• Reference

Understanding Human Society


Author: Walter Goldschmidt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135034850
Category: Reference
Page: 256
View: 4387
Published in 1998, Understanding Human Society is a valuable contribution to the field of Social Science.

    • Social Science

Origins of Inequality in Human Societies


Author: Bernd Baldus
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317205960
Category: Social Science
Page: 258
View: 499
Since the beginning of social life human societies have faced the problem how to distribute the results of collaborative activities among the participants. The solutions they found ranged from egalitarian to unequal but caused more dissension and conflict than just about any other social structure in human history. Social inequality also dominated the agenda of the new field of sociology in the 19th century. The theories developed during that time still inform academic and public debates, and inequality continues to be the subject of much current controversy. Origins of Inequality begins with a critical assessment of classical explanations of inequality in the social sciences and the political and economic environment in which they arose. The book then offers a new theory of the evolution of distributive structures in human societies. It examines the interaction of chance, intent and unforeseen consequences in the emergence of social inequality, traces its irregular historical path in different societies, and analyses processes of social control which consolidated inequality even when it was costly or harmful for most participants. Because the evolution of distributive structures is an open process, the book also explores issues of distributive justice and options for greater equality in modern societies. Along with its focus on social inequality the book covers topics in cultural evolution, social and economic history and social theory. This book will appeal to scholars and advanced students of sociology, economics and anthropology – in particular sociological theory and social inequality.

    • Social Science

Human Societies

An Introduction to Macrosociology
Author: Patrick Nolan,Gerhard Lenski
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199382453
Category: Social Science
Page: 480
View: 1045
Taking a macrosociological, global approach, Human Societies offers an introduction to sociology that is truly comparative, cross-cultural, and historical. It compares societies over time and across environments, emphasizing the dynamics of social change. Its clearly developed ecological-evolutionary perspective provides a powerful theoretical framework for understanding the array of social arrangements found in human societies over the past 100,000 years. Since industrial societies are introduced only after this theoretical base has been firmly established and older, simpler, and smaller societies have been examined in detail, students see their own society (and other contemporary societies) in a broader and more meaningful way. By showing how social arrangements are related to the environmental and technological contexts that societies are situated in, Human Societies encourages students to look for the reasons why social arrangements are the way they are, and why they change over time.

    • History

Animals and Society

An Introduction to Human-animal Studies
Author: Margo DeMello
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231152957
Category: History
Page: 470
View: 8625
Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human--animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human--animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human--animal relations.

    • Social Science

Postmortal Society

Towards a Sociology of Immortality
Author: Michael Hviid Jacobsen
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317077237
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 709
Throughout history mankind has struggled to reconcile itself with the inescapability of its own mortality. This book explores the themes of immortality and survivalism in contemporary culture, shedding light on the varied and ingenious ways in which humans and human societies aspire to confront and deal with death, or even seek to outlive it, as it were. Bringing together theoretical and empirical work from internationally acclaimed scholars across a range of disciplines, Postmortal Society offers studies of the strategies adopted and means available in modern society for trying to ‘cheat’ death or prolong life, the status of the dead in the modern Western world, the effects of beliefs that address the terror of death in other areas of life, the ‘immortalisation’ of celebrities, the veneration of the dead in virtual worlds, symbolic immortality through work, the implications of understanding ‘immortality’ in chemical-neuronal terms, and the apparent paradox of our greater reverence for the dead in increasingly secular, capitalist societies. A fascinating collection of studies that explore humanity’s attempts to deal with its own mortality in the modern age, this book will appeal to sociologists, anthropologists, philosophers and scholars of cultural studies with interests in death and dying.

    • Political Science

War and Society


Author: Miguel A. Centeno,Elaine Enriquez
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509508228
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 8453
War is a paradox. On the one hand, it destroys bodies and destroys communities. On the other hand, it is responsible for some of the strongest human bonds and has been the genesis of many of our most fundamental institutions. War and Society addresses these paradoxes while providing a sociological exploration of this enigmatic phenomenon which has played a central role in human history, wielded an incredible power over human lives, and commanded intellectual questioning for countless generations. The authors offer an analytical account of the origins of war, its historical development, and its consequences for individuals and societies, adopting a comparative approach throughout. It ends with an appraisal of the contemporary role of war, looking to the future of warfare and the fundamental changes in the nature of violent conflict which we are starting to witness. This short, readable and engaging book will be an ideal reading for upper-level students of political sociology, military sociology, and related subjects.

