• Psychology

Soul Repair

Recovering from Moral Injury after War
Author: Rita Nakashima Brock,Gabriella Lettini
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 0807029084
Category: Psychology
Page: 174
View: 9384
The first book to explore the idea and effect of moral injury on veterans, their families, and their communities Although veterans make up only 7 percent of the U.S. population, they account for an alarming 20 percent of all suicides. And though treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder has undoubtedly alleviated suffering and allowed many service members returning from combat to transition to civilian life, the suicide rate for veterans under thirty has been increasing. Research by Veterans Administration health professionals and veterans’ own experiences now suggest an ancient but unaddressed wound of war may be a factor: moral injury. This deep-seated sense of transgression includes feelings of shame, grief, meaninglessness, and remorse from having violated core moral beliefs. Rita Nakashima Brock and Gabriella Lettini, who both grew up in families deeply affected by war, have been working closely with vets on what moral injury looks like, how vets cope with it, and what can be done to heal the damage inflicted on soldiers’ consciences. In Soul Repair, the authors tell the stories of four veterans of wars from Vietnam to our current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan—Camillo “Mac” Bica, Herman Keizer Jr., Pamela Lightsey, and Camilo Mejía—who reveal their experiences of moral injury from war and how they have learned to live with it. Brock and Lettini also explore its effect on families and communities, and the community processes that have gradually helped soldiers with their moral injuries. Soul Repair will help veterans, their families, members of their communities, and clergy understand the impact of war on the consciences of healthy people, support the recovery of moral conscience in society, and restore veterans to civilian life. When a society sends people off to war, it must accept responsibility for returning them home to peace.

    • Biography & Autobiography

Soul Repair

Recovering from Moral Injury After War (Large Print 16pt)
Author: Rita Nakashima Brock,Gabriella Lettini
Publisher: ReadHowYouWant
ISBN: 9781459647732
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 268
View: 5652
The first book to explore the idea and effect of moral injury on veterans, their families, and their communities. Although veterans make up only 7 percent of the U.S. population, they account for an alarming 20 percent of all suicides. And although treatment of post - traumatic stress disorder has undoubtedly alleviated suffering and allowed many service members returning from combat to transition to civilian life, the suicide rate for veterans under thirty has been increasing. Research by Veterans Affairs health professionals and veterans' experiences now suggest an ancient but unaddressed wound of war may be a factor: moral injury. This deep - seated sense of moral transgression includes feelings of shame, meaninglessness, and remorse from having violated core moral beliefs. Soul Repair will help veterans, their families, members of their communities, and chaplains to understand the impact of war on the consciences of healthy people, to support the recovery of moral conscience in society, and to restore veterans to civilian life. When a society sends people off to war, it must accept responsibility for returning them home to peace.

    • Psychology

War and Moral Injury

A Reader
Author: Robert Emmet Meagher,Douglas A. Pryer
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1498296793
Category: Psychology
Page: 392
View: 897
Moral Injury has been called the “signature wound” of today’s wars. It is also as old as the human record of war, as evidenced in the ancient war epics of Greece, India, and the Middle East. But what exactly is Moral Injury? What are its causes and consequences? What can we do to prevent or limit its occurrence among those we send to war? And, above all, what can we do to help heal afflicted warriors? This landmark volume provides an invaluable resource for those looking for answers to these questions. Gathered here are some of the most far-ranging, authoritative, and accessible writings to date on the topic of Moral Injury. Contributors come from the fields of psychology, theology, philosophy, psychiatry, law, journalism, neuropsychiatry, classics, poetry, and, of course, the profession of arms. Their voices find common cause in informing the growing, international conversation on war and war’s deepest and most enduring invisible wound. Few may want to have this myth-challenging, truth-telling conversation, but it is one we must have if we truly wish to help those we send to fight our wars.

