussed, as are applications of harmonic analysis to partial differential equations. The volume concludes with an introduction to the Weyl calculus. The second volume goes beyond the classical to the highly contemporary, and focuses on multilinear aspects of harmonic analysis: the bilinear Hilbert transform; Coifman-Meyer theory; Carleson's resolution of the Lusin conjecture; Calderâon's commutators and the Cauchy integral on Lipschitz curves. The material in this volume has not previously appeared together in book form"--


    • Mathematics

The Princeton Companion to Applied Mathematics


Author: Nicholas J. Higham
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400874475
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1016
View: 9682
This is the most authoritative and accessible single-volume reference book on applied mathematics. Featuring numerous entries by leading experts and organized thematically, it introduces readers to applied mathematics and its uses; explains key concepts; describes important equations, laws, and functions; looks at exciting areas of research; covers modeling and simulation; explores areas of application; and more. Modeled on the popular Princeton Companion to Mathematics, this volume is an indispensable resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in other disciplines seeking a user-friendly reference book on applied mathematics. Features nearly 200 entries organized thematically and written by an international team of distinguished contributors Presents the major ideas and branches of applied mathematics in a clear and accessible way Explains important mathematical concepts, methods, equations, and applications Introduces the language of applied mathematics and the goals of applied mathematical research Gives a wide range of examples of mathematical modeling Covers continuum mechanics, dynamical systems, numerical analysis, discrete and combinatorial mathematics, mathematical physics, and much more Explores the connections between applied mathematics and other disciplines Includes suggestions for further reading, cross-references, and a comprehensive index

    • Science

Semi-Classical Analysis for the Schrödinger Operator and Applications


Author: Bernard Helffer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540459138
Category: Science
Page: 110
View: 1930
This introduction to semi-classical analysis is an extension of a course given by the author at the University of Nankai. It presents for some of the standard cases presented in quantum mechanics books a rigorous study of the tunneling effect, as an introduction to recent research work. The book may be read by a graduate student familiar with the classic book of Reed-Simon, and for some chapters basic notions in differential geometry. The mathematician will find here a nice application of PDE techniques and the physicist will discover the precise link between approximate solutions (B.K.W. constructions) and exact eigenfunctions (in every dimension). An application to Witten's approach for the proof of the Morse inequalities is given, as are recent results for the Schrödinger operator with periodic potentials.

    • Mathematics

Dynamical Zeta Functions and Dynamical Determinants for Hyperbolic Maps

A Functional Approach
Author: Viviane Baladi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319776614
Category: Mathematics
Page: 291
View: 9051
The spectra of transfer operators associated to dynamical systems, when acting on suitable Banach spaces, contain key information about the ergodic properties of the systems. Focusing on expanding and hyperbolic maps, this book gives a self-contained account on the relation between zeroes of dynamical determinants, poles of dynamical zeta functions, and the discrete spectra of the transfer operators. In the hyperbolic case, the first key step consists in constructing a suitable Banach space of anisotropic distributions. The first part of the book is devoted to the easier case of expanding endomorphisms, showing how the (isotropic) function spaces relevant there can be studied via Paley–Littlewood decompositions, and allowing easier access to the construction of the anisotropic spaces which is performed in the second part. This is the first book describing the use of anisotropic spaces in dynamics. Aimed at researchers and graduate students, it presents results and techniques developed since the beginning of the twenty-first century.

    • Mathematics

A Course in Convexity


Author: Alexander Barvinok
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821829688
Category: Mathematics
Page: 366
View: 345
Convexity is a simple idea that manifests itself in a surprising variety of places. This fertile field has an immensely rich structure and numerous applications. Barvinok demonstrates that simplicity, intuitive appeal, and the universality of applications make teaching (and learning) convexity a gratifying experience. The book will benefit both teacher and student: It is easy to understand, entertaining to the reader, and includes many exercises that vary in degree of difficulty. Overall, the author demonstrates the power of a few simple unifying principles in a variety of pure and applied problems. The prerequisites are minimal amounts of linear algebra, analysis, and elementary topology, plus basic computational skills. Portions of the book could be used by advanced undergraduates. As a whole, it is designed for graduate students interested in mathematical methods, computer science, electrical engineering, and operations research. The book will also be of interest to research mathematicians, who will find some results that are recent, some that are new, and many known results that are discussed from a new perspective.