    • Social Science

The Sociology Book


Author: DK
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1465445706
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 5281
The Sociology Book from DK is an introduction to the subject that tells you all about what society is and what makes it tick. With more than 100 ideas from the world's most renowned sociologists, covering topics as diverse as the effects of globalization; issues of equality, diversity, identity, and human rights; the role of institutions; and the rise of urban living in modern society, this book details all the key concepts of sociological thought. - Part of an award-winning series that uses an innovative graphic approach and creative use of typography to clarify hard-to-grasp concepts and explain big ideas - Explores sociological theories formulated by more than 100 famous sociologists, from Jane Addams to Sharon Zukin - Easy to navigate step-by-step summaries explain each idea in a nutshell - Biographies of key sociologists and social activists give a historical context to each idea - A directory of social thinkers includes further biographies of sociologists from around the world

    • Social Science

Sociology

Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life
Author: David M. Newman
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506305458
Category: Social Science
Page: 568
View: 4066
In Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life, Eleventh Edition, David M. Newman continues to show students how to see the “unfamiliar in the familiar”—to step back and see organization and predictability in their take-for-granted personal experiences. With his approachable writing style and lively personal anecdotes, the author’s goal since the first edition has been the same: to write a textbook that “reads like a real book.” Newman uses the metaphors of “architecture” and “construction,” to help students understand that society is not something that exists “out there,” independently of them; it is a human creation that is planned, formed, maintained, or altered by individuals. Using vivid prose, current examples, and fresh data, this text presents a unique and thought-provoking overview of how society is constructed and experienced. Instead of surveying every subfield in sociology, the more streamlined coverage focuses on the individual and society, the construction of self and society, and social inequality in the context of social structures.

    • Social Science

How Societies Change


Author: Daniel Chirot
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1412992567
Category: Social Science
Page: 165
View: 9937
An exploration of how societies have changed over the past five thousand years. The discussion focuses on the idea that industrial societies, despite their great success, have created a new set of recurring and unsolved problems which will serve as a major impetus for further social change.

    • Social Science

Sexual Deviance and Society

A sociological examination
Author: Meredith G. F. Worthen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317593367
Category: Social Science
Page: 456
View: 6022
In a society where sexualized media has become background noise, we are frequently discouraged from frank and open discussions about sex and offered few tools for understanding sexual behaviors and sexualities that are perceived as being out of the norm. This book encourages readers to establish new ways of thinking about stigmatized peoples and behaviors, and to think critically about gender, sex, sexuality and sex crimes. Sexual Deviance and Society uses sociological theories of crime, deviance, gender and sexuality to construct a framework for understanding sexual deviance. This book is divided into four units: Unit I, Sociology of Deviance and Sexuality, lays the foundation for understanding sex and sexuality through sociological frameworks of deviance. Unit II, Sexual Deviance, provides an in depth dialogue to its readers about the sociological constructions of sexual deviance with a critical focus on contemporary and historical conceptualizations. Unit III, Deviant Sexual Acts, explores a variety of deviant sexual acts in detail, including sex in public, fetishes, and sex work. Unit IV, Sex Crimes and Criminals, examines rape and sexual assault, sex crimes against children, and societal responses to sex offenders and their treatment within the criminal justice system. Utilizing an integrative approach that creates a dialogue between the subjects of gender, criminology and deviance, this book is a key resource for students interested in crime and deviance, gender and sexuality, and the sociology of deviance.

    • Social Science

The child and society

the process of socialization
Author: Frederick Elkin,Gerald Handel
Publisher: Random House (NY)
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 299
View: 1660

    • Social Science

Environment and Society

Human Perspectives on Environmental Issues
Author: Charles Harper,Monica Snowden
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315463245
Category: Social Science
Page: 466
View: 4918
The sixth edition of Environment and Society continues to connect issues about human societies, ecological systems, and environments with data and perspectives from different fields. The text looks at the environment from a primarily sociological viewpoint and is designed for courses in Environmental Sociology and Environmental Issues in departments of Sociology, Environmental Studies, Anthropology, Political Science, and Human Geography. Clearly defined terms and theories help quickly acquaint students from various backgrounds with the material. Every chapter of the sixth edition has been significantly revised with new research, data, concepts, and ideas. Also new to this edition, the end of each chapter features review questions, as well as additional examples and conceptual questions that help make macro-micro links between large-scale issues and the lived experiences.