    • Psychology

War and the Soul

Healing Our Nation's Veterans from Post-tramatic Stress Disorder
Author: Edward Tick
Publisher: Quest Books
ISBN: 0835630056
Category: Psychology
Page: 341
View: 8415
War and PTSD are on the public's mind as news stories regularly describe insurgency attacks in Iraq and paint grim portraits of the lives of returning soldiers afflicted with PTSD. These vets have recurrent nightmares and problems with intimacy, can’t sustain jobs or relationships, and won’t leave home, imagining “the enemy” is everywhere. Dr. Edward Tick has spent decades developing healing techniques so effective that clinicians, clergy, spiritual leaders, and veterans’ organizations all over the country are studying them. This book, presented here in an audio version, shows that healing depends on our understanding of PTSD not as a mere stress disorder, but as a disorder of identity itself. In the terror of war, the very soul can flee, sometimes for life. Tick's methods draw on compelling case studies and ancient warrior traditions worldwide to restore the soul so that the veteran can truly come home to community, family, and self.

    • Art

Saving Paradise

How Christianity Traded Love of This World for Crucifixion and Empire
Author: Rita Nakashima Brock,Rebecca Ann Parker
Publisher: Beacon Press (MA)
ISBN: 9780807067543
Category: Art
Page: 552
View: 3224
For the first thousand years of Christian art, Jesus Christ was not depicted dead. For these early Christians, the death of Jesus was not a touchstone of meaning, an image of devotion, or a ritual symbol of faith. The Christ they saw was the incarnate, risen Christ, the Lord Of life. Saving Paradise uncovers early Christianity's vision of this world as paradise, found in its art and ritual; traces medieval European crucifixion art and holy war's eclipse of paradise, carried to the New World; and offers a new theology for a life-affirming Christianity, grounded in beauty, joy, and earth.

    • Religion

Exploring Moral Injury in Sacred Texts


Author: Joseph McDonald
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 1784505919
Category: Religion
Page: 216
View: 2961
Moral injury is a profound violation of a human being's core moral identity through experiences of violence or trauma. This is the first book in which scholars from different faith and academic backgrounds consider the concept of moral injury not merely from a pastoral or philosophical point of view but through critical engagement with the sacred texts of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and American Civil Religion. This collection of essays explores the ambiguities of personal culpability among both perpetrators and victims of violence and the suffering involved in accepting personal agency in trauma. Contributors provide fresh and compelling readings of texts from different faith traditions and use their findings to reflect on real-life strategies for recovery from violations of core moral beliefs and their consequences such as shame, depression and addiction. With interpretations of the sacred texts, contributors reflect on the concerns of the morally-injured today and offer particular aspects of healing from their communities as support, making this a groundbreaking contribution to the study of moral injury and trauma.

    • Biography & Autobiography

Soul Repair

Recovering from Moral Injury After War
Author: Rita Nakashima Brock,Gabriella Lettini
Publisher: Beacon Press (MA)
ISBN: 9780807029121
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 144
View: 7142
Although veterans make up only 7 percent of the U.S. population, they account for an alarming 20 percent of all suicides. And though treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder has undoubtedly alleviated suffering and allowed many service members returning from combat to transition to civilian life, the suicide rate for veterans under thirty has been increasing. Research by Veterans Administration health professionals and veterans' experiences now suggest an ancient but unaddressed wound of war may be a factor: moral injury. This deep-seated sense of moral transgression includes feelings of shame, meaninglessness, and remorse from having violated core moral beliefs. Soul Repair will help veterans, their families, members of their communities, and chaplains to understand the impact of war on the consciences of healthy people, to support the recovery of moral conscience in society, and to restore veterans to civilian life. When a society sends people off to war, it must accept responsibility for returning them home to peace.