    • Mathematics

Nonlinear Physical Systems

Spectral Analysis, Stability and Bifurcations
Author: Oleg N. Kirillov,Dmitry E. Pelinovsky
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111857754X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 448
View: 7910
Bringing together 18 chapters written by leading experts in dynamical systems, operator theory, partial differential equations, and solid and fluid mechanics, this book presents state-of-the-art approaches to a wide spectrum of new and challenging stability problems. Nonlinear Physical Systems: Spectral Analysis, Stability and Bifurcations focuses on problems of spectral analysis, stability and bifurcations arising in the nonlinear partial differential equations of modern physics. Bifurcations and stability of solitary waves, geometrical optics stability analysis in hydro- and magnetohydrodynamics, and dissipation-induced instabilities are treated with the use of the theory of Krein and Pontryagin space, index theory, the theory of multi-parameter eigenvalue problems and modern asymptotic and perturbative approaches. Each chapter contains mechanical and physical examples, and the combination of advanced material and more tutorial elements makes this book attractive for both experts and non-specialists keen to expand their knowledge on modern methods and trends in stability theory. Contents 1. Surprising Instabilities of Simple Elastic Structures, Davide Bigoni, Diego Misseroni, Giovanni Noselli and Daniele Zaccaria. 2. WKB Solutions Near an Unstable Equilibrium and Applications, Jean-François Bony, Setsuro Fujiié, Thierry Ramond and Maher Zerzeri, partially supported by French ANR project NOSEVOL. 3. The Sign Exchange Bifurcation in a Family of Linear Hamiltonian Systems, Richard Cushman, Johnathan Robbins and Dimitrii Sadovskii. 4. Dissipation Effect on Local and Global Fluid-Elastic Instabilities, Olivier Doaré. 5. Tunneling, Librations and Normal Forms in a Quantum Double Well with a Magnetic Field, Sergey Yu. Dobrokhotov and Anatoly Yu. Anikin. 6. Stability of Dipole Gap Solitons in Two-Dimensional Lattice Potentials, Nir Dror and Boris A. Malomed. 7. Representation of Wave Energy of a Rotating Flow in Terms of the Dispersion Relation, Yasuhide Fukumoto, Makoto Hirota and Youichi Mie. 8. Determining the Stability Domain of Perturbed Four-Dimensional Systems in 1:1 Resonance, Igor Hoveijn and Oleg N. Kirillov. 9. Index Theorems for Polynomial Pencils, Richard Kollár and Radomír Bosák. 10. Investigating Stability and Finding New Solutions in Conservative Fluid Flows Through Bifurcation Approaches, Paolo Luzzatto-Fegiz and Charles H.K. Williamson. 11. Evolution Equations for Finite Amplitude Waves in Parallel Shear Flows, Sherwin A. Maslowe. 12. Continuum Hamiltonian Hopf Bifurcation I, Philip J. Morrison and George I. Hagstrom. 13. Continuum Hamiltonian Hopf Bifurcation II, George I. Hagstrom and Philip J. Morrison. 14. Energy Stability Analysis for a Hybrid Fluid-Kinetic Plasma Model, Philip J. Morrison, Emanuele Tassi and Cesare Tronci. 15. Accurate Estimates for the Exponential Decay of Semigroups with Non-Self-Adjoint Generators, Francis Nier. 16. Stability Optimization for Polynomials and Matrices, Michael L. Overton. 17. Spectral Stability of Nonlinear Waves in KdV-Type Evolution Equations, Dmitry E. Pelinovsky. 18. Unfreezing Casimir Invariants: Singular Perturbations Giving Rise to Forbidden Instabilities, Zensho Yoshida and Philip J. Morrison. About the Authors Oleg N. Kirillov has been a Research Fellow at the Magneto-Hydrodynamics Division of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf in Germany since 2011. His research interests include non-conservative stability problems of structural mechanics and physics, perturbation theory of non-self-adjoint boundary eigenvalue problems, magnetohydrodynamics, friction-induced oscillations, dissipation-induced instabilities and non-Hermitian problems of optics and microwave physics. Since 2013 he has served as an Associate Editor for the journal Frontiers in Mathematical Physics. Dmitry E. Pelinovsky has been Professor at McMaster University in Canada since 2000. His research profile includes work with nonlinear partial differential equations, discrete dynamical systems, spectral theory, integrable systems, and numerical analysis. He served as the guest editor of the special issue of the journals Chaos in 2005 and Applicable Analysis in 2010. He is an Associate Editor of the journal Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulations. This book is devoted to the problems of spectral analysis, stability and bifurcations arising from the nonlinear partial differential equations of modern physics. Leading experts in dynamical systems, operator theory, partial differential equations, and solid and fluid mechanics present state-of-the-art approaches to a wide spectrum of new challenging stability problems. Bifurcations and stability of solitary waves, geometrical optics stability analysis in hydro- and magnetohydrodynamics and dissipation-induced instabilities will be treated with the use of the theory of Krein and Pontryagin space, index theory, the theory of multi-parameter eigenvalue problems and modern asymptotic and perturbative approaches. All chapters contain mechanical and physical examples and combine both tutorial and advanced sections, making them attractive both to experts in the field and non-specialists interested in knowing more about modern methods and trends in stability theory.

    • Mathematics

Applied Asymptotic Analysis


Author: Peter David Miller
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821840789
Category: Mathematics
Page: 467
View: 9622
"The book is intended for a beginning graduate course on asymptotic analysis in applied mathematics and is aimed at students of pure and applied mathematics as well as science and engineering. The basic prerequisite is a background in differential equations, linear algebra, advanced calculus, and complex variables at the level of introductory undergraduate courses on these subjects."--BOOK JACKET.

    • Mathematics

Classical and Multilinear Harmonic Analysis


Author: Camil Muscalu,Wilhelm Schlag
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521882451
Category: Mathematics
Page: 387
View: 2874
"This two-volume text in harmonic analysis introduces a wealth of analytical results and techniques. It is largely self-contained, and will be useful to graduate students and researchers in both pure and applied analysis. Numerous exercises and problems make the text suitable for self-study and the classroom alike. This first volume starts with classical one-dimensional topics: Fourier series; harmonic functions; Hilbert transform. Then the higher-dimensional Calderâon-Zygmund and Littlewood-Paley theories are developed. Probabilistic methods and their applications are discussed, as are applications of harmonic analysis to partial differential equations. The volume concludes with an introduction to the Weyl calculus. The second volume goes beyond the classical to the highly contemporary, and focuses on multilinear aspects of harmonic analysis: the bilinear Hilbert transform; Coifman-Meyer theory; Carleson's resolution of the Lusin conjecture; Calderâon's commutators and the Cauchy integral on Lipschitz curves. The material in this volume has not previously appeared together in book form"--