    • Social Science

Medicine, Health and Society


Author: Hannah Bradby
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446258459
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 5498
Sharp, bold and engaging, this book provides a contemporary account of why medical sociology matters in our modern society. Combining theoretical and empirical perspectives, and applying the pragmatic demands of policy, this timely book explores society's response to key issues such as race, gender and identity to explain the relationship between sociology, medicine and medical sociology. Each chapter includes an authoritative introduction to pertinent areas of debate, a clear summary of key issues and themes and dedicated bibliography. Chapters include: • social theory and medical sociology • health inequalities • bodies, pain and suffering • personal, local and global. Brimming with fresh interpretations and critical insights this book will contribute to illuminating the practical realities of medical sociology. This exciting text will be of interest to students of sociology of health and illness, medical sociology, and sociology of the body. Hannah Bradby has a visiting fellowship at the Department of Primary Care and Health Sciences, King's College London. She is monograph series editor for the journal Sociology of Health and Illness and co-edits the multi-disciplinary journal Ethnicity and Health.

    • Sociology

Exploring Human Society

An Introduction to Sociology
Author: Thomas F. Cravens
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780840385062
Category: Sociology
Page: 256
View: 6426

    • Social Science

The Riddles of Human Society


Author: Conrad L. Kanagy,Donald B. Kraybill
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452221537
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 6927
This textbook uses the `riddles' metaphor to introduce social analysis and to communicate the critical, questioning aspects of sociology which are at the heart of its tradition. The book teaches the student how to be aware of the social `riddles' around them and how to solve those riddles using sociological analysis. Case studies, in-depth social analysis, illustrations and discussion questions make it the perfect book for active learning.

    • Social Science

Anarchy and Society

Reflections on Anarchist Sociology
Author: Jeffrey Shantz,Dana M. Williams
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004252991
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 1096
Anarchy and Society constructs a tentative synthesis of sociological and anarchist thought, providing a roadmap to a future ‘anarchist sociology’.

    • Philosophy

Arendt Contra Sociology

Theory, Society and its Science
Author: Philip Walsh
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472400062
Category: Philosophy
Page: 174
View: 2372
Hannah Arendt is today widely regarded today as a political theorist, who sought to rescue politics from society, and political theory from the social sciences. But this view has had the effect of distracting attention from many of Arendt's most important insights concerning the constitution of society, and the significance of its 'science', sociology. Arendt Contra Sociology re-assesses the relationship between Arendt's work and the theoretical foundations of sociology, bringing her insights to bear on some key themes within contemporary theoretical sociology. Re-reading Arendt's distinctions between labour, fabrication and action as a theory of the fundamental ontology of human societies, this book assesses her criticism of the tendency of many sociological paradigms to conflate the activity of fabrication with that of action. It re-examines Arendt's understanding of central areas of research within contemporary theoretical sociology - including the meaning of power, the trajectory of modern science, the rise of consumerism and the problem of reflexivity. This volume offers a comprehensive reconstruction of Arendt's thought, uncovering its refutation of, or latent contribution to, key sociological approaches. It will be of interest to sociologists, social and political theorists and philosophers of social science.

    • Social Science

Death, Society, and Human Experience


Author: Robert Kastenbaum,Christopher M. Moreman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351866907
Category: Social Science
Page: 556
View: 9904
Providing an overview of the myriad ways that we are touched by death and dying, both as an individual and as a member of society, this book will help readers understand our relationship with death. Kastenbaum and Moreman show how various ways that individual and societal attitudes influence both how and when we die and how we live and deal with the knowledge of death and loss. This landmark text draws on contributions from the social and behavioral sciences as well as the humanities, such as history, religion, philosophy, literature, and the arts, to provide thorough coverage of understanding death and the dying process. Death, Society, and Human Experience was originally written by Robert Kastenbaum, a renowned scholar who developed one of the world’s first death education courses. Christopher Moreman, who has worked in the field of death studies for almost two decades specializing in afterlife beliefs and experiences, has updated this edition.