    • Religion

Moral Injury

Restoring Wounded Souls
Author: Larry Kent Graham
Publisher: Abingdon Press
ISBN: 1501800760
Category: Religion
Page: 150
View: 8199
If we can share our burdens, we can bear them. If we can bear them, we can change the circumstances that brought them about. In a world where anything goes, people have a hard time deciding what is right and what is wrong. Pastors have a hard time helping people discern right and wrong because the church’s theological language of sin and redemption have so little currency and even less cultural relevancy. How can pastors help people deal with their feelings of guilt, shame, and responsibility when most many people don’t believe in sin and have a limited or “flexible” moral framework? People need help assessing moral alternatives, reconciling what they have done with what they think is right, recovering from burdens of guilt and shame, and imagining moral options to serve the common good. It is the call of pastors, chaplains, and other spiritual caregivers to help people move from moral injury to pardon and, eventually, to sustained recovery and resilience—in essence this book will help pastors reclaim their pastoral tasks of soul care and moral guidance without succumbing to the temptation of moralizing. Using vivid examples, the author will look at how various religious communities seek, promote, and achieve personal wholeness and realize the common good. This understanding will inform pastors, so that they can help their congregants and communities become vital agents in a sea of, often, conflicting moral voices. The book will provide resources for identifying core assets, and how to assess the various codes and moral claims interacting within the kaleidoscopic climate in which we live. Drawing upon neuroscience, narrative spirituality, and collaborative communal engagement, the author gives tools to aid pastors, chaplains, and spiritual caregivers ameliorate the distress caused by dissonance and resulting in moral injury. The book will also provide resources for helping people bear the burdens of moral responsibility and for navigating the sometimes unbearable consequences of particular moral actions. The author concludes with suggestions for helping people suffering from injury to their integrity from misdeeds they endure, either as a result of their own actions or from those actions of others, move toward sustained resilience and more mature moral imagination. "There is no better guide, or collaborative partner, for navigating the moral territory of post-traumatic living than Larry Graham. In Moral Injury: Restoring Wounds Souls, Graham sounds a clarion call for religious leaders to cultivate habits of mind and body to meet the complex situations of our day. Rather than offering a birds-eye-view of the moral terrain, Graham invites readers to feel the earth under their feet and attune themselves to the climate of their moral environments. With his careful definitional work and theological acumen, he revivifies theological ethics for progressive Christians. [And beyond this audience, Graham displays the importance of theology in contemporary discussions of moral injury.]" – Shelly Rambo, Associate Professor of Theology, Boston University School of Theology "Larry Graham has created an extraordinary workbook for moral resiliency and healing. He restores hope for the excruciating pains of a broken conscience. A treasure house of timely and practical applications sure to enrich pastoral conversations!" - Paul W. Dodd, Chaplain (Colonel), U.S. Army (Retired) "This book is a must-read if we care about recovery from moral injury, not just in the wake of immediate trauma, but also in historical legacies that haunt us. Larry Graham illuminates how questions of God can be addressed in that process with grace and compassion, and he shows, via the experiences of people from a variety of cultures and faiths, how moral injury can be healed." - Rev. Rita Nakashima Brock, Ph.D., Senior Vice-President for Moral Injury Programs at Volunteers of America. She is the former Research Professor of Religion and Culture and Director of the Soul Repair Center at Brite Divinity School, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX

    • Philosophy

Afterwar

Healing the Moral Wounds of Our Soldiers
Author: Nancy Sherman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199325278
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 7692
2.6 million soldiers are currently returning home from war, the greatest number since Vietnam. With an increase in suicides and post-traumatic stress, the military has embraced measures such as resilience training and positive psychology to heal mind as well as body. But the moral dimensions of psychological injuries - guilt, shame, feeling responsible for doing wrong or being wronged - still elude much treatment. In Afterwar, philosopher Nancy Sherman turns her focus to that challenge.Trained in both ancient ethics and psychoanalysis, and with twenty years of working with the military, Sherman draws on in-depth interviews with servicemen and women to paint a richly textured and compassionate picture of the moral and psychological aftermath of America's decade of war. Shermanexplores how veterans can go about reawakening their feelings without becoming re-traumatized; how they can replace resentment with trust; and the changes that need to be made by military courts, VA hospitals, and civilians who have been shielded from the heaviest burdens of war in order for this tohappen. Americans, from politicians on downward, solemnly intone our "sacred obligations" to our veterans. Written with empathy, humanity, and deep insight, Afterwar provides no easy answers for how we can fulfill these obligations, but instead makes the case that the work of healing moral injuries issomething that all of us, not just soldiers and psychologists, must do.

    • Religion

Proverbs of Ashes

Violence, Redemptive Suffering, and the Search for What Saves Us
Author: Rita Nakashima Brock,Rebecca Ann Parker
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 0807067881
Category: Religion
Page: 272
View: 4274
Rebecca Parker was a young minister in Seattle when a woman walked into her church and asked if God really wanted her to accept her husband's beatings and bear them gladly, as Jesus bore the cross. Parker knew, at that moment, that if she were to answer the woman's question truthfully she would have to rethink her theology. And she would have to think hard about some of the choices she was making in her own life. When Rita Nakashima Brock was a young child growing up in Kansas, kids taunted her viciously, calling her names like "Chink" or "Jap." She learned to pretend that she did not feel the sting of scorn and the humiliation of contempt. The solitude and silence of her suffering-decreed by both her mother's Japanese culture and her father's Christian heritage-kept the wound alive. It was the gap between knowledge born of personal experience and traditional theology that led Rita Brock and Rebecca Parker to write this emotionally gripping and intellectually rich exploration of the doctrine of the atonement. Using an unusual combination of memoir and theology in the tradition of Augustine's Confessions, they lament the inadequacy of how Christian tradition has interpreted the violence that happened to Jesus. Ultimately, they argue, the idea that the death of Jesus on the cross saves us reveals a sanctioning of violence at the heart of Christianity. Brock and Parker draw on a wide array of intimate stories about family violence, the sexual abuse of children, racism, homophobia, and war to reveal how they came to understand the widespread damage being done by this theology. But the authors also undertake their own arduous and unexpected journeys to recover from violence and to assist others to do so. On these journeys they discover communities that begin to give them the strength to question the destructive ideas they have internalized, and the strength to seek out an alternative vision of Christianity, one based on healing and love. Proverbs of Ashes is both a condemnation of bad theology and a passionate search for what truly saves us. From the Trade Paperback edition.

    • Religion

Post-Traumatic God

How the Church Cares for People Who Have Been to Hell and Back
Author: David W. Peters
Publisher: Church Publishing, Inc.
ISBN: 081923303X
Category: Religion
Page: 160
View: 9220
Find a way back to a God that can be trusted, loved, and worshipped after a traumatic event.

    • Psychology

What Have We Done

The Moral Injury of Our Longest Wars
Author: David Wood
Publisher: Little, Brown
ISBN: 0316264148
Category: Psychology
Page: 304
View: 5709
From Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist David Wood, a battlefield view of moral injury, the signature wound of America's 21st century wars. Most Americans are now familiar with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and its prevalence among troops. In this groundbreaking new book, David Wood examines the far more pervasive yet less understood experience of those we send to war: moral injury, the violation of our fundamental values of right and wrong that so often occurs in the impossible moral dilemmas of modern conflict. Featuring portraits of combat veterans and leading mental health researchers, along with Wood's personal observations of war and the young Americans deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, WHAT HAVE WE DONE offers an unflinching look at war and those who volunteer for it: the thrill and pride of service and, too often, the scars of moral injury. Impeccably researched and deeply personal, WHAT HAVE WE DONE is a compassionate, finely drawn study of modern war and those caught up in it. It is a call to acknowledge our newest generation of veterans by listening intently to them and absorbing their stories; and, as new wars approach, to ponder the inevitable human costs of putting American "boots on the ground."

    • Religion

Journeys by Heart

A Christology of Erotic Power
Author: Rita Nakashima Brock
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1606081713
Category: Religion
Page: 148
View: 4801
Winner of the 1988 Crossroad Women's Studies Award

    • Psychology

Adaptive Disclosure

A New Treatment for Military Trauma, Loss, and Moral Injury
Author: Brett T. Litz,Leslie Lebowitz,Matt J. Gray,William P. Nash
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462523307
Category: Psychology
Page: 205
View: 9846
A complete guide to an innovative, research-based brief treatment specifically developed for service members and veterans, this book combines clinical wisdom and in-depth knowledge of military culture. Adaptive disclosure is designed to help those struggling in the aftermath of traumatic war-zone experiences, including life threat, traumatic loss, and moral injury, the violation of closely held beliefs or codes. Detailed guidelines are provided for assessing clients and delivering individualized interventions that integrate emotion-focused experiential strategies with elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Reproducible handouts can be downloaded and printed in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size.

    • Religion

Killing from the Inside Out

Moral Injury and Just War
Author: Robert Emmet Meagher
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630874523
Category: Religion
Page: 190
View: 7764
Armies know all about killing. It is what they do, and ours does it more effectively than most. We are painfully coming to realize, however, that we are also especially good at killing our own "from the inside out," silently, invisibly. In every major war since Korea, more of our veterans have taken their lives than have lost them in combat. The latest research, rooted in veteran testimony, reveals that the most severe and intractable PTSD--fraught with shame, despair, and suicide--stems from "moral injury." But how can there be rampant moral injury in what our military, our government, our churches, and most everyone else call just wars? At the root of our incomprehension lies just war theory--developed, expanded, and updated across the centuries to accommodate the evolution of warfare, its weaponry, its scale, and its victims. Any serious critique of war, as well any true attempt to understand the profound, invisible wounds it inflicts, will be undermined from the outset by the unthinking and all-but-universal acceptance of just war doctrine. Killing from the Inside Out radically questions that theory, examines its legacy, and challenges us to look beyond it, beyond just war.

    • Religion

Reality, Grief, Hope

Three Urgent Prophetic Tasks
Author: Walter Brueggemann
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802870724
Category: Religion
Page: 165
View: 3515
Pointing out striking correlations between the catastrophe of 9/11 and the destruction of ancient Jerusalem, Brueggemann shows how the prophetic biblical response to that crisis was truth-telling in the face of ideology, grief in the face of denial, and hope in the face of despair. He argues that the same prophetic responses are urgently required from us now if we are to escape the deathliness of denial and despair. --from publisher description

    • Biography & Autobiography

God is Not Here: A Soldier's Struggle with Torture, Trauma, and the Moral Injuries of War


Author: Lieutenant Colonel Bill Russell Edmonds
Publisher: Pegasus Books
ISBN: 1605987751
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 312
View: 5990
A powerful and intimate look into torture and its effect on both the tortured and the torturer. In May of 2005, the U.S. government finally acknowledged that the invasion of Iraq had spawned an insurgency. With that admission, training the Iraqi Forces suddenly became a strategic priority. Lt. Col. Bill Edmonds, then a Special Forces captain, was in the first group of "official" military advisors. He arrived in Mosul in the wake of Abu Ghraib, at the height of the insurgency, and in the midst of America’s rapidly failing war strategy. Edmonds’ job was to advise an Iraqi intelligence officer—to assist and temper his interrogations—but not give orders. But he wanted to be more than a wallflower, so he immersed himself in the experience, even learning Arabic. In a makeshift basement prison, over countless nights and predawn hours, Edmonds came to empathize with Iraqi rules: do what’s necessary, do what works. After all, Americans and Iraqis were dying. Edmonds wanted to make a difference. Yet the longer he submerged himself in the worst of humanity, the more conflicted and disillusioned he became, slowly losing faith in everything and everyone. In the end, he lost himself. He returned home with no visible wounds, but on the inside he was different. He tried to forget—to soldier on—but memories from war never just fade away... In God Is Not Here, the weight of history is everywhere, but the focus is on a young man struggling to learn what is right when fighting wrong. Edmonds provides a disturbing and thought-provoking account of the morally ambiguous choices faced when living with and fighting within a foreign religion and culture, as well as the resulting psychological and spiritual impacts on a soldier. Transcending the genre of the traditional war memoir, Edmonds’ eloquent recounting makes for one of the most insightful and moving books to emerge from America’s long war against terrorism.

    • Family & Relationships

Ptsd & Moral Injury

The Journey to Healing Through Forgiveness
Author: Dr Charles W. Grimsley D. Min
Publisher: Xulon Press
ISBN: 9781498497626
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 240
View: 1115
Charles W. Grimsley is a 2 tour Viet Nam Army LRRP. He is a U.S. Chaplain working at a Veterans Health Care System facility. Charles has been facilitating a Spirituality Group working with veterans from all branches of service for several years. While working with the veterans at the hospital he noticed a correlation between those who managed to conquer their addictive behaviors when they actively implemented Spirituality and the forgiveness components; the forgiveness of self and others. Charles earned his Doctorate from Denver Seminary with emphasis in Marriage and Family Counseling. While writing his Doctoral Thesis he developed a group study of combat veterans diagnosed with PTSD to prove the validity of his thesis. Past and present returning combat veterans exhibit symptoms of PTSD: Addictions are rampant, uncontrolled anger, horrifying memories and stories. Drug therapy does not seem to be effective. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), traumatic brain injury (TBI), and depression are frequent diagnoses among combat veterans. Emerging symptoms of PTSD, TBI, and depression often go unrecognized or may be slow to develop (Milliken et al., 2007) and not addressed until problems become critical. "When 20 veterans die by suicide and 14 veterans hadn't touched VA care, it means that we can't do this alone." Dr. Caitlin Thompson, Executive Director VA Office of Suicide Prevention. Veterans from all eras continue to struggle with issues related to their combat experience and reintegration to civilian life following military service. 23% of women veterans report at least one sexual assault while in the military. Yes, help awaits.... It is not in the forgetting that the answer lies, but in the remembering that healing manifest itself, yet utilizing the forgiveness component. It is the matter of unlocking the unconscious, to open the awareness, thus the work to be done is buried within and entails the Journey of Freedom through forgiveness, necessitating and connecting applications of; Theology, Psychology, and Spirituality.

    • Psychology

Warrior's Return

Restoring the Soul After War
Author: Edward Tick
Publisher: Sounds True
ISBN: 1622032241
Category: Psychology
Page: 316
View: 3539
War touches us all—leaving visible and invisible wounds on the warriors who fight, disrupting their families and communities, and leaving lasting imprints on our national psyche. In spite of billions spent on psychological care and reintegration programs, we face an epidemic of combat-related conditions such as PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder). With Warrior’s Return, Dr. Edward Tick presents a powerful case for changing the way we welcome our veterans back from service—a vision and a path for transforming the wounds of war into sources of wisdom, honor, and growth. After more than 35 years of working with veterans, Dr. Tick has learned that our conventional ways of addressing the trauma and woundings of war fall far short, usually focusing only on symptoms and temporary relief. Drawing on lessons from cross-cultural wisdom, mythical archetypes, and proven methods from psychology, he offers this book as a valuable resource to help families, caregivers, and returning veterans understand and cope with the life-changing effects of combat, including: Re-examining PTSD—why we must expand our understanding of the full psychological and spiritual impact of war’s invisible wounds Archetype of the warrior—service in combat as a “journey to the underworld,” and why the return home is the most crucial stage The warrior’s path—timeless wisdom from tradition, classical philosophy, great leaders, and religious and mythological sources How cultures around the world have welcomed home their returning warriors for centuries—and what we can learn from them The warrior’s initiation—how the old self dies on the battlefield and a new, more mature self evolves in its place Restoration—methods for overcoming disillusionment and soul-fatigue to restore the warrior’s sense of purpose, motivation, and connection Coming home—specific steps for reintegrating our warriors back into our families and communities Honor—how a warrior can retain personal integrity and self-respect even when they have participated in a war they don’t believe in Forgiveness, reconciliation, and atonement—ways for warriors to close the circle and begin healing what was destroyed “This is not a hopeless situation,” states Dr. Tick. “Lifelong suffering after war is not inevitable if we understand war’s impact on the heart and soul, both for ourselves and our culture.” For veterans and those who wish to support them, Warrior’s Return offers step-by-step guidance for initiating our transformed warriors into valued members of our community—with an essential map for the hero’s journey home. A portion of the proceeds will be donated to Soldier’s Heart. Visit soldiersheart.net.

Beyond PTSD

The Moral Casualties of War
Author: Cheryl Bica
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780996820714
Category:
Page: 145
View: 9259
This book discusses the psychological, emotional, and moral injuries suffered by those who fight.If healing is to occur, veterans must accept what they already know, the true nature of war, as there is no healing from mythology and illusion. Second a comprehensive and holistic treatment program for veteran's rehabilitative difficulties will be offered that goes beyond PTSD, that is, beyond traumatic stress, and deal with what has been termed "moral injury."